# Research paper topics, free example research papers

Free research papers and essays on topics related to: business review

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• Towards Innovation - 1,518 words
"Towards Innovation" The world today is experiencing the most rapid pace of change in its history. The purpose of this essay is to discuss what organizational structure is suitable in the business circumstances of today. This essay will argue that 'the environment of the 21st century is such, that to be effective, organizations are tending towards less formalized structures than used in the past'. To support this argument, firstly organizations will be defined, and then the properties that make an organization effective will be identified. Next organizational structure will be appraised, and what constitutes business environment will be established. Finally the influences globalisation and t ...
Related: innovation, information exchange, work activities, business environment, workforce
• A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives - 1,578 words
... A or B (6) The probabilities of transition from period 2 to period 3 are obtained as: {RN}02 {RN}23 = {RN}03 Where {RN}ij is the risk-neutral transition matrix from period i to period j Thus, {RN}23 = {RN}-102 {RN}03 Table -6 shows the risk neutral probabilities of transition from period 2 to period 3. From this table, it can be seen that P (F / EA ) = 0.074 and P (F / EB ) = 0.176. In addition, we know that P(EA) = 0.181 and P(EB) = 0.530 (refer Table -5a). Thus, the risk-neutral probability that Rs. 100 is received in period 3 is 0.074 x 0.181 + 0.176 x 0.530 = 0.107 The value of the derivative is obtained as 20.76 Table-6 Risk neutral probabilities of transition from period 2 to perio ...
Related: credit, credit risk, derivatives, framework, neutral, pricing, rate risk
• Activity Based Costing - 1,231 words
Activity Based Costing The Use of Activity Based Costing By Joseph P. Milazzo Masters of Business Administration Hawaii Pacific University Fall 2000 Activity based costing (ABC) is a relative new way to allocate costs to specific processes and services. This system assures that the costs are accurately distributed to the products or services that generated them. ABC illustrates costs more accurately, giving management insight to the cost associated with certain business activities. ABC extends the decision-making skills of management by expanding on traditional costing (job order costing/process order costing) techniques. However, since ABC's introduction in the 1980's, many corporations are ...
• Bristolmyers Squibb - 1,824 words
Bristol-Myers Squibb Michael Zouroudis Cornerstone student in the College of Business Administration University of Central Florida October 15, 1999 Table of Contents Section Introduction/Executive Summary........................................... .................................................. ...................3 Background........................................ .................................................. .................................................. ......4 Marketing Product/Service................................... .................................................. .............................6 Place/Distribution................................ ................................. ...
Related: squibb, business world, highest level, vice president, plant
• Buyer Behaviour - 3,170 words
Buyer Behaviour 1.0 Introduction The purpose of this report is to analyse and evaluate the decision-making process consumers go through when purchasing health supplements and formal clothing. The objective is to compare the differences between the two processes and identify the implications each has on marketing strategy. This has been achieved through both secondary and primary research. The secondary analysis involved research using the textbooks and articles on health supplements and formal clothing and the application of relevant consumer behaviour concepts and theories. This report will also thoroughly discuss, compare and report on the typical decision making processes likely to be fol ...
Related: behaviour, buyer, consumer behaviour, target market, reference groups
• Buyer Behaviour - 3,094 words
... ers. Social surroundings such as the person that the students are with will either increase or decrease search. Health Supplements As decision making for purchasing for health supplements is a very low involvement activity, the consumers may recall their past experiences. The consumer purchases the recalled brand, and habitual decision-making has occurred. For example, a student who has an allergy problem may recall the previous brand of allergy relief they have used previously, therefore the allergy relief is purchased at the nearest store without further information search or evaluation. In other cases, when students have a different health problem to what they have before, they will s ...
Related: behaviour, buyer, consumer behaviour, long term memory, customer service
• Chinas Space Program - 420 words
Chinas Space Program CHINA CITES 'GREAT PROGRESS' IN MANNED SPACE PROGRAM By Daniel Southerland (c) 1986, The Washington Post PEKING - China has made "great progress" in developing a manned space program and the day it launches a man in space for the first time is "not far off," an official newspaper said Sunday. The overseas edition of the People's Daily, the leading Communist Party newspaper, said China has "already begun the work of choosing its first team of astronauts." Although it gave few details, the article made it sound as though China is preparing to launch its first men into space much sooner than many foreign observers had thought possible. "We have already succeeded in producin ...
