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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: collapse of the soviet union

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  • Chile Political Parties And Organizations - 1,471 words
    Chile Political Parties And Organizations Taking a look at Chile's government and institutions it gives the idea that the average person is represented. Chilean people have a history of strong political ties and many private associations and organizations. This has been helpful in taking care that many interests and needs are expressed within the government. Perhaps even more helpful is the development of many different political parties, whom, for the most part represent many of these organizations and associations in the government. In order to evaluate these institutions a closer look must be taken at each to understand fully the amount of organization that is in place. In the 1990's Chil ...
    Related: chile, organizations, political parties, political spectrum, collapse of the soviet union
  • Containment - 1,070 words
    Containment James Livingstone Critical analysis of Americas policy of Containment Block:A History 12 Americas Policy of Containment was introduced by George Kennan in 1947. This policy had a few good points but many more bad points.Kennan's depiction of communism as a malignant parasite that had to be contained by all possible measures became the basis of the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and National Security Act in 1947. In his Inaugural Address of January 20, 1949, Truman made four points about his program for peace and freedom: to support the UN, the European Recovery Program, the collective defence of the North Atlantic, and a bold new program for technical aid to poor nations. Becaus ...
    Related: containment, containment policy, soviet union, inaugural address, bold
  • Economic Crime In Russia - 1,026 words
    Economic Crime In Russia In Russia, where bureaucratic markets have been legalized, power and influence is highly monopolized, even by socialist standards. Liberalization and privatization of prices and trade have led to a cutthroat battle for redistribution of and control over property, resources, and allocation channels, and also have fed economic crime. Types of Wrongdoing Economic crime is hardly a new phenomenon. As long as people have exchanged goods, they have cheated. With the rapid development of technology and communications and the explosive increase in financial interactions between people in the second part of the twentieth century, economic crime has become a highly diversified ...
    Related: crime, russia, collapse of the soviet union, drunk drivers, manipulation
  • Evolution Of Technology - 1,482 words
    Evolution Of Technology Evolution Of Technology Primitive men cleaved their universe into friends and enemies and responded with quick, deep emotion to even the mildest threats emanating from outside the arbitrary boundary. With the rise of chiefdoms and states, this tendency became institutionalized, war was adopted as an instrument of policy of some of the new societies, and those that employed it best became - tragically - the most successful. The evolution of warfare was an autocatalytic reaction that could not be halted by any people, because to attempt to reverse the process unilaterally was to fall victim. -E.O. Wilson, On Human Nature As every day passes we are become more and more a ...
    Related: communication technology, evolution, information technology, information technology it, technology
  • Germany: The Answer To An Old Question Thesis: This Paper Will Argue That Germany Needs To Secure Itself As Both The Economic - 1,143 words
    Germany: The answer to an old Question Thesis: This paper will argue that Germany needs to secure itself as both the economic and political hegemon of Europe inside of the European Union; until its present condition and effectiveness in the global politics changes, instability in the European Union, as well as, basic fear of will always be present. I. Introduction II. Historical Perspective-The two negative factors A. Fear - twice in one century 1) Bismarck/Frederick II 2) Hitler B. Foolishness 1) WWI 2) WWII III. Reunification - The Key A. Economic realities 1) E. Germany's status 2) Infrastructure B. The significance of one Germany 1) Future 2) Politics IV. European Union-The means to and ...
    Related: east germany, germany, modern germany, secure, united germany, west germany
  • International Studies H - 1,693 words
    ... Sadat took the initiative and in November 1977 made a ground-breaking visit to Israel. After long negotiations under the watchful and persuasive aegis of the United States, Israel and Egypt signed a peace agreement, the culmination of face-to-face talks in 1979 in the American presidential retreat of Camp David. The deal was land for peace. Egypt gradually received back the Sinai, taking full control in 1982. In return, Israel had a lasting peace with what until then had been its most significant Arab enemy.10 Prime Minister Begin and Sadat shared a Nobel Peace Prize for their agreement. The relationship between Egypt and Israel improved noticeably, but deteriorated between Israel and o ...
