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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: linguistics

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  • The Study Of Linguistics - 982 words
    The Study of Linguistics Language changes with history and time. Our perception of words changes. Everything changes, from cooking with fire to cooking with a microwave. Even language changes, examples are accents and books, influential people, and historical occurrences. Accents shows development of culture over time, maybe over a historical occurrence, such as a new country being found, the people living there might adopt the culture of the founders. Language also changes, from using different sounds in words, which are called phonemes. The english language has about 43 different phonemes, such as OH, EE, etc. which make up our language. Different cultures, such as some Indian Tribes, may ...
    Related: linguistics, over time, changing world, people change, paragraph
  • The Study Of Linguistics - 1,026 words
    ... million? The whole world? This is an example in speeches of important people, books of all kinds, etc. Books also may influence our writing in a myriad of ways. Our style, our subjects, our concepts, all may be affected. Not all to the worst, not all to the best. Long time authors with many fans may be surprised at how their die-hard readers have copied their writing style. This also gives people a sense of confidence, as they can write with a famous author. We lose effectiveness in our everyday use of language. For example, it is like walking down a road, with a bag of sand in your arms, and the bag has a hole in it. The sand slowly trickles away, being replaced by something new. The an ...
    Related: linguistics, people change, everyday use, famous author, dominant
  • Amy Tan - 1,551 words
    Amy Tan Kaitlin Sump Amy Tan was born in 1952, in Oakland, California to Chinese immigrants John and Daisy Tan. Her family eventually settled in Santa Clara. When Tan was in her early teens, her father and one of her brothers died of brain tumors within months of each other. During this period Tan learned that her mother had been married before, to an abusive husband in China. After divorcing him, her mother fled China during the Communist takeover, leaving three daughters behind who she would not see again for nearly forty years. After losing her husband and son, Daisy moved her family to Switzerland where Tan finished high school. During these years, mother and daughter argued over what Ta ...
    Related: the joy luck club, chinese american, san jose, jing-mei
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,507 words
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind's causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or human beings will become machines themselves (through a process of scanning the brain into a computer). Those such as Moravec, who see the eventual result as "the universe extending to a single thinki ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, philosophical views
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,507 words
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind's causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or human beings will become machines themselves (through a process of scanning the brain into a computer). Those such as Moravec, who see the eventual result as "the universe extending to a single thinki ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, alan turing
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,508 words
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind's causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or human beings will become machines themselves (through a process of scanning the brain into a computer). Those such as Moravec, who see the eventual result as the universe extending to a single thinkin ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, carnegie mellon university
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,478 words
    ... -language, through syntax, that we construct our world. This is the essence of Chomsky's constructivism. So we see that if we are to construct a thinking machine (or for that matter, representations in our mind of a thinking machine) this broad syntax does significantly clarify how to go about designing a computer which can take discourse as input, remember and learn, etc. . .If we realize however the syntactic nature of the minds which create the machine, we can see that it is possible for a machine to think syntactically, or at least that Searle's Chinese Room argument does not stand up, because cognition is not dependent on semantics. Thus, a thinking machine would be a purely syntact ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, human race
  • Body Language: Cultural Or Universal - 1,115 words
    ... is tolerated. In private there is a great deal of touching and less privacy than in Western homes. Traditionally young people walk behind their parents and wives walk behind their husbands. Arabs are also very sensitive to nonverbal behaviour. They too engage in a great deal of behaviour that is ritualized or socially determined; it is the nonverbal cues that clarify meaning. Tradition dictates that interactants should control their emotions and the pitch of their voice. In reality men often show powerful displays of emotion, even going so far as to tear at their clothing and scream in public (Hottinger, 1963). Interpersonal attitudes are conveyed almost entirely by nonverbal cues. Becau ...
