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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: central intelligence agency

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  • Aliens - 1,911 words
    Aliens -- Copyright Information -- 1999 SIRS Mandarin, Inc. -- SIRS Researcher Spring 1999 Title: Scientists: UFO Reports May Be Worth Evaluating Author: Michelle Levander Source: San Jose Mercury News (San Jose, CA) Publication Date: June 28, 1998 Page Number(s): n.p. --------------------------- SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS (San Jose, Calif.) June 28, 1998, n.p. (c) 1998, Knight-Ridder Newspapers. Distributed by Knight-Ridder/Tribune Information Services. SCIENTISTS: UFO REPORTS MAY BE WORTH EVALUATING by Michelle Levander Mercury News Staff Writer For more than 50 years, UFO investigators have scoured the skies for signs of alien life--completely snubbed by the scientific community as cranks. Bu ...
    Related: aliens, central intelligence agency, stanford university, staff writer, rockefeller
  • As A Tool For National Security, Counterintelligence Is As Important As The Armed Services, If Not More So By Definition, Cou - 1,129 words
    As a tool for national security, counterintelligence is as important as the armed services, if not more so. By definition, counterintelligence means to counter the information gathering efforts of a hostile intelligence agency. Along side its sister service, intelligence, counter intelligence, helps defend a nation from both internal and external aggression. This is generally done by guarding information storage sites, or by capturing enemy spies. Also, counterintelligence is interchangeably used with counterespionage. Counterintelligence is generally considered the younger, less attractive sister agency to intelligence. While Intelligence is considered to have a gentlemanly air about it; co ...
    Related: armed, counterintelligence, more successful, national intelligence, national security, national strategy
  • Bay Of Pigs - 1,386 words
    BAY OF PIGS It seems that the United States has been one of the most dominant, if not the most dominant, countries in the world, since the Declaration of Independence. Yet, on Monday, April 17, 1961, our government experienced incredible criticism and extreme embarrassment when Fidel Castro, dictator of Cuba, instantly stopped an invasion on the Cuban beach known as the Bay of Pigs. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, his advisors, and many Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officials, made the largest error of their political careers. Once the decision was made to invade Cuba, to end Castro and his Communist government, Kennedy and his administration were never looked at in the same light nor ...
    Related: bay of pigs, bay of pigs invasion, pigs, pigs invasion, united states government
  • Bay Of Pigs 10 Pages - 1,112 words
    ... g the Bay of Pigs. The morning before the invasion, April 15, 1961, he ordered a nationwide alert (Goode, Stephen 80). On April 14, 1961, the Liberation Army set sail on six ships from Nicaragua. The Army consisted of about 1,500 troops and they had approximately five tanks, eighteen mortars, fifteen recoilless rifles, four flame-throwers, twelve rocket launchers, twelve landing crafts, and five freighters to do battle with (Robinson, Linda 54). The next day, the first strike was made on Cuba. The strike was good for the Army because it destroyed at least half of Castros planes, including B-26s, Sea Furies, and T-33 jet trainers (Goode, Stephen 80). This was an early attack on Cuba, and ...
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  • Caribian Crisis - 1,830 words
    ... to direct opposition activities, and to provide cover for Agency operations. b. A propaganda offensive in the name of the opposition. c. Creation inside Cuba of a clandestine intelligence collection and action apparatus to be responsive to the direction of the exile organization. d. Development outside Cuba of a small paramilitary force to be introduced into Cuba to organize, train, and lead resistance groups.5 Eisenhower also approved the budget for the operation, which totaled $4, 400,000. This included Political action, $950,000; propaganda, $1,700,000; paramilitary, $1,500,000; intelligence collection, $250,000.6 The plan was to train Cuban exiles, which would serve as a cover for ac ...
    Related: crisis, cuban missile crisis, missile crisis, latin american, national policy
  • Chapter 27 Outline - 1,006 words
    Chapter 27 Outline Vlad Smerkis Chapter 27 The Politic of Conflict and Hope (1960 - 1969) 1. Kennedy and the Cold War a. A Narrow Victory i. Kennedy and Nixon had entered Congress in the same year - 1946. ii. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts was the son of a very wealthy businessman and ambassador. iii. In contrast, Richard Nixon was always an outsider in the world of wealth and power. iv. Both Candidates pledged to build up the nation's military might and ensure continued prosperity. v. Kennedy's Catholicism posed one of the great questions about the campaign. vi. On Election Day 69 million votes were cast. b. Fighting the Cold War i. The cold war and its many dangers - arms races, competit ...
