Research paper topics, free example research papers

Free research papers and essays on topics related to: contingency

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  • 12 Angry Men - 861 words
    12 Angry Men Twelve Angry Men Leaders are defined by two separate characteristics; those who are appointed as the leader and those with no special title that emerge as influential. In the movie Twelve Angry Men, Henry Fonda portrays a character that gains respect by others for emerging as a leader. Along with holding leadership abilities, his actions also resulted in classic communication techniques. At the beginning of the movie, it may seem that Fonda is displaying deviant behavior. The scene opens with the jurors casting guilty votes to determine a thoughtless verdict. All eleven jurors, except one (Fonda) voted guilty. As a viewer watching this movie, you have to give the character consi ...
    Related: angry, twelve angry, leadership style, deviant behavior, tension
  • Affirmative Action - 1,487 words
    ... f Prop. 209 permits gender discrimination that is "reasonably necessary" to the "normal operation" of public education, employment and contracting. In 1998, The ban on use of affirmative action in admissions at the University of California went into effect. UC Berkeley had a 61% drop in admissions, and UCLA had a 36% decline. This decline strengthens the position of the Pro side of affirmative action. However, a contingency plan has been established. According to a source (who asked to remain nameless), UC Berkeley has a program to actively recruit more minority students that falls out of the guidelines established by prop. 209. These types of "loop holes" can ultimately hurt the various ...
    Related: action program, affirmative, affirmative action, chicago tribune, public administration
  • Air Traffic Strike - 4,375 words
    Air Traffic Strike The Pressures of PATCO: Strikes and Stress in the 1980s By Rebecca Pels -------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- Note on electronic format: you can access any citation by clicking on the note number. In order to leave citations and return to the main text of the document, press the Back key on your viewer. -------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- On August 3, 1981 almost 13,000 air traffic controllers went on strike after months of negotiations with the federal government. During the contract talks, Robert Poli, president of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Association (PATCO), explained the union's th ...
    Related: strike, traffic, traffic control, traffic controllers, aviation safety
  • As The Reformation Swept Through Europe, Changing Religious Ideas Affected The - 948 words
    As the Reformation swept through Europe, changing religious ideas affected the political spectrum of Europe as well. The teachings of Jean Calvin took root in France, especially in the southern regions. This clashed with groups of staunch Catholics. Great amounts of people, including many of the nobility, converted to Calvinism, and they were known as Huguenots. These people clashed violently with the loyal Catholic contingency of the population. This religious strife was also heightened by political instability. With the reign of Francois I, the power of the king expanded. This shook the ingrained balance of power between the nobles and the king. Beforehand, the king relied mainly on the no ...
    Related: reformation, religious toleration, edict of nantes, political spectrum, solid
  • Behavioral Theory - 594 words
    Behavioral Theory One of the problems with strict behavioral theory is that it very much ignores the human variable. When we reduce things strictly to stimulus and response, we can easily forget that there are human feelings, thoughts, and cognitions that are involved in the expression of a behavior as well. In the case of Roger a behaviorist will take everything at face value. If Roger comes in and says he is having trouble studying, it is very likely that the behaviorist will agree with him based on the observable evidence and come up with a reinforcement contingency of some sort to correct his problem. However, the behaviorist is not likely to explore Rogers motivations, interests, or his ...
    Related: behavioral, business school, face value, therapist, likewise
  • Ben And Jerrys Marketing Stratgies - 1,265 words
    Ben and Jerrys marketing stratgies Ben & Jerrys was experiencing a steady growth within their sales figures from 1990 to 1993. However, In March 1994, Cost of Sales increased approximately $9.6 million or 9.5% over the same period in 1993, and the overall gross profit as a percentage of net sales decreased from 28.6% in 1993 to 26.2% in 1994. This loss might have been a result of several reasons, such as high administration and selling costs, a negative impact of inventory management, and start up costs associated with certain flavours of the new Smooth, No Chunks ice cream line. Ben & Jerrys selling, general and administrative expenses increased approximately 28% to $36.3 million in 1994 fr ...
    Related: marketing, balance sheet, mission statement, inventory management, transportation
  • Challenger - 2,433 words
    Challenger It was a cold, crisp, and damp morning on the Florida Space Coast as the space shuttle Challenger raced through the sky at speeds approaching mach 2 at an altitude of 104,000 feet when something went perilously wrong. All of America watched, including the family members of the seven doomed crew members, as Challenger exploded into an expansive ball of fire, smoke and steam. An "Oh. . . no!" came as the crews final utterance from the shuttle as the orbiter broke-up. As the reality of what she was seeing became apparent, Pilot Michael John Smiths daughter, 9 year old Erin Smith, could be heard yelling, "Daddy! Daddy! I want you, Daddy! You promised nothing would happen!" Unfortunate ...
    Related: challenger, shuttle challenger, advisory committee, central florida, apollo
  • Discussion On Classical Conditioning As An Explanation Of Learning - 1,030 words
    Discussion On Classical Conditioning As An Explanation Of Learning We use the term classical conditioning to describe one type of associative learning in which there is no contingency between response and reinforcer. This situation resembles most closely the experiment from Pavlov in the 1920s, where he trained his dogs to associate a bell ring with a food-reward. In such experiments, the subject initially shows weak or no response to a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g. the bell), but a measurable unconditioned response (UCR, e.g. saliva production) to an unconditioned stimulus (UCS, e.g. food). In the course of the training, the CS is repeatedly presented together with the UCS; eventually the ...
