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  • Charles V - 2,540 words
    Charles V Emperor Charles V (CHARLES I, King of SPAIN). Born at Ghent, 1500; died at Yuste, in Spain, 1558; was a descendant of the house of Hapsburg, and to this descent owed his sovereignty over so many lands that it was said of him that the sun never set on his dominions. Charles was the son of Philip, Duke of Burgundy, by Joanna, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, and Burgundy was the first heritage to which he at his led, on his fathers death in 1506. As he was a minor at that time, his aunt, Margaret of Austria, undertook the regency for him. William of Chivres, his father's chief counsellor, had charge of the prince's household; Adrian of Utrecht, the Humanist and professor of theolo ...
    Related: charles i, charles v, police system, political power, siege
  • Charles V - 2,533 words
    ... fided to a bureau of commerce (casa de contratacion) in Seville; but at the same time he established in Spain a special political Council of the Indies. In the colonies two viceroyalties and twenty-nine governments, four archbishoprics, and twenty-four bishoprics were gradually organized. Already of all those great problems had arisen which still vex colonial politics - the question, how far the mother country should monopolize the products of the colonies; the question colonization; the question of the treatment of the natives, doubly difficult because on the one hand their labour was indispensable and on the other it was most unwilling; the question, how Christianity and civilization m ...
    Related: charles v, the duke, spanish crown, north african, masses
  • Albrecht Durer - 1,562 words
    Albrecht Durer Albrecht Durer was born in Nurembourg in May 21, 1471. His father, Albrecht Durer was a goldsmith, he had come from Germany to Nurembourg in 1455 and married Barbara Holper. Barbara's father was Albrecht's master. Albrecht was his father's third son. He was named Albrecht because of a family tradition which he has been the third representative so far. Albrecht had three brothers named Laszlo, Albrecht, and Ajtos. Albrecht was apprenticed to his father at the age of 13. His father introduced him to the working with metal and the use of tools with laid the ground work for his skill of engraving. He also learned painting from his father at the age of 13. He preferred to draw and ...
    Related: albrecht, giovanni bellini, family tradition, growing concern, fresh
  • Charles Vs Position In The Martin Luther Trial - 336 words
    Charles V's Position In The Martin Luther Trial In the early 1500s, Martin Luther began to oppose and reform against the Holy Roman Catholic Church because he disagreed with many of their ideas and beliefs. For instance, the Church believed that the only way to be saved was through elaborate ceremonies while Luther thought that a strong inner faith in God was all that was needed for redemption. The Emperor at this time, Charles V, was very powerful and held a strong faith in the Catholic way of life. He, of course, disagreed with Martin Luther and felt that he was hurting the public by tempting them with new ways of prayer. In 1521, Charles gave the reformist a trial in hope of getting him b ...
    Related: charles v, luther, martin, martin luther, trial
  • Christine - 1,821 words
    Christine De Pizan An unlikely candidate to dispute the unfair, misogynistic treatment of women by men and society, Christine de Pizan successfully challenged the accepted negative views that were being expressed about women by the all-male literary world of her era. Part of Christines uniqueness stems from the time in which she lived, the middle to late 1300s. The lack of a positive female role model to pattern herself after made Christine a true visionary in the fight for the equal rights of women. Her original ideas and insight provided a new and more intelligent way to view females. Pizans work, The Book of the City of Ladies, provided women much needed guidance in how to survive without ...
    Related: christine, contemporary literature, young woman, christian faith, jeffrey
  • European Exploration And Expansion - 721 words
    European Exploration and Expansion The five European powers comprised of Portugal, Spain, England, France, and the United Providences had early projects of expansion. The Vikings in ninth and tenth century moved as bands of merchant pirates looting trade ships and discouraging trade on the seas. Because of threats from people like the Vikings, early trade was discouraged. However, the Crusades from eleventh to thirteenth century resurrected the desire to trade and explore. The systematic infiltration of the Middle East during the Crusades led countries to experience the joys of expansion. From fourteen-fifty to sixteen-fifty there was a new project of expansion. Instead of the Mediterranean ...
    Related: expansion, exploration, king henry, aztec empire, labor
  • Ferdinand Magellan - 643 words
    Ferdinand Magellan Who was the first explorer to circumnavigate the globe and cross the Pacific Ocean? Ferdinand Magellan did it on his famous voyage in search of a westward route to the Moluccas (now Melaka). This is one of the greatest Portuguese explorers to ever sail the ocean. Ferdinand Magellan was born in about 1480 in Sabrosa of a noble family, and he spent his years as a court page. He ran errands and helped out with general chores but he was still looking for something more. He wanted to see the world and find out what there was to explore. In 1506 he went to the East Indies, participating in many military and exploratory expeditions in Malacca and the Moluccas, know as the Spice I ...