Related: space program, space shuttle, business review, life magazine, chinese
• Contents 1 Introduction 2 What Is Business Ethics 3 The 10 Benefits Of Business Ethics 4 Case Study On Nestle 41 The Impact O - 1,801 words
... c. People see those organisations as valuing people more than profit, as striving to operate with the utmost of integrity and honour. Aligning behaviour with values is critical to effective marketing and public relations programs. Consider how Johnson and Johnson handled the Tylenol crisis versus how Exxon handled the oil spill in Alaska. Bob Dunn, President and CEO of San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility puts it best: Ethical values, consistently applied, are the cornerstones in building a commercially successful and socially responsible business. 9. Overall benefits of ethics programs: Donaldson and Davis, in Business Ethics? Yes, But what can it Do for the Bottom Lin ...
• Dredging The Hudson River - 1,928 words
Dredging The Hudson River For the past year, the subject of polychlorinated biphenyls in the Hudson River and what should be done about them has been discussed by politicians and residents all over the capital region. Often the top story on the local news, the front page headline of the newspaper, the subject of a special on television, or the reason for a town meeting, dredging has become a much debated topic. With all the information being exchanged and opinions published, it is easy for the average person to become confused. In an attempt to make things clear, the following report defines dredging, PCBs, and presents a short discussion of each side of the Hudson River dredging debate. POL ...
Related: dredging, hudson, hudson river, water treatment, problems associated
• Economic Perspectives On The Internet - 2,213 words
... ials. The Department of Commerce's Office of Antiboycott Compliance (OAC) administers the program through ongoing investigations of corporate activities. OAC operates an automated boycott-reporting system providing statistical and enforcement data to Congress and to the public, issuing interpretations of the regulations for the affected public, and offering nonbinding informal guidance to the private sector on specific compliance concerns. U.S. firms with questions about complying with antiboycott regulations should call OAC at 202-482-2381 or write to Office of Antiboycott Compliance, Bureau of Export Administration, Room 6098, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Antitrus ...
Related: economic cooperation, economic perspectives, foreign trade, resource conservation, entitled
• Global Branding - 1,519 words
Global Branding When corporations market a product globally choosing a brand name is a major factor in the success of that product. Handi-Wrap is a very well known brand in the United States, but in other parts of the world like the United Kingdom and Australia, the brand's name is considered funny but still effective, but what about in other countries like: Germany, Sweden or Japan? The brand Handi-Wrap works in the United States because English is the official language of the nation; it works in the United Kingdom and Australia for the same reason, but does the brand name lose its effectiveness in nations where languages other than English are routinely spoken or does the brand remain effe ...
• Global Warming - 1,279 words
... panies have already begun to implement some programmes to reduce GHGs emissions, by investing in more Energy Efficiency programmes and Green Power. Indeed, energy efficiency in business can lead to many competitive advantages. Measures can be implemented in several areas: building and facilities; production processes; end-use products; and transportation. These sectors provide many opportunities for cutting costs, increasing profits and enhancing the image of companies. Some ways to save energy include installing efficient lighting, capturing and reusing waste heat, insulating buildings and computerising heating and cooling systems. These kinds of programmes are almost risk-free and can ...
Related: global community, global market, global warming, warming, solar energy
• Imc Abercrombie And Fitch - 1,118 words
... rcrombie use of sexually overt material with athletic, privileged-looking, semi-clad co-eds is used in every aspect of its marketing communication strategy. Because of the consistency of Abercrombie's communication messages, Abercrombie's advisements and promotions are easily identified. Furthermore, the opposition to Abercrombie's communications strategy and associated materials has actually enhanced the effectiveness of Abercrombie's marketing communications. Abercrombie has come to be seen as more exclusive and cool because of the rebellion and controversy. Despite Abercrombie's well-integrated and highly publicized marketing campaign, Abercrombie may reconsider the magazines in which ...
