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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: decentralized

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  • A Look At Public Key Encryption - 1,210 words
    A Look at Public Key Encryption Encryption is the process of disguising information by transforming plain text into gibberish, or ciphertext, which cannot be understood by an unauthorized person. Decryption is the process of transforming ciphertext back into plaintext that can be read by anyone. Example of encryption can be found in history, for example in the era of the Cold War, the Solviet Union and the United States would send electronic messages to one military point to another, encrypted. If the enemy intercepted the message, they would have to crack this message to get the information. Typically when governments used encryption they used a very complex method of encrypting messages. E ...
    Related: data encryption, encryption, national security, major problem, essence
  • Adp Security Evaluation - 1,938 words
    Adp Security Evaluation Valuation of a Security Automatic Data Processing, Inc. ADP April 7, 1999 Spring Hill College Management of Financial Resources Dr. Ralph Sandler ADP Automatic Data Processing, Inc. (NYSE:AUD) ADP is one of the largest independent computing services firms in the world with more than $4.5 billion in annual revenues and more than 425,000 clients. Founded in 1949, ADP provides computerized transaction processing, data communications, software, and information services to companies in virtually every industry. ADP Employer Services is the worlds largest provider of payroll services and human resource administration systems. It offers a comprehensive range of benefits, pa ...
    Related: data security, evaluation, security issues, world economy, most admired
  • Advertising And Media - 1,437 words
    Advertising And Media The evolution of the mass media is very interesting subject of study that presents variations according to different circumstances. One of these is the place where this evolution takes place. Because media as institutions are part of society, are influenced from any particular characteristic that each society has. In the case of Greece, it's really interesting to see how the evolution of a medium like radio, has been affected by the particular characteristics of Greek society and more specifically by Greek politics. The particularity of the Greek case, as Papathanassopoulos points up, is that the Greek state is hyper centralized because of the dictatorial periods that G ...
    Related: advertising, broadcast media, mass media, media, radio station
  • Alcoholism - 1,448 words
    ... 100,000 deaths annually in the United States, and although the number shows little sign of declining, the rate per 100,000 population has decreased since the early 1980s. Accidents, mostly due to drunken driving, accounted for 24 percent of these deaths in 1992. Alcohol-related homicide and suicide accounted for 11 and 8 percent. Certain types of cancer that are partly attributable to alcohol, such as those of the esophagus, larynx, and oral cavity, contributed another 17 percent. About 9 percent due to alcohol-related stroke. Many studies have been made about attitudes toward drinking in different societies. Various surveys show that subgroups within a society or culture do not all have ...
    Related: alcoholism, quality of life, social class, interpersonal relations, follow-up
  • All Public Schools Are Not Created Equal - 399 words
    All Public Schools Are Not Created Equal In the United States, education is offered at all levels from pre-kindergarten to graduate school. Elementary and secondary education involves twelve years of schooling the successful completion of which leads to a high school diploma. A distinct feature of the American educational system is its decentralized organization. Three levels of government - local, state, and federal financially support elementary and secondary education. Furthermore, it is divided into public and private institutions. The main disadvantage of decentralization is the quality of education received by some of the students. On the other hand, a real plus to the idea is the fact ...
    Related: created equal, graduate school, high school, public education, public school, public schools, school district
  • America In Transition - 652 words
    America In Transition For the United States, as for most states in the world, the 1980s and 1990s were a time of change and challenge. During this period the effects of change both within the US and internationally acted as push factors in many areas of life, including economics and politics. This sudden change was primarily due to global shocks and recessions, increased foreign economic competition, the end of the Cold War and the demise of the Soviet Union, the development of revolutionary new technologies, the achievement of post-industrial society within the US, slower rates of domestic economic growth, and the demographic changes within American society. By the Mid 1980s important devel ...
    Related: america, transition, american government, separation of powers, morality
  • American Politics In Transition - 653 words
    American Politics in Transition For the United States, as for most states in the world, the 1980's and 1990's were a time of change and challenge. During this period the effects of change both within the US and internationally acted as push factors in many areas of life, including economics and politics. This sudden change was primarily due to global shocks and recessions, increased foreign economic competition, the end of the Cold War and the demise of the Soviet Union, the development of revolutionary new technologies, the achievement of post-industrial society within the US, slower rates of domestic economic growth, and the demographic changes within American society. By the Mid 1980's im ...
