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• A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives - 1,476 words
A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives 1. INTRODUCTION Considerable research effort has gone into Credit Derivatives since the early 1990s. The roots of credit derivatives can be traced back to the notion that the credit risk of a firm can be captured by the credit rating ascribed to it. This premise is also the cornerstone of loan pricing and credit risk management models the world over, including J.P. Morgans CreditMetricsTM. Empirical research enables the predictability of the event of default as well as the Loss in the Event of Default (LIED). This information is expressed in terms of a transition matrix - a matrix that traces out the probabilities the migration o ...
Related: credit, credit risk, derivatives, framework, neutral, pricing, risk management
• A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives - 1,578 words
... A or B (6) The probabilities of transition from period 2 to period 3 are obtained as: {RN}02 {RN}23 = {RN}03 Where {RN}ij is the risk-neutral transition matrix from period i to period j Thus, {RN}23 = {RN}-102 {RN}03 Table -6 shows the risk neutral probabilities of transition from period 2 to period 3. From this table, it can be seen that P (F / EA ) = 0.074 and P (F / EB ) = 0.176. In addition, we know that P(EA) = 0.181 and P(EB) = 0.530 (refer Table -5a). Thus, the risk-neutral probability that Rs. 100 is received in period 3 is 0.074 x 0.181 + 0.176 x 0.530 = 0.107 The value of the derivative is obtained as 20.76 Table-6 Risk neutral probabilities of transition from period 2 to perio ...
Related: credit, credit risk, derivatives, framework, neutral, pricing, rate risk
• Abex Chemicals, Inc - 1,160 words
... t term yang diberikan semakin lunak untuk membuat produk menjadi lebih attraktif. ABEX Corporation mempunyai tingkat sales yang meningkat tajam pada year 8 akibat naiknya harga jual per unit petrochemical. Kenaikan harga ini membuat sales meningkat tajam (lebih dari 100%) yang kemudian berakhir pada tingkat receivable yang juga meningkat. Receivable yang tinggi ini kemungkinan besar diakibatkan oleh penjualan petrochemical dibandingkan dengan pipelines yang salesnya stabil. Kemungkinan penyebab lain adalah buruknya usaha penagihan yang dilakukan oleh ABEX terhadap outstanding receivablesnya dan adanya penundaan dari customernya sendiri untuk melakukan pelunasan receivable ABEX. Kemungkin ...
Related: life cycle, financial risk, cash flow, coupon, operation
• Accounting Erp - 1,888 words
... sting operational database(s), cleansing or scrubbing the data, denormalizing the data, and then loading the data into the database populate the database. (This data population process is also known as the data transformation process.) This database is then the place for top executives, managers, analysts, and other end-users to mine a rich source of company information. They can ask compelling business questions and find answers in their data so they can make key and timely business decisions from their desktops using GUI On-line Analysis Processing (OLAP) tools. Attributes Of A Data Warehouse According to W.H. Inmon, who is considered the father of data warehousing, A Data Warehouse is ...
Related: accounting, over time, decision making process, total sales, qualifying
• Arctic Power Canada - 1,542 words
Arctic Power Canada Colgate-Palmolive Canada Arctic Power Detergent Introduction The Canadian laundry detergent market is mature, very competitive and dominated by three major consumer packaged goods companies, one of which is Colgate-Palmolive Canada (CPC). Arctic Power is CPC's top-of-the-line offering in its laundry detergent line. Arctic Power is specially formulated for washing in cold water. The detergent has risen in market share from 4% in 1981 to 6.5% in 1986, and the Senior Product Manager has established a goal of reaching 12% market share by 1996. Problem Definition Linda Barton and Gary Parsons face two problems. First, they must determine whether to continue developing the bran ...
