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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: criminal court

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  • Capital Punishment - 1,639 words
    Capital Punishment Capital Punishment: An Eye For An Eye? In the United States, the use of the death penalty continues to be a controversial issue. Every election year, politicians, wishing to appeal to the moral sentiments of voters, routinely compete with each other as to who will be toughest in extending the death penalty to those persons who have been convicted of first-degree murder. Both proponents and opponents of capital punishment present compelling arguments to support their claims. Often their arguments are made on different interpretations of what is moral in a just society. In this essay, I intend to present major arguments of those who support the death penalty and those who ar ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, right to life, international court, span
  • Comparative Politics - 2,340 words
    ... over the years. The ruling parties in the states are listed below. MACAU Macau has two governmental bodies with political and legislative authority: the Governor and the Legislative Assembly. In accordance with the autonomy consecrated in the Organic Statute of Macau,the exercise of the legislative function by both bodies, and the executive function by the Governor, assisted by seven under-secretaries, is guaranteed. The two bodies, however, have different political statutes: The Governor is Portugal's representative in Macau and is politically accountable to the President on all issues pertaining to the Republic, excepting the law courts; The Legislative Assembly is a body of mixed repr ...
    Related: comparative, comparative politics, total area, criminal court, comprise
  • Fetal Abuse - 1,408 words
    Fetal Abuse Fetal Abuse When I was a senior in high school one of my classmates was pregnant and abusing cocaine during her whole pregnancy. This upset me so greatly and it still does today when I think about it. I felt angry with the mother, concerned and scared for the child, and I also felt confused about exactly what consequences the mother would face if anyone ever found out. Chapter fourteen in our textbook covers "Fetal Abuse": The Case of Drug-Exposed Infants, so naturally I became very interested on the subject. One of the issues brought up is criminal court response and whether the use of illegal drugs during pregnancy should be prosecuted. This is a controversial issue in our soci ...
    Related: abuse, abuse prevention, alcohol abuse, child abuse, drug abuse, drug and alcohol abuse, fetal
  • History Of Corrections - 1,841 words
    ... ny correctional changes have also happened over the past few years. There was the Prisoners Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1980s. These movements gave prisoners certain right that they have never had before. The received the right to have freedom of speech and religion. They could receive medical care. They got the right to procedural due process and they were allowed to live in proper living conditions. Not all the reforms have resulted in positive effects. Many of the reforms that have happened over the 175 years have decreased the control and power that administrators have over inmates. Prisons have become much more violent because the control of the prisons has changed from the sta ...
    Related: corrections, corrections system, history, the courtroom, prison population
  • Human Rights - 1,635 words
    Human Rights Human Rights in the New Millennium Human rights issues are taking on new focus in the new millennium. Economic and social rights are a paramount concern as the link between adequate and inadequate living standards. Governmental and non-governmental organizations are realizing that some countries take precedent over other countries when it comes to human rights. In the new millennium, cases that violate human rights are being taken more serious than ever before. International prosecution against individuals and corporations will take place if human rights charges are brought against them. Human rights have been an issue in the international community since the beginning of time. ...
    Related: bill of rights, cultural rights, human development, human rights, human rights violations, inalienable rights, international human
  • Is Justice Truly Blind - 1,020 words
    Is Justice Truly Blind We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal. Thomas Jefferson wrote these immortal words in the Declaration of Independence in 1776. One has the right to impose the question Are we truly equal? simply by taking a look at American society. Presently, the United States is a country in which thirty-three percent of the male ages eighteen to thirty years old of African decent are in jail, on probation or parole. This is an exceptionally high statistic in comparison to their white counterparts. Some people argue that those statistics reflect high rate of crime, which is prevalent in African-American communities. Specifically the areas of concern a ...
    Related: blind, chief justice, justice system, ethnic groups, american society
  • Is Justice Truly Blind - 1,009 words
    ... Many of blacks dont know who they are trusting their fate to. Many of the defendants believe that everything is predetermined and that nothing a defendant can do will make any difference. One prisoner was quoted as saying that the more one resembles the judge, the more likely is the chance for justice or a break. Being that upward of 90 percent of the judges across the country are white and 85 to 90 percent of the criminal court defendants are black or dark Hispanics, the chance of such a chance of getting off is extremely nil. Most of the daily decisions of the Criminal Court are made in the privacy of chambers, in the robing room, or simply off the record. In these totally private sess ...
