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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: sunni
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- A Comparison Of Judaism, Islam, Christianity - 1,507 words
A Comparison Of Judaism, Islam, & Christianity Religion is one of the driving forces behind many of the events and attitudes that have shaped our world. Throughout the centuries, laws have been enacted; cities and countries have been created and destroyed; and wars have been fought, all to promulgate or protect one religion or another. This paper will examine aspects of the three major Western religions of the world: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Topics covered will include the origin of all three religions, the view of God held by each tradition, and conflicts. Several of the beliefs of these religions will be examined, such as judgment, and the Trinity. Origin of Judaism The origins of ...
Related: christianity, christianity and islam, christianity religion, comparison, great religions
- Bahai Faith - 1,126 words
Baha'i Faith The Bah' Faith The Bah' Faith proclaims itself to be the youngest of the independent world religions. Its roots stem from Iran during the mid-nineteenth century. This new faith is primarily based on the founder, Bah'u'llh, meaning 'the Glory of God'. Bah's (the believers) in many places around the world have been heavily persecuted for their beliefs and differences and have been branded by many as a cult, a reform movement and/or a sect of the Muslim religion. The Bah' Faith is unique in that it accepts the teachings of what they believe to be all the divine messengers, these are Abraham, Moses, Zoroaster, the Buddha, Jesus and Muhammad. The faith believes each messenger is equa ...
Related: bahai, armed forces, world religions, human history, philosophical
- Berbers In North Africa - 1,941 words
... re, an Arab army under Uqba ibn Nafi established the town of Al Qayrawan about 160 kilometerss south of present- day Tunis and used it as a base for further operations. Abu al Muhajir Dina, Uqba's successor, pushed westward into Algeria and eventually worked out a modus vivendi with Kusayla, the ruler of an extensive confederation of Christian Berbers. Kusayla, who had been based in Tilimsan (modern Tlemcen), became a Muslim and moved his headquarters to Takirwan, near Al Qayrawan. This harmony was short-lived, however. Arab and Berber forces controlled the region in turn until 697. By 711 Umayyad forces helped by Berber converts to Islam had conquered all of North Africa. Governors appo ...
Related: africa, north africa, prophet muhammad, first half, camel
- Caravans Of Gold - 1,178 words
Caravans Of Gold MIGHTY PEOPLE OF COLOR: An Essay on "Caravans of Gold" and "Africa: A History Denied" A powerful and peaceful land of trade and scholarship was established in Africa long before European ships even landed there. ereat African Empires flourished from the wealth of Africa's natural resources that marked its rich and lavish history. Though Europeans and Arabs, people who most benefited from the wealth of Africa, denied Africa its legacy, the magnificence of people of color is embedded in the history of powerful empires such as Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Cairo, and Zimbabwe. The gold deposits of West Africa brought great wealth to the surrounding people from which great empires emerg ...
Related: africa asia, west africa, political power, cairo, intelligent
- Egypt - 534 words
Egypt I am visiting the country of Egypt. Egypt is a country in Africa. The Egyptian name for Egypt is jumhuriyat misr al-arabiyah, misr is the Egyptian word for Egypt. The national capital is Cairo. The location of Egypt is in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza strip. Egyptian land is a total of 995450 sq. Km and 6,00 sq. Km. Egypt is almost more than three times the size of New Mexico. The coastline is 2,450 km. Climate: the climate is desert type, hot, dry summers with moderate winters. The temperatures during the summer range from 114 degrees during day light to a minimum of 42 degrees after sunset. During the winter season the temperature drops ...
Related: egypt, new mexico, gaza strip, natural hazards, catholic
- Female Genital Mutation - 1,154 words
Female Genital Mutation Struggling against genital mutilation in Sudan In the country of Sudan, in Northern Africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or FGM, which used to be known as female circumcision. It has been a normal practice for generations, but is now the subject for international controversy on the morality and safety of this procedure. It is now known that 82 percent of Sudanese woman have an extreme form of genital mutilation done on them, normally at a young age. This form of mutilation is called the Pharaonic form and includes the total removal of the clitoris and labia, and stitching together of the vulva, ...