    Related: classical, classical conditioning, conditioning, explanation, cause and effect
  • Ecommerce Market - 1,536 words
    E-commerce Market The firms objectives can be met and a goahead is suggested subject to addressing the recommendations. Macrosegmentation of the market identified machinery, wood, base metals and plastics as target markets for the firm. Revenue expectation based on a 0.4% market share is $329,000. Break even is $259,000 and requires contributions from 17 customer projects at an average billing of $15,000. The budget set for implementing the promotional mix is $100,000. Target ROI = 15%. The following recommendations must be considered before start-up: 1. Protect service names and marks. 2. Conduct a microsegmentation analysis to refine market segment intelligence. 3. Develop multisegment tar ...
    Related: ecommerce, market, market segments, market share, target market
  • Electoral College - 1,229 words
    Electoral College The Electoral CollegeToday Why is it that in the United States the words politics and politician has associations that are uncharacteristically negative for our countrys leaders? Today, Americas politicians have turned into greedy executives. The mix of politics and business is driving our country away from the principles that our founding fathers set fourth. Why is our forty-third president in office when the majority of Americans voted for a different candidate? An election that gives the people the choice without regard to state lines of a president by a majority would cure some of the current problems of the Electoral College. We have a president that bullied his way in ...
    Related: college system, electoral, electoral college, electoral politics, electoral system
  • Emily Dickinsons Death Poems - 1,073 words
    Emily Dickinson's Death Poems Emily Dickinson's world was her father's home and garden in a small New England town. She lived most of her life within this private world. Her romantic visions and emotional intensity kept her from making all but a few friends. Because of this life of solitude, she was able to focus on her world more sharply than other authors of her time were. Her poems, carefully tied in packets, were discovered only after she had died. They reveal an unusual awareness of herself and her world, a shy but determined mind. Every poem was like a tiny micro-chasm that testified to Dickinson's life as a recluse. Dickinson's lack of rhyme and regular meter and her use of ellipsis a ...
    Related: emily, emily dickinson, poems, american poetry, new england
  • Ethics Description - 1,014 words
    Ethics Description The resurgence of ethics has been a striking phenomenon in the past decade. Although ethics has always had a role in the healthcare field, only in recent years has it become a subject of intense interest and controversy. In addition to others, this interest has affected a variety of other fields as well, in particular, philosophy, religion, social sciences, and law. Ethics are more than just high quality morals. Using ethical knowledge, attitude, skills, and habits require intellect, and finesse to properly apply them in the professional organizational life. Reasons for increased societal focus on ethics in organizations are many. Insider trading on Wall Street; defense co ...
    Related: ethics, decision making, insider trading, power over, codes
  • Fascism As Opposed To Communism - 1,002 words
    Fascism as opposed to Communism Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media and education, control of the economy, and war time planning. Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. H ...
    Related: communism, fascism, mein kampf, primary education, economy
  • Fascism As Opposed To Communism - 1,002 words
    Fascism as opposed to Communism Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media and education, control of the economy, and war time planning. Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. H ...
    Related: communism, fascism, little history, political prisoners, ignorance
  • Fascism As Opposed To Communism - 1,005 words
    Fascism As Opposed To Communism Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media and education, control of the economy, and war time planning. Fascism As Opposed To Communism Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the ne ...
    Related: communism, fascism, secondary education, adolf hitler, media
  • Fascism Compared To Communism - 1,000 words
    Fascism Compared to Communism Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media and education, control of the economy, and war time planning. --- Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. ...
    Related: communism, fascism, little history, concentration camps, jews
  • Fascism Compared To Communism - 1,000 words
    Fascism Compared to Communism Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media and education, control of the economy, and war time planning. --- Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. ...
    Related: communism, fascism, little history, german government, weapons
  • Fascism Compared To Communism - 1,000 words
    Fascism Compared to Communism Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media and education, control of the economy, and war time planning. --- Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. ...
    Related: communism, fascism, in exile, german government, irrational
  • Fear: A Good Thing Or Bad Thing - 1,682 words
    ... order to get what he wants. Now Macbeth's fears have made him take action. Debating whether he should kill to become the king, Macbeth sends a letter to his wife about the three witches telling him about his future. When his wife receives the letter and finds out what it contains, she says she is going to make sure that Macbeth becomes king. Macbeth's wife, Lady Macbeth, also finds out that King Duncan, the king of Scotland, is going to be visiting them. She decides they are going to kill Duncan, once and for all. When Macbeth is informed of her plans and questions if they are going to succeed, she responds, "We fail?" (Shakespeare, 20). She disputes his authority in the plan, and it sho ...
    Related: good thing, high school, york macmillan, the great gatsby, macbeth
  • Guns, Germs And Steel - 1,033 words
    Guns, Germs And Steel Book Review on Jared Diamonds Guns, Germs and Steel Why is it that Europeans ended up conquering so much of the world? Or as Yali puts it in the far beginning of the book, Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own? Despite all the contrary evidence from anthropology and human biology, many persist in attributing the differing political and economic successes of the worlds peoples to historical contingency. On the other hand though, the author sees the fundamental causes as environmental, resting ultimately on ecological differences between the continents and as he well puts it on ...
    Related: steel, fertile crescent, new guinea, book review, fertile
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