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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: cognitive psychology

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  • Albert Bandura - 1,049 words
    Albert Bandura Albert Bandura was born on December 4, 1925 in the small farming community of Mundare, Canada. He was educated in a small school with minimal resources, yet a remarkable success rate. He received his bachelors degree in Psychology from the University of British Colombia in 1949. Bandura went on to the University of Iowa, where he received his Ph.D. in 1952. It was there that he came under the influence of the behaviorist tradition and learning theory. He has since developed his social learning or cognitive theory and his ideas of observational learning and modeling, for which he made a place for himself in the history of Psychology. Yet his theory is still related to behaviori ...
    Related: albert, albert bandura, bandura, history of psychology, paying attention
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,507 words
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind's causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or human beings will become machines themselves (through a process of scanning the brain into a computer). Those such as Moravec, who see the eventual result as "the universe extending to a single thinki ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, philosophical views
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,507 words
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind's causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or human beings will become machines themselves (through a process of scanning the brain into a computer). Those such as Moravec, who see the eventual result as "the universe extending to a single thinki ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, alan turing
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,508 words
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind's causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or human beings will become machines themselves (through a process of scanning the brain into a computer). Those such as Moravec, who see the eventual result as the universe extending to a single thinkin ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, carnegie mellon university
  • Artificial Intelligence - 2,478 words
    ... -language, through syntax, that we construct our world. This is the essence of Chomsky's constructivism. So we see that if we are to construct a thinking machine (or for that matter, representations in our mind of a thinking machine) this broad syntax does significantly clarify how to go about designing a computer which can take discourse as input, remember and learn, etc. . .If we realize however the syntactic nature of the minds which create the machine, we can see that it is possible for a machine to think syntactically, or at least that Searle's Chinese Room argument does not stand up, because cognition is not dependent on semantics. Thus, a thinking machine would be a purely syntact ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, human race
  • Development Of Psychology - 964 words
    Development Of Psychology John Wilson Psychology Essay (Development of psychology) In the following essay I will explain the development of major schools in terms of distinguishing features and historical context. Scientific study is a valid way of coming to an understanding of life, and can be very useful in every area of life. Science develops theories based on what is observed. It examines each theory with rigorous and scrupulous tests to see if it describes reality. The scientific method works well in observing and recording physical data and in reaching conclusions which either confirm or nullify a theory. During the mid-19th century, scholars (although at that time probably termed phil ...
    Related: cognitive psychology, human psychology, psychology, social psychology, psychological aspects
  • False Memory - 1,545 words
    ... traced back to Plato's various beliefs about the eidos. (Forms of reality which were variously described by Plato but always were held up as 'more real' than the world of sense experience which, in some way, was always held up as inferior to and dependant on the eidos.) The Platonic Model avoids the problem of determining whether or not a memory is accurate by claiming that the memory is not of a personal experience at all. It also confuses several types of mental states. It completely blurs the distinction between dream states and conscious states by eliminating the difference between remembering a sense experience one actually had and remembering a sense experience one never actually ...
    Related: false memory, long term memory, long-term memory, harvard university, psychiatric association
  • General History Of - 1,116 words
    General History Of Psych Two Take-Home Essay The study of Behaviorism dates can be traced back to the classical Greek philosophers, and goes into the nineteenth and twentieth-century psychology. Below is a list of fundamental psychologists and their contributions. * Greeks Philosophers and psychologists have been intrigued with the human thought process for thousands of years, with one of the first being the Greek philosopher Aristotle. He presented some of the first operational methods in how human learning and memory are formed. He also emphasized the importance of mental imagery. * Wundt William Wundt is considered the father of Psychology when he opened his laboratory in Leipzig, Germany ...
    Related: general history, history, research method, natural selection, cognition
  • Information On The Career Of Psychology - 1,260 words
    Information On The Career Of Psychology Psychology Job Outlook Employment of psychologists is expected to grow more slowly than the average for all occupations through the year 2006. More job opportunities will arise in businesses, nonprofit, organizations, and research and computer firms for psychologists working as consultants. Companies will use psychologists expertise in survey design, analysis, and research to provide marketing evaluation and statistical analysis. Opportunities for people holding doctorates from leading universities in areas with an applied emphasis, such as clinical, counseling, health, and educational psychology, should have particularly good prospects. Psychologists ...
    Related: abnormal psychology, applied psychology, clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, educational psychology, psychology, school psychology
  • Intrinsic Motivation Is Ideal - 1,846 words
    Intrinsic Motivation Is Ideal Inquisitive and self-directed learning is a natural behavior for young children. They marvel at each new discovery and strive to understand the meaning behind every question in their world. However, older children seem to be resistant to learning unless directed by teachers or parents with various forms of external recognition (Deci and Ryan, 1981). Their enthusiasm and inner desire for understanding has diminished. Learning, to older children has become directly connected to demands, controls, and rewards. In order to understand why this attitude toward learning develops, the concept of motivation in education must be defined and examined in a theoretical sense ...
    Related: intrinsic, intrinsic motivation, motivation, teacher education, people learn
  • Jean Piaget - 1,182 words
    Jean Piaget This paper revolves around developmental psychologist Jean Piaget and his work. While swaying from the personal to the professional sides of the Swiss psychologist, the research touches on key influences that inspired young Piaget to become such a driven and well respected psychologist. However, the most extensive part of this paper is the explanation of his cognitive development theory and how it evolved. The three main pieces to Piaget`s puzzle of cognitive development that are discussed are schemes, assimilation and accommodation, and the stages of cognitive growth. In addition to the material on the man and his theory, there is the most important component of the paper, the w ...