    Related: blind, justice system, teacher told, social issues, wealthy
  • Judging The Veracity Of Csa Memories 1 - 1,119 words
    Judging the Veracity of CSA Memories 1. In October of 1996 a group of Psychologist at Stanford University began conducting a study funded by an award from the Institute on Women and Gender located also at Stanford University. This study centered on examining factors associated with therapists judgements and treatment decisions regarding patients with memories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and how these personal judgements affected treatment strategies. The researchers implemented a detailed questionnaire and surveyed five hundred four male and five hundred four female therapists and then compiled the results obtaining some very contradictory results when compared with previously held belie ...
    Related: judging, second paragraph, empirical evidence, traumatic stress, lend
  • Juveniles And Death Penalty - 984 words
    Juveniles And Death Penalty One of the most controversial issues in the rights of juveniles today is addressed in the question, Should the death penalty be applied to juveniles? For nearly a century the juvenile courts have existed to shield the majority of juvenile offenders from the full weight of criminal law and to protect their entitled special rights and immunities. In the case of kent vs. United states in 1996, Justice Fortas stated some of these special rights which include; Protection from publicity, confinement only to twenty-one years of age, no confinement with adults, and protection against the consequences of adult conviction such as the loss of civil rights, the use of adjudic ...
    Related: death penalty, juvenile court, juvenile justice, juvenile offenders, penalty
  • Juveniles And The Death Penalty - 1,086 words
    Juveniles And The Death Penalty Juveniles and the Death Penalty Why its not a Deterrent, and How it can Become One Today, minors are using their age as a shield against capital punishment. I feel the death penalty is appropriate for juveniles in certain circumstances, such as murder and brutal crimes that are considered capital offenses. The rate at which the death penalty is carried out, as well as inconstancies in sentencing doesnt make it a deterrent. There should not be an age limit in all capital offenses for those who could face the death penalty and knew what he or she was doing was wrong, and a crime. Age limits do not predict when one is able to handle responsibilities. What they do ...
    Related: death penalty, juvenile offenders, penalty, mental capacity, lake tahoe
  • Juveniles And The Death Penalty - 1,053 words
    ... Prejean v. Blackburn in 1984, a seventeen year old was given the death penalty and put to death for the same crime. These inconsistencies challenge the justice of the American Judiciary System, and also the strength of the Constitution. That is whats wrong with the age limit. Too many juveniles receive a slap on the wrist while others have to take the full punishment. As the number of cases turned over to the criminal courts increases, the publics recognition that juveniles can and do commit serious felonies also increases. For example, if a youth who is not old enough to be considered an adult is charged with a capital offense, his or her case can be transferred to a criminal court if ...
    Related: death penalty, death row, death sentence, juvenile court, juvenile crime, penalty
  • Juveniles In Prison - 985 words
    Juveniles In Prison Juveniles in Adult Prisons Term Project Abstract A deep look into juveniles in adult prisons. Touch bases on several smaller issues that contribute to juveniles being in and effects of adult prisons. The United States Bureau of Prisons handles two hundred and thirty-nine juveniles and their average age is seventeen. Execution of juveniles, The United States is one of only six countries to execute juveniles. There are sixty-eight juveniles sitting on death row for crimes committed as juveniles. Forty-three of those inmates are minorities. People, who are too young to vote, drink alcohol, or drive are held to the same standard of responsibility as adults. In prisons, they a ...
    Related: federal prison, juvenile court, juvenile justice, prison system, death row
  • Juveniles Must Accpet Responsibility For Their Action - 1,451 words
    Juveniles Must Accpet Responsibility for their Action Are juveniles as under control today as they were in the past? Crime plays a major role in todays society. The government follows the policy and has always followed the policy that no crime goes unpunished. The controversy that surrounds the United States courtrooms today is whether or not a minor needs to stand trial as an adult for committing a serious offense. These decisions made by the judge or jury in the preliminary hearing affect the rest of the suspects life. The opposing argument to the issue of juveniles being tried as adults remains that the minor is too young and immature to understand the consequences of what he or she did w ...
    Related: juvenile court, juvenile crime, juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquents, juvenile offenders, serious juvenile offenders
  • Massachusetts Juvenile Justice Reform A Step In The Wrong Direction - 1,552 words
    ... which the founders based the juvenile justice system is that juveniles are different from adults and need different treatment. Throughout its history, the juvenile justice system has strived to uphold this principle by providing benevolent and less formal means than adult courts for dealing with the unique problems of juvenile offenders. For instance, juvenile courts typically subscribed to the philosophy of rehabilitation, rather than punishment, and closed proceedings to the public to protect juveniles from harmful stigma. Massachusetts, in providing for the automatic trial in adult court of juveniles charged with certain crimes, moves away from the traditional benevolent, rehabilitati ...
