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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: transparency

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  • Age Of Innocence - 1,264 words
    Age Of Innocence Although Martin Scorcese does not sound like the logical choice to direct an adaptation of Edith Wharton's novel about manners and morals in New York's society in the 1980's the psychological violence inflicted between characters is at least as damaging as the physical violence perpetrated by Scorcese's usual gangsters. Martin Scorcese has made a reputation of conveying the essence of the human spirit through visuals and vivid colors. His work in "The Age of Innocence" is no different. Scorcese closely observed the tiny details of the world and the impossible situation within the novel. The film stays remarkable true to the Wharton novel, fleshing out details and bringing th ...
    Related: age of innocence, innocence, the age of innocence, victorian period, social revolution
  • Arsenic - 401 words
    Arsenic Element Arsenic may appear to be a poisonous element. This is because it is used as a poison for murder both in real life cases and in made up books. But there are a lot of chemical uses for arsenic such as it being a specimen. Arsenic is also known arsenic in French, Arsen in German, arsenico in Italian and arsenico in Spanish. The atomic number of the element arsenic is 33. The atomic weight is 74.92160(2). Its symbol on the periodic table is As and its electronic configuration is [Ar].3d10.4s2.4p3. Arsenic occurs in two solid modifications: yellow, and gray or metallic. Its color is tin- white which tarnishes to dark gray or black. Its luster is metallic but the tarnish will dull ...
    Related: arsenic, ancient times, periodic table, atomic weight, periodic
  • Asia - 1,308 words
    ... ried up. This financial crisis will probably lead to loss of confidence by investors in Thailand's economy and a slow down and then a slump would ensue, she predicted. Key Indicators to Watch Unemployment. Unemployment is already a problem, concentrated for the moment in urban areas, and affecting both skilled and unskilled workers in Asia. It is expected that in Thailand an estimated 900,000 workers will have lost their jobs by the end of 1999; in Indonesia, it is estimated that unemployment may have increased by some 2 million people, with predictions of substantial further rises in the coming months. In other countries with rigid rules governing hiring and firing, such as Korea, unemp ...
    Related: asia, east asia, economic downturn, government interference, fulfilling
  • Asian Crisis - 1,925 words
    Asian Crisis Introduction A financial crisis swept like a bush fire through the tiger economies of South East Asia between June 1997 and January 1998. One country after another, local stocks markets and currency imploded. When the dust started to settle, the stock markets in many of these countries had lost over 70% of their value. Leaders of some these nations had to approach the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to beg for massive financial assistance. The crisis in Asia has occurred after several decades of outstanding economic performance and growth. Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in the ASEAN- 5 (Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines) averaged closed to 8% ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, crisis, east asian, economic crisis, financial crisis
  • Asian Crisis - 1,338 words
    Asian Crisis A large economic downturn in East Asia threatens to end its nearly 30 year run of high growth rates. It is hard to understand what these declines will actualy do to the world market. The crisis has caused Asian currencies to fall 50-60%, stock markets to decline 40%, banks to close, and property values to drop. The crisis was brought on by currency devaluations, bad banking practices, high foreign debt, loose government regulation, and corruption. Due to East Asia's large impact on the world economy, the panic in Thailand, Indonesia, Korea, and other Asian countries has prompted other countries to worry about the affect on their own economies and offer aid to the financially tro ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, asian nations, crisis, east asian, economic crisis
  • Asian Crisis - 1,309 words
    ... debt dried up. "This financial crisis will probably lead to loss of confidence by investors in Thailand's economy and a slow down and then a slump would ensue", she predicted. Key Indicators to Watch Unemployment. Unemployment is already a problem, concentrated for the moment in urban areas, and affecting both skilled and unskilled workers in Asia. It is expected that in Thailand an estimated 900,000 workers will have lost their jobs by the end of 1999; in Indonesia, it is estimated that unemployment may have increased by some 2 million people, with predictions of substantial further rises in the coming months. In other countries with rigid rules governing hiring and firing, such as Kore ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, asian economy, asian financial, asian financial crisis, asian nations
  • Botticellis Spring - 991 words
    Botticelli's Spring The renaissance was a time of wonderful art, though one artist in particular stood out, that was Sandro Botticelli. This man created some of the most renowned pieces of art in European history; one great painting was Allegory of Spring. This mythological artwork was an amazing change from the normalcy of past times. Botticellis Allegory of Spring, painted in 1482, is one of the most remarkable and astounding pieces of renaissance art with the wondrous symbols, style, story of the piece and also the intriguing history of Botticelli himself. Botticelli is considered one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance; one of his finest works was Allegory of Spring. Botticelli, o ...
