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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: general agreement on tariffs and trade

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  • General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade - 2,094 words
    General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Washington in duty-free move The US is seeking to extend the duty-free status of international online transactions to protect the development of global electronic commerce, the Clinton administration said yesterday. Susan Esserman, deputy US trade representative, said the US wanted the World Trade Organization to agree at the earliest possible date to extend the current moratorium on customs duties for electronic trade. In testimony to the Senate foreign relations sub-committee on Europe, Ms Esserman said duty-free cyberspace was particularly valuable to US software companies that were seeking to distribute their products electronica ...
    Related: free trade, general agreement, general agreement on tariffs and trade, north american free trade agreement, trade agreement, trade barriers, trade organization
  • General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade - 2,110 words
    ... a whole new international entity with some of the powers of a government, is viewed with even more suspicion. Before the passage of NAFTA in 1993, opponents warned that corporations would flee to Mexico for the cheaper labor and less restrictive laws. While that does not seem to have happened at the level people feared, many individual examples can be cited (including a 100,000-job transfer by IBM directly from the United States to less expensive labor markets). Do we really want, 10 years from now, to be buying Fords and Cheerios and IBM computers all made in Mexico, or Thailand? (To a large extent, we already are.) If our big corporations all move out of the United States, will America ...
    Related: free trade, general agreement, general agreement on tariffs and trade, international trade, north american free trade agreement, trade agreement, trade organization
  • Air Pollutin In Bratislava - 1,084 words
    Air Pollutin In Bratislava SLOVAKIA Name of Ministry/Office: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic, Department of International Economic Cooperation Date: 7 January, 1997 Economic Cooperation Dr. Jan Varso, Charg d' Affaires Mailing address: Stromov 1, 833, 36 Bratislava, Slovakia Telephone: 42-7-3704 214 Telefax: 42-7-372 326 Note from the Secretariat: An effort has been made to present all country profiles within a common format, with an equal number of pages. However, where Governments have not provided information for the tables appended to Chapters 4 and 17, those tables have been omitted entirely in order to reduce the overall length of the profile and save paper. Conseque ...
    Related: pest management, international council, monetary fund, transfer, drought
  • Antidumping And The Wto - 1,979 words
    Antidumping And The Wto While antidumping doesn't get a lot of press, it is certainly one of the biggest issues that the WTO is dealing with today. During the recent WTO Ministerial Conference in Seattle, much was mage about protesters who were demanding higher environmental standards or international labor standards. Little was mentioned about antidumping. However, In the midst of the many demonstrators there were steel workers and members of other union organizations like the AFL-CIO who were there to defend US antidumping laws. Antidumping regulation was a major issue for Seattle as it is for the organization of the WTO in general. From the inception of the WTO, there has been controversy ...
    Related: market share, international labor, industrialized nations, agriculture, sunset
  • Chinese Economic Strategies - 1,903 words
    Chinese Economic Strategies Current Chinese economic strategies have blast the country into the world economy at full speed. While China's economy had been growing at nine percent a year over the past ten years, which led to China's gross domestic product to rise to the seventh in the world. However, with 1.3 billion people China remains a market with great potential for U.S. exporters. U.S. exports to China grew a meager two percent in 1996, but increased by 6.9 percent in 1997. The strongest growth in U.S. exports to China was in the services sector, which showed a positive trade balance in 1997 of $1.1 billion. In 1979 the Chinese have implemented numerous economic and political tactics t ...
    Related: chinese, chinese economic, chinese economy, chinese government, chinese market, chinese trade, economic benefits
  • Dumping Of Steel - 1,261 words
    Dumping Of Steel INTRODUCTION Foreign steel producers plague the U.S. steel industry with unfair competitive practices. This practice is referred to as dumping. Dumping of foreign steel has been a problem throughout the history of the U.S. steel industry. In the 1990s dumping has become more of a problem, due to the breakdown of the Russian economy and its transition from Capitalism to a free-market economy. According to Microsoft Encarta 98 (1998), Free-Market Economy, is an economic system in which individuals, rather than government, make the majority of decisions regarding economic activities and transactions. In addition, the Asian financial crisis has led to another round of dumping in ...
    Related: dumping, steel, steel industry, united states steel, fair value
  • Hazardous Waste Research - 2,660 words
    Hazardous Waste Research 08 IN THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE AT PEACE PALACE, THE HAGUE THE NETHERLANDS 1999 GENERAL LIST NO. 104 KINGDOM OF AUGUSTINE, APPLICANT V. REPUBLIC OF VINOY,RESPONDENT MEMORIAL FOR APPLICANT 1999 International Environmental Moot Court Competition TABLE OF CONTENTS INDEX OF AUTHORITIES....................................... .................................................. .......................x STATEMENT OF JURISDICTION...................................... .................................................. .........viii QUESTION PRESENTED......................................... .................................................. ......................ix STATEMENT ...
