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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: sociological theory

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  • Australian Capitalism And Gst - 1,033 words
    ... of a consumption tax on food can only worsen the effects a capitalist economy has on Australia's population. The Warren/Harding modelling (estimate of the impact of the GST) for the Senate Inquiry, confirms this. It shows that keeping food GST-free would make a major beneficial difference for low income households, especially pensioners and low income families. (ACOSS Media Release 13 April 1999). Although Michael Raper concedes that the Government have achieved equity in some areas, he still reiterates that it is not equitable for food to be subject to consumption tax since it accounts for 30 - 40% of all expenditure (not income) of low income families. This inequity is increased when t ...
    Related: australian, capitalism, political power, economic system, relation
  • Comparative Sociology - 2,076 words
    ... heir work. In fact many would consider people like Nietzsche, and Ludwig Wittgenstein, precursors to postmodern theory. So, we get to the big question, what makes a theory postmodern? This is a tough question and one that really shouldnt be answered in the limited space available in this paper.. But, I am going to attempt to do it anyway. The quickest answer is that postmodern theories/theorists are those that are labeled by modernists. Most of the people that we associate closely with postmodern theory, in Sociology, would reject the label for themselves, including Michel Foucault, Jean-Francois Lyotard, and Baudrillard. Modernists are the ones who assign the labels. However, there must ...
    Related: comparative, sociology, modern literature, consumer society, movies
  • Emile Durkheim - 1,274 words
    Emile Durkheim Diane Luebbering Sociological Theory Emile Durkheim Essay Many different people, from many different backgrounds can define society in many different ways. To some it is the community they live in, to others it is the entity that shapes their lives, and yet to others, it is an exclusive club in which they're are a member of. To Emile Durkheim, the world's first official Sociologist, society is a complex structure in which each separate part is responsible for its own function for the benefit of the whole. This essay will not only explain how society can be both internal and external to human beings, but also three characteristics of the social fact concept, and three of Durkhe ...
    Related: durkheim, emile, emile durkheim, sociological theory, different ways
  • Functionalism - 876 words
    Functionalism Functionalism Functionalism is the sociological theory which holds that each part of society is necessary for the functioning of the social organism. There are several elements in the functionalist paradigm which explain how society functions to maintain the social organism and keep it alive. These elements, or tenets of functionalism are cohesion, integration, solidarity, and equilibrium. These elements explain how society is divided into its different functional parts, with each part dependent on the other, and the amassed parts adding up to the structural whole of society. According to Emile Durkheim there are two kinds of societies with one being simple and mechanic and the ...
    Related: functionalism, sociological theory, emile durkheim, u.s. government, mechanic
  • Functionalism Conflict Theory And Symbolic Interaction - 548 words
    Functionalism Conflict Theory and Symbolic Interaction The functionalist thoery can be traced to a movement in the late nineteenth-century under the influences of Darwinism on the biological and social sciences. It is an attempt to understand the world, and it tests the cause and effect of sociological behavior. Some of the more famous functionalists are Charles Darwin, Emile Durkheim, and Horace Kallen. Horace Kallen's article in the article in the Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, states that functionalism has influenced every discipline. In psychology, it led to the substitution of the stream of consciousness for states of mind. In philosophy, it led to the rise of pragmatism and instr ...
    Related: conflict theory, functionalism, interaction, sociological theory, symbolic, symbolic interaction
  • In What Ways Is Identity A Social Construct - 1,642 words
    In What Ways Is Identity A Social Construct? "Without social identity, there is, in fact, no society." -- Richard Jenkins The idea that beliefs about "who we are" are created in a social context reflects the basic sociological theory that human beings are socially created, not prisoners of instinct. Sociologists see identity as related to the society in which people exist. People, are, in part, socialized into their identities. There are assorted ways that conceptions about individual and group identities are socially constructed. An identity is created against a social background that tries to make social interaction meaningful, understandable and well-organized by categorizing people in va ...
