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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: montreal protocol

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  • Air Pollution - 1,493 words
    ... ures have in fact been rising, and the years from 1987 to 1997 were the warmest ten years on record. Most scientists are reluctant to say that global warming has actually begun because climate naturally varies from year to year and decade to decade, and it takes many years of records to be sure of a fundamental change. There is little disagreement, though, that global warming is on its way. Global warming will have different effects in different regions. A warmed world is expected to have more extreme weather, with more rain during wet periods, longer droughts, and more powerful storms. Although the effects of future climate change are unknown, some predict that exaggerated weather condi ...
    Related: air pollution, pollution, pollution control, lung disease, more effective
  • Chlorofluorocarbons Cfcs - 701 words
    Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) CFCs are a family of man-made gases used for various industrial purposes. First developed in the 1920's in the United States, CFCs have been used in large quantaties since 1950. The industrialized countries can account for over 80% of CFCs use. CFC-11 is used primarily as a propellant in aerosol cans, although its use has been phased out it is still used in the production of plastic foams. CFC-12 is used in foam production as well as cooling coals of refrigerators and air conditioners. HCFC-22 was recently introduced as a replacement for CFC-12 because of its shorter life in the atmosphere, and thus is less of an ozone depleting drug. CFC-113, methyl chloroform, an ...
    Related: cfcs, greenhouse gases, montreal protocol, aerosol cans, industrialized
  • Economic Perspectives On The Internet - 2,213 words
    ... ials. The Department of Commerce's Office of Antiboycott Compliance (OAC) administers the program through ongoing investigations of corporate activities. OAC operates an automated boycott-reporting system providing statistical and enforcement data to Congress and to the public, issuing interpretations of the regulations for the affected public, and offering nonbinding informal guidance to the private sector on specific compliance concerns. U.S. firms with questions about complying with antiboycott regulations should call OAC at 202-482-2381 or write to Office of Antiboycott Compliance, Bureau of Export Administration, Room 6098, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Antitrus ...
    Related: economic cooperation, economic perspectives, foreign trade, resource conservation, entitled
  • Nafta - 1,298 words
    NAFTA On January 1, 1994, Canada, Mexico and the United States passed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Promoted to Congress by the Clinton administration, with the assurance that it would give rise to more jobs - exactly how many though, is not precisely known. Yet, according to the Journal of Commerce, the U.S. went from having a $5.5 billion trade surplus with Mexico before NAFTA, to having a massive $16 billion trade deficit today. At the same time, it is estimated that 400,000 Americans have lost manufacturing jobs because of NAFTA within the treaty's first three years, that's about the same number of jobs which have been created in the Mexican maquiladoras. Instead of sh ...
    Related: nafta, trade area, waste disposal, business planning, liberalization
  • Natural Resource Aspects - 1,922 words
    Natural Resource Aspects NATURAL RESOURCE ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN LEBANON AGRICULTURE Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and The Rural Development and Natural Wealth Directorate are most responsible for agriculture. National and International NGOs and UN organizations are also active. Programmes and Projects In terms of rural development, MoA is implementing a $5.5 million internationally-supported integrated rural development programme in the Baalbeck-Hermel region to provide small- and medium-scale farmers assistance which would lead to sustainable human development through startup activities. These activities include improvement of health, ...
    Related: resource, industry association, national standards, adverse effects, gases
  • Ocean Dumping - 638 words
    Ocean Dumping Ocean Dumping The practice of ocean dumping should be banned. Marine pollution is at the heart of interest in todays search for a clean environment. Not only does ocean dumping add to the unsightliness of the once beautiful and pristine waters; it also kills the marine life which inhabits those waters. Pollution on a grand-scale is wreaking havoc on the Earth. The ocean is not an exception. In 1996, a bill, which would ban the dumping of dredge spoils in the Long Island Sound, was submitted in congress by Michael Forbes (Freedman). At that time, Congressman Forbes predicted that all dumping in the United States would end in the foreseeable future. He sees ocean dumping ending i ...
    Related: dumping, ocean, world trade organization wto, free trade, garbage
  • Ozone Layer Poisoning - 1,099 words
    ... diation could get so high that it may start burning trees and eventually forrests, in the process destroying our sources of oxygen that we need to survive. The increase in radiation will start to diminish crops and other food sources. Starting with the depletion of the ozone layer, the domino effect of the extinction of biological systems on Earth would continue to plants and then on to the marine ecosystem. The effects of poisoning of the ozone layer will lash out on the marine ecosystem. The marine ecosystem would severely suffer from the thinning ozone and the increase exposure to ultrviolet radiation. Starting with phytoplankton, the foundation of acquatic food chains, would loose th ...
    Related: layer, ozone, ozone depletion, ozone layer, poisoning
  • Ozone Layer Solid Research - 4,597 words
    ... ne hole is firmly established to be halogen chemistry....There is not a full accounting of the observed downward trend in global ozone . Plausible mechanisms include heterogeneous chemistry on sulfate aerosols [which convert reservoir chlorine to active chlorine - R.P.] and the transport of chemically perturbed polar air to middle latitudes. Although other mechanisms cannot be ruled out, those involving the catalytic destruction of ozone by chlorine and bromine appear to be largely responsible for the ozone loss and are the only ones for which direct evidence exists . (emphases mine - RP) The Executive Summary of the subsequent 1994 scientific assessment (available on the Web at http:/ ...
    Related: layer, national research, ozone, ozone depletion, ozone hole, ozone layer, research council
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