    Related: hazardous, hazardous waste, waste, international environmental, human environment
  • Hazardous Waste Research - 3,451 words
    ... into account. The exchange Ashall include results of the technical, scientific and socio-economic research as well as information on training and surveying programs and specialized knowledgeA. Rio Convention article 17 (1). The State of Vinoy, its authorities and FormPlast as a private company have not been cooperating for the benefit of environment and the inhabitants of a developing country. E. Vinoy 's actions do not comply with its duties under the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development As a party to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Vinoy does not comply with its duties. The Council Decision-Recommendation on the Reduction of Transfrontier ...
    Related: economic research, hazardous, hazardous waste, waste, waste management
  • International Marketing - 1,690 words
    International Marketing International Marketing A firms international marketing program must generally be modified and adapted to foreign markets. This international marketing program uses strategies to accomplish its marketing goals. Within each foreign nation, the firm is likely to find a combination of marketing environment and target markets that are different from those of its own home country and other foreign countries. It is important that in international marketing, product, pricing, distribution and promotional strategies be adapted accordingly. In order for an international firm to function properly, cultural, social, economic, and legal forces within the country must be clearly u ...
    Related: international business, international company, international marketing, marketing, marketing environment, marketing manager
  • Intrnational Mkt Research Canada - 4,548 words
    Intrnational Mkt Research Canada TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Introduction Canada -- USA's Largest Trading Partner NAFTA Introduction Exporting Guidelines Incentives Customs Contacts Trade Contacts Company Specific -- Massasoit Machine, Inc. Manufacturers' Representative Recommendations Appendices A Country Data B Canadian Domestic Economy C Canadian Trade Statistics D Canada - New England Trade Summary, 1997 E NAFTA: A Partnership at Work F (SIC-3081) - Machine Shop Industry G List of Major Industries for SIC-3081 (Machine Shop) H Internet Access for International Business, Economics, Marketing and Trade Information PREFACE Massasoit Machine, Inc. requested the Rhode Island Export Assistance C ...
    Related: alberta canada, atlantic canada, canada, eastern canada, ontario canada, research study, statistics canada
  • Keeping The Rabble In Line - 3,544 words
    Keeping The Rabble In Line Keeping the Rabble in Line Copyright 1994 by Noam Chomsky and David Barsamian Introduction | Next section | Contents | Archive | ZNet The World Bank, GATT and Free Trade April 20, 1992 DB: In 1944 at the Bretton Woods conference in New Hampshire the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) were both created. What function do these two major financial entities play? Their early role was in helping to carry through the reconstruction of the state capitalist industrial societies that had been wrecked by the Second World War. After that they shifted to what is called development, which is often a form of controlled underdevelopment in the Third World, whic ...
    Related: good idea, canadian health, property rights, involve, disastrous
  • Mexico - 3,526 words
    ... to import finished automobiles (although they were required to earn US$2.50 in automobile exports for every US$1 spent on imports). In the early 1980s, automobile exports increased as domestic demand fell. Export growth leveled off in the early 1990s as the domestic market recovered. Growth of total vehicle output slowed from 21 percent in 1991 to 9 percent in 1992. In 1994 vehicle production totaled more than 1 million units, of which 850,000 were cars. Production fell by 16 percent between January and November 1995. During those months, exports rose by 37 percent to 700,000 units, while domestic sales fell by 70 percent, to 140,000 units. Textiles, clothing, and footwear together acco ...
    Related: mexico, mexico city, northern mexico, general agreement, trade relations
  • Mexico And International Trade - 1,058 words
    Mexico And International Trade IV. International Trade IV.1 History During World War II Mexico had very good business relations with the United States. They provided a lot of raw materials, which were necessary to support American military needs. In that time the U.S. had an agreement with Mexico specifying that the country would export its resources only to the Allies. After WW II Mexico restricted imports in an attempt to promote domestic growth, while resisting foreign domination. In 1948 the government striving to reverse the unfavorable balance of trade, devalued the peso. Imports not essential for industrial development were sharply restricted. They did this to reach a stage of self-su ...
