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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: civil war

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  • Abraham Lincoln Civil War President - 735 words
    Abraham Lincoln - Civil War President Abraham Lincoln was assuredly one of the greatest presidents in American history. This is demonstrated by his effective administration during the Civil War, the creation of policies that benefited everyone in the United States and the efforts that kept the United States from splintering during the Civil War and from its aftermath. Lincoln made excellent decisions in the Civil War. He guided his nation from being torn apart by conflict. He reacted quickly when the War was suddenly sprung upon him. His blockade of the southern ports weakened the south by stopping its income from trade and his immediate expansion of the Union Army gave the north a powerful ...
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  • African Americans In The Post Civil War Era - 1,481 words
    African Americans in the Post Civil War Era African Americans in the Post Civil War Era Jefferson Davis stated in the pre-Civil War years to a Northern audience, "You say you are opposed to the expansion of slavery... Is the slave to be benefited by it? Not at all. It is not humanity that influences you in the position which you now occupy before the country," (Davis, The Irrepressible Conflict, 447). The Northerners had not freed the slaves for moral issues; the white majority did not have anything but its own economic prosperity on its mind. The African Americans gained their emancipation and new rights through the battling Northern and Southern factions of the United States, not because a ...
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  • American Civil War - 1,064 words
    ... , this would never happen as Lee would surrender to Grant before Sherman could ever get there. General Grant returned back to his troops who were in the process of besieging Petersburg and Richmond. These battles had been up a new plan for a flanking movement against the Confederates right below Petersburg. It would be the first large-scale operation to take place this year and would begin five days later. Two days after grant made preparations to move again, Lee had already assessed the situation informed President Davis that Richmond and Petersburg were doomed. Lees only chance would be to move his troops out of Richmond and down a southwestern path toward a meeting with fellow general ...
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  • American Parties From The Civil War - 1,731 words
    American Parties from the Civil War American Parties from the Civil War This essay conains American party systems from the end of George Washingtons first term as president through the Civil War. Included are the creations, the building up of, and sometimes the break down of the various parties. As well as the belief in which the parties stood for. The Origins of the Democratic Party In colonial politics tended to organize and electioneer in opposition to the policies of royal, mercantile, banking, manufacturing, and shipping interests. Agrarian interests later become a principal source of support for the Democratic Party. Many of the colonies had so-called Country parties opposing the Court ...
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  • Americans In Civil War - 1,088 words
    Americans In Civil War The foundation for black participation in the Civil War began more than a hundred years before the outbreak of the war. Blacks in America had been in bondage since early colonial times. In 1776, when Jefferson proclaimed mankinds inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the institution of slavery had become firmly established in America. Blacks worked in the tobacco fields of Virginia, in the rice fields of South Carolina, and toiled in small farms and shops in the North. Foner and Mahoney report in A House Divided, America in the Age of Lincoln that, "In 1776, slaves composed forty percent of the population of the colonies from Maryland south ...
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  • Americans In Civil War - 1,083 words
    ... hting for the North and trying to escape the bonds of slavery and gain freedom, discrimination still existed in the Army. The soldiers fought in segregated companies with white commanders. The Blacks were not equal to the whites as they received lower pay, performed fatigue duty and menial labor, such as cleaning quarters, laundering clothing, cleaning boots and cooking. Black soldiers, regardless of their rank, earned $10 a month minus $3 for clothing, while white privates earned $13 a month plus clothing. Ex-slaves could not advance into the ranks of commissioned officers until the end of the war. Batty and Parish note that less than 100 ever became officers and none ranked higher than ...
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  • Causes Of The Civil War - 1,608 words
    Causes Of The Civil War Origins of the Civil War Partisan politics have been an American institution since the days of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. During the youth of the new nation, political parties were often divided over issues such as the constitution and government, but during the nineteenth century problems arose that had never plagued America before. Ideas of the abolition of slavery and secession from the Union cut political lines right down the middle and made politics and economics a battle between the North and the South. With no compromise in sight, tensions rose and the thoughts of a more perfect union began to crumble. When blame is sought for the cause of the Civi ...
