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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: criminal justice

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  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,000 words
    A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform People are arrested every day in the United States. They are put on probation or sent to jail, and sometimes they are let out on parole; there are millions of people affected. In 1995 alone there were over five million people under some form of correctional supervision, and the number is steadily increasing. The incarceration rate is skyrocketing: the number of prison inmates per 100,000 people has risen from 139 in 1980 to 411 in 1995. This is an immense financial burden on the country. Federal expenditure for correctional institutions alone increased 248% from 1982 to 1992. Obviously something has to be changed in the justic ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal acts, criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminal mind
  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,021 words
    ... at our justice system as it is now leaves a lot to be desired, but I believe that the greatest concern is not how to change criminals once they've already been arrested, but how to prevent them from becoming criminals in the first place. My proposition is for society, as well as the government, to turn its attention away from prison reform and focus instead on the issues that lead people to adopt a criminal lifestyle. There are distinct environmental factors that are correlated with criminal behavior. In 1991 a third of all inmates in state prisons had been unemployed prior to their arrest, and of those who had held jobs, one fourth had only part-time jobs. In local jails 36% had been un ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal behavior, criminal justice, critique, justice reform
  • Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice - 2,820 words
    Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate. First of all I would like to thank you very much for the invitation and to wish you all the best with your new programme. I am ...
    Related: crime control, criminal, criminal justice, justice system, privatization
  • Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice - 2,864 words
    ... ness with non-profit community groups that ran many of the halfway houses and towards corporate, commercial, and for-profit groups. Second, I think this decision signals a move away from humane or at least human forms of supervision in favour of a move toward technological forms of supervision, a move from human to technological control. Let me know talk a little bit about capsicum. A more difficult scenario arose when the Ministry of the Solicitor General was approached by the private sector to try and market capsicum for use by police officers. Capsicum is a form of pepper which when packaged in a can and sprayed has the effect of totally immobilising its human target. Now given that c ...
    Related: crime control, criminal, criminal justice, justice system, privatization
  • Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevskys Views On Criminal Justice - 1,409 words
    Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevsky's views on Criminal Justice At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky's journey toward understanding the forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from Underground and episodes of his life recorded in Memoirs of the House of the Dead, Dostoevsky puts forth in Crime in Punishment a stern defense of natural law and an irrefutable volume of evidence condem ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, fyodor dostoevsky, raskolnikov, doing good
  • Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevskys Views On Criminal Justice - 1,356 words
    ... kov could transform his ideas into reality, however, he needed a "trigger," or some event which would bridge the gap between the imaginary world of his ideas and the reality of his life in Petersburg (Nutall 158). That event occurs, ironically, just when Raskolnikov is about to disband his journey into the "extraordinary" elite. He overhears a conversation which indicates that the old woman, Alena Ivanovna, will be home alone at a certain hour. His encounter with Alena, then "simply concretized the possibility of applying his ambition, which had been germinating in his subconscious, to the local Petersburg conditions of his own life" (Frank Dostoevsky 108). Even at this point, however, R ...
    Related: criminal, criminal behavior, criminal justice, raskolnikov, real life
  • Criminal Justice - 422 words
    Criminal Justice The Ghost and Hermann To develop his theme and address the issue of the reality of the ghost and the ghost information and Hermann's use of that information in The Queen of Spades exemplifies the complexity of Pushkin's approach. Hermann's strong passion and fiery imagination and having a tenacity of spirit saved him from the usual errors of youth. Although at heart a gambler, he never took a card in his hand. As he would put it, "to sacrifice the essentials of life in he hope of acquiring the luxuries, '''' meanwhile he would sit at the card table with feverish anxiety. The story of the three cards had made a strong impression on his imagination . Hermann wanted the Old Cou ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, social issues, nurse, funeral
  • Criminal Justice - 1,521 words
    Criminal Justice This paper will describe my understanding of the text and of the lectures provided in the class. Unlike most classes, where I understood only my view of the text, this class was geared so each student would understand each others view. 3 An organization is a collective that has some boundary and internal structure that engages in activities related to some complex set of goals. Members of organizations attempt to meet their psychological, ego and emotional needs within the organization. Criminal justice organizations are particularly unique compared to other public or private sector organizations because of the governmental granted authority. Management within these organiza ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, justice system, group leader, external factors
  • Criminal Justice - 513 words
    Criminal Justice Reason to Search The two vehicle stops were made for different reasons. The first vehicle, the white Toyota Camry, was stopped because it fit the description of a vehicle that was just used in a bank robbery. This gives the police probable cause that the vehicle contains evidence of criminal activity. According to Carroll v. United States that is sufficient reasoning for a stop (211). The second vehicle had the drivers side brake light out. This is sufficient cause to pull the vehicle over because that is a traffic violation. In Whren v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that the true motivation of police officers in making traffic stops was irrelevant as long as they h ...