    Related: balance of trade, central mexico, free trade, general agreement on tariffs and trade, international competition, international trade, mexico
  • North American Free Trade Agreement - 1,344 words
    North American Free Trade Agreement In December of 1992, President Salinas of the Government of the United Mexican States, President Bush of the Government of the United States of America, and Prime Minister Brian Mulroney of the Government of Canada signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); however, it was not ratified and fully effective until 1 January 1994. NAFTA, which established a free trade area among the aforementioned nations, consistent with the previously instituted General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), eliminates tariffs on goods produced by the signatory nations by 2005, removes most barriers to cross-border investment and to the movement of goods and ser ...
    Related: american, american business, american free, free trade, general agreement, general agreement on tariffs and trade, international trade
  • One Of The Greatest International Economic Debates Of All Time Has Been The Issue Of Free Trade Versus Protectionism Proponen - 1,889 words
    One of the greatest international economic debates of all time has been the issue of free trade versus protectionism. Proponents of free trade believe in opening the global market, with as few restrictions on trade as possible. Proponents of protectionism believe in concentrating on the welfare of the domestic economy by limiting the open-market policy of the United States. However, what effects does this policy have for the international market and the other respective countries in this market? The question is not as complex as it may seem. Both sides have strong viewpoints representing their respective opinions, and even the population of the United States is divided when it comes to takin ...
    Related: american free, controversial issue, economic development, economic freedom, economic stability, free market, free trade
  • Plowing Up New Soil With World Agriculture - 1,638 words
    Plowing Up New Soil With World Agriculture Plowing Up New Soil with World Agriculture Since agriculture began to be developed nearly 10,000 years ago, people throughout the world have discovered the food value of wild plants and animals, and domesticated and bred them (Early Civilization). Today, people go to the market or grocery store to pick up cereal, rice, bread, meat, fruit, vegetables, and olives. People hardly ever think of where the food generally comes from. Most of the food that is found in the grocery store wouldn't be possible without world agriculture. Farming used to be primarily a family enterprise and to a large extent still is in most countries. In the more developed areas, ...
    Related: agriculture, ancient world, soil, soviet socialist, agricultural production
  • Slovakia Economic Analysis - 1,118 words
    ... for a relatively large proportion of goods production (Embassy of the Slovak Republic). Overall, state-owned companies are still dominant in industry (Embassy of the Slovak Republic). Slovakia can increase its productivity the most by applying improved technology and processes to industry (Embassy of the Slovak Republic). However, foreign investment is required to continue modernizing industry and retraining workers (Slovakia.Org, Slovak Economy). Manufacturing is one of the key sectors in the Slovak Republic (Slovak.Org, Slovak Economy). Exports of manufactured products are responsible for almost one-fourth of total production (Embassy of the Slovak Republic). Manufactured goods range ...
    Related: economic analysis, economic development, economic growth, economic indicators, economic trends, slovakia
  • Stake Of Labor And Wto - 1,695 words
    Stake Of Labor And WTO Stake of Labor in the WTO Seven years of trade negotiations at last gave birth to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, the U.S. labor movement was one of its leading skeptics. A world trade organization, labor supporters argued, would only accelerate the headlong rush to laissez-faire by dismantling national regulations. It would overwhelm attempts by nations to defend living standards and the ability of unions to fight for wages and health and safety lawsand it would make it harder for nations to defend the rights of workers to join unions. Labor lobbied hard against the WTO. But now, ironically, the WTO could become a critical venue for advancing workers' righ ...
    Related: child labor, international labor, labor, labor issues, labor laws, labor market, labor movement
  • Us China Relations - 1,590 words
    ... possible drawbacks that Chinas new membership to the WTO could hold within it. Initially jobs could become scarcer as ailing state firms and inefficient family farms give in to the new foreign competition. Chinas state-run media has been selling the WTO deal to the public all along, but does officially admit that millions of people could be thrown out of work, including more than nine million people associated with agriculture. And even though China has negotiated for WTO entry for 13 years, its social security system remains very unsophisticated. With these factors combined, surely there will be a rise in the already common workers protests that have prompted a police crack down on suc ...
    Related: china, china relations, united states president, long history, tons
  • World Trade Organization - 501 words
    World Trade Organization The World Trade Organization (WTO) was formed on January 1, 1995, as successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which had regulated tariffs worldwide since 1947. The WTO regulates tariffs on services, intellectual property, food, and government purchasing. The Clinton administration has been working very hard to negotiate a deal with China, a nation we have given Most Favored Nation' status to, to enter into the World Trade Organization. After a long negotiation process, we have reached a deal with China. The conditions of the deal require China to open its markets to a wide range of US products and services and to permit increased investment in ...
    Related: general agreement on tariffs and trade, trade organization, world trade, world trade organization wto, intellectual property
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