    Related: sandro botticelli, spring, sistine chapel, ancient roman, platonic
  • Chinas Economics - 2,814 words
    Chinas Economics For various reasons, China has always been an important country in the world. With its increasing large population, it was determined by other countries that is has a lot of economic potentials. In just one decade and a half, China has transformed itself from a giant that use to live in poverty into a wealthy powerhouse to the world economy. With one-fifth of the worlds population, China is now producing 4% of world merchandise and a proportion of global production. It has also one of the worlds oldest and most influential civilizations. China has established three approaches to the world economy and they are establishing an alternative socialist system (1950s); isolating it ...
    Related: economic activity, economic freedom, economic growth, economic outlook, economic reform, economic stability, economic system
  • Color Theory - 1,472 words
    Color Theory Color photographs begin as black and white negatives. Color film consists of three layers of emulsion, each layer basically the same as in black and white film, but sensitive only to one third of the spectrum (reds, greens or blues). Thus, when colored light exposes this film, the result is a multilayered black and white negative After the negative images are developed, the undeveloped emulsion remaining provides positive images by reversal. The remaining emulsion is exposed (chemically or with light) and the film developed a second time with a different developer. As it converts the light-sensitive silver compounds to metallic silver, the developer becomes oxidized and combines ...
    Related: methods used, real world, complementary colors, mosaic, random
  • Color Theory - 1,552 words
    ... ensations can be produced this way, including those red-blue mixes (purples and magentas) not found at any wavelength band in the spectrum. In photography, the principles of additive color synthesis underlie making separation negatives for photomechanical reproduction of color images, and dye transfer and similar printing processes. It was also the principal behind the Autochrome film process and similar screen processes. In the darkroom, additive color printing uses red, green, and blue exposures to obtain prints from color negatives and transparencies. ( 1 ) The Grainmaker filter relies on this principle of additive color printing. AUTOCHROME was a photographic transparency film patent ...
    Related: over time, isaac newton, visible spectrum, photographer, knife
  • Crime And Time - 1,728 words
    ... budget? National and provincial departments are responsible for developing their own budgets, in collaboration with their political heads. Responsibility for preparing budgets rest with the executive, and not with the legislatures. Budget making in South Africa is the responsibility of all three spheres of Government: national, provincial and local. The spheres of Government are distinctive, interdependent and interrelated. In terms of the Constitution, the responsibility and the accountability for their budgets lie with the national, provincial and local government respectively. But the Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations Act 1997 creates new intergovernmental forums, the Budget Council ...
    Related: crime, legal issues, civil society, annual budget, ensuring
  • Dwdm - 1,536 words
    Dwdm Bandwidth is the capacity for carrying digital information. In the past few years, bandwidth has been increasing at roughly twice the rate of computing power. Data traffic has been doubling every 100 days (according to the U.S. Department of Commerce) and it is predicted that that Internet traffic will reach 16 million terabytes by 2003. Fiber is the transport medium of choice. It out performs copper, coaxial cable, and high frequency radio in data-carrying ability. As service needs increase, fiber exhaust becomes a problem. In some areas it is not economically feasible to lay new fiber. In these areas, it is important to look at alternatives to provide economical solutions. One of the ...
    Related: cost cutting, bibliography references, ohio state, patents, boxes
  • Economic Crime In Russia - 1,042 words
    ... reduce their profits and rents from the redistribution of assets. Because of the highly discretionary process of resource and benefits allocation by government staff, rent-seeking is rampant. Reports indicated, for example, that, with a 10 to 20 percent commission paid in cash criminal groups could persuade commercial banks to provide an advantageous credit line. Another example: Sports Foundation, a nongovernmental organization with government connections, was granted an export/import tax exemption that helped it keep $4.2 billion in profits. The price of such corrupt practices can be steep. The high murder rate of directors of oil refinery enterprises (second only to that of bankers) ...
