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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: sacraments

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  • Anglican Church - 1,036 words
    Anglican Church Between 1000-1500 AD, people began to question the integrity of the traditional Catholic church. Indulgences were widely sold, was basically the practice of priests selling repentance for their sins. In addition to this, many priests were very uneducated and violated their vows a lot. Idols were also commonly worshipped. (About the Anglican Church 1) The Anglican Church was actually begun in the early Current Era. The oldest records of the religion are those of St. Alban, who was a pagan who was martyred for his Anglican beliefs. Many people of this time did not like the route that the Catholic Church was taking, and looked for reforms. These were lead by Luther, Zwingili, an ...
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  • Baptism - 628 words
    Baptism is the door to life and to the kingdom of God. Baptism in Christian churches, the universal rite of initiation, performed with water, usually in the name of the Trinity or in the name of Christ. Orthodox and Baptist churches require baptism by total immersion. In other churches, pouring and sprinkling are more common. Most churches regard baptism as a sacrament, or sign of grace; some regard it simply as an ordinance, or rite, commanded by Christ. Therefore, Baptism is the sacrament of faith by which we, enlightened by the Spirit's grace, respond to the Gospel of Christ. Scriptural Basis Jesus was baptized by John at the beginning of his public ministry. Although it is uncertain that ...
    Related: baptism, the bible, catechism of the catholic church, catholic church, infant
  • Berbers In North Africa - 1,894 words
    Berbers In North Africa The modern-day region of Maghrib - the Arab West consisting of present-day Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia - is inhabited predominantly by Muslim Arabs, but it has a large Berber minority. North Africa served as a transit region for peoples moving toward Europe or the Middle East. Thus, the region's inhabitants have been influenced by populations from other areas. Out of this mix developed the Berber people, whose language and culture, although pushed from coastal areas by conquering and colonizing Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines, dominated most of the land until the spread of Islam and the coming of the Arabs. The purpose of this research is to examine the influen ...
    Related: africa, north africa, north african, atlantic ocean, cave paintings
  • Catholic I Believe In God - 1,454 words
    Catholic - I Believe In God Christy Sanchez STILL CATHOLIC AFTER ALL THESE YEARS I believe in God, Father Almighty, and in Jesus Christ, His only begotten son, Our Lord, who was born of the Holy Ghost and of Mary, the Virgin, who was crucified under Pontius Pilate and buried; on the third day He rose from the dead ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the Father, from whence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead; and in the Holy Ghost; the Holy Church; the remission of sins; and the resurrection of the dead. (Apostles Creed) I am Catholic, and this prayer that is said at church every Sunday encompasses my beliefs as a Catholic. Before I get into what I believe in a ...
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  • Catholic Tradition And Marriage - 1,624 words
    Catholic Tradition And Marriage EFFECTS OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC TRADITION UPON ASPECTS OF CHRISTIAN LIFESTYLE AND BEHAVIOR MARRIAGE The love of a man and a woman is made holy in the sacrament of marriage and becomes the mirror of your everlasting love. Marriage is a sacrament by which two people are united in love and become one. A sacrament is the outward sign of something sacred. For many Christians, the sacraments as signs of the blessing of God, lie at the heart of worship. For many people, marriage is simply a civil ceremony, a legal step confirming the union of a man and a woman. But most Christians believe that it is a sacrament, which conveys Gods blessing onto the newly wedded couple. ...
    Related: before marriage, catholic, catholic church, catholic tradition, roman catholic, sanctity of marriage
  • Charlemagne - 4,290 words
    ... y The Merovingian family, from which the Franks used to choose their kings, is commonly said to have lasted until the time of Childeric [III, 743-752] who was deposed, shaved, and thrust into the cloister by command of the Roman Pontiff Stephen [II (or III) 752-757]. But although, to all outward appearance, it ended with him, it had long since been devoid of vital strength, and conspicuous only from bearing the empty epithet Royal; the real power and authority in the kingdom lay in the hands of the chief officer of the court, the so-called Mayor of the Palace, and he was at the head of affairs. There was nothing left the King to do but to be content with his name of King, his flowing hai ...
