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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: criminal

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  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,000 words
    A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform People are arrested every day in the United States. They are put on probation or sent to jail, and sometimes they are let out on parole; there are millions of people affected. In 1995 alone there were over five million people under some form of correctional supervision, and the number is steadily increasing. The incarceration rate is skyrocketing: the number of prison inmates per 100,000 people has risen from 139 in 1980 to 411 in 1995. This is an immense financial burden on the country. Federal expenditure for correctional institutions alone increased 248% from 1982 to 1992. Obviously something has to be changed in the justic ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal acts, criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminal mind
  • A Critique Of Philosophical Approaches To Criminal Justice Reform - 1,021 words
    ... at our justice system as it is now leaves a lot to be desired, but I believe that the greatest concern is not how to change criminals once they've already been arrested, but how to prevent them from becoming criminals in the first place. My proposition is for society, as well as the government, to turn its attention away from prison reform and focus instead on the issues that lead people to adopt a criminal lifestyle. There are distinct environmental factors that are correlated with criminal behavior. In 1991 a third of all inmates in state prisons had been unemployed prior to their arrest, and of those who had held jobs, one fourth had only part-time jobs. In local jails 36% had been un ...
    Related: approaches, criminal, criminal activity, criminal behavior, criminal justice, critique, justice reform
  • Billy Budd Criminal Without A Crime - 1,317 words
    Billy Budd - Criminal Without a Crime How would you feel if you were told you cheated on a test, that you really did not, by a teacher who hated you, and will be expelled because of it? Herman Melvilles Billy Budd relates an allegory of the righteous versus the reprobate by symbolizing Billy Budd, John Claggart, and Captain Vere as Jesus Christ, Lucifer, and God. The protagonist in the novel is Billy Budd. The experiences that Billy undergoes throughout the novel parallel what Jesus Christ endured in his life. Melville characterizes Billy Budd as an innocent man physically and mentally. The first feature sailors would notice about Billy were his schoolboy features, with blond hair and blue e ...
    Related: billy, billy budd, budd, crime, criminal
  • Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice - 2,820 words
    Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate. First of all I would like to thank you very much for the invitation and to wish you all the best with your new programme. I am ...
    Related: crime control, criminal, criminal justice, justice system, privatization
  • Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice - 2,864 words
    ... ness with non-profit community groups that ran many of the halfway houses and towards corporate, commercial, and for-profit groups. Second, I think this decision signals a move away from humane or at least human forms of supervision in favour of a move toward technological forms of supervision, a move from human to technological control. Let me know talk a little bit about capsicum. A more difficult scenario arose when the Ministry of the Solicitor General was approached by the private sector to try and market capsicum for use by police officers. Capsicum is a form of pepper which when packaged in a can and sprayed has the effect of totally immobilising its human target. Now given that c ...
    Related: crime control, criminal, criminal justice, justice system, privatization
  • Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevskys Views On Criminal Justice - 1,409 words
    Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevsky's views on Criminal Justice At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky's journey toward understanding the forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from Underground and episodes of his life recorded in Memoirs of the House of the Dead, Dostoevsky puts forth in Crime in Punishment a stern defense of natural law and an irrefutable volume of evidence condem ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, fyodor dostoevsky, raskolnikov, doing good
  • Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevskys Views On Criminal Justice - 1,356 words
    ... kov could transform his ideas into reality, however, he needed a "trigger," or some event which would bridge the gap between the imaginary world of his ideas and the reality of his life in Petersburg (Nutall 158). That event occurs, ironically, just when Raskolnikov is about to disband his journey into the "extraordinary" elite. He overhears a conversation which indicates that the old woman, Alena Ivanovna, will be home alone at a certain hour. His encounter with Alena, then "simply concretized the possibility of applying his ambition, which had been germinating in his subconscious, to the local Petersburg conditions of his own life" (Frank Dostoevsky 108). Even at this point, however, R ...
