Live chat

Research paper topics, free example research papers

Free research papers and essays on topics related to: cash flow

  • 53 results found, view research papers on page:
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • A Risk Neutral Framework For The Pricing Of Credit Derivatives - 1,578 words
    ... A or B (6) The probabilities of transition from period 2 to period 3 are obtained as: {RN}02 {RN}23 = {RN}03 Where {RN}ij is the risk-neutral transition matrix from period i to period j Thus, {RN}23 = {RN}-102 {RN}03 Table -6 shows the risk neutral probabilities of transition from period 2 to period 3. From this table, it can be seen that P (F / EA ) = 0.074 and P (F / EB ) = 0.176. In addition, we know that P(EA) = 0.181 and P(EB) = 0.530 (refer Table -5a). Thus, the risk-neutral probability that Rs. 100 is received in period 3 is 0.074 x 0.181 + 0.176 x 0.530 = 0.107 The value of the derivative is obtained as 20.76 Table-6 Risk neutral probabilities of transition from period 2 to perio ...
    Related: credit, credit risk, derivatives, framework, neutral, pricing, rate risk
  • Abex Chemicals, Inc - 1,129 words
    Abex Chemicals, Inc. ABEX Chemicals, Inc. ABEX Chemicals, Inc. adalah salah saru produsen utama dari petrochemicals (terutama polyethylene). Selama 8 tahun terakhir ABEX menguasai kurang lebih 25% pangsa pasar petrochemical di Amerika Serikat. Namun demikian, persaingan dalam industri ini nampaknya akan semakin ketat, terutama dengan terjadinya ekspansi yang sangat agresif, dan kemungkinan akan terjadinya resesi pada satu sampai dua tahun mendatang. Berdasarkan analisis statistik, harga petrochemical yang diproduksi oleh ABEX diperkirakan akan terus menurun pada 12 hingga 18 bulan kedepan. Hal ini akan meningkatkan credit risk perusahaan ini. Harga saham ABEX baru-baru ini juga mengalami pen ...
    Related: short term, stock price, book value, sales, trend
  • Abex Chemicals, Inc - 1,160 words
    ... t term yang diberikan semakin lunak untuk membuat produk menjadi lebih attraktif. ABEX Corporation mempunyai tingkat sales yang meningkat tajam pada year 8 akibat naiknya harga jual per unit petrochemical. Kenaikan harga ini membuat sales meningkat tajam (lebih dari 100%) yang kemudian berakhir pada tingkat receivable yang juga meningkat. Receivable yang tinggi ini kemungkinan besar diakibatkan oleh penjualan petrochemical dibandingkan dengan pipelines yang salesnya stabil. Kemungkinan penyebab lain adalah buruknya usaha penagihan yang dilakukan oleh ABEX terhadap outstanding receivablesnya dan adanya penundaan dari customernya sendiri untuk melakukan pelunasan receivable ABEX. Kemungkin ...
    Related: life cycle, financial risk, cash flow, coupon, operation
  • Accounting Erp - 1,962 words
    Accounting Erp Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)- These systems break from the Assets=L+E scheme. ERP systems do not have the preparation of financial statements as their primary goal. Many ERP vendors stress an objective of inputting data only once and using it to generate various views. ERP vendors stress the process focus of their products. The software can span across functional borders, enabling integration of data and information flows. ERP systems can also support a variety of tasks including supply chain management, inventory management, logistics, human resource manganement, finance, accounting, manufacturing planning, sales, and distribution. However, these systems are often infle ...
    Related: accounting, mergers and acquisitions, competitive advantage, information technology, consolidation
  • Adc Telecommunications Financial Ratio Analasis - 1,403 words
    Adc Telecommunications Financial Ratio Analasis Accounting 6000 Financial Statement Analysis ADC Telecommunications October 29, 2000 Corporate Background ADC Telecommunications (ADCT) is a communication equipment manufacturer located in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Since 1952, the company has successfully weathered the tumultuous transformation process of technology. Today, ADC Telecommunications exclusively focuses on manufacturing computer-networking equipment. Increasing demand for fiber optic transmission systems like asynchronous transfer mode (ATM), synchronous optical networks (SONET) and most wireless communications systems, provide significant opportunities for ADCT. The company cur ...
    Related: current ratio, financial ratios, financial statement, quick ratio, ratio, telecommunications, turnover ratio
  • Asian Financial Crisis - 1,036 words
