Research paper topics, free example research papers

Free research papers and essays on topics related to: brezhnev

  • 18 results found, view research papers on page:
  • 1
  • Causes Of The Cold War - 610 words
    Causes Of The Cold War Causes of the Cold War The Cold War occurred during a time of rebuilding for Europe. It characterized international relations and dominated the foreign policies of Europe. It affected all of Europe and determined lasting alliances. The Cold War was caused by the social climate and tension in Europe at the end of World War II and by the increasing power struggles between the Soviet Union. Economic separation between the Soviets and the west also heightened tensions, along with the threat of nuclear war. One main conflict between the Soviet Union was the vast ideological differences. One of the main tenets of communism is that capitalism is inherently bad and posed a thr ...
    Related: cold war, truman doctrine, world war ii, warsaw pact, crisis
  • Communism East Europe - 3,047 words
    Communism East Europe TITLE: Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe? SUBJECT: European Studies B EDUCATION: First year university GRADE: first honour AUTHOR'S COMMENTS: I liked it. Interested to hear other people's comments. TUTOR'S COMMENTS: Well done!! Extremely informative. Well researched. Good Layout. Stress Gorbachev's role more. Communism is like Prohibition - its a good idea but it wont work (Will Rogers, 1927) (1) This essay will give a brief introduction to communism. It will then discuss the various factors which combined to bring about the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. It will examine each of these factors and evaluate the effect of each. Finally it will attempt ...
    Related: communism, east europe, east germany, eastern europe, western europe
  • Communism East Europe - 3,045 words
    Communism East Europe TITLE: Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe? SUBJECT: European Studies B EDUCATION: First year university GRADE: first honour AUTHOR'S COMMENTS: I liked it. Interested to hear other people's comments. TUTOR'S COMMENTS: Well done!! Extremely informative. Well researched. Good Layout. Stress Gorbachev's role more. Communism is like Prohibition - its a good idea but it wont work (Will Rogers, 1927) (1) This essay will give a brief introduction to communism. It will then discuss the various factors which combined to bring about the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. It will examine each of these factors and evaluate the effect of each. Finally it will attempt ...
    Related: communism, east europe, east germany, eastern europe, western europe
  • Communism History - 1,338 words
    Communism History Communism has long been heralded in capitalist countries as the root of all evil. However, as with all phobias, this intrinsic fear of communism comes from a lack of knowledge rather than sound reasoning. It is that same fear that gave the world the Cold War and McCarthys Red Scare. The purpose of this paper is neither to support communism over capitalism nor the reverse of that. Rather, it is to inform the reader of communisms migration through time and hopefully assist the regression of such fear. The ideology of communism came out of the minds of two men, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (Marxism, 11). (Dueto Marx being the more widely known influence, he will be the one m ...
    Related: communism, history, long history, red scare, long march
  • Early Life - 978 words
    Early Life Richard Milhous Nixon grew up in Yorba, California the son of Quakers Frank and Hannah Nixon. During Nixons childhood in Yorba, the family was always on the edge of poverty. The lemon grove was unfruitful, and there was little money for anything beyond food and clothing for the growing family. The Nixons never ate in a restaurant or took even a brief vacation. Nixons early life was one of boyish stubbornness. He swam in the dangerous Anaheim Canal in spite of repeated warnings from his father, and he insisted upon standing up to ride in the family wagon, although once a fall gave him a serious head injury. He displayed a competitive streak at an early age and would never turn down ...
    Related: early life, early years, public life, democratic national, watergate scandal
  • Gerald Ford - 1,170 words
    Gerald Ford When Gerald R. Ford took the oath of office on August 9, 1974, he declared, "I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances.... This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts." It was indeed an unprecedented time. He had been the first Vice President chosen under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment and, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, was succeeding the first President ever to resign. Ford was confronted with almost insuperable tasks. There were the challenges of mastering inflation, reviving a depressed economy, solving chronic energy shortages, and trying to ensure world peace. The President acted to curb the trend toward Gover ...
