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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: european nations

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  • 1776 Vs 1789 - 1,691 words
    1776 vs 1789 The American and French Revolutions both occurred in the eighteenth century; subverting the existing government and opening the way for capitalism and constitutionalism. Because of these similarities, the two revolutions are often assumed to be essentially eastern and western versions of each other. However, the two are fundamentally different in their reason, their rise, progress, termination, and in the events that followed, even to the present. The American Revolution was not primarily fought for independence. Independence was an almost accidental by-product of the Americans attempt to rebel against and remove unfair taxes levied on them by British Parliament. Through propaga ...
    Related: working class, middle class, great britain, master, propaganda
  • Abraham Lincoln Civil War President - 735 words
    Abraham Lincoln - Civil War President Abraham Lincoln was assuredly one of the greatest presidents in American history. This is demonstrated by his effective administration during the Civil War, the creation of policies that benefited everyone in the United States and the efforts that kept the United States from splintering during the Civil War and from its aftermath. Lincoln made excellent decisions in the Civil War. He guided his nation from being torn apart by conflict. He reacted quickly when the War was suddenly sprung upon him. His blockade of the southern ports weakened the south by stopping its income from trade and his immediate expansion of the Union Army gave the north a powerful ...
    Related: abraham, abraham lincoln, civil war, great president, lincoln, president abraham, president abraham lincoln
  • All Quiet Western Front - 1,362 words
    All Quiet Western Front Annonymous By: Remarque Nationalism can be defined as having a sense of belonging and loyalty to ones country or nation state. Of all the European nations, France was the first to sport the idea of nationalism. Many countries became influenced by the French's ideas of nationali sm, As a result nationalism had spread throught out Europe by the nineteenth and twenteth century. One result that nationalisn had on Europe was, the wanting of unification. The people of nation states wanted their country to belong to. This wanting lea d to the unfying of Italy and Germany. Soon nationalism had increased the peoples confidedence., and a feeling of imperialism ran through the u ...
    Related: all quiet on the western front, quiet, paul baumer, world war i, injured
  • Ap European History - 495 words
    AP European History Expansion Essay December 5, 2000 Fifteenth Century Expansion and Exploration The move by European nations and empires beginning in the fifteenth centuries had many precursors leading up to it. The expansion was mostly the result of a quest for wealth however. New technology and new knowledge of the earth and ways to navigate it were a great assistant to mariners, and thus gave the success for riches a higher probability for success. Those reasons were only further enabled by the goal of spreading Christianity. Wealth has arguably been the motive behind most of man's efforts throughout time. European exploration is certainly no exception. The riches of Asian and Indian goo ...
    Related: european history, european nations, history, northwest passage, grow rich
  • Australia And Asia Relationship - 1,209 words
    Australia and Asia relationship Australia and Asia relationship This essay analyses the Australian-China bilateral relationship since 1945 and in particular its political significance to Australia. Many global factors have influenced this relationship, including the advent of the Cold War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the collapse of the Soviet bloc European nations. In addition, internal political changes in Australia and China have both affected and been affected by the global changes. It will be analysed that Australia's bilateral relationship with China has always had a sharp political edge but that approaching the new millenium economics and trade considerations are shaping Austr ...
    Related: asia, asia pacific, australia, east asia, political system
  • Aztec Nation - 2,986 words
    Aztec Nation The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not what you are looking at. You are staring at a huge city with glittering buildings shining in the spring sunlight. Smoke rises up from some of the many houses. You can see and hear children playing in the wide open fields in fron ...
    Related: aztec, aztec empire, aztec gods, aztec religion, long history
  • Ben Mccann - 862 words
    Ben McCann World History Honors 1st period Louis XIV Louis XIV was an absolute monarch. He inherited the French throne when he was only five. Because Louis XIV was so young, Cardinal Mazarin was the true ruler of France until his death when Louis took control. Louis weakened the power of the nobles by excluding them from his councils and increased the power of the intendants. He made sure that local officials communicated with him regularly. Louis was greatly helped by his finance minister, Jean Baptiste Colbert who believed in mercantilism. French companies were given government funds and tax benefits, so that manufacturing would expand. The French government encouraged people to migrate to ...
