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The amount of information you gather while preparing to write an essay can sometimes seem overwhelming. It is important to organize your thoughts and ideas so that your essay will be clear and convincing.
A popular method for organizing your thoughts and ideas is brainstorming. Brainstorming is the listing of ideas in association with a specific topic. This technique has two steps: 1) Making a list and 2) Finding Patterns. After breaking your list into separate categories, you may want to focus on individual groups and add more ideas.
It is important to write an introductory paragraph which convinces the reader that the essay will be worth reading. To be completed effectively, this opening paragraph must accomplish two things: it must state the topic of the essay and it must capture the reader's interest. A thesis Statement is the main message of an essay. When carefully composed, a thesis statement will inform your readers of the content of the entire essay. In an academic essay, the thesis statement usually comes at the end of the introductory paragraph and is contained in one sentence. Once you have chosen your thesis statement, do not stray from it.
An effective conclusion ties together different parts of a custom essay and reinforces its central message. Avoid conclusions that are merely a lame restatement of points you have made abundantly clear. Instead, make your reader feel that your conclusion was needed to make your paper satisfyingly whole.
An essay should have the following outline:
I. Introductory Paragraph
A. Background Information (Who? What? Where? When?)
B. Thesis Statement (main idea/point of essay)
II. Body Paragraph
A. Topic Sentence (main idea/point of paragraph)
B. Supporting Sentences
III. Body Paragraph
A. Topic Sentence (main idea/point of paragraph)
B. Supporting Sentences
IV. Body Paragraph
A. Topic Sentence (main idea/point of paragraph)
B. Supporting Sentences
V. Concluding Paragraph
A. Summary of Key Points (*Do not introduce new ideas/information!)
B. Restate Thesis (in different words)
A summary presents the main idea of an article or book, but it uses a condensed form that can range from a few words to several pages in length. Movie or TV program guide descriptions are examples of very short summaries. However, most summaries are at least one paragraph and frequently one to two pages long. Summaries are used extensively in the business world to summarize events, such as a seminar or training session; a large report, such as an environmental impact statement; or the results of a process, such as an investigation. During your college years, professors will help you to develop the techniques of summarizing by asking you to condense magazine articles or book chapters.
The first sentence of the first paragraph should state the author, title, date (magazines and newspapers), and the general topic. In a short summary, the main idea might be included in the first sentence, but it is acceptable to state the main idea in the second sentence. Incorporate this information into an interesting sentence. Your first sentence should get your reader's attention.
In a two-paragraph summary, the author's supporting details are incorporated into the first paragraph. If the author included many supporting facts, select the three most important to include in your summary.
Use your own words to present the author's points or ideas, although you may want to quote a phrase or single sentence from the author's writing to illustrate an idea. Be sure to use quotation marks around the quoted material. State the author's points clearly and honestly. Do not include your opinion or comments about the author's ideas.
In a two-paragraph summary, the second paragraph contains your opinion. You might want to state the author's points with which you agree or disagree and provide reasons for your views. You may also comment on the author's style (difficult/easy to understand), the author's understanding of the subject matter, the article's length, or the vocabulary level. In general, it is also acceptable to relate the author's main point to your personal experience, but it may not be acceptable to your professor. You should ask your professor if relating a personal experience is appropriate to the assignment.
A purpose in writing an analytical essay is to convey a sense of what the text is saying, and how the text creates its meaning. The simplest way to open an analytical essay is with a statement of what the presumed meaning of the text, the most sufficient interpretation, is. The body of your essay is then a presentation or defense of author's interpretation. Writer demonstrates the ways in which the text makes the meaning he/she believes it to have. In the conclusion, the author sums up the findings or recapitulates his/her arguments briefly.
One might begin an analytical essay in other ways - by stating what the main barriers are to an interpretation of the poem, book, etc. or what the main difficulties with arriving at an interpretation are. It is important to give the reader a sense of how the author is proceeding in the essay and why.
There is no sure-fire formula for essay writing. The form an essay takes will likely vary with the nature of author's evidence (quotations from the text, principally, or from other sources), with his/her sense of how the text is structured and shaped, with his/her interpretation, and with sense of what issues are most relevant. Obviously, the writer will have to make some organizational decisions.
The cause/effect essay explains why or how some event happened, and what resulted from the event. This essay is a study of the relationship between two or more events or experiences. The essay could discuss both causes and effects, or it could simply address one or the other. A cause essay usually discusses the reasons why something happened. An effect essay discusses what happens after a specific event or circumstance. Cause-and-effect writing gives reasons and explanations for events, conditions, or behavior. It answers the need most of us have to understand the world around us.
When planning a cause-and-effect essay, essay writer should begin by listing the event or condition he/she wants to address. Then brainstorm is needed to generate ideas about either its causes or its effects. Author has to think carefully about the causes and effects he/she has listed. Conclusions are faulty if the cause-and-effect relationship does not exist or if it is unreasonable or not clearly established.
A thesis statement should clearly state the essay topic. Because cause-and-effect essays need a readily identifiable structure, one will always write the essay in chronological order. Sometimes, however, reverse chronological order can be used. Whatever organization is chosen, paragraphs should have with strong, clear topic sentences and relevant supporting details.
