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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: governance

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  • Corporate Governance - 1,378 words
    Corporate Governance CORPORATE GOVERNANCE The Oxford English Dictionary defines 'governance' as 'the act, manner, fact or function of governing, sway, control'. 'To govern' is 'to rule with authority', 'to exercise the function of government', 'to sway, rule, influence, regulate, determine', 'to conduct oneself in some way; curb, bridle (one's passions, oneself)', or 'to constitute a law for'. Governing is, therefore, a whole range of actions, initiatives and response patterns - from rule through influence to self-control and self-regulation. By inference it includes 'driving' as well as 'steering'. Therefore, in seeking to define governance and the purpose it is to acheive, it is necessary ...
    Related: corporate, corporate governance, effective governance, governance, human existence
  • Corporate Governance - 1,339 words
    ... corporate's to the heavy weights of our society , for developing a purposeful model of governance . Legislative weaknesses The limited liability system initiated by the Companies Acts and other legislation's , laws formulated by the government and other agencies to impose governance have not been as effective as they should have been, which is a matter of common knowledge and need not be gone into. The Companies Act place the ownership of the company solely in the hands of equity shareholders. Holders of preference shares have no rights of intervention unless their dividends are unpaid, investors of loan capital also have limited rights and the directors have unlimited liability and ar ...
    Related: corporate, corporate governance, effective governance, governance, board of directors
  • A Difficult Century Forming Of The World Government - 1,887 words
    A Difficult Century - Forming Of The World Government According to Held, Today, the mechanisms we have for enforcing international law depend too much on whether a powerful geo-political force such as the U.S. is willing to commit resources to the problem. In such a situation, a big state will likely do what it desires, acting in its own interests. Recent developments in Kosovo, Chechnya, Iran and other states in some kind of a conflict have just proven the above statement. Presently the most important developments in international law and relations between states are, almost exclusively, dictated by the Great Powers. The General Assembly of the UN is probably the only part of UN that repres ...
    Related: forming, world government, biggest challenge, economic cooperation, spreading
  • And After His Conversion, Finney Rejected The Calvinist Doctrine Of Passive Salvation - 404 words
    and after his conversion, Finney rejected the Calvinist doctrine of passive salvation available only to the elect. He believed that God offered Himself to everyone and, most importantly, that one could be saved only through an active acceptance of God's invitation to grace. The sinner chooses to sin just as the penitent chooses to repent. To reach as many souls as possible, Finney employed what came to be called new measures, although many had been used by earlier preachers. These new measures triggered alarm among conservative clergy. Opponents such as Asahel Nettleton were able to list as many as twenty-nine objectionable practices, but the most controversial were: public praying of women ...
    Related: calvinist, doctrine, finney, passive, salvation
  • Anesthesiology And Nursing - 1,416 words
    Anesthesiology And Nursing Who would have thought that a small carbon based organic compound such as ether would spawn a new field of medical specializations, changing the history of medicine for ever. Ether was discovered in 1275 by a Spanish chemist named Raymundus Lullius,(Evans,1995,p 1). It was his discovery that allowed William E. Clark to use ether as an anesthetic for the first time in 1842. He administered the ether on a dental patient for Elijah Pope as he performed a dental extraction on Miss Hobbie,(Evans,1995.p 1). This was the first step in the creation of the field of anesthesia. This new technology was quickly put to use to relieve pain in all areas of medicine, and its use w ...
    Related: nursing, current trends, registered nurse, care financing, rewarding
  • As We Approach The 21st Century And As The Idea Of A Global Village Is Fast Becoming A Reality, It Is Vital That We Enlarge O - 594 words
    As we approach the 21st century and as the idea of a global village is fast becoming a reality, it is vital that we enlarge our worldview and reach an understanding of, and appreciation for, the cultures of the other peoples who share the planet with us. As cultural beings, we are raised with an certain way of giving order to the world around us. Very soon, these cultural filters, which allow us to make sense of reality and shape it, become fixed, invisible and unconscious; they are part of our worldview which - as unique as we might think it is - rests on the shared values of a particular linguistic community. This network of basic assumptions which affects everything in our life (love, fam ...
    Related: global village, village, vital, cultural diversity, child rearing
  • Asia - 1,308 words
    ... ried up. This financial crisis will probably lead to loss of confidence by investors in Thailand's economy and a slow down and then a slump would ensue, she predicted. Key Indicators to Watch Unemployment. Unemployment is already a problem, concentrated for the moment in urban areas, and affecting both skilled and unskilled workers in Asia. It is expected that in Thailand an estimated 900,000 workers will have lost their jobs by the end of 1999; in Indonesia, it is estimated that unemployment may have increased by some 2 million people, with predictions of substantial further rises in the coming months. In other countries with rigid rules governing hiring and firing, such as Korea, unemp ...