• Colgate In Argentina - 2,186 words
... hoose to market Colgate Total toothpaste in 4.2, 6, and 7.8 ounce squeezable tubes. Considering that 84.5 percent of Argentines live in urban areas, Colgate-Palmolive could achieve greater economies of scale and better measure correlation between promotions and sales by distributing Colgate Total through larger, more modern grocery store chains located in densely populated, cosmopolitan Buenos Aires and Southern Santa Fe. As stated earlier, Colgate-Palmolive should market Colgate Total toothpaste to younger, married, middle class, Argentine women to fulfill their needs for value (longevity of product benefits requires fewer brushings per day than regular toothpastes to achieve similar be ...
Related: argentina, colgate, wall street journal, competitive advantage, profit
• Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging An Honest Consensus - 4,913 words
... section is somewhat dense, and may be profitably skimmed on a first reading.) ASSETS Imagine that John bets Mary \$5, at even odds, that it will rain next Monday. Since they don't entirely trust each other, John and Mary put the bet in writing and each give \$5 to Frank, a trusted third party. John has essentially paid \$5 for an I.O.U. that says "Worth \$10 If Rain Monday", since if he wins he gets \$5 from Mary and his own \$5 back. Mary's I.O.U. says "Worth \$10 If Not Rain Monday". On Tuesday one of them can cash in their I.O.U. for \$10 from Frank. This standard betting scenario can be improved by breaking it into different transactions; first create the I.O.U.s and then sell them. Replace ...
Related: compulsive gambling, consensus, encouraging, gambling, honest
• Duration, Sensitivity And Pla In Bonds - 608 words
Duration, Sensitivity And Pla In Bonds Subject: DURATION, SENSITIVITY AND PLA IN BONDS ---------- I would like to help some of you with a general explanation on how to calculate sensitivity and PLA in bonds. Many of you may know these issues, but I prefered to send a general message. Please disregard this CM if this is your case. The market factor (what generates the risk) in a bond, is the yield (the interest rate embedded in the investment). This means that the Position Sensitivity should relate to changes in yields. This sensitivities, then, multiplied by the volatility of the yields, would give us the PLA associated with the bond positions (expected portential loss if the yield moves aga ...
Related: sensitivity, interest rate, cash flow, square root, tenor
• Employee Benefits - 1,777 words
Employee Benefits Rob Barr Benefits that will come with a job might not make you take the job just because of that. But It could have major influence over your decision. Flexible scheduling, paid time off, and child care were singled out as key programs that impress job candidates. (http://www.amcity.com/)3 Employee benefits are becoming a major part of what employees are looking for from their companies. And in return companies are looking at their benefit packages trying to trim benefits that are not benefiting anyone. Or basically trying to get the most for their buck without upsetting their employees. Benefits also can be a way to motivate employees into better enjoying their jobs. By em ...
Related: employee, employee benefits, life insurance, health maintenance, vacation
• Evidence Against Oswald - 1,758 words
Evidence Against Oswald Evidence Against Oswald Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin or wrongfully accused? Even though many people believe Oswald was not guilty or that he was not the only assassin, important evidence points all fingers directly at Lee Harvey Oswald. There are many key factors involved in the Warren Commissions investigation that helps convict Lee Harvey Oswald. Though there are many skeptics of the Warren Commission Report, any theories supported by such people who believe that Oswald was not guilty are clearly missing all the facts and are overlooking evidence that shows Oswald to be guilty. The primary evidence, as well as secondary and circumstantial evidence make it clear that ...
Related: harvey oswald, lee harvey oswald, oswald, marine corps, post office
• Marketing Tools At Work - 1,965 words
Marketing Tools At Work Juice Stop : Marketing Tools at Work The Juice Stop is a small local franchise of a large national network of stores. Juice Stop specializes in twenty four ounce, custom made frozen smoothies, fresh juices and healthy snacks . Juice Stop customizes their blends exactly to the customers' tastes. The Juice Stop is a quality driven place. The quality of the product is what makes the Juice Stop experience memorable. The non-fat yogurts and sherberts are made especially for the Juice Stop from the brand leader in frozen dessert's Edy's Ice Cream. juice stop has also refined their juice formulations by continually meeting with their growers to ensure only the most succulent ...