    Related: criminal, criminal activity, criminal justice, traffic violation, search warrant
  • Ethics In Criminal Justice Forgiveness - 368 words
    Ethics In Criminal Justice - Forgiveness Ethics in Criminal Justice Forgiveness The issue to be discussed concerns the act of forgiving. Forgiveness can be shown in many different ways. The degree of forgiveness depends on ones personal beliefs. There are many ethical systems that one can apply forgiveness to. But I will apply forgiveness to my own ethical system. I live my life as a Christian and I try to live by its principles. I also believe that my God is a forgiving God and that I should be in his likeness. In this particular situation, I would have to forgive Carl for what he had done. Christianity teaches that one should be forgiven, no matter what the circumstances are. Christians be ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, ethics, forgiveness, different ways
  • In Cold Blood: Death Penalty Capital Punishment Has Been Part Of The Criminal Justice System Since The Earliest Of Times The - 1,371 words
    In Cold Blood: Death Penalty Capital Punishment has been part of the criminal justice system since the earliest of times. The Babylonian Hammurabi Code(ca. 1700 B.C.) decreed death for crimes as minor as the fraudulent sale of beer(Flanders 3). Egyptians could be put to death for disclosing the location of sacred burial sites(Flanders 3). However, in recent times opponents have shown the death penalty to be racist, barbaric, and in violation with the United States Constitution as "...cruel and unusual punishment." In this country,although laws governing the application of the death penalty have undergone many changes since biblical times, the punishment endures , and controversy has never be ...
    Related: capital punishment, cold blood, criminal, criminal justice, criminal sentencing, death penalty, death row
  • Knowledge, Ability, And Skill - 1,682 words
    1. Demonstrates the necessary knowledge, ability, and skill for assessing the physical, emotional, and mental capabilities of concerned persons to carry out an intervention. 2. Demonstrates commitment to ABCI principle that the primary goal of intervention is to secure immediate help for the chemically dependent person first and foremost. 3. Demonstrates commitment to ABCIs principle that pre-intervention counseling sessions for concerned persons are short term an time limited and should not be prolonged to the extent that immediate help for the chemically dependent person is postponed. 4. Ensures that during the intervention statements by concerned person to the chemically dependent person ...
    Related: skill, family member, drug dependence, criminal justice, spouse
  • Aborigines And Their Place In Politics - 1,108 words
    ... s people in the criminal justice system. The Liberal Party reached an agreement with all states and territories to develop critical plans, in association with indigenous people, for the coordination of funding and service delivery aimed at reducing indigenous over-representation in the criminal justice system. This shows that the Liberal government is addressing the problem of Aboriginal deaths in custody, and giving weight to the issue in regards to their policies. While governments did in fact begin to respond to some of the affects of forcible removal during the 1980s, it was during the Labor governments reign that the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody handed down its ...
    Related: aborigines, common law, political issues, royal commission, liberal
  • Affirmative Action In Florida - 1,694 words
    ... of $3 million. These innovations will hopefully encourage more minorities to apply for certification. Once certification is no longer an issue, the task of building relationships between procuring agents and minority businesses must be addressed. One major problem that Bush sees is that much of Florida's state business is done as a result of long-standing relationships between State procurement agents and vendors, minority businesses often find it difficult to 7 break in(Equity in Contracting). Seeing as the bulk of the minority population and its businesses are located in South Florida, ONE FLORIDA proposes that by moving the Office to the Department of Management Services, where the ma ...
