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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: criminal behavior

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  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,000 words
    A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform People are arrested every day in the United States. They are put on probation or sent to jail, and sometimes they are let out on parole; there are millions of people affected. In 1995 alone there were over five million people under some form of correctional supervision, and the number is steadily increasing. The incarceration rate is skyrocketing: the number of prison inmates per 100,000 people has risen from 139 in 1980 to 411 in 1995. This is an immense financial burden on the country. Federal expenditure for correctional institutions alone increased 248% from 1982 to 1992. Obviously something has to be changed in the justic ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal acts, criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminal mind
  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,021 words
    ... at our justice system as it is now leaves a lot to be desired, but I believe that the greatest concern is not how to change criminals once they've already been arrested, but how to prevent them from becoming criminals in the first place. My proposition is for society, as well as the government, to turn its attention away from prison reform and focus instead on the issues that lead people to adopt a criminal lifestyle. There are distinct environmental factors that are correlated with criminal behavior. In 1991 a third of all inmates in state prisons had been unemployed prior to their arrest, and of those who had held jobs, one fourth had only part-time jobs. In local jails 36% had been un ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal behavior, criminal justice, critique, justice reform
  • Adolescence - 667 words
    Adolescence Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary (1980) defines adolescence as the state or process of growing up; even more specifically, adolescence is also defined as the period of life from puberty to maturity terminating legally at the age of majority. Looking back on their adolescence, adults often conjure up grand memories, and laugh at their mistakes. Adolescence is a period in life that everyone must 'survive' in order to become an adult, although some go through it more turbulently than others. Falling approximately between the ages of 12 and 20, adolescence is characterized by physical changes leading to sexual maturity (Encyclopedia.com). Along with these obvious physical changes, ...
    Related: adolescence, collegiate dictionary, parental guidance, criminal behavior, encyclopedia
  • Alcoholismnature Or Nuture - 1,570 words
    ... havior. Experiments have shown those males exhibit higher levels of aggression than do females. The aggressive behavior starts in the adolescent stages of life and may continue into adulthood. Where does the aggressiveness originate? Part of the explanation is that children who are sociable and spontaneous exhibit more aggressive behavior than those who do not. Surprisingly, common traits amongst these children are being first born, having a stable family life and a shy temperament. More current, up to date explanation state that aggression is learned response to frustration and by observing others who exhibit the same aggressive behavior. Males also are at greater risk for developing cr ...
    Related: environmental factors, drug abuse, sexual abuse, sitting, dependence
  • An Eye For An Eye - 1,150 words
    An Eye For An Eye? The most severe of all sentences is in fact the death penalty. Also known as capital punishment, it's the most severe form of corporal punishment as it requires law enforcement officers to kill the offender. It has been banned in many countries, in the United States, an earlier move to eliminate capital punishment has now been reversed and more and more states are resorting to capital punishment for serious offenses such as murder. Like they say: An Eye for and eye, or a life for a life as it applies in this case. The Bible mentions it, and people have been using it regularly for centuries. One steals from those who have stolen from him, one wrongs those who have wronged h ...
    Related: corporal punishment, crime and punishment, deterrence theory, imprisonment
  • Antisocial Personality - 1,602 words
    Antisocial Personality The Antisocial Personality is (APD) is a serious disorder that affects many males and cause a great threat to families, friends, and even complete strangers. Most personality disorders may cause an inconvenience to a person▓s family and friends, but usually harm themselves more than others. Antisocial Personality Disorder contrasts from other personality disorders because the defining trait is a predatory attitude toward other people (Smith, 1999). ⌠They have a chronic indifference to and violation of the rights of one▓s fellow human beings.■ (Alterman; Cacciola; McDermott; Mulholland; Newman; & Rutherford, 2000). A common tendency of those with ...
    Related: antisocial, antisocial behavior, antisocial personality disorder, personality, personality disorder
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder - 1,191 words
    ... mistreated or stolen from others; * must be older than 18 to be diagnosed with it * must be evidence of a conduct disorder before the age of 15 * antisocial behavior doesn't occur only during the course of schizophrenia or manic episodes of bipolar illness Anti-Social Personality Disorder is found in as much as 75% of the prison population. Alcohol is a contributing cause or consequence of being antisocial. People that are both antisocial and alcoholic are prone to violent behavior. Not every antisocial becomes a criminal. An antisocial person's disorder peaks between the ages of 24 and 44 and drops off sharply after that. After the age of 30 the sociopath fights less and performs less c ...