    Related: outline, lyndon johnson, bay of pigs, harvey oswald, harvey
  • Cold War Paper - 1,201 words
    Cold War Paper The role of America at the end of World War II was where the origins of policing the world originate. America had been engaged in a very costly war in terms of dollars as well as lives. But, despite the expense the United States came out of World War II better than any other nation that was involved. The Second World War was a battle between the Allied and Axis Powers. The Allied Powers consisted of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, China, and France. This war was seen as the fight against Nazi Germany, and therefore resulted in a majority of the battles fought on German and Russian soil. The aftermath left the Soviet Union in bad shape. Close to twenty milli ...
    Related: cold war, gross national product, axis powers, personal freedom, competent
  • Cuban Missile Crisis - 1,000 words
    Cuban Missile Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis During the administration of United States President John F. Kennedy, the Cold War reached its most dangerous state, and the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) came to the edge of nuclear war in what was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. What was the Cold War? What started the tensions between the United States and the USSR? What actions were taken and how were the problems resolved? All of these questions and more shall be answered in this paper. The Cold War was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union. Although direct military conflict never took place, diplomatic and economic struggle ...
    Related: crisis, cuban, cuban missile, cuban missile crisis, missile, missile crisis
  • Development Of Spy Planes - 1,595 words
    Development Of Spy Planes Development of Spy Aircraft 21 February 2000 Since the beginning of time there has always been conflict and inevitably war. Because of war, it is logical that enemies would seek out information about each other in order to increase their own chances of survival. Reconnaissance would be the proper terminology for gathering this information. There are many ways in which to gather reconnaissance, however I am going to talk about aerial reconnaissance and the use of spy aircraft as a method of acquiring important information. The first documented evidence of aerial reconnaissance was in 1794 when Captain J.M.J. used his captive balloon to observe his enemy at the Battle ...
    Related: united states government, world war ii, intelligence gathering, nasa, notes
  • Engl: Book Critique Mark Posters The Mode Of Information - 1,359 words
    ... n of traditional Japanese cultural values with American consumer culture. In fact, anywhere where capitalism and consumer culture exist, we can find evidence of what could be seen as the de-centering of identity via the messages and demands of new Media. The individual "freedom" which Poster believes a de-centering of cultural identity via new Media entails raises some doubts questionable, however. Poster believes that through this de-centering force, individuals gain "freedom" from pre-conceived notions of their potential identity and place in the world. Thus the "de-centering" of their previously ordained identity ( ordained in the sense in which it is established for them by their soc ...
    Related: book critique, critique, mark, mode, american consumer
  • Foreign Policy - 1,122 words
    Foreign Policy The United States outlook on foreign policy affairs after World War II was influenced by the fear of communist expansionism rather than establishing foreign relations with each country. The U.S. found itself with a conflict between its profound belief in the constitution and democracy and a need for domestic and national security. In 1947, the National Security Act authorized the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency. Its role was to protect domestic security and oversee national relations. Following World War II the Cold War intensified and the anti communist sentiment consumed our country. The actions of the CIA conflicted with that of the constitution and the morality ...
    Related: american foreign, american foreign policy, foreign policy, foreign relations, states foreign, states policy, united states foreign
  • From Heaven To Hell - 2,032 words
    ... to his presidency and thus revolution. In 1950, the people of Guatemala elected Arbenz to be the next President of Guatemala. The following year on March 15, 1951 Arvalo left office. Unfortunately, Arvalo did not leave optimistically. Indeed, Arvalo was worried and quite pessimistic about the future of the revolution. "Prophetically, Arvalos greatest concern was not for the forces of conservatism from within, but for how perishable, frail and slippery the brilliant international doctrines of democracy and freedom were." He realized that much of the fuel for the revolution had met powerful resistance from conservative forces, and while he made possible future reforms, the revolution was f ...
    Related: liberation movement, amnesty international, central intelligence, yield, marie
  • George Bush - 619 words
    George Bush George Bush Forty-First President 1989-1993 George Bush brought to the White House a dedication to traditional American values and a determination to direct them toward making the United States a kinder and gentler nation. In his Inaugural Address he pledged in a moment rich with promise to use American strength as a force for good. Coming from a family with a tradition of public service, George Herbert Walker Bush felt the responsibility to make his contribution both in time of war and in peace. Born in Milton, Massachusetts, on June 12, 1924, he became a student leader at Phillips Academy in Andover. On his 18th birthday he enlisted in the armed forces. The youngest pilot in th ...