    Related: ferdinand, ferdinand magellan, magellan, south america, roman emperor
  • Grade: 90 - 1,598 words
    Grade: 90 NYPonies 10.7.96 AP European History-Unit II Essay Test Mr. Cross Forward: Although the advent of Lutheranism and the formation of the Church of England have little to do with the secular attitudes during the Italian Renaissance, Calvinism felt itself to be so righteous as to necessitate attempts at de-secularizing those places which it affected, in principle. Although enough parallels can be drawn between Lutheranism and Calvinism to warrant Calvinism's inclusion in supporting reasons why the Reformation was not due to the secularism of the Italian Renaissance, it is important to note this key effort in fighting against that very statement. Calvinism, much like Calvin himself, was ...
    Related: charles v, ruling class, martin luther, dynasty, secularism
  • Henry Viii Was King Of England 15091547, And The Founder Of The - 435 words
    Henry VIII was king of England (1509-1547), and the founder of the church of England. He was the son of King Henry VII he influenced the character of the English monarchy. Henry was born in London on June 28, 1491 and his dad died in 1509 henry married his brothers widow Catherine of Aragon. This was the first of his six marriages. Henry was a good looking man and was an athlete. In 1511 henry Joined in the holy league against France, and in 1513 he led the English forces through a victorious campaign in northern France. In 1514 he arranged a marriage between his sister Mary and Louis XII of France, they formed an alliance. In 1525 riots broke out in England in protest against an attempt by ...
    Related: church of england, founder, henry viii, king henry, viii
  • Jamie Katzaman April 10, 1996 Columbus And The New World Christianity In The New World The Catholic Church During The Middle - 1,385 words
    ... cely any of the children remained alive a few months afterward. This was due to violence or the disease that the Spanish brought with them. Las Casas on his travels also saw the violence and horrors which the Indians were subject to. Las Casas describes this scene upon entering the Indian village of Caonao: "The Clerico was preparing for the division of the rations amongst the men, when suddenly a Spaniard, prompted, as was thought, by the Devil, drew his sword: the rest drew theirs; and immediately they all began to hack and hew the poor Indians, who were sitting quietly near them, and offering not more resistance than so many sheep". (Liburn 10 & 11) Las Casas then goes on to describe ...
    Related: catholic, catholic church, christianity, christopher columbus, columbus, jamie
  • Magellan - 618 words
    Magellan In the early 1500s, almost four and a half centuries before men first orbited the earth; an expedition completed and led by Ferdinand Magellan performed a task of comparable significance for that time period. Magellan, a Portuguese navigator for Spain, sailed westward with a fleet of five ships from the port of Sanlucar de Barrameda in September, 1519. Nearly three years later one ship returned, having circumnavigated the globe and crossed its largest ocean. A Philippine battle is where Magellan died and only left his crew to tell about the voyage. Maximilian of Transylvania, a native of Brussels, was present when the only one of Magellans ships reached Sanlucar }. Maximilian assist ...
    Related: ferdinand magellan, magellan, charles v, south america, expedition
  • Martin Luther - 1,241 words
    ... nion (a senior friar) set out on foot. The seven-week journey was long and difficult; the two travelers spent their nights in monasteries along the way. When they finally saw the city before them, Luther fell on his face and cried out, Blessed art thou, Rome, Holy Rome, (Luther 48). But he was greatly disappointed when he observed that the life on Rome was very sinful. He was amazed to find that the Italian priests were leading lives of luxury and self-indulgence. Luther said, the Italians mocked us for being pious monks, for they hold Christians fools. They say six or seven masses on the time it takes me to say one, for they take money for it and I do not, (Luther 48). After visiting a ...
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  • Martin Luther Lived From 14831546 Luther Was Born On November 10, 1483 In Eisleben In The Province Of Saxony His Protestant V - 1,218 words
    Martin Luther lived from 1483-1546. Luther was born on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben in the province of Saxony. His protestant view of Christianity started what was called the Protestant Reformation in Germany. Luther's intentions were to reform the medieval Roman Catholic Church. But firm resistance from the church towards Luther's challenge made way to a permanent division in the structure of Western Christianity. Luther lived in Mansfield and was the son of a miner. He later went on to study at Eisenbach and Magdeburg. After studying at these institutions he moved on to study at the University of Erfurt. Luther started out studying law, but then went on to enter the religious life. He wen ...