    Related: jean, jean piaget, piaget, alfred binet, reference list
  • Jerome Bruner - 471 words
    Jerome Bruner Jerome S. Bruner "The father of cognitive psychology" Area of Development and Theory Cognitive Development, Constructivist Theory Key Concepts Discovery Learning, Categories, Coding System, Conceptual Change, Spiral Curriculum, Outline Discovery Learning The acquisition of new information or knowledge largely as a result of the learners own efforts. Discovery is contrasted with expository or reception learning. It is an important instructional tool of the constructivist classroom. I. Discovery Learning is how we make sense of the world. A. Categories A grouping of related objects or events. A category is both a concept and precept. It classifies things as equal. B. Coding S ...
    Related: bruner, jerome, cognitive psychology, direct instruction, iconic
  • Mysticism - 4,921 words
    Mysticism In this article I would like to bring the findings of my somewhat unusual but increasingly accepted field mysticism to the discussion, for I think they may offer some helpful insights about consciousness. Why? When a biologist seeks to understand a complex phenomenon, one key strategy is to look to at it in its simplest form. Probably the most famous is the humble bacterium E. coli. Its simple gene structure has allowed us to understand much of the gene functioning of complex species. Similarly many biologists have turned to the memory of the simple sea slug to understand our own more kaleidoscopic memory. Freud and Durkheim both used totemism, which they construed as thesimplest ...
    Related: mysticism, an encounter, nixon administration, transcendental meditation, certainty
  • Proposed Study To Determine The Effects Of Heat On Immediate Recall Of Videotaped Lecture In College Students, Age 18 25 - 1,776 words
    Proposed Study To Determine The Effects Of Heat On Immediate Recall Of Videotaped Lecture In College Students, Age 18 - 25 Proposed Study to Determine the Effects of Heat on Immediate Recall of Videotaped Lecture in College Students, Age 18 - 25 Dana Serrata The University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College PSYC 3301.01 December 3, 1996 Dr. D. Freeberg Proposed Study to Determine the Effects of Heat on Immediate Recall of Videotaped Lecture in College Students, Age 18 - 25 Researchers have studied many aspects of temperature effects on human perception and cognition. Thermal stress, in the form of extreme heat, has been studied by examining the human response under this envi ...
    Related: college students, heat, lecture, recall, scientific study, social effects
  • Running Head: Duration Of Icon - 1,833 words
    Running head: DURATION OF ICON How Much Information Will an Individual Store in His or Her Iconic Memory? Evelyn Delgado Queens College/ CUNY How much information will an individual store in his or her iconic memory? In a given time, individuals are able to perceive more information than they can verbally encode. This is the process by which a visual stimulus is transformed to neurons to enable the brain to store information in the immediate memory. The rate of transfer is how fast an individual can encode something in a given time, which is stored in the immediate or short-term memory. It is stated that visual input can be stored in some medium, that later will be recalled. When the duratio ...
    Related: duration, icon, running head, standard deviation, experimental psychology
  • Taoism - 2,831 words
    Taoism Philosophy of Mind in China Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Historical Developments: The Classical Period Historical Developments: Han Cosmology Historical Developments: The Buddhist Period Historical Developments: The Neo-Confucian Period Bibliography Introduction: Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western folk psychology in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories of language. The core Chinese concept is xin (the heart-mind). As the translation suggests, Chinese folk psychology lacked a contrast between cognitive and affective states ([representative ideas, cogni ...
    Related: taoism, historical perspective, moral virtue, individual psychology, interpret
  • The Identity Theory - 846 words
    The Identity Theory The identity theory, also known as reductive materialism, is one of the views Churchland uses to describe mind-brain correlation. Churchland believes that the mental states of the body are one and in the same (double aspectism) with brain states. They are the same because the biochemical actions produced in brain states (release of serotonin and acetylcholine) have direct interaction with the mental states (mood disorders such as depression). With the help of psychological and physiological evidence the identity theory can be better supported. It has not yet been proven but following along with the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of biochemical disorders of the brain t ...
    Related: identity theory, cognitive psychology, vice versa, physical activity, xanax
  • The Presence Of Stress In 12 Angry Men And What Caused It - 1,006 words
    The Presence Of Stress In 12 Angry Men And What Caused It The Presence of Stress in 12 Angry Men And What Caused It All human beings encounter stress at one point or another in their life. Stress can trigger other emotions that do not necessarily help one in their current situation. Dealing with it can also cause more problems, perhaps even more stress. In the movie 12 Angry Men, 12 jurors are placed in a small, sultry room where they have to come up with a unanimous verdict. After hours of contemplation the men emerge sweaty, stressed out, emotionally drained, and tired from dealing with the stress of the situation. The stress that they felt was a normal reactive response to be present afte ...
    Related: angry, problem solving, decision making, limbic system, mans
  • The Role Of Self Focus As A Function Of Siginficance In Sexual Dysfunction - 1,242 words
    ... ed, cognitive distraction during sexual activity still had a statistically significant relationship with how satisfied women were with their sexual experience and how they viewed themselves as sexual partners. The concept of spectatoring described by Masters and Johnson (1970), and Barlow (1986) has also been proposed as an explanation in level of sexual experience. Faith and Schare (1993) hypothesized that individuals negatively focused on their bodily appearance would tend to be sexually avoidant and would therefore show lower levels of sexual experience than less self-focused individuals. Therapeutic Implications According to Masters and Johnson, the major task of therapy lies in over ...
    Related: dysfunction, sexual, sexual behavior, sexual dysfunction, intimate relationships
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