    Related: freedom of speech, glorious revolution, world history, bohemia, holy
  • Benin - 444 words
    Benin Benin, independent nation of W Africa, formerly called Dahomey. Once a French protectorate, it is a country of 40 ethnic tribal groups and a low-level economy. Land and Economy. Located in the bulge on the S side of W Africa, Benin is bordered by Nigeria, Toga, Berkina Faso, and Niger, with 75 mi (121km) on the Gulf of Guinea. The coast is hot and humid, and there are two rainy and two dry seasons; average annual rainfall is 32in (813mm). Benin has three plateaus, one fertile, another of bare rocks, and a third with streams flowing to the Volta and Niger rivers and including the Atakora range. The E section is a plain. Subsistence agriculture is the economic base. Palm products and cot ...
    Related: benin, international environmental, west africa, tribal groups, streams
  • Book Review: - 938 words
    BOOK REVIEW: The Magic Lantern, Timothy Garton Ash The Magic Lantern, Timothy Garton Ashs personal account of the revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe, is a detailed book written from the inside of the revolutions. Ash writes of the political transformation that takes place in Warsaw, Poland; Budapest, Hungary; Berlin, Germany; and Prague, Czechoslovakia. Ash gives great details of these events, and in some cases he own involvement in the revolutions. This book would be highly recommended to someone with previous knowledge of the history of these countries, or to those who are interested in other writings by the same author. I would not recommend it, however for any type of pleasure reading ...
    Related: book review, eastern europe, personal account, great wall, addresses
  • Causes Of World War I - 1,279 words
    ... ples of Russia had deep sympathy for their ethnic brothers in Serbia and so offered them support. Serbia, recognizing Russian defense, felt they had the power to question their Austrian rulers who ignored Serbian demands to liberate their people. Austria, ethnically dissimilar from the Serbians they governed, looked to a history of German association to counter the Serbian threat of Russian involvement. Germany, without need of an ally, saw the Austrian proposal as a means to create a stronger Germany, one that could compete with Europe's historical powers, France and Britain and the world's up and coming powers, The United States and Russia. If nothing else, ethnic differences between o ...
    Related: world book, world war i, treaty of versailles, austria hungary, vital
  • Causes Of World War I With Relationship To Current Conflicts - 1,269 words
    Causes Of World War I With Relationship To Current Conflicts As the war of the worlds collide between the more democratic Allies and the orthodox Central powers, there were numerous causes to the war in which they can be summed up into the - isms of modern analysis. In the 19th, 20th, and even the 21st century, almost all of the conflicts can be categorized in either one or a combination of those - isms. Nationalism and Extreme Nationalism One of the causes of World War I can be linked to the use of extreme nationalism. An easily abused method, nationalism proved worthy of a war during the Napoleonic Era. Extreme nationalism was one of the causes of World War I because of the unification of ...
    Related: current debate, world today, world war i, british navy, arms race
  • Civil War Turning Points - 1,807 words
    Civil War Turning Points CIVIL WAR (A discussion of the turning points and major events) In this paper I shall discuss four points concerning the civil war in detail. The first issue addressed will be Professor McPhersons arguments in the text Ordeal by Fire and whether Antietam and Emancipation, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, represent the three critical turning points in the Civil War. Second, I will rank the three points from greatest to least in terms of their importance on the Civil War. Third, I will add a fourth event I feel was significant to the turning of the war. Antietam and Emancipation The Union and Confederate Armies met at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on ...
    Related: american civil, american civil war, civil war, turning point, north america
  • Communism In The World - 3,056 words
    ... ginning a nationwide offensive against the peasantry. Unknown millions died as a result. However, his industrial campains of the late 1930s enabled the Soviet Union to rise to the foremost rank of industrial powers. It was also during this time that Stalin enacted the Great Terror which killed millions. Millions more were sent to concentration camps. The fear of Stalin was carried out by his secret police called Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti or KGB.Then an event happened that forever change the world's view of the Soviet Union. That event would be known as World War II. Stalin personnally led the assault on Germany that eventually resulted in the end of the war. The choice now was ...
    Related: after world, communism, third world, third world countries, world countries, world war ii, world wide
  • Costa Del Sol - 608 words
    Costa Del Sol Costa Del Sol It is possible that the Neolithic revolution, the discovery of agriculture the passage of nomadic to sedentary peoples, reached Europe by way of Africa through what is known today as Andalusia. This historical center of influence, an east - west displacement, from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic began with a revolution that introduced the usage of metals and the arrival of colonizers from the east. A confluence of fertile lands, of metallurgy and fishing activities took place in this westernmost area that the Tartars once inhabited. This mysterious civilization that lived in the southern Iberian peninsula since the bronze ages, established the first known monarc ...
