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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: action program

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  • Affirmative Action - 1,599 words
    Affirmative Action AFFIRMATIVE ACTION INTRODUCTION Affirmative action is the name of an American social practice through which members of historically disadvantaged racial and/or ethnic groups are given preferential treatment in an effort to compensate for past harm caused to their ancestors. For thirty years, affirmative action was carefully shielded from open, honest evaluation while it simultaneously grew more pervasive along with the federal bureaucracy and welfare state. The recent political upheaval caused by the Republican takeover of Congress in 1994 has opened the door for opponents of affirmative action programs to successfully pursue their gradual elimination. If affirmative actio ...
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  • Affirmative Action - 1,488 words
    Affirmative Action Considering the subject of affirmative action the following questions frequently are raised: Is there a clear understanding of affirmative action roles/goals? What are the pros/cons of these programs? What are the "loop holes" in the system? Does seniority play a role in affirmative action? Addressing these key questions may help us all in our daily routine, as administrators and/or potential administrator in the public/private sector. Affirmative action programs throughout the United States have long been a controversial issue particularly concerning employment practices (public/private) and university student and/or staff recruitment. Most public agencies have some type ...
    Related: action program, affirmative, affirmative action, equal opportunity, self esteem
  • Affirmative Action - 1,487 words
    ... f Prop. 209 permits gender discrimination that is "reasonably necessary" to the "normal operation" of public education, employment and contracting. In 1998, The ban on use of affirmative action in admissions at the University of California went into effect. UC Berkeley had a 61% drop in admissions, and UCLA had a 36% decline. This decline strengthens the position of the Pro side of affirmative action. However, a contingency plan has been established. According to a source (who asked to remain nameless), UC Berkeley has a program to actively recruit more minority students that falls out of the guidelines established by prop. 209. These types of "loop holes" can ultimately hurt the various ...
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  • Affirmative Action - 1,744 words
    ... from the same communities as their students they will be aware of the problems facing their community and that of their students, that way they can better help theses kids, than someone that lives outside of the children The community and has no idea of the problems they are facing. In 1984 their were seventy-one women professors out of 1,112 (6.4 per cent). They were not however, evenly distributed across subjects and departments, but were concentrated in conventionally female areas. Three out of five professors of library science are women, and five out of seven professors or nursing. Women are also notable represented in education ( seven out of forty-nine professors) and social work ...
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  • Affirmative Action - 1,229 words
    Affirmative Action The state shall not discriminate, or grant preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting. The previous statement is the unedited text of the operative part of Proposition 209, the California Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), that passed November fifth by a percentage of 54 to 46. Though the initiative does not actually mention affirmative action, Californians feel affirmative action may be coming to an end. Will the decision of Proposition 209 have a great impact on colleges and universities? We will soon find out. We do know that ...
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  • Affirmative Action Does It Work Today - 1,321 words
    Affirmative Action - Does It Work Today The Unites States Constitution, in Amendment XIV, Section 1, states, All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. (1) Affirmative action can trace its roots back to the 14th amendment, although it did not really get started until Title V ...
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  • Air Traffic Strike - 4,516 words
    ... emands rested upon prevailing norms of workers' interests and power. Since World War II, labor leaders have placed a disproportionate amount of emphasis on economic gains, and the collective bargaining process has gravitated toward these areas. At the same time, management has carefully guarded its prerogatives from the bargaining process.24 In this context, it seems likely that in envisioning a future strike, controllers felt that wages could and should be one aspect of it. Yet wages were not the decisive factor for most, and their other demands, derived from a far more vital, ideological interest than economic gains, evoked their passionate and surprisingly unified response. Individual ...