    Related: body language, cross cultural, cultural perspective, cultural studies, cultural understanding
  • Charles Darwin - 647 words
    Charles Darwin In 1859 when Charles Darwin published his book "The Origin of Species", it caused much controversy between the scientific and religious worlds. It caused many people to question their belief in the teaching of the Bible. The strongly held belief that the Bible was the literal truth clashed with the Darwin theory. Some people rejected and scorned Darwin while others tried to reevaluate their beliefs. Darwin theorized that species evolved from other species. The belief that God directly created man seemed unlikely to mix with Darwin's theory. Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England February 12, 1809. He had his preliminary schooling at Shrewsbury. He was then sent in 1825 ...
    Related: charles darwin, charles lyell, darwin, the bible, origin of species
  • Chicken Soup For The Soul - 1,429 words
    Chicken Soup For The Soul Anthropology may be dissected into four main perspectives, firstly physical or biological anthropology, which is an area of study concerned with human evolution and human adaptation. Its main components are human paleontology, the study of our fossil records, and human genetics, which examines the ways in which human beings differ from each other. Also adopted are aspects of human ecology, ethnology, demography, nutrition, and environmental physiology. From the physical anthropologist we learn the capabilities for bearing culture that distinguish us from other species. Secondly archaeology, which follows from physical anthropology, reassembles the evolution of cultu ...
    Related: chicken, soup, social relationships, cultural difference, achieving
  • Cognitive Science, In The Study Of How Organisms Process Information As Well Carry Out Life Functions The Study Of Cognitive - 369 words
    Cognitive science, in the study of how organisms process information as well carry out life functions. The study of Cognitive science is said to have been originated in the 1940's and 1950's when researchers in various fields of science began to develop theories on the mind based on complex representations and computational procedures (Thagard, Cognitive Science). There are numerous branches of science whose theories contributed to the development of Coginitive Science. These subdivisions include cybernetics, theoretical computer science, linguistics, experimental pyschology, and neuroscience. Cybernetics, a term used by Norbert Wiener is the study of control and communication in animals as ...
    Related: cognitive, cognitive science, organisms, scientific study, social systems
  • Conversational Narcissism In The Classroom - 1,024 words
    Conversational Narcissism in the Classroom Let American Consumer Counseling Help you Get Out of Debt! Conversational Narcissism in the Classroom In the Introduction to Linguistics class last week, Professor Ivanoff asked if the students had any questions about the material he had just discussed in his lecture. The preceding lecture covered marked words (words that clearly define or describe only one object). A student who seemed confused asked Professor Ivanoff how the use of marked words was connected to our study of Linguistics. A student said, "Everyone knows that when you say table, a table is something with four legs and a flat surface. So table is a marked word. In a sense we already k ...
    Related: classroom, classroom setting, conversational, narcissism, self identity
  • Corcordancing In The Cop And The Anthem - 1,553 words
    Corcordancing In The Cop And The Anthem Concordancing in The Cop and The Anthem A concordancer is one of the simplest but , at the same time, most powerful tools to elicit certain types of information-in a quick and effective way- from the diverse corpora available nowadays. Concordancers have been widely used in linguistics, above all in text-type studies which rely on quantitative analysis. There have been significant development in corpus linguistics during recent years. Yet linguistics is not the only field where concordancers may prove useful. Literary criticism might also be benefited from it. This paper argues for the use of concordances to literary texts. As an extremely powerful hyp ...
    Related: anthem, off broadway, quantitative analysis, writing style, cent
  • Culture In International Marketing And Buyer Hehavior - 1,137 words
    ... s are all dictated by culture. Culture prescribes the manner in which people satisfy their desires. Not surprisingly, consumption habits very greatly. The consumption of beef provides a good illustration. Some Chinese do not consume beef at all, believing that it is improper to eat cattle that work on farms, thus helping to provide foods such as rice and vegetables. The Culture Sensitivity of Markets: Markets can be divided into consumer markets and industrial markets. Consumer markets can be further subdivided into durable goods markets and nondurable goods markets. A further profitable distinction in the international market place is to divide durable goods into technological products ...