    Related: charlemagne, king charles, roman church, faith and religion, brook
  • Christian Antisemitism - 1,362 words
    Christian Anti-Semitism For sixteen hundred years, the Jewish people have been persecuted and murdered by people who worship a Jewish man as their savior: the Christians. Why did Christian anti-Semitism, a seemingly illogical belief given that Jesus himself was a Jew, develop? How did it evolve, and why has it persisted for centuries? In the Biblical gospels, despite three of the four being ostensibly written by Jews, enemies of Jesus are referred to as "the Jews." Early Christians found themselves in a quandary. The savior they worship, himself a Jew, purportedly was killed by Jews. Since at least the fourth century, some groups of Christians have actively practiced anti-Semitism, taking re ...
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  • Christianity - 1,157 words
    ... marriage is part of the seven sacraments, and when a couple consent themselves to marriage, the civil Court has no power or authority over this indissoluble bond. Jesus himself teaches, "Therefore, what God has joined together, no human being must separate. They are not free to marry again while their previous wife or husband is still alive. 'The remarriage of persons divorced from a living, lawful spouse contravenes the plan and law of God as taught by Christ. They are not separate from the Church, but they cannot receive Eucharist communion. They will lead Christian lives especially by educating their children in the faith.' (Catechism of the Catholic Church 1665) However, the Catholic ...
    Related: christianity, natural law, roman catholic, civil law, treating
  • Christianity - 882 words
    Christianity A common type of Email that we receive states that "denomination X" is not Christian" -- where "X" may refer to the Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons, Roman Catholics, the United Church, Unity Church, etc. What the Emailer is really saying is that their own faith group are real Christians, and that anyone who holds beliefs that are significantly different are, in their opinion, not Christian. Two widely different definitions of "Christian" are: By Fundamentalist Christians: Have been filled with the Holy Spirit and are thus part of the body of Christ. A necessary pre-requisite to salvation is to repent of one's sins, and trust Jesus as Lord and Savior. The Email continued by saying t ...
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  • Colonial Time - 884 words
    Colonial Time Honors English II Colonial Time (1607-1765) Immigrating to America in 1607, the Separatists wanted to practice their own religion. Unhappy in England, the Separatists came to America on the Mayflower setting out to sea to America. Upon their arrival, sickness meet more than half of them causing the first year to be the Starving Time. In 1619, plantation systems, as well as slavery grew. The Separatists were later called Pilgrims because they made a pilgrimage for religious reasons. The Puritan religion was based on Calvinism. Great writers named Jonathan Edwards, Edward Taylor, and William Bradford led examples of the Puritan beliefs and Colonial times. Sinners in the Hands of ...
    Related: colonial, colonial times, first year, william bradford, sinners
  • El Salvador - 1,363 words
    El Salvador Kelly Pire 2/15/01 World Geography report El Salvador Here are historical facts on El Salvador. The history of El Salvador revolves around land. It is the smallest country in Central America. Agriculture defined the economic life of the country well before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the early 1500s. The unequal distribution of land in El Salvador can be traced directly to the Spanish colonial system, under which land title was invested in the crown. The individuals that got to control areas of land acted, as slaves over the lands. Although the Indian population gradually was diminished through disease and abuse, it eventually went into a growing mestizo (mixed Ca ...
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  • Gentle Giants - 1,363 words
    Gentle Giants Michelangelo and Renaissance Religion Michelangelo Buonarroti lived in a time when the medieval aspects of Christianity were overwhelmed by the upheaval of the Reformation. His art portrays this change in religious philosophy by discerning the major trends and objectives of the Renaissance. His works show us...the changing world around him (Richmond 4). In addition, Michelangelo seriously impacted generations of artists to come. The Renaissance was a rebirth that led to new ways of thinking in the sciences, philosophy, and architecture, as well as painting and sculpture (Spence 6). This period of European history, beginning in the fourteenth-century, saw a renewed interest in t ...
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  • Grade: 90 - 1,598 words
    Grade: 90 NYPonies 10.7.96 AP European History-Unit II Essay Test Mr. Cross Forward: Although the advent of Lutheranism and the formation of the Church of England have little to do with the secular attitudes during the Italian Renaissance, Calvinism felt itself to be so righteous as to necessitate attempts at de-secularizing those places which it affected, in principle. Although enough parallels can be drawn between Lutheranism and Calvinism to warrant Calvinism's inclusion in supporting reasons why the Reformation was not due to the secularism of the Italian Renaissance, it is important to note this key effort in fighting against that very statement. Calvinism, much like Calvin himself, was ...