    Related: action plan, affirmative, affirmative action, florida, florida state, florida supreme court, south florida
  • African Women - 1,428 words
    ... of them having the right to vote went to court to see what they could do. When the women brought up the idea the judge just sat and laughed. He told them to leave. Men think nothing about us, we are slaves to them, and nothing more. When we asked for rights they wanted nothing to do with us. Sadly many women felt the same way. A women's rights leader said. Men dont want to let us share their power Lindy Meiza tried to lift women attitudes in her speech, We must think we can. Think you can and you can. Now lets win the rights we deserve!! If women think they can they can. They will rise up against men. Just like in the story The Little Engine Who Could he thought he could and then he did ...
    Related: african, african women, black women, men and women, south african
  • Aggressive Behavior - 1,312 words
    Aggressive Behavior Aggression is a behavioral characteristic that refers to forceful actions or procedures (such a deliberate attack) with intentions to dominate or master. It tends to be hostile, injurious, or destructive, and is often motivated by frustration (The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 1995). For an individual, aggressive behavior is considered understandable and normal under appropriate circumstances, but when it is frequent, intense, lasting, and pervasive, it is more likely to be a symptom of a mental disorder. Likewise, aggression between groups, can be in the form of healthy competition, but can become harmful when unfair or unjust disadvantage or frustration is perceived, lead ...
    Related: abnormal behavior, aggressive, aggressive behavior, behavioral therapy, social norms
  • Airport Privatization - 1,436 words
    ... ant to have to worry about cleaning up anything that might be unearthed later. Problems with reuse As construction began, planners soon discovered that although the city was saving time and money by reusing Bergstrom, there were drawbacks. One example came the day after the Air Force vacated the base. All across Bergstrom, residents and employees had turned off the water when they left. The resulting water pressure was more than the old system of pipes could handle. The city field staff ran around for months chasing water leaks. The city soon discovered that much of the base's utility system could not be reused, resulting in one of the first increases in the airport budget. Utilities the ...
    Related: airport, international airport, privatization, international affairs, surrounding area
  • America Has Seen A Great Amount Of Social Change During The Past Few Decades From They Way We Eat To The Way We Treat Our Cri - 694 words
    America has seen a great amount of social change during the past few decades. From they way we eat to the way we treat our criminals to the safety of our children at school, things have definitely changed. The rash of recent school shootings is a sure sign of the breakdown in parenting and a lack of family values being taught to our children. The highly processed foods that we are eating have led to a nation, which is severely overweight and ill. The Criminal Justice system in this country is a joke; it has been shown to be biased against minorities and the poor. A guilty rich man is known as a free man, while a poor murderer is destined for years on death row. In the Kip Kinkel article we a ...
    Related: america, corporate america, social change, social changes, social structure, social structures
  • Anaysis Of Turkey - 2,155 words
    Anaysis Of Turkey Analysis of Turkey 1999 Political Stability: (4)***(3) Probably the most unpredictable facet of Turkey at this time. It remains to be seen if the instability will level out and stabilize. A recent election has brought a new president to power Suleyman Demirel. Consequently, the next few months are likely to prove beneficial for political critics in Ankara as well as elsewhere but perhaps less so for those who have been waiting patiently for a strong and decisive government to tackle Turkey's many pending problems. The country of Turkey has a population where more than One-Half of the people are under the age of 35, the consensus is too bring a leader with new ideals and sen ...
    Related: anaysis, turkey, raw materials, criminal justice, tight
  • Anaysis Of Turkey - 2,167 words
    ... t's earthquake. Turkey has had difficulty putting together a 2000 budget and the talks with International Monetary fund are being delayed. The task of computing the costs of the earthquake is going to dictate when decisions will be made regarding loans from the IMF. The IMF pledged financial resources in July if Turkey makes reform progress. The government has moved quickly on structural reforms, pushing banking, pension, and international arbitration laws through parliament. But government sources say Turkeys lack of commitment to a tight fiscal policy for 2000 have raised concerns about the fate of the talks. (WASHINGTON, Sept 09,Reuters) Foreign Debt: (4)***(4) Funds will continue to ...
    Related: anaysis, turkey, job creation, labor force, banking
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