    Related: luther, martin, martin luther, protestant, protestant reformation, province
  • Martin Luther Was A German Theologian And Religious Reformer, Who Started The Protestant Reformation, And Whose Vast Influenc - 1,184 words
    Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther, his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. In 1501, at the age of 17, he enrolled at the University of Erfurt, receiving a bachelor's degree in 1502 and a master's degree in 1505 . He then intended to study law, as his father had wished. In the summer of 1505, he abandone ...
    Related: german, german language, luther, martin, martin luther, protestant, protestant reformation
  • Martin Luther: A Biography Of Martin Luther 14831546 - 767 words
    Martin Luther: A Biography of Martin Luther (1483-1546) Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany, the son of Hans Luther, who worked in the copper mines, and his wife Margarethe. He went to school at Magdeburg and Eisenach, and entered the University of Erfurt in 1501, graduating with a BA in 1502 and an MA in 1505. His father wished him to be a lawyer, but Luther was drawn to the study of the scriptures, and spent three years in the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt. In 1507 he was ordained a priest, and went to the University of Wittenberg, where he lectured on philosophy and the Scriptures, becoming a powerful and influential preacher. On a mission to Rome in 1510--11 he was appalled by the cor ...
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  • Maximilian I - 612 words
    Maximilian I Maximilian I 1459-1519, heiliger rmischer Kaiser und deutscher Knig (1493-1519), Sohn und Nachfolger des heiligen rmischen Kaisers Frederick III. Als Kaiser strebte er, starke imperiale Fhrung wiederhzuerstellen und dringend bentigte administrative Verbesserungen im in zunehmendem Mae dezentralisierten Reich zu erffnen. in der inlndischen und fremden Politik jedoch opferte er die Interessen von Deutschland als Ganzes des aggrandizement des Besitzes Hapsburg. Expansion ber Krieg und Verbindung Verbindung Maximilian (1477) zu Mary von Burgunder bezog ihn zum Schutze von ihrer Erbschaft -- einschlielich Burgunders, der Provinzen Netherland und Luxemburgs -- gegen die Designs des Kn ...
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  • Much Ado About Nothing - 1,633 words
    Much Ado About Nothing Written between 1598 and 1600 at the peak of Shakespeare's skill in writing comedic work, Much Ado About Nothing is one of Shakespeare's wittiest works. In this comedy, Shakespeare's drama satirizes love and human courtliness between two couples who take very different paths to reach the same goal: making the connection between inward and outward beauty. Much Ado About Nothing shows different ways of how people are attracted to one another, and how their realization and definitions of "love" relate to their perceptions of inward and outward beauty. The play is set in Messina, Italy, a small province facing the Straits of Messina, in northeastern Sicily, at the estate o ...
    Related: different ways, historical figures, young woman, mouth, innocence
  • Politics And Religion - 693 words
    Politics And Religion (This is about the Protestant Reformation, i believed that it has always existed strictly as a political event) Politics and Religion Political and social struggles causes many religious uprising. Even though Religious Reformations are major breakthroughs in the Catholic Church, its premises remained strictly as a political event. Protestantism was a technique used by noble princes as well as emperors to break away from the control of the Catholic Church and also a reason to gain dominancy over other nations. However, the foremost reason that Reformations remains primarily as a political event is because it served as a reason for conflict between church and state. The f ...
    Related: politics and religion, religion, anne boleyn, holy roman, protestantism
  • Protestant Reformation - 954 words
    Protestant Reformation Religion is a predominant force in our world today. It also had a strong impact on the lives of those alive during the Protestant Reformation. Many changes were brought along by this historical chain of events. Recently, many incidents have occurred to change the way people view religion. Examples include the Holocaust and, more recently, the Branch-Davidians in Waco, Texas. Even a more spectacular event in history occurred when a group of people decided that just because everyone around them had said it was so, that did not mean that they should blindly follow this idea. The Reformation was led in three different countries by three different men who varied in the reas ...
    Related: protestant, protestant reformation, reformation, roman emperor, catholic church
  • Protestantism - 687 words
    Protestantism Throughout the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church continued to assert its primacy of position. The growth of the papacy had paralleled the growth of the church, but by the end of the Middle Ages challenges to papal authority from the rising power of monarchical states had resulted in a loss of papal temporal authority. An even greater threat to papal authority and church unity arose in the sixteenth century when the unity of medieval European Christendom was irretrievably shattered by the Reformation. Martin Luther was the catalyst that precipitated the new movement. His personal struggle for religious certainty led him, against his will, to question the medieval system of salvat ...
    Related: protestantism, king charles, charles v, north america, merge
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