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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: mdma

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  • History Of X Mdma - 903 words
    History Of X Mdma The History of X MDMA, also known as Ecstasy, beans, rolls, or just plain X. This drug has a long history, which began almost 90 years ago. In 1912 Merck, a German pharmaceutical company, first synthesized MDMA (Erowid). MDMA was then patented in 1913 or maybe 1914 (patent #274.350) by the same German company supposedly to be sold as a diet pill (The Invention). The patent has no mention of any intended uses of the drug. There are other urban legends associated with Ecstasy, such as in 1953 the US Army tested MDMA as a possible truth serum, but there is no evidence for this (Saunders). "The father of MDMA - or 'stepfather' as he describes himself- is Alexander Shulgin (Saun ...
    Related: history, long history, mdma, side effects, golden age
  • The Drug Mdma - 874 words
    The Drug Mdma The drug MDMA (ecstasy) is very well known, however its long term, and cognitive functioning effects are not. The main purpose of this study was to establish if users and previous users of MDMA exhibit impairments in more basic level cognitive processes such as working memory functioning, information processing speed, anxiety and arousal (Wareing, Fisk, Murphy, May 00, 2). In past studies of MDMA, a lot of information regarding its effects has been established yet so much more is still unclear. Topics such as MDMAs relationship to arousal levels and whether the mood and cognitive functioning impairments are long term are either unstudied or virtually unknown. These topics being ...
    Related: mdma, working memory, cognitive functioning, short term, ecstasy
  • Ecstasy - 787 words
    Ecstasy MDMA, or Ecstasy, was first made in a lab in Germany in 1912. The German pharmaceutical company E. Merck patented it in 1914, not as a medicine, but as a chemical for making more useful drugs later on. MDMA was forgotten until 1953, when the United States Army funded a secret University of Michigan study to develop chemical weapons. After learning that MDMA was non-toxic, the government put it back on the shelf. Rumor says that the drug was tested for mind control purposes, or as a "truth drug", but there is not actual evidence of that. In 1978, Alexander Shulgin wrote a book detailing the MDMA experience called Phenethylamines I Have Known and Loved: A Chemical Love Story. Many psyc ...
    Related: ecstasy, drug enforcement, united states army, medical research, paranoia
  • Ecstasy - 658 words
    Ecstasy Ecstasy Chemically, ecstasy is known as methylene-dioxymethamphetamine or MDMA. It falls between two major categories of drugs, hallucinogens and amphetamines. Ecstasy usually comes in the form of a small tablet. In 1914, MDMA was first used as a prescription drug to reduce appetite. However it wasnt until 1981 when American youths first started using it as a recreational drug. It was completely legal in the US until 1985 when it was added to the banned list. It was about the same time that the drug became illegal that its popularity had increased. Ecstasy had spread with the spread of dance clubs and the dance culture. Since 1981 when the drug was first used until now, 19 years late ...
    Related: ecstasy, side effects, recreational drug, prescription drug, reproduce
  • Ectasy - 1,400 words
    Ectasy Drugs are a ridiculous way to handle all kinds of things. A recent Teen Magazine survey noted that: 86% of respondents had tried drugs before, 77% of whom are under 16. 63% have tried marijuana, 16% have taken a trip, and 32% have no worries about drugs. That is pretty heavy. The top 3 reasons for taking drugs were: Enjoyment, Dealing with pressure, and Peer Pressure. Do you want to end up in hospital, severely injured or DEAD? Anna Wood was a happy 15-year-old girl who was popular, on top of the world, nearly perfectuntil one Saturday night, when her friends decided to take her out to a rave party. She told her parents she was going go-kart racing and left to an Ultimo nightclub, whe ...
    Related: illegal drug, recent studies, orlando florida, dutch, marijuana
  • Generally People Associate Ravesunderground Techno Parties With Designer Drugs Like Ecstasymdma, Speedamphetamine And Other A - 1,337 words
    Generally people associate raves(Underground Techno parties) with designer drugs like Ecstasy(MDMA), Speed(amphetamine) and other acids like LSD. These drugs are called the Techno Drugs for that reason and most of the time have uplifting and sensatory effects. To understand more clearly the relationship between the raves and these drugs, we first have to understand the philosophy behind the Techno era, and a little about the music. "Techno, can lift the spirit and become a new world of freedom and peace(D'Vox Magazine The first electronic music Magazine). Most raves are covered with propaganda about freedom, peace, spirituality and the like. It is no surprise why teens use these specific dru ...