    Related: international studies, israeli government, arab world, shimon peres, afford
  • Karl Marx - 1,101 words
    ... ers have other, often conflicting, identities. One is not only a worker - or a capitalist-but also a Frenchman, a German, or an Italian; a Christian, a Muslim, or a Jew; a conservative, a liberal, or a radical; a citizen of a state or a subject of a sovereign; a holder of ethical opinions; and - a man or a woman. It is hard for people to sort out what their self-interest is and harder to act on it. We are not entitled to the presumption that membership in a class is the ultimate reality that will dominate all the others. Only an examination of specific circumstances will tell us which identity takes precedence at a given moment. Successful modern politicians instinctively know this. I am ...
    Related: karl, karl marx, marx, welfare state, middle class
  • Kyrgyzstan - 761 words
    Kyrgyzstan The collapse of the Soviet Union created 15 new states. These states over the last 5 years have all struggled with economic, ethnic, political and territorial problems left to them by the Soviet empire. Kyrgyzstan, is a former Soviet Republic (FSR) located in the Central Asia. This paper will give a statistical representation of the state, Kyrgyzstan. The statistical data will reflect the basic geography of the subject country containing population, size and location. This miniature report will also contain brief descriptions of current political and economic situations. Included in the current information section of this report, is an outlook for possible near future events conce ...
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  • Machiavelli - 1,283 words
    ... not rule forever, there comes a time when they have to adopt a new ideology. This is a controversial time in the history of Fidel Castro; it is his conversion to Marxism-Leninism after coming to power that makes him unique. The hostility of the United States government towards the Castro regime from 1959 to 1961 drove Castro to seek protection of the Soviet Union and thereby wedding Cuba to the Soviet bloc and expanding Soviet interests into the Western Hemisphere. These new ties with the Soviet Union solidified Castros Marxist belief. Fidelismo, the adaptation of Marxism by Fidel Castro, combined dialectic and idealistic rhetoric with anti-Yankee policies to create the new Cuba (Barada ...
    Related: machiavelli, fidel castro, social programs, public health, deliver
  • Market Economy Vs Command Economy - 1,272 words
    Market Economy Vs. Command Economy Intorduction: Within the overall umbrella of the word economy, one speaks today of the market economy, the formal economy, the informal economy, the underground economy, the productive economy and perhaps even the reproductive economy, the post-industrial or post-modern economy and the global economy. Thus while the concept of an economy is not fixed but arbitrary, and may have strayed rather far from the management of household resources, it is nonetheless spoken of in official circles as if there were genuine agreement (sometimes almost as if it were tangible, as we must get the economy back on track). The official economic paradigm operative in Canada is ...
    Related: command, command economy, economy, global economy, market, market economy, underground economy
  • Modern Organizational Theory Vs Improvisation - 1,310 words
    Modern Organizational Theory Vs. Improvisation Modern Organizational Theory vs. Improvisation "Organization theory deals with the formal structure, internal working, and external environment of complex human behavior within organizations. As a field spanning several disciplines, it prescribes how work and workers out to be organized and attempts to explain the actual consequences of organizational behavior (including individual behavior) on work done and on the organization itself."(Gordon and Milkavoich, 147) It has been evolving for centuries on how should work be done in the public administration and how the organization should be. "Research findings have emerged about what motivates work ...
    Related: organization theory, organizational, organizational behavior, organizational theory, scientific management
  • Nato And Cold War - 999 words
    NATO And Cold War The latter half of the twentieth century has been dominated by the Cold War and the actions and events surrounding it. During this period different alliances and treaties were formed and many of these were institutionalized. One such alliance was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). This organization was set up by the Northern Atlantic Western Powers to combat the Eastern Soviet threat. Today however NATO still exists and plays an active role in international relations. The question asked then is why after the Soviet Threat has dispersed an organization that was set up with the sole purpose of defeating the Soviets, is still persisting. NATO was formed on the 4th ...
    Related: cold war, nato, domestic politics, crisis management, definite
  • Notes On Russian Nationalism - 844 words
    Notes On Russian Nationalism Nationalism in Music Prior to the 1830's, Russian opera and classical music was largely uninspired and derivative of Western works. While Italian and German music was well-known and enjoyed in Russia, the country had no distinctive classical musical style to call its own. Mikhail Glinka, commonly considered the father of Russian classical music, changed that. Glinka's compositions were powerful and distinctive, incorporating elements of Russian folk music. Glinka kick-started the development of the Russian Art Music style, which integrated components characteristic of Russian folk music and church hymns into classical music. He went on to become part of the Russi ...