    Related: bush, george bush, george herbert, george herbert walker bush, president bush, walker bush
  • In November 1960, At The Age Of 43, John F Kennedy Became The Youngest Man Ever Elected President Of The United States Theodo - 2,098 words
    ... was in May. In the spring of 1961 the Bay of Pigs near Havana, Cuba, was invaded by opponents of Cuba's Communist premier, Fidel Castro. The rebels were defeated quickly. The invasion had been aided by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Kennedy was criticized by some for having approved the CIA's support of the invasion. Others blamed him for the operation's failure. Kennedy met with Premier Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union in Vienna in June to discuss the German question. The conference did not alter Communist goals. The Berlin Wall was built in August Domestic and Latin American Affairs At home Kennedy won Congressional approval of a number of his proposals, incl ...
    Related: department of state, jacqueline kennedy, john f kennedy, john kennedy, kennedy, organization of american states oas, president abraham
  • In Past Centuries, Angola Was Among The Areas Mostdevastated By The Slave Trade In Recent Decades, It Has Been Afflicted With - 1,201 words
    In past centuries, Angola was among the areas most-devastated by the slave trade. In recent decades, it has been afflicted with wars. However, in both eras, much of the violence was driven by powerful external forces. This is because Angola, with an abundance of oil and other resources, could develop into a very prosperous country if led and controlled by the right power. In 1975 Angola was released from colonialism by Portugal. This pivotal event in history sparked the beginning of a massive conflict between many of the key players in world power. These key players included the United States, Cuba, China, and the Soviet Union. After reading three separate accounts of the crisis in Angola (U ...
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  • In The Post Wwii Era - 1,141 words
    ... The United States was out to better their own country, and all the while not promoting any kind of unity between the superpowers, something that democracy is supposed to be all about. Undoubtedly, one of the more important Cold War origins belonged to the region of Eastern Europe, where turmoil between the Western powers and Russia lasted for decades. Russia, sacrificing so much to stop Hitler, desperately wanted the countries of Eastern Europe, with an emphasis on Poland. On the other hand, the United States demanded that Poland be a democracy where free elections would be held. This is certainly where the Cold War escalates, as Russia breaks a promise to uphold free elections in Polan ...
    Related: wwii, east germany, human rights, central intelligence, atomic
  • Internet Security Many People Today Are Familiar With The Internet And Its Use A Large Number Of Its Users However, Are Not A - 1,847 words
    Internet Security Many people today are familiar with the Internet and its use. A large number of its users however, are not aware of the security problems they face when using the Internet. Most users feel they are anonymous when on-line, yet in actuality they are not. There are some very easy ways to protect the user from future problems. The Internet has brought many advantages to its users but has also created some major problems. Most people believe that they are anonymous when they are using the Internet. Because of this thinking, they are not careful with what they do and where they go when on the net. Security is a major issue with the Internet because the general public now has acce ...
    Related: computer security, familiar, internet browser, internet security, national security, people believe, phone number
  • Iran Contra - 1,269 words
    Iran Contra Iran Contra: Hidden Policy In 1922 President Franklin Roosevelt introduced the "Good Neighbor" Policy. This policy was created to keep the United States from getting involved in problems that could and would occur in Central America. This policy, however, did not stop many government agencies from interfering and creating a few new problems for United States neighbors. Of course, all of this was done in an aim to better the political position of the United States. In 1953, the Central Intelligence Agency created a rumor of an assassination attempt in Guatemala to run the corrupt government out of the country. This is a perfect example of the United States sidestepping policy and ...
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  • Irancontra - 1,005 words
    Iran-Contra The Iran-Contra affair is not one scandalous incident, but rather two covert operations started under Reagan's administration. In the beginning, these two operations were independent of each other, but eventually became linked though funds received from the sale of arms to Iran for hostages and then given to the Contras fighting to overthrow a Marxist government in Nicaragua. The scandal began with Nicaraguan politics. After the Marxist Sandinista regime took over Nicaragua in 1979, the government was faced with a growing communist threat to US interest in Central America. When President Reagan took office in 1981, he was vehemently determined to halt the spread of communism, esp ...
    Related: national security, in another country, military power, draper, trading
  • Irancontra Affair - 1,557 words
    Iran-Contra Affair Iran-Contra Affair Iran-Contra: Crossing That Line "I think everyone knew we were walking a very thin line."(Owen) Not many Americans know the truth that lies behind the Iran-Contra scandals. Most would be surprised to know about the deception of our leaders. Still today, some truth of Iran-Contra lies hidden in the conscience of the people who organized it, aided it, and went through with it. It started with good intentions, but soon was corrupted. Some may argue that we must do what we can to smother the flame of communism, but I believe that deception, abuse of power and bloodshed is no way to go about it. To fully understand Iran-Contra, you must know the history behin ...
    Related: affair, oliver north, supreme court, security advisor, television
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