Related: female circumcision, female genital mutilation, female sexuality, genital, genital mutilation, mutation
- Hinduism - 1,137 words
... nd read the Bible because it is the "handbook" for life. The largest denominations in Christianity are Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Protestant. At one point in time the church was not separated but in 1054 CE the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church split because of a dispute over the use of religious icons. The total number of Christians in the world are is than 1,955,229,000. Eighty-seven percent of North Americans identify themselves as Christian. Around 33 percent of the world's population regards themselves as Christian. Through missionary activity the Christian religion is currently active all over the world. Islam Islam is one of the three major monotheistic ...
Related: hinduism, northern india, latter-day saints, american government, pagan
- Kuwait - 894 words
Kuwait To understand the Middle East is to understand our own origins, but still it is much more. It is the land of the earliest civilizations brought up on earth. An understanding of this area means the exploration of one's past and ancestors. To understand this unique fertile land is to get to know the pople and countries of this land, to trace their footsteps over the centuries and to try and see the world through their eyes both in the past and future. In the following pages I will talk about one of these countries, Kuwait, and show it potential capability, what it has to offer to it's people and how it struggles to get along day by day. Kuwait, a name that has resently benn known due to ...
Related: kuwait, kuwait city, middle east, ethnic groups, yearly
- Lebanon - 1,286 words
Lebanon Written by: The Prophet Edited by: The Metallian Lebanon, a nation that once proudly called itself the Switzerland of the Middle East, is today a country in name only. Its government controls little more than half of the nation's capital, Beirut. Its once-vibrant economy is a shambles. And its society is fragmented - so fragmented, some believe, that it may be impossible to re-create a unified state responsive to the needs of all its varied peoples. Lebanon lies on the eastern shore of the Mediterranea n Sea, in that part of southwestern Asia known as the Middle East. Because of its location - at the crossroads of Asia, Europe, and Africa - Lebanon has been the center of commerce and ...
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- Lebanon - 1,236 words
... but returned in December 1983 after the PLO forces loyal to Yasir Arafat were evacuated. Other important cities on the coastal plain are Juniye, Sidon, and Tyre. Sidon and Tyre are south of Beirut and have been occupied by Israeli troops since the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. In 1984, the population was estimated at 3,480,000 Lebanese (these are estimated because no poll has been officially taken since 1932). Almost all of these people, whether they are Christian or Moslem, are Arabs, and Lebanon is an Arab country. Mo st of the people can speak French or English or both, but Arabic is the national language. However, the national unity that usually comes from a common language an ...
Related: lebanon, southern lebanon, early years, prime minister, goverment
- Religions - 2,354 words
Religions Christianity was traditionally understood to be founded by Jesus of Nazareth. Paul of Tarsus, after his conversion on the road to Damascus, worked tirelessly to establish Christianity among both Jews and God-fearing Gentiles of the Diaspora. Clues in the New Testament indicate that there was a significant rift between Paul and the Jewish leadership early in the history of the Church. It is primarily Paul's writings which has most influenced the Church today. Christians span the globe and are present on all the inhabited continents and in most of the world's societies. As Christianity is a universalizing religion, it embraces all nations and peoples. Major Teachings: Most Christian ...
Related: great religions, original sin, holy war, adam and eve, diverse
- Religions - 2,317 words
... s (perfect teachers) who guide the faithful from their locations in Paradise.There are over 70 other groups which originated within Islam and broke away from the Sunni and Shi'ite faith communities: Sufism: a mystic tradition in which followers seek inner knowledge directly from God through meditation and ritual and dancing. They developed in the 7th century CE as an ascetic reaction to the formalism and laws of the Qur'an. Baha'i World Faith: This is an attempt to integrate all of the world religions. It was originally a break-away sect from Islam but has since grown to become a separate religion. Ahmadis: Followers of the Ahmadiyya Movement believe that God sent Ahmad as a Messiah, a m ...