    Related: criminal, criminal behavior, criminal justice, raskolnikov, real life
  • Criminal Justice - 422 words
    Criminal Justice The Ghost and Hermann To develop his theme and address the issue of the reality of the ghost and the ghost information and Hermann's use of that information in The Queen of Spades exemplifies the complexity of Pushkin's approach. Hermann's strong passion and fiery imagination and having a tenacity of spirit saved him from the usual errors of youth. Although at heart a gambler, he never took a card in his hand. As he would put it, "to sacrifice the essentials of life in he hope of acquiring the luxuries, '''' meanwhile he would sit at the card table with feverish anxiety. The story of the three cards had made a strong impression on his imagination . Hermann wanted the Old Cou ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, social issues, nurse, funeral
  • Criminal Justice - 1,521 words
    Criminal Justice This paper will describe my understanding of the text and of the lectures provided in the class. Unlike most classes, where I understood only my view of the text, this class was geared so each student would understand each others view. 3 An organization is a collective that has some boundary and internal structure that engages in activities related to some complex set of goals. Members of organizations attempt to meet their psychological, ego and emotional needs within the organization. Criminal justice organizations are particularly unique compared to other public or private sector organizations because of the governmental granted authority. Management within these organiza ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, justice system, group leader, external factors
  • Criminal Justice - 513 words
    Criminal Justice Reason to Search The two vehicle stops were made for different reasons. The first vehicle, the white Toyota Camry, was stopped because it fit the description of a vehicle that was just used in a bank robbery. This gives the police probable cause that the vehicle contains evidence of criminal activity. According to Carroll v. United States that is sufficient reasoning for a stop (211). The second vehicle had the drivers side brake light out. This is sufficient cause to pull the vehicle over because that is a traffic violation. In Whren v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that the true motivation of police officers in making traffic stops was irrelevant as long as they h ...
    Related: criminal, criminal activity, criminal justice, traffic violation, search warrant
  • Ethics In Criminal Justice Forgiveness - 368 words
    Ethics In Criminal Justice - Forgiveness Ethics in Criminal Justice Forgiveness The issue to be discussed concerns the act of forgiving. Forgiveness can be shown in many different ways. The degree of forgiveness depends on ones personal beliefs. There are many ethical systems that one can apply forgiveness to. But I will apply forgiveness to my own ethical system. I live my life as a Christian and I try to live by its principles. I also believe that my God is a forgiving God and that I should be in his likeness. In this particular situation, I would have to forgive Carl for what he had done. Christianity teaches that one should be forgiven, no matter what the circumstances are. Christians be ...
    Related: criminal, criminal justice, ethics, forgiveness, different ways
  • Gag Order A Judges Order Prohibiting The Attorneys And The Parties To A Pending Lawsuit Or Criminal Prosecution From Talking - 318 words
    Gag Order - A judge's order prohibiting the attorneys and the parties to a pending lawsuit or criminal prosecution from talking to the media or the public about the case. The supposed intent is to prevent prejudice due to pre-trial publicity which would influence potential jurors. A gag order has the secondary purpose of preventing the lawyers from trying the case in the press and on television, and thus creating a public mood (which could get ugly) in favor of one party or the other. Based on the freedom of the press provision of the First Amendment, the court cannot constitutionally restrict the media from printing or broadcasting information about the case, so the only way is to put a gag ...
    Related: criminal, criminal prosecution, lawsuit, pending, prosecution
  • In Cold Blood: Death Penalty Capital Punishment Has Been Part Of The Criminal Justice System Since The Earliest Of Times The - 1,371 words
    In Cold Blood: Death Penalty Capital Punishment has been part of the criminal justice system since the earliest of times. The Babylonian Hammurabi Code(ca. 1700 B.C.) decreed death for crimes as minor as the fraudulent sale of beer(Flanders 3). Egyptians could be put to death for disclosing the location of sacred burial sites(Flanders 3). However, in recent times opponents have shown the death penalty to be racist, barbaric, and in violation with the United States Constitution as "...cruel and unusual punishment." In this country,although laws governing the application of the death penalty have undergone many changes since biblical times, the punishment endures , and controversy has never be ...
    Related: capital punishment, cold blood, criminal, criminal justice, criminal sentencing, death penalty, death row
  • Luther Whitney Was A Career Criminal Luther Went To Burglarize A House That He Had Scope Out For Many Weeks While He Was Robi - 1,422 words
    Luther Whitney was a career criminal. Luther went to burglarize a house that he had scope out for many weeks. While he was robing the house, the owner came home with the President of the United States. They started to fight Christy Sullivan went to stab the President with a letter opener but two secret service agents walked in and shot Christy in the head. The President was extemely drunk and did not realize that Christy had been shot and killed. Luther had seen everything from the secret vault in the wall behind a one way mirror. Gloria Russell walked into the room and the bloody mess on the floor. Bill Burton one of the secret service agents wanted to call the police but Gloria wanted t o ...