    Related: crime, russia, limited resources, working capital, builders
  • Euro - 1,043 words
    Euro The Most Interesting Event The progress of the Euro was the most interesting event occurring throughout this period. Never before has a currency united so many powerful economic nations. It is very interesting to see the progress it has made and changes it has influenced. In 1991 it was decided that the Euro would be introduced. It officially became the currency of eleven European nations: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, shortly thereafter. Although the actually hard currency will not be introduced until January 1, 2002, it is possible to trade and complete transactions using this currency. This introduction allow ...
    Related: euro, european economy, central bank, corporate strategy, currency
  • Euro Money - 1,109 words
    ... able to compare the prices of similar items in different countries of the eurozone.2 Also people will not have the worry about of useless currency when crossing boarders. The Euro will be legal tender throughout the EMU. For example, the Euro check will be exchangeable into any of the currencies within the"eurozone".2 When they use Deutschmark checks within Germany they pay no exchange fees. However, when they cash these checks in Paris France exchange fees will apply An Euro check will be directly exchangeable with no exchange fees all around the eurozone.2 Other than seeing Euro figures on their statements business travels will not see much difference when traveling with the Euro. Rega ...
    Related: euro, american dollar, single currency, european monetary union, unification
  • Fiber Optics - 2,211 words
    Fiber Optics Fiber optics produced by special methods from silica glass and quartz which replaced copper wire is very useful in telecommunications, long distance telephone lines and in examining internal parts of the body (endoscopy). Equipment for photography is available with all current fiber-optic endoscopes. Through a process known as total internal reflection, light rays beamed into the fiber can propagate within the core for great distances with remarkably little attenuation or reduction in intensity. In general, the methods of fiber production fall into three categories; (a) the extrusion method for synthetic fibers; (b) hot drawing of fibers from molten bulk material through an orif ...
    Related: fiber, fiber optics, optics, sedimentary rocks, different kinds
  • Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland - 974 words
    Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland There has been considerable changes in the regulation of financial markets in the UK and other countries. Why is this? Financial markets tend to be more highly regulated than other markets. Explain why. In May 1997, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer made the decision to move the responsibility of supervision of financial institutions into the hands of a new regulatory authority, the Financial Services Authority (FSA). This new authority replaced the Securities and Investments Board and took over responsibility for the supervision of banks, listed money market institutions and clearing houses from the Bank of England. (Blake, 1999). Overall res ...
    Related: financial market, financial services, financial services industry, financial system, financial times, government regulation, ireland
  • Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland - 1,048 words
    ... s of confidence and large-scale withdrawals usually as a result of a mismatch between the date to maturity of assets and liabilities (Stewart, 1996). These bank runs can have a drastic effect on the public as banks are where the vast majority of people carry out their financial transactions such as savings and mortgages. The public tends to have an inherent trust in the banks and therefore depositors have a reduced capacity for evaluating and monitoring their banks. Banks will not impose strict self-regulations unnecessarily. The danger of this situation is that banks might not provide services efficiently and therefore drag down the quality level of services in the industry. The need fo ...
    Related: financial risk, financial times, ireland, regulation, total capital
  • Financial Reporting - 1,148 words
    Financial Reporting On September 28, 1998, Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Arthur Levitt sounded the call to arms in the financial community. Levitt asked for, "immediate and coordinated action... to assure credibility and transparency" of financial reporting. Levitts speech emphasized the importance of clear financial reporting to those gathered at New York University. Reporting which has bowed to the pressures and tricks of earnings management. Levitt specifically addresses five of the most popular tricks used by firms to smooth earnings. Secondly, Levitt outlines an eight part action plan to recover the integrity of financial reporting in the U.S. market place. Wha ...
    Related: financial information, financial reporting, financial statement, reporting, market value
  • Financial Reporting - 1,147 words
    ... purchased in the MFS merger. The expense includes $1.6 billion associated with UUNET and $0.54 billion related to MFS. (2) Additionally, 1996 results include other after-tax charges of $121 million for employee severance, employee compensation charges, alignment charges, and costs to exit unfavorable telecommunications contracts and $343.5 million after-tax write-down of operating assets within the companys non-core businesses. On a pre-tax basis, these charges totaled $600.1 million. The dollar amounts are staggering and the future implications far reaching. Since this approach was introduced by IBM in 1995 these charges have become commonplace for acquisition accounting. A popularity, ...
    Related: financial accounting, financial reporting, financial system, personal financial, reporting
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