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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: discount rate

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  • Fed And Monetary Policy - 1,018 words
    Fed And Monetary Policy Justin McVay Period 4 Macroeconomics Term Paper FEDERAL RESERVE AND MONETARY POLICY Monetary policy affects the economic and financial decisions of virtually all of us from workers to borrowers to investors (Rukeyser 105). Louis Rukeyser wrote, If we want monetary policy to play its proper role in a true national economic reconstruction, the authentic task is to get the Fed to stop bouncing like a Chinese Ping-Pong ball, switching every few months between the inflationary effect of pumping far too much money into the economy and cramping, recessionary effect of supplying far to little (Rukeyser 104). And, because the US is the largest economy in the world, its monetar ...
    Related: fiscal policy, monetary, monetary policy, short term, money supply
  • Fed And Monetary Policy - 1,083 words
    ... on of its own while the national economy is prosperous. But the Fed can not concentrate its efforts to expand the weak region for two reasons. First, monetary policy works through credit markets, and since credit markets are linked nationally, the Fed simply has no way to direct stimulus to any particular part of the country that needs help. Second, if the Fed stimulated whenever any state had economic hard times, it would be stimulation much of the time, and this would mean higher inflation. The Fed can not control inflation or unemployment directly; instead, it influences them indirectly, mainly by raising or lowering short-term interest rates. The major tools the Fed uses to affect in ...
    Related: monetary, monetary policy, federal funds, short term, trading
  • Federal Reserve And The Economic Bubble - 923 words
    Federal Reserve And The Economic Bubble On Tuesday, November 16, 1999, the Federal Reserve Board will decide whether or not to tighten monetary policy at the Federal Open Market Committee meeting. Throughout the year the Fed has been somewhat hesitant to raise rates, which could slow the economy. While raising the Federal Funds and Discount Rates could, in the long run, lead to higher interest rates, many people worry that the potential for an overheated economy is high, and there is little risk from too slow growth. Overheating in the economy, popularly known as the economic bubble, could reverse the current decline in inflation. Therefore, action should be taken to prevent such a thing fro ...
    Related: bubble, bureau of economic analysis, economic analysis, economic outlook, federal funds, federal open market, federal open market committee
  • Federal Reserve Monetary Policy - 3,287 words
    Federal Reserve Monetary Policy If taxation without representation could rally the colonists against the British Crown in 1776, tight money and ruinous interest rates might be cause for populist revolt in our own day. Federal Reserve monetary policy also has severe social burdens, measured by huge changes in aggregate output, income, and employment. The imperious Fed, much like the English Crown two centuries ago, formulates and carries out its policy directives without democratic input, accountability, or redress. Not only has the Fed's monetary restraint at times deliberately pushed the economy into deep recession, with the attendant loss of millions of jobs, but also its impact on the str ...
    Related: economic policy, federal budget, federal funds, federal government, federal open market, federal open market committee, federal reserve
  • Federal Reserve Monetary Policy - 3,304 words
    ... economists vehemently opposed incomes policy and pushed for classic central bank restraints and eventually full-blown monetarism. Once the central bank earned credibility in the persistent use of conventional monetary restraints, they argued, embedded inflationary expectations would subside and inflation be brought under control. This alternative approach is spelled out in a series of policy analyses published by the American Enterprise Institute under the direction of the late William Fellner (1978, 1979, 1981-82). Under their advice, policy would be aimed at bringing down the growth rate of nominal GNP gradually. Fellner cites Phillip Cagan's econometric analysis on reducing inflation ...
    Related: federal funds, federal reserve, macroeconomic policy, monetary, monetary policy, policy makers, reserve
  • Federal Reserve System - 1,350 words
    Federal Reserve System Why do a report on the Federal Reserve System? This is a question I went over in my head while making a decision on the type of report to do, and what I wanted to learn more about and why. Over the past few years I have realized the impact that the Federal Government has on our economy, yet I never knew enough about the subject to understand why. While taking this Economics course it has brought so many things to my attention, especially since I see inflation, gas prices, and interest rates on the rise. It has given me a better understanding of the affect of the Government on the economy, the stock market, the interest rates, etc. Since the Federal Government has such ...
    Related: federal deposit insurance, federal deposit insurance corporation, federal government, federal open market, federal open market committee, federal reserve, federal reserve bank
  • Federal Reserve System - 1,361 words
    ... banking system. A major component of the System is the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), which is made up of the Board of Governors, the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and presidents of four other Federal Reserve Banks, who serve on a rotating basis, The FOMC oversees open market operations, which is the main tool used by the Federal Reserve to influence money market conditions and the growth of money and credit. Two other groups play roles in the way the Federal Reserve System works; depository institutions, through which the tools of monetary policy operate, and advisory committees, which make recommendations to the Board of Governors and to the Reserve Bans re ...
    Related: banking system, federal deposit insurance, federal deposit insurance corporation, federal funds, federal government, federal open market, federal open market committee
  • Great Depression - 1,884 words
    Great Depression Great Depression "The Great Depression of the 1930's was a worldwide phenomenon composed an infinite number of separate but related events." The Great Depression was a time of poverty and despair caused by many different events. Its hard to say what caused this worldwide depression because it's all based on opinion as opposed to factual data. There are many contributing factors but not one specific event can be pin pointed for starting the depression. It is believed that some events contribute more than others-such as the Stock Market Crash of 1929. The Stock Market Crash of 1929 was in the majorities opinion, a long and overdue crash that was bound to happen. Prices sky-roc ...