The compare/contrast essay discusses the similarities and differences between two things, people, concepts, places, etc. The essay could be an unbiased discussion, or an attempt to convince the reader of the benefits of one thing, person, or concept. It could also be written simply to entertain the reader, or to arrive at an insight into human nature. The essay could discuss both similarities and differences, or it could just focus on one or the other. A comparison essay usually discusses the similarities between two things, while the contrast essay discusses the differences.
Writers using a comparison/contrast structure might begin by discussing the ways in which something is similar, then they move to a description of the ways in which the two ideas are different. This structure focuses on the comparison and contrast instead of on the two ideas being compared and contrasted.
Writers might compare and contrast ideas by treating one idea thoroughly before taking up the second one. A structure like this one seems more focused on the ideas being compared and contrasted than on the comparison and contrast itself. The similarities and differences between the ideas do not begin to emerge until the writer gets to the second idea.
It is always possible, of course, to write an essay that treats only the similarities or differences between ideas. Many teachers also assign topics that ask writers to write an essay comparing and contrasting two or more ideas, but besides its value in organizing an essay, comparison/contrast is also useful as a technique.
A definition essay attempts to define a specific term. It could try to pin down the meaning of a specific word, or define an abstract concept. The analysis goes deeper than a simple dictionary definition; it should attempt to explain why the term is defined as such. It could define the term directly, giving no information other than the explanation of the term. Or, it could imply the definition of the term, telling a story that requires the reader to infer the meaning.
A definition essay will share writer's special understanding about some idea or thing. The entire point of definition essays is to provide readers with a new way of looking at things. Sometimes, a definition will prove to be a small but important part of an essay; sometimes a definition will be the sole work of an entire essay.
One way of defining something is to say what it is not. An opportunity to define is an opportunity to exercise a poetic imagination, to show how most people's sense of something is faulty or inadequate and that there is a better understanding to consider. A definition can be developed in a number of ways: history, examples, analysis, process, contrasts, cause and effect.
The descriptive essay provides details about how something looks, feels, tastes, smells, makes one feel, or sounds. It can also describe what something is, or how something happened. These essays generally use a lot of sensory details. The essay could be a list-like description that provides point by point details. Or, it could function as a story, keeping the reader interested in the plot and theme of the event described.
There are several methods writers use to describe something in an essay. They may choose vivid, fresh language, or they may use examples, or they might take something ordinary and by comparing it with something extraordinary, make it interesting, or they may use their senses.
The skills needed to narrate a story well are not entirely the same as the skills needed to write a good essay. Some wonderful short fiction writers are not particularly good essayists and vice versa. Still, it is useful to look at those elements that make up a good narrative and know how to apply what we learn toward making our essays as dramatic as possible whenever that is appropriate.
The ability to describe something convincingly will serve a writer well in any kind of essay situation. The most important thing to remember is custom written essay is about showing something, not telling something. Nouns and verbs do the work of description for a writer. With nouns readers will see, with verbs - they will feel. It important to remember that even descriptive essay has to make a point.
The narrative essay tells a story. It can also be called a short story. Generally, the narrative essay is conversational in style, and tells of a personal experience. This essay could tell of a single, life-shaping event, or simply a mundane daily experience. The narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present.
Usually, the narrative essay story should have an introduction that clearly indicates what kind of narrative essay it is (an event or recurring activity, a personal experience, or an observation), and it should have a conclusion that makes a point. The essay should include anecdotes. The author should describe the person, the scene, or the event in some detail. The occasion or person described must be suggestive in that your description and thoughts lead the reader to reflect on the human experience.
The point of view in narrative essays is usually first person. The use of "I" invites readers into an intimate discussion. The writing in a narrative essay should be lively and show some style. The author should try to describe ideas and events in new and different ways, clichés should be avoided. In a successful narrative essay, the author usually makes a point. In the final paragraph of the essay, the author reflects on the larger meaning or importance of the experience described.
A process essay describes how something is done. It generally explains actions that should be performed in a series. It can explain in detail how to accomplish a specific task, or it can show how an individual came to a certain personal awareness. The essay could be in the form of step-by-step instructions, or in story form, with the instructions/explanations subtly given along the way.
A process is a series of actions leading to an expected or planned outcome. There are two types of process essays: those that instruct and those that explain or analyze. A directional process essay might explain how to find an apartment. The purpose of this type of custom essay is to clarify the steps in the procedure so that the reader can re-create the steps and the results. An informational process essay explains or analyzes a process - tells how something works, how something happened, or how something is or was done. The informational process essay, has a purpose different from that of a directional process essay. Its main purpose is to inform, explain, or analyze. The reader is gaining an understanding of the process; he or she does not necessarily expect to be able to recreate the process.
The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate how to do something. It important to assume that the audience knows nothing of the process that is being described. Stages should be ordered chronologically, and the steps involved in each stage thoroughly explained. Further, the purpose of a stage or a step should be explained, when necessary. The author has to make sure the process is complete and all new or unfamiliar terms defined. The readers have to be warned of difficulties in the process.