    Related: construct, ethnic identity, gender identity, sexual identity, social class, social construction, social factors
  • Labelling Theory - 1,643 words
    ... s created as a way of looking at a general area of human activity (1963). However, it is not a theory, with all the achievements and obligations that go with the title, nor is it focussed exclusively on the act of labelling as some have thought. Moreover, Becker does mention some of the criticisms given to labelling theory. For example, he states how interactionist theories have been accused of giving aid and comfort to the enemy, be the enemy those who would upset the stability of the existing order of the Establishment. In essence, we have already mentioned the suggestion of Erikson that deviance is a necessary part of society, showing the difference between right and wrong, and encour ...
    Related: labelling, sociological theory, criminal behaviour, social control, mead
  • Marxism Is Dead - 1,046 words
    Marxism is Dead After class I go home to check my e-mail. A concept such as e-mail would have seemed absurd to Karl Marx and Max Weber. It is accepted as just another part of life in our high-technology society, however. Max Weber and Karl Marx had a difference of opinion over what was the driving force behind changes in society. Marx vs. Weber, Social Conflict vs. Rational Thought. In a 12 round decision its Webers rationalization of society over socialism. The essential difference in these two theories is what drives a society towards its advancements. Marx believed that the inequality between the haves and have-nots would lead to a revolt from the proletariat. (The proletariat are easily ...
    Related: marxism, world view, western europe, changing world, outlook
  • Poverty, Chastity, And Change : A Book Review - 1,518 words
    Poverty, Chastity, And Change : A Book Review "Poverty, Chastity, and Change": A book review In her book "Poverty, Chastity, and Change", the author Carole Garibaldi Rogers interviewed ninety-four nuns from forty different religious communities in North America. She gathered oral histories regarding the nun's academic, religious, and emotional difficulties that were encountered throughout their lives. Each interview lasted a couple of hours and three basic questions were asked. "The three basic questions are: Why did you enter religious life? What were some of the crisis points or times of change in your religious life? Or, to put that another way, how have you become the person that you are ...
    Related: book review, roman catholic, catholic church, social order, religion
  • Psychology: Theories, Systems, And Paradigms - 1,216 words
    Psychology: Theories, Systems, And Paradigms Theories, Systems, and Paradigms Psychology is the study of the way people think and behave. The field of psychology has a number of subdisciplines devoted to the study of the different levels and contexts of human thought and behavior that includes theories, systems, and paradigms. Theories, systems, and paradigms have had an important effect on psychology. A theory is a plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena. A theory can also be explained as an abstract thought or speculation. There are many different theories of abnormality and treatment. These approaches include the psychoan ...
    Related: humanistic psychology, sociological theory, social sciences, humanistic, contradictory
  • Social Systems - 1,663 words
    Social Systems WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT FEATURES OF THE CONCEPT OF A SOCIAL SYSTEM? A social system as a concept in sociological theory is one of great importance and indeed necessary. As a theoretical concept and component of theoretical explanation, it highlights the intricate nature of the society we live in. (Craib 1992) Talcott Parsons, a dominant functionalist theorist, focused much of his work on the concept of a social system. (Water 1994) Such a concept is indeed synonymous with his work. Whilst there is no universal sociological definition of the concept, Parsons defined a social system as: a plurality of individual actors interacting with each other in a situation which has at ...
    Related: complex systems, modern social, social change, social control, social evolution, social order, social structure
  • The Redefining Of Social Institutions - 792 words
    The Redefining Of Social Institutions The Redefinition of Sociological Institutions So long as there are economic fluctuations, homogamy amongst subcultures worldwide, and the willingness of people and researchers to multi-laterally communicate towards achieving the quality of life desired by all groups, there will remain the possibility of re-defining sociological institutions. To name a few from the wide spectrum of possibilities, two institutions that have been significantly redefined by time are the American family culture and co-housing communities throughout the United States. American family culture in the 1700s consisted of a style of living called the extended or connected family. T ...
    Related: institutions, redefining, social institutions, sociological theory, child rearing
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