    Related: charles v, ruling class, martin luther, dynasty, secularism
  • Halucenigenic Plants - 1,588 words
    Halucenigenic Plants Man has used hallucinogenic plants for thousands of years, probably since he began gathering plants for food. The hallucinogens have continued to receive the attention of civilized man through the ages. Recently, we have gone through a period during which sophisticated Western society has "discovered" hallucinogens, and some sectors of the society have taken up, for some reason or another, the use of such plants. This trend may be destined to continue. It is important for us to learn a much as we can about hallucinogenic plants. A great amount of scientific literature has been published about their uses and effects, but the information is locked away in technical journal ...
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  • Italy - 770 words
    Italy Anthropologists and other social scientists define human culture as learned behavior acquired by individuals as members of a social group. The concept of culture was first explicitly defined in 1871 by the British anthropologist Edward B. Tylor. He used the term to refer to " that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." Since then anthropologists have offered numerous refinements and variations on this definition, but all have agreed that culture is learned behavior in contrast to genetically endowed behavior. From antiquity to modern times, Italy has played a central role in ...
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  • John Donne - 784 words
    John Donne As a young poet, John Donne often utilized metaphors of spiritual bond in many of his Songs and Sonnets in order to explain fleshly love. Once he renounced Catholicism and converted to the Anglican faith (circa 1597), Donne donned a more devotional style of verse, such as in his Holy Sonnets (circa 1609-1610), finding parallels to divine love in the carnal union. In many ways, however, his love poems and his religious poems are quite similar, for they both address his personaes deep-seated fear of isolation by women and God, respectively. For example, in "Song," Donnes speaker tells an unknown person (presumably male) that if he would "Ride ten thousand days and nights" he would r ...
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  • John Updikes Ap - 1,817 words
    ... t and that choice is irrevocable. If you commit an act of sin you will be automatically condemned to Hell. The entire basis of Hell is that it is for those who died unrepentant of their sins. Hell is filled with people whom at the moment of death were either unrepentant or were saved but were still committing the same sins. In Hell you get exactly what you give forever. Purgatory is a place that not many protestants know about or think about so it is not as familiar to people as Heaven and Hell are. All our lives people are taught that if you sin you will go to Hell and if you don't sin you will go to Heaven; there has never been any in between. Purgatory is a place for people whom eithe ...
    Related: human life, divine love, kingdom of god, gore, throne
  • Kate Chopin - 1,969 words
    Kate Chopin Kate Chopin Kate Chopin is one of the first female writers to address female issues, primarily sexuality. Chopin declares that women are capable of overt sexuality in which they explore and enjoy their sexuality. Chopin shows that her women are capable of loving more than one man at a time. They are not only attractive but sexually attracted (Ziff 148). Two of Chopins stories that reflect this attitude of sexuality are The Awakening and one of her short stories The Storm. Although critics now acclaim these two stories as great accomplishments, Chopin has been condemned during her life for writing such vulgar and risqu pieces. In 1899 Chopin publishes The Awakening. She is censure ...
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  • Lsd - 1,883 words
    LSD Despite the negative portrayal in mainstream 1960s media, justifications expressed by counterculture activists for further investigation, education and experimentation under government control of LSD were rational and valid arguments. Sex, drugs, protests, war, political upheaval, cultural chaos, and social rebellion; the many comforts TV dinner eating, republican voting, church going, suburbia conformists tried to escape through conservative ideals, town meetings, and The Andy Williams Family Hour. National consciousness in 1960s United States was alive, but existed differently in every mind it dwelled, and stirred uninterrupted in every life to which it was introduced. A dream of money ...
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  • Luther Love Disscussion - 1,322 words
    Luther Love Disscussion Eric Pacheco Love As Ethic and Idea Rewrite Paper 2 Spring April 2001 Throughout history and especially since the sixteenth century many Roman Catholic's like Martin Luther, have distinguished ordinary or acquired prayer, even if occurring at a super conceptual level of love, adoration, and desire for God, from the extraordinary or absorbed contemplation which is entirely the work of God's special grace. Only the latter is mystical in a strict sense, according to this view. Other writers, such as Bonaventure, can apply the terms of mysticism to all communions with God. Martin Luther, a fifteen-century monk, questions all that is caritas though three campaigns. The fir ...
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