    Related: anti-social personality disorder, antisocial, antisocial behavior, antisocial personality disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, disorder
  • Argument Against The Legalization Of Marijuna - 1,687 words
    Argument Against The Legalization Of Marijuna Argument against the legalization of marijuna The legalization of marijuana is one of the most highly debated about subjects facing Canadians and Americans today. Advocates of legalization use two major arguments in their effort to have marijuana legalized. First, which is by far the biggest argument is that marijuana has a significant medical use. The second argument is that marijuana does not cause harm to those that smoke it. Both of these arguments can be easily discounted by the numerous studies that have been done on the effects of marijuana both medicinal and recreational. In the following paragraphs we will explore the hard facts of marij ...
    Related: drug legalization, legalization, legalize marijuana, criminal behavior, intoxicated
  • Attacks On The Insanity Defense The Insanity Defense Refers To That Branch Of The Concept Of Insanity Which Defines The Exten - 1,858 words
    ATTACKS ON THE INSANITY DEFENSE The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. The terms of such a defense are to be found in the instructions presented by the trial judge to the jury at the close of a case. These instructions can be drawn from any of several rules used in the determination of mental illness. The final determination of mental illness rests solely on the jury who uses information drawn from the testimony of "expert" witnesses, usually professionals in the field of psychology. The net result of such a determination places an ind ...
    Related: branch, insanity, insanity defense, major problem, legal definition
  • Attacks On The Insanity Defense The Insanity Defense Refers To That Branch Of The Concept Of Insanity Which Defines The Exten - 1,803 words
    ... actual way of mapping the brain and conclusively determining exactly what portion thereof is responsible for either type of behavior much less that one area is responsible for both. In essence even if true this theory is unprovable. There is also a statistical relationship between crime and mental illness. Guttmacker and Weihofen found 1.5 percent of the criminal population psychotic, 2.4 percent mentally defective, 6.9 percent neurotic, and 11.2 percent psychopathic (Jeffery, 1985:66). These figures are very unconvincing. Additionally they are based on old diagnostic categories and procedures which are most unreliable. Also, the meaning of neurotic or psychotic or psychopathic is uncer ...
    Related: branch, insanity, insanity defense, self defense, criminal law
  • Belly - 1,158 words
    Belly The motion picture Belly explores the ghetto and the characters that live in this dark and obscure world of violence and criminal behavior. Tommy or Bunz, and Sincere, who both live in New York, have differing views of criminal life. Bunz lives a mixed up, drug-run lifestyle, while Sincere aspires to be a law-abiding family man. To help the audience get the full effect of evilness portrayed by the character, the scenes are very dark and gloomy. There are, however, lighter scenes in which the good heart of one man is represented. The lighting in Belly helps with the characterization within the movie. One character is shown as a dark figure, and one as an almost holy figure, plus disillu ...
    Related: belly, motion picture, criminal behavior, reading books, characterization
  • Blowback, And American Foreign Policy - 875 words
    Blowback, And American Foreign Policy BLOWBACK, AND AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY America prides itself on being the world's largest superpower, and the American public rarely hears about wrongdoings made by the American government. On the occasional occurrence when the media has delivered such controversial news, it is gone before the public really has a chance to absorb all the information. American foreign policy is often times possibly doing more harm than good to foreign nations and the way in which certain matters are handled reflects on the American nation as a whole. In Chalmers Johnson's book, BLOWBACK, he criticizes the American government for not taking full responsibility for its actio ...
    Related: american, american foreign, american foreign policy, american government, american military, american nation, american public
  • Capital Puinishment - 1,606 words
    Capital Puinishment Capital Punishment is an Unlawful and Ineffective Deterrent to Murder The United States is one of the few countries left in the world to practice the savage and immoral punishment of death. Retentionists argue that the consequence of death prevents people from committing the crime of murder. It is proven that the death penalty does not deter persons from committing murder, nor does it serve as an example of the consequences of capital crimes to society. Furthermore, it is impossible to guarantee that the criminal justice system will not discriminate against or execute the innocent. Above all, the methods of execution are horrifying and barbaric, as well as the devaluing o ...