    Related: strike, traffic, traffic control, traffic controllers, worlds apart
  • Class V Caste System - 1,281 words
    ... y is possible in the class system. Upward mobility is somewhat higher in the United States than most other countries. The fourth characteristic, that occupation is strongly related to caste, also describes American society to a substantial degree. Law does not dictate occupations that can be held by blacks or whites. Throughout the nineteenth century, many African Americans did not hold high status jobs such as doctors, lawyers, and engineers. Nearly all African Americans were slaves during this time. By now, there has been substantial occupational mobility for African Americans, just as there has been for lower-caste persons in India in the late twentieth century. But the occupational d ...
    Related: caste, caste system, feudal system, hindu caste, indian caste, legal system, working class
  • Environmental Issues - 413 words
    Environmental Issues Herman Belzs stance on the issue of affirmative action suggests that he is against selective employment. He discusses both sides of the issue, therefore making his argument fairer. He backs up his thoughts by talking with various professionals in the industry of affirmative action. He begins by talking about the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and how it pretty much preached indifference throughout the private employment workplace. He talks about how Title VII states that groups under law cannot be discriminated against, but individuals can. It seemed the law protected minorities in a whole but when individuals were dealt with the law was not the same. His next point that he br ...
    Related: environmental, environmental issues, civil rights, action program, exclusion
  • Intelligence Is Most Commonly Though Of As Quickness Of Understanding Or Mental Power And Ability The Testing Of These Capabi - 1,298 words
    ... ce in education or for a job interview. Conversely, Garrett (1947) proposes that the higher test performance by the white race is an indication of a superior genetic intelligence. Additionally, Jensen (1969) suggested that the test differences were a result of genetic differences between Negroes and whites. Obviously this argument caused great debate. An alternative viewpoint exists which believes that the intellectual superiority of the white population stems from environmental factors, rather than hereditary ones. These include; deficient diets, lack of language skills which leads to lower ability. Yet this standpoint denies any real genetic difference between racial groups. Another be ...
    Related: intelligence, intelligence test, psychological testing, testing, social science
  • Justice For All - 1,172 words
    ... aum, 2). While social groups act with and against one another, they also think with and against one another. It is human nature for people to bond more closely when a crisis arises. When Connerly went public, minorities all across the country thought of him as a traitor. People tend to think of themselves as hard working individuals. Connerly made this thought more prevalent in peoples minds. He brought to the surface many feelings of old mentalities to minorities. Old ways of thinking such as racial discrimination for jobs. It has taken minorities many years to win the confidence and respect of non-minorities and Connerly made people think back to hard times. Social groups also think ag ...
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  • Lyndon Bains Johnson Was Born On August 27, 1908 In A Small Town Near Johnson City, Texas He Went To School At Southwest Texa - 1,470 words
    Lyndon Bains Johnson was born on August 27, 1908 in a small town near Johnson City, Texas. He went to school at Southwest Texas State Teachers Collage where he learned compassion for the poverty of others when he taught students of Mexican descent (Kearns 2). He graduated in 1930. Four years later he married a woman named Claudia Taylor and together they had two children, Lynda and Lucie. Johnson became President at the age of 55 when President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed. When he took oath, he had twenty six years of political experience and he was ready to take on the job of the President of the United States of America. It was at this time that he introduced to the American people ...
    Related: johnson, johnson city, lyndon, president johnson, small town, southwest, texas
  • Organization Development - 553 words
    Organization Development Organization Development (OD) is the application of behavioral science knowledge to improve an organization's health and effectiveness through it's ability to cope with environmental changes, improve internal relationship and increase problem-solving capabilities. OD is an effort of planned, organizationwide, and managed from the top, to increase organization effectiveness and health through planned interventions in the organization process's using behavioral science. It must be managed from the top. Top management must have commitment to and knowledge about the goals of the program and must actively participate in the management of the effort. OD focuses on the enti ...
    Related: technological change, affirmative action, different kinds, focuses, structures
  • Pakistan - 2,948 words
    ... t.  Either the mission is visiting the country and having meetings with various government departments, or the heads of these departments are rushing every week to Washington to plead for more time and/or money. This is reminiscent of countries like Brazil and Russia in the 80s and 90s when they were drowning in debt and faced mounting poverty. And did the IMF and World Banks policies help them recover? The answer is "No." In fact they made the situation much worse. From 1980 to 1989 Brazil paid $148 billion in debt servicing on a loan of $ 64 Billion. Ten years later, having paid $148 billion on the debt, Brazil now owes $121 billion. This illustrates the viscous cycle that the ...