Related: abercrombie, abercrombie fitch, fitch, brand loyalty, vanity fair
• Internet Tech - 1,070 words
... re designed to lure them into giving up a credit card number; however, there are various shots that could be access without a credit card. Portelli and Mead say the Supreme court in 1982 ruled the use of pornography involving children to be "harmful to the physiological, emotional, and mental health" of children and criminalized the practice, instigating strong enforcement and severe punishment for offenders (7). They further stated the Communications Decency Act of 1996, which strove to end the flood of pornography available on the Internet, was ruled to be unconstitutional by the Supreme Court due to violation of the First Amendment (7). In other words, the issue of how to protect mino ...
Related: high tech, internet pornography, tech, news service, columbine high
• Leadership Theories - 1,289 words
Leadership Theories This essay will approach types of power such as; to utilize and influence others, to either reward or punish, to confirm by role of an organization, and to identify with a leader such as rock or film personality. This essay will cover six categories of power and these interlink with each other and brings a better focus on theories of power. The functions of leadership are many and varied, depending upon the basic problem with a group must deal with, and the type of leadership style in action, which is dependent on the leaders basis of power. Power, in the case of leadership, is divided into six categories, however, each can be linked with another, as they are inter-relate ...
• Leading The Way - 1,335 words
Leading The Way "The most important single ingredient in the formula of success is knowing how to get along with people" Theodore Roosevelt Leadership is an essential part of management. Being one of the four universal functions of management, leading is arguably the most important function. In the twenty-first century, more businesses and companies required their workers to work more on team operations rather than individually. One of the most effective elements to those teams' success is its leaders. Without the management of a strong leader, a team can only go so far. In a startling statistic found by USA Weekend, 40 percent of all new managers are out of a job within the first 18 months. ...
Related: more effective, work setting, good leadership, operation, motivation
• Mike Porter Researches - 4,691 words
Mike Porter Researches Michael Porter On How To Marry Strategy & Operational Effectiveness The Harvard management guru argues that operations & strategy must fit to create a sustainable competitive advantage. For almost two decades, managers have been learning to play by a new set of rules. Companies must be flexible to respond rapidly to competitive and market changes. They must benchmark continuously to achieve best practice. They must outsource aggressively to gain efficiencies. . . Positioning -- once the heart of strategy -- is rejected as too static for today's dynamic markets and changing technologies. According to the new dogma, rivals can quickly copy any market position, and compet ...
Related: michael porter, mike, porter, researches, technological progress
• The Asain Finacial Crisis - 1,329 words
... (and for foreign lenders such as the Japanese banks) and has forced the closure or consolidation/ merger of a number of lending institutions. Thus, the crisis has enveloped the financial systems in the region, and has been accentuated by high rates of borrowing. Its resolution will also require structural reform of financial institutions. (7) The prudential regulation of financial institutions will probably also have to be drastically upgraded in these financial systems. Asset price deflation, rising bad debts and failing banks provide a very dangerous mixture for national economic performance and may require several years of adjustment before they can be fully overcome. The case of Japa ...
Related: asain, asian crisis, crisis, finacial, account deficit
• Valerie Morgan Case Study - 1,465 words
Valerie Morgan Case Study Valerie Morgan Case Study Partnering Leadership and Controls Margaret Glendinning-Welch December 13, 1999 Abstract Morgan Publications is currently in the leadership crisis stage of the companys evolution. This is characterized by the need for more formal means of communication, unwanted management responsibilities of the founder and increasing conflicts of the department managers. A strong management entity is needed to pull the organization together and assist in setting a direction for the future. This direction includes establishing more formal systems and controls, but without sacrificing department managers autonomy and creativity, and maintaining a decentrali ...
Related: case study, morgan, valerie, performance standards, problems associated
• Walmart - 1,612 words
... we'd thought they'd never get to. The result is that everyday low prices are getting lower (Saporito, 1994, p. 66). In addition, the baby-boomers are reaching their peak earnings years, when financial and personal priorities change. Thus, savings, not spending, will likely take precedence because most baby-boomers are approaching retirement. Debt Position -- Based on Wal-Mart's position in 1994, which was considered a year of expansion for the company, (Wal-Mart added 103 new discount stores, 38 Supercenters, 163 warehouse clubs, and 94,000 new associates) interest debt increased 52.3%. The cost paid by Wal-Mart to finance property plants and equipment forced the company to increase long ...