    Related: justice reform, justice system, juvenile, juvenile court, juvenile delinquents, juvenile justice, juvenile offenders
  • Nazi Art - 1,056 words
    Nazi Art Many people know that Adolph Hitler was an artist in his youth as an Austrian, but just how much art played a role in the National Socialist Germany seems to get underrated in the history books. Just as a racial war was waged against the Jewish population and the military fought the French and the Slavic people, an artistic cleansing for the Germanic culture was in progress. Special Nazi units were searching the ancient arts of antiquity for evidence of a great Germanic race that existed well before history. Hitler had monuments and museums built on a grand scale with carefully designed architecture that would last a thousand years. Art of this nature was a priority because Hitler w ...
    Related: nazi, nazi party, modern art, adolph hitler, bauhaus
  • Police Brutality - 1,402 words
    Police Brutality But they didnt have to beat me this bad. I dont know what I did to be beat up. Rodney King, March 3, 1991. Police brutality has been a long lasting problem in the United States since at least 1903 when police Captain Williams of the New York Police Departmen coined the phrase, There is more law at the end of a policemans nightstick than in a decision of the Supreme Court. In the 1920s the Wichersham Commission had a number of instances of police brutality. Many of these included the use of the third degree (beating to obtain a confession). This is a very effective way to get a confession out of somebody. However, beating the accused could easily elicit a confession from a sc ...
    Related: angeles police, brutality, police, police brutality, police officer, york police
  • Role Of Superior Court Judges - 1,997 words
    Role Of Superior Court Judges INTRODUCTION: Law is one part of a set of processes, social, political, economic and cultural, which shape and direct the development of society. Like all other mechanisms the law seeks to govern human behaviour. The Irish law system belongs to common law systems established in England by the Norman's. This type of law responded to actual rather than anticipated problems. In contrast the law in the civil system is contained in comprehensive codes which are enacted by legislators and which attempt to provide for every legal contingency. Case law or 'la jurisprudence' has lesser significance and lacks the quality of enjoying in the force of law. Sources of law inc ...
    Related: circuit court, court system, criminal court, high court, superior court, supreme court
  • Should Marijuana Be Legalized - 2,941 words
    ... Most users of heroin, LSD and cocaine have used marijuana. However, most marijuana users never use another illegal drug. Over time, there has been no consistent relationship between the use patterns of various drugs. As marijuana use increased in the 1960s and 1970s, heroin use declined. And, when marijuana use declined in the 1980s, heroin use remained fairly stable. For the past 20 years, as marijuana use-rates fluctuated, the use of LSD hardly changed at all. Cocaine use increased in the early 1980s as marijuana use was declining. During the late 1980s, both marijuana and cocaine declined. During the last few years, cocaine use has continued to decline as marijuana use has increased s ...
    Related: legalize marijuana, marijuana, marijuana laws, marijuana legalization, marijuana prohibition
  • The Book And The Movie Of The Godfather Have Their Similarities And Differences That I Will Be Focusing On The Godfather Is T - 1,966 words
    The Book and the movie of The Godfather have their similarities and differences that I will be focusing on. The Godfather is the best selling phenomenon - a classic of our time. The Godfather story was written before the movie came out approximately 30 years ago. At first glance, the book and the movie appear the same. Upon further investigation, however, the two forms of media do possess certain differences. Although they are different in the areas of characters, setting, and dialog, they are similar in the areas of violence, Don Vito Corleone, and Michael Corleone. These differences in the movie and the book are very minute. The plot for both were intense to read and watch. Gangster action ...
    Related: focusing, godfather, movie industry, vito corleone, physical appearance
  • Trying Juviniles As Adults - 1,241 words
    Trying Juviniles As Adults Trying Juveniles as Adults and Placing them into Adult Institutions Juveniles being tried as adults, who is to blame? In todays society it is not who or whom it is what. Juvenile offenders are now facing a double-edged sword. Not only can they be tried in a Juvenile court for a crime committed. They are now being charged as adults. Charging a juvenile as an adult has stirred up many different views. When should we say enough is enough? Violent crimes committed by juveniles have become a growing epidemic. The children of today are subjected to violence in popular songs, television shows, and even computer games. Parents having guns accessible to children and the soc ...
    Related: adult court, computer games, television shows, united states supreme court, thirteen
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