    Related: american, american constitution, american federal, american government, american history, american political, american politics
  • American Politics In Transition - 659 words
    American Politics In Transition American Politics in Transition For the United States, as for most states in the world, the 1980's and 1990's were a time of change and challenge. During this period the effects of change both within the US and internationally acted as push factors in many areas of life, including economics and politics. This sudden change was primarily due to global shocks and recessions, increased foreign economic competition, the end of the Cold War and the demise of the Soviet Union, the development of revolutionary new technologies, the achievement of post-industrial society within the US, slower rates of domestic economic growth, and the demographic changes within Americ ...
    Related: american, american constitution, american federal, american government, american history, american political, american politics
  • Analysis On Bulgaria - 4,369 words
    ... rry out economic and other activities to satisfy their interests, by mutual aid and co-operation. A co-operative is a legal entity and is deemed a merchant under the Commerce Act. Co-operative members can only be individuals, at least 7 in number. To participate in a co-operative, foreign person should have permanent residence in Bulgaria. Sole Trader - any capable individual, residing in the country, can register as a sole trader. State Companies - they exist under the forms of one-member private limited or joint-stock companies where the quotas/shares are solely owned by the State. These forms of business are established to facilitate the process of privatization of the state companies ...
    Related: bulgaria, special forces, living standards, political parties, branch
  • Beginning Of A Nation - 1,118 words
    Beginning Of A Nation Page 2 THE BEGINNINGS OF A NATION Theonomy is a term for the belief that the moral law of God is to be applied as a standard of righteousness for governing individuals and society. The term comes from the Greek for God's law and is the concept that all of the moral laws (those excluding the non-ceremonial and dietary laws) given to Moses and recorded in the Pentateuch are binding on people of all nations forever. Theonomy posits God's law as the only just standard for regulations in every human institution: family, church, and state. Theocracy is the term for a nation ruled by God and God's law. Theocracy does not imply rule of the state by the church. The proper term h ...
    Related: graduate student, civil government, civil liberty, participate, constitution
  • Boozallen And Hamilton - 856 words
    Booz-Allen And Hamilton Booz-Allen & Hamilton is one of the world's largest management consulting firms. Traditionally, the firm had decentralized regional offices serving clients independent of other offices. This made cooperation between offices difficult, which was hurting company's overall performance. To overcome this problem they came up with a Vision 2000 plan under which the company was divided into three regions which were further sub-divided (see exhibit 1). This was the first phase of the plan and the company was considering implementation of the second phase which was to globally integrate all the three regions. Advantages of Vision 2000 plan The biggest challenge that the compa ...
    Related: hamilton, asia pacific, information technology, operations management, edge
  • China Us Relations - 1,423 words
    China US Relations China, for most of its 3500 years of history, China led the world in agriculture, crafts, and science. It fell behind in the 19th century when the Industrial Revolution gave the West clear superiority in military and economic affairs. In the first half of the 20th century, China continued to suffer from major famines, civil unrest, military defeat, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under Mao Tse Tung established a dictatorship that, while ensuring autonomy of China, imposed strict controls over all aspects of like and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, his successor Deng Xiaoping decentralized economic decision making; output ...
    Related: century china, china, trade relations, world trade, law enforcement
  • Communist China - 1,265 words
    ... were taken to regulate their army, the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA), as they returned from Korea. When Mao died in September 1976 (Zheng, Party vs. State in Post-1949 China, 161) his revolutionary ideas died with him. At the next National Peoples Congress meeting, the nation was called to achieve four modernizations in agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology. (Metzler, Divided Dynamism, 161.) The modernization program gained momentum after Deng Xiaoping managed to return to power. The Congress decided to change its priority of the Party from political campaigns to economic development. Leaders devoted tremendous attention to reestablishing a legal system. La ...