    Related: capital punishment, supreme court, national coalition, criminal behavior, coalition
  • Capital Punishment - 943 words
    Capital Punishment Running Head Capital Punishment Capital Punishment Is Capital Punishment Justified? Ed G. Weathersbee Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Capital Punishment 2 Abstract Capital Punishment is the extreme penalty for crime. Such methods as drowning, stoning, hanging, and beheading have been used to carry out execution of criminals for a great variety of offenses. Modern executions are usually done by means of electrocution, the gas chamber, or a lethal injection of a drug. Hanging is still used in some places, as is execution by firing squad. The question is not how one personally feels about capital punishment, but whether or not capital punishment is justified. I say that ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, court cases, american civil, cruel
  • Capital Punishment - 1,049 words
    Capital Punishment Capital Punishment is a difficult issue to address and has been the subject of highly controversial debate for the past three decades. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court decided in the Furman v. Georgia that the death penalty was a form of cruel and unusual punishment per the 8th Amendment of the Constitution. But in 1975, the court reversed their decision and executions resumed under the states supervision. Texas did not have another execution until 1982. As of July, Texas had 457 inmates on Death Row. We have 5 executions scheduled before December 15 and another 5 scheduled for January 2000. The Death Penalty is considered the harshest from of punishment enforced t ...
    Related: capital punishment, punishment, death row, death penalty, justified
  • Capital Punishment Just Or Unjust - 1,871 words
    Capital Punishment; Just Or Unjust Kevin Kearney C. M. V. (RELS 1502) March 29, 2001 Research Paper Capital Punishment: Fair or Unfair The most severe form of punishment of all legal sentences is that of death. This is referred to as the death penalty, or "capital punishment"; this is the most severe form of corporal punishment, requiring law enforcement officers to actually kill the offender. It has been banned in numerous countries, in the United States, however an earlier move to eliminate capital punishment has now been reversed and more and more states are resorting to capital punishment for such serious offenses namely murder. "Lex talionis", mentioned by the Bible encourages "An eye f ...
    Related: capital punishment, corporal punishment, criminal punishment, punishment, unjust
  • Cause And Effects - 646 words
    CAUSE AND EFFECTS Crime has become a major problem in the U.S. In fact, crime is the #1 fear of most people today. Crimes occur everywhere and at all times of the day and night. There are many causes of crime in our country. A large part of crime has to do with the economy in our country today. One of the many causes of crime is poverty. When people can't afford things that they want or need, they resort to theft and robbery. Also, these people feel that they have nothing to lose if they are caught. People may also feel bitter towards society if they are going through difficult economic times. There is a big problem with drugs in our nation today. Drugs are another cause of crime. "In 1995, ...
    Related: mental illnesses, drug offenders, major problem, criminal, dopamine
  • Child Abluse - 1,980 words
    Child Abluse 1 What is Child Abuse? By definition, child abuse is the deliberate and willful injury of a child by a caretaker hitting, beating with an object, slamming against a wall, even killing. It involves active, hostile, aggressive treatment. The key word in the definition of child abuse is deliberate. Why would anyone physically harm a child? The physical destruction of a child is the extreme reaction of parents to the stress of having children. Most people are not aware of the fact that deliberately hitting a child is considered a felony in all fifty states. Abuse of children is more common than most people realize. At least one out of five adult women and one out of every ten adult ...
    Related: child abuse, child pornography, child sexual abuse, prevent child abuse, young child
  • Class, State, And Crime: Social Conflict Perspective - 1,129 words
    Class, State, And Crime: Social Conflict Perspective Michael Merchant Class: Social Psychology Class, State, and Crime : Social Conflict Perspective How does Class, state ,and social controls within a capitalistic society lead to increase crime due to the criminal laws and criminal justice system imposed on the lower middle class. Social conflict theory is the only one out of the vast number of criminology theories that deals directly with this problem. From out of it's Marxist roots arose a theory which challenges the way in which today's society views it's legal system and the implications it has on it's working class citizens. The nature and purpose of social conflict theories is to exami ...
    Related: conflict perspective, conflict theory, social change, social class, social conditions, social conflict, social control
  • Computer Crime - 1,151 words
    Computer Crime In todays society our most valuable commodity is not grain, steel or even technology; it is information. Because of computer networks, just about everyone can now access an astounding range of information. The Internet is international, even though 80 percent of the Internet use occurs in the United States, and a staggering amount of information on every subject imaginable is available for free. Because so many people now have access, computer crimes have become more frequent. Everyone with a computer and a modem can commit a computer crime if so inclined. Anyone, conceivably, could become a "white collar" computer criminal. When the term "white collar" crime came into wide sp ...
    Related: collar crime, computer crime, computer networks, computer security, computer systems, crime, violent crime
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