    Related: associate, designer, drug information, drugs, techno
  • How To Manufacture The D Enantiomer Of Phenylaminopropane, And 3,4,methylenedioxymethphenylaminopropane - 5,322 words
    ... about 4 to 5 loads in your grinder to do the whole amount of foil, depending on the size of your grinder. (In actuality, the foil does not get ground, but rather, each individual piece just gets compacted and compressed. If it is compressed too heavily, the inner surfaces of the foil nuggets may be rendered inaccessible to the Hg/MeOH solution, changing the timing of the amalgamation and maybe even causing an incomplete or failed reaction.) When properly done, the foil should be in gnarled little nuggets about the size of long-grain rice grains and should look really tight and small. The smaller, the better for good stirring. 3. Place a 3 stirbar in your 2L flat bottom flask and onto yo ...
    Related: manufacture, ice cream, snow white, boiling point, settle
  • Rave Culture Kentith Kaniff - 960 words
    RAVE CULTURE kentith kaniff Rough draft ged-155 This essay will explain rave culture. The reason that I chose to research and write on this topic is that I am involved with rave scene and enjoy going to "raves." From researching this topic I discovered that rave culture displays many of lifes simple pleasures, such as dancing. Over the last 10-15 years, a new trend of parties has been evolving. These gatherings are known in the media as raves, and are often simply called parties by those attending them. A rave is an all night event where usually young people gather in a social atmosphere while listening to hypnotic dance music. These parties have slowly evolved into spectacles of total senso ...
    Related: rave, research journal, frequently asked, term effects, gather
  • Relationship Between Ecstasy And Memory - 1,310 words
    Relationship Between Ecstasy And Memory Can there be a Relationship between Ecstasy and Memory in the Human Body? Target Article: Parrott, A.C & Lasky, J. (1998) Ecstasy (MDMA) effects upon mood and cognition: before, during and after a Saturday night dance. Psychopharmacology, 139, 261-268. Additional Article: Parrot, A.C., Lees, A., Garnham, N.J., Jones, M., & Wesnes, K. (1998). Cognitive performance in recreational users of MDMA of 'ecstasy': evidence for memory deficits. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 12, 79-83. Rationale and Variables: The Experiment that was conducted in class determined the affects of 'ecstasy' or MDMA on the participants' memory. In addition to testing for their abil ...
    Related: ecstasy, false memory, native american, human body, american
  • Social Problems With Ecstay - 1,321 words
    Social Problems With Ecstay Social Problems of Ecstasy and Raves Throughout American history drugs have posed a problem to society and lawmakers. Many attempts have transpired to try to prevent future problems associated with drugs. Many of the drugs threatening America were originally designed toward the improvement of human health. The most recent epidemic of recreational drug use is ecstasy. Ecstasys popularity is particularly in the possession of the nations youth. The institute of use is at all-night clubs and bars within many large cities. Recent research has been completed about the problems and long term effects of the drug. Does the new era of rave clubs and club drugs such as ecsta ...
    Related: drug problem, health problems, problems associated, social issues, social problems
  • The Rave Subculture - 1,454 words
    The Rave Subculture I walked into the dark room after paying the ten-dollar cover charge. The music was what I noticed first. It was very loud and made a ring linger in my ears. The music was house music, also known as techno or electronic music. The next thing I noticed was the people. The majority of them were young adults, anywhere from their late teens to early 20s. It wasnt the people I noticed so much, but how they were behaving. Most of them were dancing, but not just your typical dancing that you would see in most dance clubs. People were very close together and there was a lot of physical, euphoric interaction between them. They were dancing to the beat, almost together as one. Also ...
    Related: rave, subculture, different perspective, jacksonville florida, douglas
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