    Related: costa, open door, european nations, intellectual development, port
  • Deterioration Of The Americansoviet Relationship After World War Ii - 791 words
    Deterioration of the American-Soviet Relationship after World War II Deterioration of the American-Soviet Relationship after World War II American and Soviet relations deteriorated in the decade following World War II. The three factors that had the most effect on that relationship were the agreements made at the Yalta Conference, the Korean War, and McCarthyism. The agreements of the Yalta Conference began the deterioration of the American-Soviet relationship. Some of the decisions taken at Yalta pertained to Europe. The most critical of these had to do with the liberated nations of eastern Europe. Roosevelt and Churchill rejected Stalin's proposal that they accept the Lublin government in ...
    Related: after world, deterioration, third world, world war ii, eastern europe
  • Eastern Europe From 1970 To 1990 - 356 words
    Eastern Europe - From 1970 to 1990 From 1970 to 1990, Eastern European nations realized they needed a change in their governments as well as economies. Politically, reformers and dissidents wanted to end party-state dictatorships and move towards a pluralist democracy. Economically, centrally planned economies were unsuccessful due to increased bureaucracy, excessive centralization, and debt obligation. Velvet revolutions in Eastern Europe changed countries towards market-oriented economies and pluralist democracies. Countries of the Eastern European bloc had a similar goal in the 1970s and 1980s: to end party-state dictatorships. Under party-state dictatorships, one political party dominate ...
    Related: eastern, eastern europe, eastern european, lech walesa, free elections
  • Economic Geography - 3,518 words
    ... lation, who produces agricultural goods, is assumed completely immobile between regions, with a given peasant supply of (1-u)/2 in each region; workers are however mobile, moving to whichever location offers them a higher real income; and the total supply is constant: incorpora CorelEquation s  Farming takes place under CRS, thus farm labor used in producing any given quantity of agricultural goods can be set equal to production: incorpora CorelEquation s  Manufacturing, however, is characterised by IRS and, thus, involves fixed costs and constant marginal costs: incorpora CorelEquation s  Because the economy-wide supply is fixed, if incorpora CorelEquation s  is the forc ...
    Related: economic geography, economic integration, economic review, economic theory, european economic, geography
  • Effects On Economy:1850 To 1914 - 1,541 words
    ... o its adoption of more liberal policies (although still protectionist by comparison to France or England). As mentioned, the agricultural sector was predominant, and hence preferred lower prices on manufactured good. Secondly, Prussia wished to retain sole control over the Zollverein and was fearful of an Austrian attempt to join. Thus by liberalizing trade policy Prussia hoped to deter a highly protectionist Austria from seeking admittance. Spain, the Italian customs union, and Russia all relaxed their highly protectionist laws from 1850 onward as a result of the spectacular economic success of Great Britain and the ratification of trade agreements with adherence to the most favored nat ...
    Related: great britain, european countries, economic system, retain, trend
  • Euro - 1,043 words
    Euro The Most Interesting Event The progress of the Euro was the most interesting event occurring throughout this period. Never before has a currency united so many powerful economic nations. It is very interesting to see the progress it has made and changes it has influenced. In 1991 it was decided that the Euro would be introduced. It officially became the currency of eleven European nations: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, shortly thereafter. Although the actually hard currency will not be introduced until January 1, 2002, it is possible to trade and complete transactions using this currency. This introduction allow ...
    Related: euro, european economy, central bank, corporate strategy, currency
  • European Exploration And Settlement - 527 words
    European Exploration and Settlement I. Europeans Look to New Worlds For Many Reasons. A. Renaissance- revival of classical art, literature, and learning. 1. Took place in Europe in 15th and 16th centuries. 2. Sparked imaginations and made people eager to explore. B. Protestant Reformation 1. Challenged Catholics who in turn persecuted Protestants. 2. Protestants longed for a place where they could worship as they wanted. C. European Nations Begin to Form Stable Governments and Resolve Power Struggles. D. Trying to Find a Quicker Route to Asia and Start Up a Rich Trade. E. New Developments in Travel. 1. Caravel- more maneuverable and quicker ship, moved with and against wind. 2. Navigation- c ...
    Related: european nations, exploration, settlement, native people, john cabot
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