Related: world religions, promised land, sri lanka, hebrew scriptures, degenerate
- Taliban - 1,393 words
Taliban Afghanistan followed the same fate as dozens of formerly Soviet-occupied countries after the collapse of Moscow's Marxist government in 1991. Islamic factions, which had united to expel the Russian occupiers in 1992, began to fight among themselves when it became apparent that post-communist coalition governments could not overcome the deep-rooted ethnic and religious differences of the members. It was in this atmosphere of economic strife and civil war that a fundamentalist band of religious students emerged victorious. By 1996, this group, the Taliban, ruled 90% of the country with a controversial holy iron hand. The other 10% of the country is tenaciously held by minority oppositi ...
Related: taliban, women in afghanistan, united nations, saudi arabia, patriotic
- The Fall Of Shonghay, Adn Alantic Slave Trade - 312 words
The Fall Of Shonghay, Adn Alantic Slave Trade The Fall of Songhay and Atlantic Slave Trade Africa has had great nations such as Ghana, and Mali. In keeping up with their tradition of great civiliztions, out emerges Songhay. The Songhay Empire was a black trading state that reached its peak during the 1400's and 1500's. Songhay extended from the central area of what is now Nigeria to the Atlantic coast and included parts of what are now Burkina Faso, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal. Gao, the capital, stood on the Niger river. Songhai became powerful chiefly by controlling trade across the Sahara. Most of Songhay's people were farmers, fishers, or traders. The traders exchanged go ...
Related: atlantic slave trade, slave, slave trade, african religions, atlantic coast
- The Kurds A Nation Without A State - 1,870 words
The Kurds - A Nation Without a State Introduction Of all the ethnic groups in the world, the Kurds are one of the largest that has no state to call their own. According to historian William Westermann, "The Kurds can present a better claim to race purity...than any people which now inhabits Europe." (Bonner, p. 63, 1992) Over the past hundred years, the desire for an independent Kurdish state has created conflicts mainly with the Turkish and Iraqi populations in the areas where most of the Kurds live. This conflict has important geographical implications as well. The history of the Kurdish nation, the causes for these conflicts, and an analysis of the situation will be discussed in this pape ...
Related: current state, kurds, free elections, middle east, odds
- The Persian Gulf War - 1,069 words
The Persian Gulf War War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitability to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin? It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein. the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Western nations could not risk the loss of oil from the area. Kuwait is the second largest source of petroleum in the Middle East and so Iraqi invasion of Kuwait sent the world oil market into a frenzy. Iraqi forces then ...
Related: gulf, gulf war, persian, persian gulf, ottoman turks
- Title: Militant Monks The Knights Templar, A Military Order Of Monks Answerable Only To The Pope Himself, Were Founded In 111 - 1,364 words
... ated in Paris and London. These two Temples offered a full range of financial services to the royal houses, including collecting taxes, controlling debts and administering pension funds. [Burman/Templars 87-88] The treasury of the King of France was kept safely within the vault of the Temple of Paris. [Sinclair 36] The Templars owned a great fleet of merchant ships with which to convey all manner of goods, e.g., pepper and cotton, as well as pilgrims, between Europe and the Holy Land. People wanting to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, but lacking the resources to do so, were allowed to assign rights to their houses and property, upon their death, to the Templars in exchange for passag ...
Related: founded, knights, militant, military action, pope
- War Persian Gulf Iraq - 1,950 words
War - Persian Gulf - Iraq WHY WAR WAS UNAVOIDABLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF AND WHY IT WAS INEVITABLE THAT IRAQ WOULD LOSE War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitable to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin? It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Western nations could not risk the loss of oil from the area. Kuwait is the second largest source of petroleum in the Middle Ea ...
Related: gulf, gulf war, iran iraq, iran iraq war, iraq, iraq war, persian
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