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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: durant
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- Abuses Of The Medieval Catholic Clergy - 1,431 words
Abuses of the Medieval Catholic Clergy The Dark Ages of Europe were called such for several reasons. One of the more notorious reasons was the state of the Catholic Church. In the years before the Reformation, members of the Catholic clergy had reached an all time low in terms of their morality. The abuses of clerical power and privileges by the medieval clergy spanned all parts of their daily lives. Members of the Catholic clergy were financially, politically and socially corrupt. Each of these corruptions made up the enormous religious corruption that was the logical result of such debauchery. Of the several grievances against the Church, [t]he first and sorest was that she loved money, an ...
Related: catholic, catholic church, clergy, medieval, ordinary people
- Candide A Contrast To Optimism - 1,204 words
Candide - A Contrast to Optimism Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire was the French author of the novella Candide, also known as "Optimism"(Durant and Durant 724). In Candide, Voltaire sought to point out the fallacy of Gottfried William von Leibniz's theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the resulting inaction toward the evils of the world. Voltaire's use of satire, and its techniques of exaggeration and contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting of their fate. Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaire's time, developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time was "the best of all possi ...
Related: candide, contrast, optimism, works cited, young girl
- Chacun Son Bonheur - 919 words
Chacun Son Bonheur Dans le roman Bonheur d' occasion, Gabrielle Roy utilise les motions et les actions des hommes pour dmontrer leurs traits individuels pour enfin comprendre compltement leur situation. Leur dtermination et leur persistance de trouver une solution leur misre les poussent surmonter leurs obstacles. tant donn, que c'est le dbut de la deuxime guerre mondiale, les gens vivent pour survivre, quelques-uns plus que d'autre. Chacun sa propre faon de s'adapter la dpression conomique. Azarius Lacasse retrouve sa joie dans le rve, tandis qu'Emmanuel retrouve le bonheur dans l'action; le personnage de Jean Lvesque retrouve son bonheur dans l'ascension. Ds le dbut du roman le personna ...
Related: aura, persistance, nouveau
- China Us Relations - 1,423 words
China US Relations China, for most of its 3500 years of history, China led the world in agriculture, crafts, and science. It fell behind in the 19th century when the Industrial Revolution gave the West clear superiority in military and economic affairs. In the first half of the 20th century, China continued to suffer from major famines, civil unrest, military defeat, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under Mao Tse Tung established a dictatorship that, while ensuring autonomy of China, imposed strict controls over all aspects of like and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, his successor Deng Xiaoping decentralized economic decision making; output ...
Related: century china, china, trade relations, world trade, law enforcement
- Credit Mobilier Scandal - 1,723 words
Credit Mobilier Scandal In 1865 the United States had just concluded the Civil War, and plans of reconstruction of the Union were on the minds of every government official as their first priority, or so it seemed (Phillips 108). Everyone that is except Oakes Ames, a manufacturer, capitalist, and an elected member of the thirty-eighth Congress of the second district of Massachusetts (Brazad 251). After the war anything that would boost patriotism was passed by Congress and a transcontinental railroad was an ideal means by which to bind up the wounded Union (Phillips 107). Ames, in a way to get rich quick and get out, joined a corporation, of which he eventually gained full control, called Cre ...
Related: credit, credit mobilier, political scandal, scandal, union pacific railroad
- Filles De Caleb - 1,137 words
Filles De Caleb Auparavant, la vie sur terre tait pittoresque. Les gens travaillaient avec ce qu`ils leurs tait offert et ils se retrouvaient travailler de trs longues heures. Dans le roman Les filles de Caleb, Arlette Cousture crit un vritable roman de la terre, aux odeurs de foin. Durant cette poque, la famille tait trs importante jusqu`au point ou certain laissaient de ct leurs valeurs afin suivrent leurs familles. Prendre soin de la terre n`tait pas une question mais une obligation importante de la vie quotidienne. Les problmes de tous les jours taient discut avec le prtre car la socit suivait les rgles de la religion catholique pour faire de bonnes dcisions rflchies. travers le roman ...
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- Indians Immigrating To America - 1,438 words
... rt-export firms and gift shops (Handlin 52). Some of the new comers were less prosperous and less educated than their fellow immigrants who were the professionals. Instead of entering law, medicine, or teaching, many of them turned to business. Beginning around 1980, North America saw the arrival of many Asian Indians who became self-employed and opened their own small business; some of these businesses, such as Indian restaurants and clothing shops, serve the needs of the growing ethnic community (54). Although the immigrants were often called Hindus or Hindoos in America, many of them were not followers of Hinduism, one of the major religions of India. Some of them were Hindus and some ...
Related: america, america today, american indians, asian indian, east indian, indian american, indian children
- Indians In America - 1,708 words
Indians In America Asian Indians Their struggle as immigrant minority and major contributions to the American society Asian Indians come from an area with the second largest population in the world, but form only one of the smallest minorities in the United States. America was influenced by their religious and political beliefs long before the first immigrants arrived in the 19th century. The congressional act of 1947 granted them citizenship. Now, Asian Indians hold many important occupations (students, teachers, writers, musicians, scientists). Their most important contributions are geared toward engineering and the sciences. India was in a great shape up until the end of 19th century. Whe ...