    Related: buyer, buyer behavior, global culture, international marketing, local culture, marketing, marketing process
  • Eliminative Materialim - 1,349 words
    Eliminative Materialim Eliminative Materialism Eliminativists believe that there is something fundamentally mistaken about the common-sense conception of the mind. Elimin-ativists suggest that for man to move forward in his understanding of the mind he must drop part or all of this common sense conception in favor of one which does not use notions such as belief, experience, sensations and the like. The rationale for this suggestion is that these notions are fraught with conceptual difficulties as well as being recalcitrant to any reduction to natural science. Eliminativist propose to replace common sense conception with a materialist or physicalist conception and for this reason they are re ...
    Related: eliminative, mind and body, language problems, point of view, phenomenal
  • For Whom The Bell Tolls - 1,764 words
    For Whom The Bell Tolls When reading an Ernest Hemingway novel, one must try very hard to focus on the joy and encouragement found in the work. For Whom the Bell Tolls is full of love and beauty, but is so greatly overshadowed by this lingering feeling of doom--a feeling that does not let you enjoy reading, for you are always waiting for the let down, a chance for human nature to go horribly awry. This feeling is broken up into three specific areas. In Ernest Hemingway's novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls, humanity is exploited through brutal violence, unnecessary courage, and hopeless futility. Hemingway has the uncanny gift of imagery, and he possesses a brilliant mastery of the English langua ...
    Related: bell, bell tolls, for whom the bell tolls, modern literature, dark side
  • Guns, Germs And Steel - 1,033 words
    Guns, Germs And Steel Book Review on Jared Diamonds Guns, Germs and Steel Why is it that Europeans ended up conquering so much of the world? Or as Yali puts it in the far beginning of the book, Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own? Despite all the contrary evidence from anthropology and human biology, many persist in attributing the differing political and economic successes of the worlds peoples to historical contingency. On the other hand though, the author sees the fundamental causes as environmental, resting ultimately on ecological differences between the continents and as he well puts it on ...
    Related: steel, fertile crescent, new guinea, book review, fertile
  • Haitian Creole - 1,367 words
    Haitian Creole Christopher Columbus claimed Haiti when he landed there in 1492. Arawak Indians were the original inhabitants of this island when Columbus arrived. Later, the island became a colony of England. Haiti remained virtually unsettled until the mid-17th century, when French colonists, importing African slaves, developed sugar plantations in the north. Under French rule from 1697, Haiti (then called Saint-Domingue) became one of the world's richest sugar and coffee producers. Soon, Haiti became a land of wealth with the vast use of slavery as their method of production. The rising demand for sugar, coffee, cotton, and tobacco created a greater demand for slaves by other slave trading ...
    Related: creole, haitian, haitian revolution, third world, political issues
  • Haitian Creole: A Review Of Slavery And Creation - 1,113 words
    Haitian Creole: A Review Of Slavery And Creation Christopher Columbus claimed Haiti when he landed there in 1492. Arawak Indians were the original inhabitants of this island when Columbus arrived. Later, the island became a colony of England. Haiti remained virtually unsettled until the mid-17th century, when French colonists, importing African slaves, developed sugar plantations in the north. Under French rule from 1697, Haiti (then called Saint-Domingue) became one of the world's richest sugar and coffee producers. Soon, Haiti became a land of wealth with the vast use of slavery as their method of production. The rising demand for sugar, coffee, cotton, and tobacco created a greater demand ...
    Related: haitian, haitian revolution, slavery, women slaves, slave trade
  • History Of English Language - 1,077 words
    History Of English Language History of English Language As I stated previously in my Abstract, the title of my research paper is "History of the English language". In this paper I will discuss where and how the English language originated and how it has spread to become one of the most spoken languages in the world. Before I started my research on my topic of choice, my original hypothesis was that the English language was started by a whole assortment of Germanic tribes invading England thousands of years ago. This ultimately became the goal of my paper, to see if Germanic tribes started the English language, or if it was started from some other tribes that I was not aware of. The history o ...
    Related: early history, english language, history, history of the english language, middle english, modern english, old english
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