    Related: great britain, great depression, discount rate, world wide, unemployed
  • In The Case Of Tobacco, Manning Estimates The Gross Cost Of Medical Care For Smokingrelated Diseases At 26 A Pack, Or Just Ov - 590 words
    In the case of tobacco, Manning estimates the gross cost of medical care for smoking-related diseases at $.26 a pack, or just over one penny per cigarette. This turns out to be largely compensated by savings in retirement pensions and nursing home care for smokers. The final balance is highly sensitive to technical assumptions about the economic discount rate, and can even be made to show net external benefits at interest rates under 3%. Manning's final net estimate of $.15 per pack assumes a 5% interest rate. By estimating the equivalency between joints and cigarettes, one can translate these costs to marijuana. On a weight-for-weight basis, pot smokers inhale about four times as much noxio ...
    Related: gross, heart disease, home care, manning, medical care, total cost
  • Introduction : - 1,184 words
    INTRODUCTION : In this essay, I would like to start with a brief explanation about the accounting regulation and standards set for various treatments consists of gaps where the rules are vague or even incomplete. Then, I would like to give a brief introduction about the development of standards set for capital instrument, such as TR677 (ICAEW), FRED 3 and FRS 4. Next, I will go into details examining the problems found in these proposals and standard, especially FRS 4. Coming to this stage, I will divide the problems into two parts. Firstly, I will point out the inconsistency found in FRS 4 in relation to FRS 5. Secondly, I will try to deal with the practical point of view, pointing out that ...
    Related: brief introduction, point of view, basic principles, discount rate, consistent
  • It Industry - 1,109 words
    ... sively high prices resulting from the carriers exercise of market power (4, 58). In 1996, Congress passes the Telecom Act which seeks to open local exchange to competition through facilities-based entry (9, 9). There are differences in local and long-distance carriers that show the structure of the industry. There are advantages and disadvantages for each type of carrier. The advantage of the IXCs over LECs is that their brand-name recognition is nation-wide, while the LECs only command regional brand-name recognition. But, it appears harder for IXCs to enter local markets than it is LECs to enter long distance markets (9, 36). Local exchange rates are under state control except for acce ...
    Related: competitive industry, cambridge university, market share, bell system, larry
  • Natural Resource Aspects - 1,969 words
    ... s, covering other industrial sectors for a complete phase out of ODS, as well build the capacities of the various national participants of this programme. Strategy related to transboundary air pollution is not elaborated yet since Lebanon is a not a signatory of the Convention on Transboundary Air Pollution, which is still restricted to European countries. Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement Scientists, university academicians and only one NGO (Association Libanaise pour la Maitrise de lEnergie) are highly involved in (1) the Steering Committees pertaining to Climate Change and Ozone Office, (2) research programmes and (3) technical consultants. Their role is rather advisory with a ...
    Related: natural resources, resource, decision making, decision-making process, replacing
  • The Federal Reserve - 1,176 words
    The Federal Reserve When you look up the word money in the dictionary, you get this as the definition: A commodity, such as gold, or an officially issued coin or paper note that is legally established as an exchangeable equivalent of all other commodities, such as goods and services, and is used as a measure of their comparative values on the market. Money has three basic functions: a medium of exchange, a measure of value, and a store of value. Goods and services are paid for in money and debts are brought upon and then paid off in money. Without money, economic transactions would have to take place on a trading basis. But who controls all of our countries money? Back in the early nineteent ...
    Related: federal reserve, federal reserve bank, federal reserve policy, federal reserve system, reserve, reserve bank, reserve system
  • The Monetary And Fiscal Policies, Although Controlled By Two - 924 words
    The Monetary and Fiscal Policies, although controlled by two different organizations, are the ways that our economy is kept under control. Both policies have their strengths and weaknesses, some situations favoring use of both policies, but most of the time, only one is necessary. The monetary policy is the act of regulating the money supply by the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, currently headed by Alan Greenspan. One of the main responsibilities of the Federal Reserve System is to regulate the money supply so as to keep production, prices, and employment stable. The "Fed" has three tools to manipulate the money supply. They are the reserve requirement, open market operations, and the d ...
    Related: fiscal, fiscal policy, monetary, monetary policy, monetary system
  • The Most Exciting Moment Of Our Life Is When We Learn How To Drive And Actually Get On Behind The Wheel Who Wouldnt Insist To - 1,325 words
    The most exciting moment of our life is when we learn how to drive and actually get on behind the wheel. Who wouldn't insist to learn to drive especially we turn to the age of 15 or 16. I was really excited when my dad taught me how to drive. When I actually started the first turn on the road, I realized that driving was not easy for me. Since that time, I had told myself that I should not drive so fast on the road because I might get an accident. In order to become better drivers, it is not really necessary that we are men or women. It is the skill of driving and how well trained of driving that person can achieve. We can always remember that learning how to drive is one thing, but learning ...
    Related: exciting, insist, wheel, discount rate, make sense
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