    Related: asia, east asia, economic downturn, government interference, fulfilling
  • Asian Crisis - 1,925 words
    Asian Crisis Introduction A financial crisis swept like a bush fire through the tiger economies of South East Asia between June 1997 and January 1998. One country after another, local stocks markets and currency imploded. When the dust started to settle, the stock markets in many of these countries had lost over 70% of their value. Leaders of some these nations had to approach the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to beg for massive financial assistance. The crisis in Asia has occurred after several decades of outstanding economic performance and growth. Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in the ASEAN- 5 (Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines) averaged closed to 8% ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, crisis, east asian, economic crisis, financial crisis
  • Asian Crisis - 291 words
    Asian Crisis The continuing Asian economic crisis that began in mid-1997 ranks as Asia's second biggest event since World War II. The crisis suddenly halted the region's unprecedented three decades of rapid economic growth. Within Asia itself, the crisis has had not only serious domestic social, political, and economic impact, it has affected intra- and extraregional international relations, as well as intellectual and policy discourse. At the same time, the crisis has almost incompatibly, spawned the deepest uncertainty yet among Asian government and business leaders and the public at large about the wisdom of following the universalistic (but really Western, especially American-propagated) ...
    Related: asian, asian crisis, crisis, economic crisis, hong kong
  • Asian Crisis - 1,338 words
    Asian Crisis A large economic downturn in East Asia threatens to end its nearly 30 year run of high growth rates. It is hard to understand what these declines will actualy do to the world market. The crisis has caused Asian currencies to fall 50-60%, stock markets to decline 40%, banks to close, and property values to drop. The crisis was brought on by currency devaluations, bad banking practices, high foreign debt, loose government regulation, and corruption. Due to East Asia's large impact on the world economy, the panic in Thailand, Indonesia, Korea, and other Asian countries has prompted other countries to worry about the affect on their own economies and offer aid to the financially tro ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, asian nations, crisis, east asian, economic crisis
  • Asian Crisis - 1,309 words
    ... debt dried up. "This financial crisis will probably lead to loss of confidence by investors in Thailand's economy and a slow down and then a slump would ensue", she predicted. Key Indicators to Watch Unemployment. Unemployment is already a problem, concentrated for the moment in urban areas, and affecting both skilled and unskilled workers in Asia. It is expected that in Thailand an estimated 900,000 workers will have lost their jobs by the end of 1999; in Indonesia, it is estimated that unemployment may have increased by some 2 million people, with predictions of substantial further rises in the coming months. In other countries with rigid rules governing hiring and firing, such as Kore ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, asian economy, asian financial, asian financial crisis, asian nations
  • Australian Bicameralism - 1,252 words
    Australian Bicameralism Australian Bicameralism. Bicameralism in Australia has a long history dating back to the pre-Federation colonial parliaments. These structures, in turn, evolved from their British forbear, the parliament at Westminster. At federal and state levels there has been considerable debate and controversy over the continuing efficacy and efficiency of the two-house model. Is it necessary or desirable to maintain two houses of parliament for state and federal governments in Australia? Did the Queensland government do the right thing in abolishing its upper house? What is the future of bicameralism in Australia? These are some of the questions that this essay will seek to addre ...
    Related: australian, australian government, party system, proportional representation, limit
  • Cause Of The Culture Wars - 1,103 words
    Cause of the Culture wars Even a casual observer of the American culture cannot help but be impressed by the increasing degree of polarization not only of American politics, but of cultural values and even lifestyles and attitudes. There seems to be an endless array of conflict - not just minor differences of opinion, but major conflict - even resulting in violence and murder. The results seem to be applauded or abhorred - depending on whose side you are on. The outcome of this conflict could not be more important - it is nothing less than the survival of Western civilization. This is because the roots of this conflict run far deeper than most people realize, and its consequences far more se ...
    Related: american culture, culture wars, human history, civil rights, couldn
  • Ceo Duality - 1,857 words
    Ceo Duality October 22,1999 Term Paper Separating the Board Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer: Pro and Con & Rebecca Hundley I Introduction Numerous reports on corporate governance have emphasised the desirability of increasing the number of outside directors on boards. An equally important and related issue is a growing insistence that the role of chairman and chief executive should be separate, though on this issue there is less unanimity in the U.S. than in other countries. Choosing the right Chief Executive officer is the key task for the board of directors. Pressure on chief executives to perform in ever decreasing time frames makes it essential that the CEO and the Board work clo ...