    Related: ford, gerald, gerald ford, president ford, grand rapids
  • Gerald Ford - 1,175 words
    Gerald Ford When Gerald R. Ford took the oath of office on August 9, 1974, he declared, I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances.... This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts. It was indeed an unprecedented time. He had been the first Vice President chosen under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment and, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, was succeeding the first President ever to resign. Ford was confronted with almost insuperable tasks. There were the challenges of mastering inflation, reviving a depressed economy, solving chronic energy shortages, and trying to ensure world peace. The President acted to curb the trend toward Governm ...
    Related: ford, gerald, gerald ford, president ford, first president
  • Jimmy Carter - 1,489 words
    Jimmy Carter The President of Peace Jimmy Carter was born October 1, 1924, in the small farming town of Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery. His father, James Earl Carter, Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy, a registered nurse. He was educated in the Plains public schools, attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1946. On July 7, 1946, he married Rosalynn Smith. When his father died in 1953, he resigned a naval commission and returned to Plains. He became involved in the affairs of the community, serving as chairman of t ...
    Related: carter, jimmy, jimmy carter, president carter, democratic national
  • Mikhail Gorbachev - 1,199 words
    Mikhail Gorbachev One of the most dramatic and revolutionary changes in Russian history is the restriction of the consumption of alcohol. Mikhail Gorbachev instituted his anti-alcohol campaign on May 16, 1985 in order to decrease alcohol consumption by Soviet citizens and instead teach them the rewards of moderation. Some such rewards were a better life at home with their families, more advancement in their jobs, and better overall health. Although Gorbachev's anti-alcohol campaign was effective in generating some positive changes, it eventually failed, causing resentment toward the leadership, worsening health issues, creating illegal alcohol production markets, and increasing the budget de ...
    Related: gorbachev, mikhail, mikhail gorbachev, economic conditions, young boy
  • Polish Solidarity - 1,223 words
    Polish Solidarity The Solidarity Movement in Poland The Solidarity movement in Poland was one of the most dramatic developments in Eastern Europe during the Cold War. It was not a movement that began in 1980, but rather a continuation of a working class and Polish intelligentsia movement that began in 1956, and continued in two other risings, in 1970 and 1976.The most significant of these risings began in the shipyards of the 'Triple City', Gdansk, Sopot and Gdyniain 1970. The first and by far the most violent and bloody of the workers revolts came in June of 1956, when at least 75 people died in the industrial city of Poznan. The third uprising took place in 1976 with workers striking in Wa ...
    Related: polish, solidarity, cold war, social class, brezhnev
  • Richard Nixon - 1,363 words
    Richard Nixon Richard Millhouse Nixon, our 37th President of the United States was born on January 9, 1913 on Yorba Linda California. Nixon attended different elementary schools trough out Yorba Linda, Whittier, and Fullerton. In high school Nixon played football, and he also got into debating. After high school Nixon attended Whittier Collage, where he became president of the student body and also won many debating awards. When he graduated Whittier collage in 1934, he received a scholarship to Duke University School of Law. At Duke, Nixon was elected president of the student law association and won election to the Order of the Coif. When he graduated he ranked third in a class of 44 studen ...
    Related: nixon, president nixon, richard nixon, vice president, university school
  • Ronald Reagan - 1,325 words
    Ronald Reagan Truly, when Ronald Reagan took office in 1981, the world was changing; his presidency would be one that would set the tone for the coming decades. Reagan had high expectations for his term in office; his "first, second, and third priorities" were his economic plans. His presidency was a remarkable one, but scholars were and continue to be critical of his "hands-off," macro-management of the government. President Reagan surrounded himself with some of the brightest minds in the country: James Baker III, George Shultz .. Often, these are the people who initiated these policy changes, while Reagan is the one who sold them to the country. But for all that he didn't participate in, ...
    Related: president reagan, reagan, reagan administration, ronald, ronald reagan
  • Soviet Downfall - 2,177 words
    Soviet Downfall Abstract This essay concentrates on two representatives of the dissident movement in the Soviet Union in the 1960s and in the 1970s--Andrei Sakharov and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. The essay introduces the history of the dissident movement in the Russian Empire under the Tsars and in the Soviet Union under various leaders, mainly under Nikita Khruschev, Leonid Brezhnev and Michael Gorbachev. It presents the historical conflict of Slavophils and Westernizers that began in the time of Peter the Great and discusses its impact on Russian thinkers over the years. The essay proposes that Solzhenitsyn and Sakharov are representatives of two branches of Russian philosophy, modified with ...