    Related: criminal, luther, scope, whitney, secret service
  • Selfdefense In Criminal Cases - 1,314 words
    Self-defense in criminal cases. Let American Consumer Counseling Help you Get Out of Debt! Self-defense in criminal cases. One of the frustrations faced by many businesses is that after the perpetrators of crimes have been identified, the District Attorney's office will not pursue the case. One option is for victims to sue the DA in an attempt to compel him to prosecute, but this would be costly and proving dereliction of duty would be difficult. The DA is effectively immune. Other options are more promising. The law should encourage (and prosecutors' offices should welcome) private preparation of criminal cases. Prosecutors' budgets simply do not allow vigorous prosecution of all the availa ...
    Related: case law, criminal, criminal case, criminal justice, criminal prosecution
  • Selfdefense In Criminal Cases - 1,327 words
    ... union chiefs, big time money launderers, international narcotics operations, organized crime families, vicious racial hate crimes, widespread and violent gang activity, or the exploitation and abduction of children. From Eliot Ness to Clint Eastwood, public sympathy has always been on the side of zealous (sometimes even overzealous) law enforcement when the government operates as the citizenry's bulwark against the sociopathic, the violent, and the rapaciously dishonest. The past several years, however, have brought about an unmistakable sea change in how things work, both in identifying targets of prosecution and in deploying the full artillery barrage of available"by the book" tools wh ...
    Related: criminal, health care, good faith, external factors, defendant
  • The Career Criminal - 1,196 words
    The career criminal The career criminal, or, more pointedly, those individuals who participate in criminal acts on a regular basis for both a central and constant source of income has, generally, a specific set of identifying factors which, while conclusive in laymen's terms, fail to meet the criteria necessary for scientific inquiry. While definitions exist as to what a career criminal is, the research methods employed in determining these definitions are a large point of contention for criminal justice theorists, especially due to their potential and virtually imminent inclusion to modern hypothesis on the subject. These research methods include longitudinal data collection and compilation ...
    Related: criminal, criminal activity, criminal acts, criminal behavior, criminal justice
  • The Mafia Is Name For A Loose Association Of Criminal Groups, Sometimes Bound By A Blood Oath And Sworn To Secrecy The Mafia - 793 words
    The Mafia is name for a loose association of criminal groups, sometimes bound by a blood oath and sworn to secrecy. The Mafia first developed in Sicily in feudal times to protect the estates of the landlords. By the 19th century the Mafia had become a network of criminal bands that controlled the Sicilian countryside. The members were bound by Omerta, a rigid code of conduct that included avoiding all contact and cooperation with the authorities. The Mafia had neither a centralized organization nor a real leader; it consisted of many small groups, each secret within its own district. By employing terroristic methods against the government figures, the Mafia attained political office in sever ...
    Related: american mafia, blood, bound, criminal, italian mafia, loose, mafia
  • This Paper Will Address The Issues Surrounding The Criminal Incarceration Of Women In American Society Through The Discussion - 1,942 words
    This paper will address the issues surrounding the criminal incarceration of women in American society through the discussion of the views of Meda Chesney-Lind in her 1997 paper Vengeful Equity: Sentencing Women to Prison. It will present critical reasons of incarceration dealing with the onset of the Rockefeller Laws, problems with translation, and results. In the paper I will also present solutions of Chesney-Lind as well as my own opinion for possible options other then common prison sentencing as it is practiced today. The United States in recent times has seen the sudden rise of females in our prison systems. This is most solely due to the introduction of the Rockefeller Laws and its gu ...
    Related: american, american society, criminal, incarceration, issues surrounding
  • Philosophy - 476 words
    Fig. 1 is my own interpretation and illustrations of the idea of founder K.Matsushita that is applied in the actual business management. Outermost circle represents business activity, such as development, production, sales, and administration, i.e., the actual work itself. They are, however, based on the deeper structure, that is the management control system, which is composed of various mechanisms based on divisional system. Now, those systems are again structured in order to achieve management philosophy that is laid even underneath. This management philosophy is the basic way of thinking of the company, or sense of value in the company. It is to question, for example, in a little grandio ...
    Related: philosophy, management control, business & management, human happiness, originated
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