Related: america, asian indian, east indian, indian culture, north america
- Nazisme - 1,268 words
Nazisme NTRODUCTON Le nazisme est un bon exemple de rgime totalitaire. De point de vue de sa naissance et de sa monte, le nazisme nous dmontre bien comment un rgime totalitaire peut sinstaurer. La monte du nazisme; cest dire une priode commenant par la fin de la premire guerre mondiale (1918) jusqu lobtention du pouvoir par le Parti Nazi (NSDAP: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei) et la fondation de la 3e Reich (1931) sera prsente afin de pouvoir exprimer les causes de linstauration dun rgime totalitaire en Allemagne. Comment, une pense politique si extrme a pu obtenir le pouvoir, surtout par les moyens lgaux? Quels sont les cls de leur russites; comment le peuple allemand lont ...
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- Revolutions Evolve In Definite Phases At First They Are - 1,131 words
"Revolutions evolve in definite phases. At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order." Discuss this statement with specific references to the French Revolution. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. "It introduced democratic ideals to France but did not make the nation a democracy. However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class." (Durant, 12) After the revolution began, no European ...
Related: definite, democratic revolution, evolve, french revolution, world book
- Subject History - 1,963 words
subject = History title = The Tragedy of the Black Death papers = Imagine yourself alone on a street corner, coughing up bloody mucous each time you exhale. You are gasping for a full breath of air, but realizing that is not possible, you give up your fight to stay alive. You're thinking, why is this happening to me? That is how the victims of the Black Death felt. The Black Death had many different effects on the people of the Middle Ages. To understand the severity of this tragic epidemic you must realize a few things about the plague. You should know what the Black Death is, the cause of the plague, the symptoms, the different effects it had on the people, and the preventions and cures fo ...
Related: history, middle ages, bubonic plague, mediterranean sea, gertrude
- The Aviary, The Aquarium, And Eschatology - 3,743 words
... s in their psychic "sorties" to locate Soviet submarines. Alexander seems to have an extremely eclectic background -- he received a PhD. in Thanatology (the study of death and near-death experiences) from Georgetown University under the tutelage of the celebrated Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross. Apparently, Alexander is a "mind-control" junkie, having studied everything from Silva Mind Control, to a stint in a Buddhist monastery. When the National Research Council issued its findings that there was no evidence of paranormal phenomena, Alexander wrote a critique of the report that was both passionate and eloquent. In this rebuttal, he compared the report's apparent a priori conclusions to the C ...
Related: eschatology, moral dilemma, practical applications, board of directors, futurist
- The Fall Of The Roman Empire - 1,512 words
The Fall Of The Roman Empire Did the Roman Empire deserve to Fall?No The achievements of the Roman Empire were unmatched at its time. Many things it accomplished are ideas and ways of life that did not become widespread until after its fall. The Roman Empire would have made the advancement of people in Europe much faster. The Roman Empire was the most modern ancient empire. It made many advancements in the arts and sciences. It had many great poets, philosophers, artists, and engineers. The Romans encouraged learning and supported any who endeavored to make discoveries or technological improvement. If the Roman Empire had not fallen, the world, from a scientific stand point would be very dif ...
Related: empire, fall apart, roman, roman empire, capital city
- The Life Philosophy Of Friedrich Nietzsche - 1,878 words
The Life & Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche Philosophy Class Essay Born: 1844. Rocken, Germany Died: 1900. Weimar, Germany Major Works: The Gay Science (1882), Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1883-1885), Beyond Good & Evil (1886), On the Genealogy of Morals (1887), MAJOR IDEAS Self deception is a particularly destructive characteristic of West Culture. Life is The Will To Power; our natural desire is to dominate and reshape the world to fit our own preferences and assert our personal strength to the fullest degree possible. Struggle, through which individuals achieve a degree of power commensurate with their abilities, is the basic fact of human existence. Ideals of human equality perpetuate medioc ...
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- The Making Of Automobiles Started In The Year 1770 In 1770 A Man Named Nicholas - 998 words
... let and Ernest Archdeacon took a trip driving the steam tricycle. They drove for 286 miles in 15 days. And in 1891 Emile Levassor built a motor car with a mid-mounted Daimler engine, later to be laid out in the front and under the hood. Panhard et Levassor in 1892 began to sell their cars to the public. A four seated dog cart priced at L200, and a wagonette at L212. Solid rubber tires cost an extra L20. Charles Duryea began to build a one-cylinder automobile in the United States in 1893. In 1894 Karl Benz introduced a new four-wheeled vehicle called the Velo. Benz built 135 cars in 1895 over forty of them drove the streets of France. In 1896 Charles E. and J. Frank Duryea together found ...
Related: first year, nicholas, energy crisis, ford motor company, viper
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