Related: marketing, marketing campaign, marketing strategy, national network, community service
• Mms - 300 words
M&M's Whenever I get a package of plain M&Ms, I make it my duty to continue the strength and robustness of the candy as a species. To this end, I hold M&M duels. Taking two candies between my thumb and forefinger, I apply pressure, squeezing them together until one of them cracks and splinters. That is the loser, and I eat the inferior one immediately. The winner gets to go another round. I have found that, in general, the brown and red M&Ms are tougher, and the newer blue ones are genetically inferior. I have hypothesized that the blue M&Ms as a race cannot survive long in the intense theatre of competition that is the modern candy and snack-food world. Occasionally I will get a mutation, a ...
Related: snack food, plain, breeding
• The History Of Coke - 1,939 words
The History Of Coke The History of Coca-Cola The Coca-Cola company started out as an insignificant one man business and over the last one hundred and ten years it has grown into one of the largest companies in the world. The first operator of the company was Dr. John Pemberton and the current operator is Roberto Goizueta. Without societies help, Coca-Cola could not have become over a 50 billion dollar business. Coca-Cola was invented by Dr. John Pemberton, an Atlanta pharmacist. He concocted the formula in a three legged brass kettle in his backyard on May 8, 1886. He mixed a combination of lime, cinnamon, coca leaves, and the seeds of a Brazilian shrub to make the fabulous beverage. Coca-Co ...
Related: coke, diet coke, history, summer olympics, stock prices
• The Risk Management Of Asset And Liabilities By Developing Countries - 1,178 words
The Risk Management Of Asset And Liabilities By Developing Countries The risk management of assets and liabilities by developing countries. Greater access to the international financial markets has bestowed many benefits on developing countries, but it has also exposed them to the vicissitudes of these markets. In addition to the macroeconomic challenges posed by large, potentially volatile flows, the sizable external foreign currency debt of many developing countries makes them vulnerable to swings in international exchange rates and interest rates and, often, they are tempted to speculative currency attacks. Indeed, prudent macroeconomic policies have at times been compromised by the fisca ...
Related: asian countries, asset, developing country, management, rate risk, risk management, third world countries
• The Tobacco Industry - 1,670 words
... mmonplace in our society. The Tobacco Industry is in the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) manual. The industry's specified four digit SIC is 2131, which is in Division D: Manufacturing and in Major Group 21: Tobacco Products. The industry group that I have analyzed is Group 213: Chewing And Smoking Tobacco And Snuff. This analyzes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chewing and smoking tobacco and snuff. The manufacturing division includes establishments engaged in the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These establishments are usually described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power driven ma ...
Related: tobacco, tobacco company, tobacco industry, monopolistic competition, universal product
• Turkish Banking Sector Analysis - 4,583 words
... the same period of the previous year, the total assets of the Turkish banking system grew by 88 percent in nominal terms and reached TL 42,896 trillion by the end of March 1999. Within the commercial banks groups, the growth rates were 90 percent for both state-owned banks and foreign banks and 95 percent for privately owned banks, while the total assets of the banks under the Deposit Insurance Fund increased only by 24 percent. A slow growth of 57 percent was observed in the development and investment banks. Turkish Banking System, March 1999 TL Trillion Annual per. Change USD Million Annual per. change Dec. 1998 per. change Commercial banks 40,933 90 111,417 25 -1 State-owned 14,549 9 ...
Related: banking, banking sector, banking supervision, banking system, public sector, sector, turkish
• Tyler Pet Foods - 1,329 words
Tyler Pet Foods I. SUMMARY Tyler Pet Food Inc. is a major distributor of dog food for show-dog kennels in the United States. After some researches and discussions, Tyler Pet Foods (TPF) decided to enter into the household dog food market in the Boston, Massachusetts metropolitan area. TPF hired a consulting firm to help it promote and distribute its product. The programs included situational and competitive analysis, the problems and opportunities of the company, and creative strategies to promote its product. II. INDUSTRY The sales of dog food will total almost \$5.6 billion this year, with \$3.1 billion in sales coming from supermarket chains. The Boston area has 1.5% of the U.S. population, ...
Related: food industry, food market, pet food, tyler, better homes and gardens
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