    Related: pakistan, solid waste, economic growth, water supply, levy
  • Political Parties Goal And Interest Group Goals - 599 words
    Political Parties Goal And Interest Group Goals One of the Democrats goals is to support abortion rights as a fundamental constitutional liberty for all women. Second, they also oppose eliminating the affirmative action program. Third, they support balancing the budget by 2012. Furthermore, the Demarcate party endorses more charter school and more public school choices. However they do not support issuing vouchers for private school. Therefore, The National Education Association (NEA) interest group does have the same goals as the Demarcate party because they think that voucher would not help the Public School system. The NEA is supporting other programs like smaller class size of 15 student ...
    Related: interest group, political parties, political science, public policy, genetically engineered food
  • Reamers Guide And The Nohse Standards - 1,088 words
    Reamer's Guide And The Nohse Standards A Contrast and Comparison of Reamer's Guide and the NOHSE standards A lot of individuals are unaware of the presence of social workers in their respective Communities, and the variety of social work services provided by these individuals. While doing the interview with the Community Actions The Community Action Program Corporation of Washington-Morgan County, Ohio I was amazed at the complexity and of the number of human service programs in the local area. So many that I would guest that the question of ethics arises quit often. As a profession, social work has a long tradition with the concern of ethical dilemmas. The identification and resolution of e ...
    Related: ethical standards, guide, social welfare, professional growth, decision-making
  • Spiral Ct Lung Screening - 1,671 words
    SPIRAL CT LUNG SCREENING AT DESERT RADIOLOGISTS By Linda Robert Marilyn Raquel Mike MKT 438 Instructor: Kelly Wood July 19, 2000 HISTORY OF DETECTING LUNG CANCER Lung cancer affects more than 170,000 men and women each year. Currently, there isnt a practical or definitive screening method for detecting this disease. Historically, chest x-rays were used to detect cancer when patients presented symptoms. Though chest x-rays can pick up cancerous lesions, it has not been recommended as a routine annual screening tool because it often detects the disease too late when cure is difficult. By the time lung cancer is large enough to be visible on chest x-rays, it is often advanced and may have alrea ...
    Related: lung, lung cancer, screening, spiral, health care
  • The Effects Of Altitude On Human Physiology Changes In Altitude Have A Profound Effect On The Human Body The Body Attempts To - 1,831 words
    ... taneously as the body acclimatizes to the higher elevation. Moderate AMS includes a severe headache that is not relieved by medication, nausea and vomiting, increasing weakness and fatigue, shortness of breath, and decreased coordination called ataxia (Princeton, 1995). Normal activity becomes difficult at this stage of AMS, although the person may still be able to walk on their own. A test for moderate AMS is to have the individual attempt to walk a straight line heel to toe. The person with ataxia will be unable to walk a straight line. If ataxia is indicated it is a clear sign that immediate descent is required. In the case of hiking or climbing it is important to get the affected ind ...
    Related: altitude, human body, human physiology, physiology, profound, side effects
  • The Life And Studies Of Web Du Bios - 1,668 words
    ... wo sections of his main theory were his outlook on organizations, and the way he grouped politics. The best way to understand Du Bois theories is to look at his two main attributes. The Philadelphia Negro, written in 1899, and The Souls of Black Folk, written later in 1903. These two writings show how Du Bois thought of society in terms of race. At the turn of the last century, W.E.B. Du Bois walked the streets and alleys of lower Center City, looking for answers to the Negro problem. He came to Philadelphia in 1896 believing the world was thinking wrong about race because it did not know the truth about the lives of African Americans. What he found was a city within a city. 40,000 Afric ...
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