    Related: china, china relations, communist, communist china, communist party
  • Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging An Honest Consensus - 4,785 words
    Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging an Honest Consensus To appear in Social Epistemology, 1992. (version appeared: in Proc. Eighth Intl. Conf. on Risk and Gambling, London, 7/90.) C O U L D G A M B L I N G S A V E S C I E N C E? Encouraging an Honest Consensus by Robin Hanson Visiting Researcher, The Foresight Institute P.O. Box 61058, Palo Alto, CA 94306 USA 510-651-7483 The pace of scientific progress may be hindered by the tendency of our academic institutions to reward being popular, rather than being right. A market-based alternative, where scientists can more formally "stake their reputation", is presented here. It offers clear incentives to be careful and honest while contributi ...
    Related: consensus, encouraging, gambling, honest, peanut butter
  • Crime And Time - 1,728 words
    ... budget? National and provincial departments are responsible for developing their own budgets, in collaboration with their political heads. Responsibility for preparing budgets rest with the executive, and not with the legislatures. Budget making in South Africa is the responsibility of all three spheres of Government: national, provincial and local. The spheres of Government are distinctive, interdependent and interrelated. In terms of the Constitution, the responsibility and the accountability for their budgets lie with the national, provincial and local government respectively. But the Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations Act 1997 creates new intergovernmental forums, the Budget Council ...
    Related: crime, legal issues, civil society, annual budget, ensuring
  • Criminal Justice - 1,521 words
    Criminal Justice This paper will describe my understanding of the text and of the lectures provided in the class. Unlike most classes, where I understood only my view of the text, this class was geared so each student would understand each others view. 3 An organization is a collective that has some boundary and internal structure that engages in activities related to some complex set of goals. Members of organizations attempt to meet their psychological, ego and emotional needs within the organization. Criminal justice organizations are particularly unique compared to other public or private sector organizations because of the governmental granted authority. Management within these organiza ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, justice system, group leader, external factors
  • Destalinization - 1,646 words
    De-Stalinization Although many of his ideas did not bring the expected results, Nikita Khrushchev policies of de-Stalinization were politically wise. He went against many of Stalins tyrannical policies and gave the people a much greater sense of freedom. In the process known as "de-Stalinization", legal procedures were restored, some greater degree of meaningful public controversy was permitted, forced labor camps were closed and the secret police tactics of Stalins era were erased. Stalins method of personal rule was replaced by group rule and more orderly processes of government, the terror apparatus was largely dismantled, the economy was notably modernized and foreign policy was conducte ...
    Related: cuban missile crisis, foreign policy, food production, hydroelectric, congress
  • Different Forms Of Government - 696 words
    Different Forms of Government Introduction The difference in the U.S. Government at it's founding vrs today in reference, to the idea of small vrs big government. The Government originally had only concern with the Military, tariffs and all forms of Foreign relations Today the government regulates all aspects of a persons life. Tax,the redistributation of wealth,healthcare and have a strong influence on local governments through the withholding funds. Competing Interest Inconsistencies in Government polices can be attributed to differences in the many different public Popular Majority will not remain stable for long, since no one can please everyone people will shift their support. Many diff ...
    Related: different forms, u.s. government, unemployment insurance, civil liberties, management
  • Dow Chemicals - 1,925 words
    Dow Chemicals BA 361 ESSAY PAPER Topic: Dow Chemicals Student: Mr. Russ Savage Professor: Mr. Omar Malik Date: 22 May 2000 I decided to construct my essay on Dow Chemicals (DC) Company after reading an article in Business Week. Dow Chemical appears to be developing an aggressive market strategy that aligns with our class topics, and that I have found very interesting. Dow Chemical (DC) company, over the last seven years has built their strategy around and focused on their niche, which is core chemicals & plastics-manufacturing operations, while simultaneously reducing infrastructure debt, expanding its market share, and apparently building new strategic alliances. According to Dow Chemical C ...
    Related: chemical company, chemicals, punctuated equilibrium, communication channels, lowest
  • Electoral Basis Of The Twoparty System - 1,140 words
    Electoral Basis of the Two-Party System In the article Electoral Basis of the Two Party System by Maurice Duverger, the political party systems are dissected and looked at from many points of view. Democratic countries can have the political party system range from a two party system, such as the one in the United States, to a many party system, such as the party system in France and Italy. This article also gives the specific views of those few people whom are opposed to the political party systems as well as those few that are for the political party systems. In speaking of those that are in opposition to the political party system, many views and opinions are expressed. The political part ...
    Related: electoral, party system, basic education, point of view, suit
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