    Related: duality, executive power, organizational theory, executive director, absence
  • Columbus Essay - 615 words
    Columbus Essay In April, 1492, Spain received reports that the Portuguese succeeded in reaching the Indian Ocean, therefore Spanish monarchs authorized Christopher Columbus to sail to Asia and establish trade and start to convert natives to Christianity. The reasons that the monarchs let Columbus sail were mainly to search for spices and profits, spread Christianity, and to use some of their new technology like the caravel. In return, Columbus would receive one-tenth of all the profits, and governance of the new lands would be shared by the monarchs and by Columbus. On October 11, 1492, Columbus and his crew arrived at an an island in the Bahamas inhabited by the Arawak Indians. When Columbu ...
    Related: before columbus, christopher columbus, columbus, world history, indian ocean
  • Courts As Legislators - 1,126 words
    Courts As Legislators Courts As Legislators The purpose of this paper is to show that although not originally intended to, some our modern day courts in the United States have in essence become legislators. I will give a brief overview of the history of courts and site some cases where the decisions handed down or the opinions of the court have set precedent in the way the law is understood and enforced. As long as man has been on this earth there have been conflicts or disputes that needed to be resolved by a third party. By definition, a court is a.) a place where legal justice is administered b.) a judicial tribunal duly constituted for the hearing and determination of cases. The recogniz ...
    Related: supreme court, catholic church, james madison, william marbury, buildings
  • Critique On Whether God Exists - 1,129 words
    Critique On Whether God Exists "Whether God Exists" Countless philosophers since the beginning of recorded history have pondered the question of whether God exists. One such philosopher, Saint Thomas Aquinas, put forth his own theory on the existence of God. In his text "Whether God Exists", he stated that through his five arguments he could prove God's existence. His five arguments are from motion, from first efficient cause, from possibility and necessity, from gradation, and from design. Aquinas begins his text with two objections as to why God does not exist. The first states that God does not exist because the word "God" has the meaning of infinite goodness. Therefore, if God actually e ...
    Related: critique, saint thomas aquinas, point of view, god's existence, valid
  • Cultural Activism - 695 words
    Cultural Activism In our society we have the convenience of technology--computers, television (the media, film, and video), and other means of communication with the general public. Our society has developed ways to convey ideas and beliefs through the use of technology. In other parts of the world, there are still some societies that are not aware of this technology that our society embraces. However, the growth of technology will soon reach and combine with traditional cultural societies. In Faye Ginsburg's article From Little Things, Big Things Grow, she argues that these latest products of indigenous expressive culture are part of self-conscious efforts to sustain and transform culture i ...
    Related: activism, different cultures, general public, ancient egyptians, mediate
  • Daudi Bohra English As Spoken In Sri Lanka - 2,090 words
    Daudi Bohra English As Spoken In Sri Lanka Daudi Bohra English as spoken in Sri Lanka by Tasneem Amirally Akbarally Paper V - Standards & Varieties of English Dr. Manique Gunesekara 1st November 2001 Daudi Bohra English as spoken in Sri Lanka Just a few centuries ago English was only spoken by about five to seven million people on Britain, which was merely one, relatively small island. The language at that time only consisted of dialects spoken by monolinguals. But the story of English is quite different today. There are more non-native than native speakers of English, and it has become the linguistic key used for opening borders. It is now a global medium with local identities and messages. ...
    Related: british english, english language, lanka, spoken, sri lanka
  • Dow Chemicals - 1,925 words
    Dow Chemicals BA 361 ESSAY PAPER Topic: Dow Chemicals Student: Mr. Russ Savage Professor: Mr. Omar Malik Date: 22 May 2000 I decided to construct my essay on Dow Chemicals (DC) Company after reading an article in Business Week. Dow Chemical appears to be developing an aggressive market strategy that aligns with our class topics, and that I have found very interesting. Dow Chemical (DC) company, over the last seven years has built their strategy around and focused on their niche, which is core chemicals & plastics-manufacturing operations, while simultaneously reducing infrastructure debt, expanding its market share, and apparently building new strategic alliances. According to Dow Chemical C ...
    Related: chemical company, chemicals, punctuated equilibrium, communication channels, lowest
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