    Related: downfall, soviet, soviet bloc, soviet government, soviet union
  • The Baltics: Nationalities And Other Problems - 4,525 words
    ... moved 2000 government and party people, including the Party chief Kalberzins. The new Party First Secretary, Arvid Pelshe, accused his former associates of deviating from "the right path in carrying out Leninist nationality policy." (42) "..., there was at least one nationalistic demonstration by non russians on a mass scale during this period. It occurred in July, 1960, in Lithuania when Mikhail Suslov, then a member of the Party's Presidium and who, after the war, had directed the pacification of this republic, visted Kaunas. Protests and disturbances broke out, troops were called in, and several youths are reported to have been killed by the soldiers." (43) The purges continued throug ...
    Related: self determination, international affairs, social relations, commissioner, industrialization
  • The History Of The Conflict In The Middle East Is Long And - 1,771 words
    ... and." Thus, the "War of Attrition" broke out, where Egypt attacked, through artillery Israeli forced dug along the canal. The result was Israeli air response which virtually destroyed the Egyptian Artillery. During this time, the Israeli Military was supplied by the Nixon Administration, because it supposedly regarded Israel as a bulwark against Soviet expansion in the area. Nassar, seeing that his chances were few, flew to Moscow and asked the Soviet Union to establish an air defense system manned by Soviet pilots and anti-aircraft forces protected by Soviet troops. To obtain this aid, Nassar agree to grant the Soviet Union control over a number of Egyptian airfields as well as operatio ...
    Related: arab israeli conflict, history, israeli conflict, middle east, un security council
  • The Reasons For The Fall Of Socialismcommunism And The Troubles - 1,542 words
    The Reasons for the fall of Socialism/Communism and the Troubles of Starting the New Democratic System in the Russian Federation "Let's not talk about Communism. Communism was just an idea, just pie in the sky." Boris Yeltsin (b. 1931), Russian politician, president. Remark during a visit to the U.S. Quoted in: Independent (London, 13 Sept. 1989). The fall of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union was more than a political event. The powerful bond between economics and politics that was the integral characteristic of the state socialist system created a situation that was unique for the successor states of the Soviet Union. The Communist regime was so ingrain in every aspect of Soviet life ...
    Related: consumer goods, super power, russian federation, china, manufacturing
  • The United States Vs The World : Issues Concerning A National Missile Defense System - 1,883 words
    The United States Vs. The World : Issues Concerning A National Missile Defense System The debate over a National Missile Defense System first began in 1983 when President Ronald Reagan introduced his Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). His ambitious plan to defend the nation directly impacts every citizen of the United States, as well as many countries across the globe. Any person interested in weapons technology, effects of the Cold War, national security, or foreign relations should become familiar with this issue. The foundation arguments of this issue are fairly easy to follow. The twilight years of the Cold War brought about the unification of Germany, the signing of the Intermediate Ra ...
    Related: defense council, defense secretary, department of defense, missile, missile defense, national defense, national policy
  • Timeline History Of Russia 15331991 - 1,224 words
    Timeline History of Russia 1533-1991 1533-1584 The Russian Empire, covering over one-sixth of the world, is governed by the sovereignty of Czar Ivan the Terrible. The feudal system oppresses every man, woman and child as the Czar releases "Tax Collectors" to maintain support for the nobles in the land. Brigands and financial extortionists persecute any lower class citizen who refuses to help contribute to the Czar's regime. 1682-1725 Under Czar Peter I (Peter the Great), the Russian Empire begins to flourish with traces of traditional social structure modifications in the country. Observing the radical advances of western civilizations, Peter orders the modernization of the army, creation of ...
    Related: history, russia, timeline, leon trotsky, soviet union
  • 18 results found, view research papers on page:
  • 1