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  • Perestroika - 507 words
    Perestroika Emergence of the Modern World Gorbachev and Perestroika In 1985, Soviet leader and Communist Party General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced perhaps the most far-reaching plan for his country's economic restructuring. This plan, called Perestroika, was a set of strategies aimed at resolving the gap in scientific and technological development with the West by initiating economic reform in the Soviet Union. The meaning of Perestroika was best defined by the Party Plenum of January 1987: Perestroika is the decisive defeat of the processes of stagnation, the destruction of the braking mechanism, the creation of a reliable and effective mechanism for increasing the pace of the ...
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  • Peter Calabrese - 948 words
    Peter Calabrese Economics 101 Dr. Maglione March 22, 2000 How has your life changed since 1991? Have you noticed: an increase of material goods around your house, a new car in your driveway, or a little bit bigger gut due to eating more prime rib and filet mignon. If you have answered yes to any of these questions you are among the millions that have benefited from the economic boom. The economic boom refers to the period of economic expansion that started in March of 1991 and is still happening to this day. The following report will analyze various aspects of the economic boom including: what contributed to the boom and the areas of the economy which are positively and negatively affected. ...
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  • Russia - 1,461 words
    Russia Tristan Yapuncich Period 3 4/20/00 Position Paper Russia Position Paper: The Plan The main problem in Russia is lack of a non-corrupt government. It is impossible to run any country, poor or rich, crime or no crime, healthcare or no healthcare, economy or no economy, without some sort of government. Russia needs assistance in the form of socialist diplomatic support, advice, and very carefully monitored loans. There is no question of producing a Marshall Plan for Russia of the sort that the United States pioneered after World War II, but Russia needs to make that plan, and the U.S. needs to let Russia know that plan will be supported. Although the conditions in Russia differ significa ...
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  • Soviet Downfall - 2,160 words
    ... tal issues are political and ethical. Gradually, subconsciously, I was approaching an irrevocable step--a wide-ranging public statement on war and peace and other global issues.[10] In 1968 Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov took his major step of historical significance--he published Reflections on Progress, Peaceful Coexistence and Intellectual Freedom. There he wrote about the crimes of Stalin, denounced the personality cult and asked for the full disclosure of his crimes; warned about ecological catastrophe and the dangers of the arms race and especially, thermonuclear weapons; he argued for convergence, for a rapprochement of the socialist and capitalist systems that could eliminate or su ...
    Related: collapse of the soviet union, downfall, soviet, soviet state, soviet union
  • The Current State Of Devlopment In Latin America - 1,982 words
    The Current State Of Devlopment In Latin America In attempting to establish the current state of development in Latin America, historical chronology serves as the foundation necessary for a comprehensively logical position. Latin American development has evolved in distinct phases, which lead to the present day standings of the politics and peoples throughout the region. The culmination of distinct historical attributes: conquest, colonialism, mercantilism, captalism, industrialism, and globalism, serve as the developmental path from the past, to allow an understanding of the current state of development. In overview of this, as perceived by Latin American governments, the four primary areas ...
    Related: america, current state, latin, latin america, latin american
  • The New World Order - 1,409 words
    The New World Order The idea of a New World Order has been around for a long time. This ideal centers around the concept of a one world government led by the United Nations. Many have praised the idea of a New World Order, including some of our very own Presidents of the United States, while other stand against the idea all together. In theory the idea of a one world government would be nice, uniting the world as one, however the shortcomings, in my opinion, out weigh the positive factors. In 1989, the Cold War ended with the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the post-war ordeals ended only two years later with the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Kosovo crisis has tagged an end to ten years of ...
    Related: modern world, new world order, world economy, world government, world order, world peace, world wide
  • The Threat Of Islamic Terrorism - 1,308 words
    The Threat of Islamic Terrorism The Threat of Islamic Terrorism With the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's and the cold war over, the international community seemed to be on the threshold of an era of unprecedented peace and prosperity. Instead, a new series of problems was created, like ethnic conflicts, weapons proliferation, environmental problems, population growth, drug trafficking, and terrorism. Terrorism, as defined by Title 22 of the United States code, section 2656f(d), is the "pre-meditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence and audience." Islamic terrori ...
    Related: international terrorism, islamic, islamic world, terrorism, western world
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