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  • Civil War - 1,560 words
    Civil War Civil War During the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861-1865, over 620,000 accounted soldiers were killed. Known as the "the first modern war", historians generally agree that the reason for this was because this was a time of transition for the military. Armies and Navies were still using tactics where they would gather large forces of firepower to bear on the enemy. At the same time, weapons were being developed which were accurate and lethal well beyond any arms of the earlier conflicts. As a result of these two conditions many more casualties were sustained. Add to that the lack of medical knowledge of disease and infection and the numbers truly began to grow. This pape ...
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  • Civil War - 2,413 words
    Civil War In this meeting of the Southern Historical Association great emphasis has been placed upon a re-examination of numerous phases of our history relating to the Civil War. While several papers have dealt with certain forces which helped bring about the Civil War, none has attempted a general synthesis of causes. This synthesis has been the task assumed by the retiring president of the Association. Before attempting to say what were the causes of the American Civil War, first let me say what were not the causes of this war. Perhaps the most beautiful, the most poetic, the most eloquent statement of what the Civil War was not fought for is Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. That address will ...
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  • Civil War - 2,395 words
    ... e sectional balance of power which, both New England and the South maintained, had been established by the three-fifths ratio clause in the Federal Constitution. The third and most dangerous phase of this sectionalism, perhaps the sine qua non of the Civil War, was the failure to observe what in international law is termed the comity of nations, and what we may by analogy designate as the comity of sections. That is, the people in one section failed in their language and conduct to respect the dignity and self-respect of the people in the other section. These three manifestations of sectionalism were so closely related that at times they can be segregated only in theory and for the sake ...
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  • Civil War - 880 words
    Civil War Albert Gallatin Brown, U.S. Senator from Mississippi, speaking with regard to the several filibuster expeditions to Central America: I want Cuba . . . I want Tamaulipas, Potosi, and one or two other Mexican States; and I want them all for the same reason -- for the planting and spreading of slavery. [Battle Cry of Freedom, p. 106.] Richmond Enquirer, 1856: Democratic liberty exists solely because we have slaves . . . freedom is not possible without slavery. Lawrence Keitt, Congressman from South Carolina, in a speech to the House on January 25, 1860: African slavery is the corner-stone of the industrial, social, and political fabric of the South; and whatever wars against it, wars ...
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  • Civil War - 611 words
    Civil War Anne Moraske 2/3/00 Professor Higgins Writing the Civil War The Civil War is not the most interesting aspect of the history of the United States. There have been events that have left a more lasting impression on Americans, which is peculiar because the Civil War really created the Nation that exists today. The most interesting part of the war is that it took place entirely in the United States and was predominately fought by Americans, yet most Americans think mostly of the World Wars and Vietnam in war discussions. The Civil War laid the foundation for the American way of thinking and governing, yet the actual war nearly ruined the whole country. The Constitution was created and ...
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  • Civil War - 1,210 words
    Civil War Small battles to big battles, no matter where it was fought, many of our soldiers died, for there side. There were many problems that lead to the Civil War. One issue was the spread of slavery to the west (the territory where they won from the Mexican War). The South claim that the slaves where properties and wanted to take there properties with them. The North didn't want that to happen. Also they wanted to make new states into slaves states and some into free states. Since they couldn't compromise there where conflicts between the two sides. The South wanted to break away from the states and make its own country. So then they declared war. The North wanted to fight because they k ...
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  • Civil War - 361 words
    Civil War Fatoorechi, Shiva Per. 5 H. History 11-10-99 The Civil War leads to the Glorious Revolution The civil war lasted from 1642 to 1649. Directly after the civil war came the Glorious Revolution, when James II was overthrown. Facts of history show us that the civil war was one of the main causes that lead to the glorious revolution. Many events occurred during the Civil war, which lead to the overthrow of James II. In 1641, the parliaments passed a law, which limited the royal power. Charles was furious, and he tried to arrest the parliament, but they escaped. A mob of Londoners raged out side of the palace. Charles fled to London, and found many followers. People there were loyal to hi ...
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  • Civil War - 3,726 words
    Civil War Before the civil war that tore the fabric of American life, there were three sections of American people with different economic, cultural and political attitudes. The balance of power was kept by different alliances, which came up in the pre-civil war period. The west was the balancing power and it was its shift that decided the course of American history. While it was allied with the south for economic reasons, a delicate balance was maintained. The minute the west allied with the north, the shift resulted in irreconcilable differences and led to war. The boundaries of the sections were very fluid but the basic sections in the 1840s-1860s were the north, which included New Englan ...
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  • Civil War - 3,706 words
    ... iority. They also feared competition from freed slaves for their trades. The economic viability of slavery is a debatable issue. Slavery as an efficient labor system was not feasible, as the slaves did not have enough compulsion to do more than would be extracted from them by force. Slavery made the souths economic system less flexible and progressive. The success of plantation agriculture hindered the growth of a more diversified economy. The reluctance of white men to work as a free labor force due to the social stigma attached to it meant that the economy never progressed beyond the rural character to industrialization uniformly. Huge profits were made by businessmen at the expense of ...
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  • Civil War - 791 words
    Civil War The Civil war rages, the War between the States has become known as the bloodiest war ever fought. The Civil War divided the United States between its Northern and Southern states. The battles lingered for long years, but the consequences of the war have endured time. The start of the war began with the firing on Ft. Sumter by the Southern states and lasted until General Robert E Lee surrendered his southern troops at Appomattox Court House in Virginia on April 9, 1865. The War pitted brother against brother in attempts to retain a way of life and thinking. Although there has not been agreement on the major causes of the War, this essay will explore possible immediate causes and lo ...
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  • Civil War Ap Paper - 940 words
    Civil War (Ap Paper) 02-23-2001 The name Civil War is misleading because the war was not a class struggle, but a sectional combat, having its roots in political, economic, social, and psychological elements. It has been characterized, in the words of William H. Seward, as the irrepressible conflict. In another judgment the Civil War was viewed as criminally stupid, an unnecessary bloodletting brought on by arrogant extremists and blundering politicians. Both views accept the fact that in 1861 there existed a situation that, rightly or wrongly, had come to be regarded as insoluble by peaceful means. In the days of the American Revolution and of the adoption of the Constitution, differences be ...
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  • Civil War Battles - 313 words
    Civil War Battles Civil War Battles- Bull Run, Shiloh and Vicksburg The American Civil War- 1861 to 1895. A terrible four years. Four years of victory, defeat and death. Though, without it where would the United States of America be? Pulled apart or reconstructed and as one? When asked what is the Civil War people are most likely to say a war fought between the north and the south. Then when asked why they say because the north and the south had opposite views on subjects. Their answers are right. However when asked what happened in Vicksburg or Shiloh or even Bull Run few know. First Manassas or Bull Run was and important battle for the Yanks. If they beat the confederates Lees defense stra ...
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  • Civil War Definitions - 725 words
    Civil War Definitions Confederacy - The Southern Power in the civil war. Fort Sumter - It was attacked by a rebels on April 12th. 1861 this in effect was what started the war. Jefferson Davis - president of the confederacy in 1861, ordered the attack on Fort Sumter. Robert E. Lee - one of the top U.S. officers who chose to fight for the confederacy because of his family and state. Richmond - the Confederate Capital, the main target for the north. Trent Affair - Two Confederate diplomats on their way to Britain on a British steamer were captured by a United States Warship. When Britain found out about this they forced Lincoln to either release the captives or the would go to war. Lincoln back ...
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