    Asian Financial Crisis Have you ever been in a situation where you were low cash and in debt? Well, I know I have. I remember one time when I had used up all of my money for the month, and owed, at the same time, my sister ten dollars. Boy, that was pure hell. You cant buy anything, and you feel like you have no control over anything. Well, imagine an entire continent in a financial rut. That is what is currently going on in Asia. This dilemma is known as the Asian Financial Crisis. Now, what exactly is the Asian Financial Crisis? Well, it is the current imbalance of Asias economy. While some areas are doing great, most areas are poor and economically unstable . Currency value has gone down ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian financial, asian financial crisis, crisis, financial crisis
  • Athletes Salaries - 1,972 words
    Athletes Salaries What should athletes deserve to be paid? Many players have risen to stardom by becoming a professional athlete. Athletes have come from many different backgrounds; some from wealthy and some from poverty raised backgrounds. Salaries are continuing to rise, and money doesn't seem to be an issue. Athletes are getting what they want from the owners by negotiating through their agents. Athletes' salaries aren't from their owners, but they come from other sources ("Athletes' Salary"). Athletes get paid an extremely high salary for the work they do, and should consider the value of their work. They do not deserve the extreme amount they get paid and something should by done about ...
    Related: last year, chicago tribune, high school, basketball, teams
  • Bristolmyers Squibb - 1,824 words
    Bristol-Myers Squibb Michael Zouroudis Cornerstone student in the College of Business Administration University of Central Florida October 15, 1999 Table of Contents Section Introduction/Executive Summary........................................... .................................................. ...................3 Background........................................ .................................................. .................................................. ......4 Marketing Product/Service................................... .................................................. .............................6 Place/Distribution................................ ................................. ...
    Related: squibb, business world, highest level, vice president, plant
  • Business Plan - 3,404 words
    Business Plan Primary and Secondary Mkt. WORKSHOP INTRODUCTION: THE BUSINESS PLAN 9/97 ROAD MAP TO SUCCESS WORKBOOK Training Module - 2 WORKSHOP OBJECTIVES By the end of this workshop, you should be able to: * Understand the role of the business plan. * List several reasons for developing a business plan. * Identify sources where you can get help in developing a business plan. * Identify the type of information to include in the business plan. * Prepare an outline for a business plan. THE BUSINESS PLAN - BUSINESS PLAN OUTLINE Below is an outline for a business plan. Use this model as a guide when developing the business plan for your business. Elements of a Business Plan 1. Cover sheet 2. St ...
    Related: business advertising, business owner, business plan, business type, business venture, independent business, management plan
  • Business Plan - 3,247 words
    ... Services 1. List the customer services we provide: a. b. c. 2. These are our sales/credit terms: a. b. c. 3. The competition offers the following services: a. b. c. E. Advertising/Promotion 1. These are the things we wish to say about the business: 2. We will use the following advertising/promotion sources: 1. Television 2. Radio 3. Direct mail 4. Personal contacts 5. Trade associations 6. Newspaper 7. Magazines 8. Yellow Pages 9. Billboard 10. Other 3. The following are the reasons why we consider the media we have chosen to be the most effective: MARKETING TIPS, TRICKS & TRAPS 1. Marketing Steps * Classifying Your Customers' Needs * ...
    Related: action plan, business & management, business administration, business development, business history, business information, business marketing
  • Capitalism In America - 1,472 words
    ... ender their applications and software compatible with the parameters contrived by Microsoft. Consequently, these competitors must always at the mercy of changes made by Microsoft. This limits the ability of these companies to plan for the long run. As stated by Gary Reback, the attorney for the competitors of Microsoft filing a suit against the corporation, Microsoft retains a monopoly of the operating system in personal computers, which, essentially, is the brain. This brain controls the arms and legs of the computer (software) and inherently controls the arms and legs of the industry that are the competitive firms. Reback, the firms, and many others deem this kind of control unlawful, ...
    Related: america, capitalism, fiscal year, microsoft corporation, centralized
  • Case Study - 1,377 words
    ... l be eliminated, which results to more profit for the retailer and P&G. Secondly, if P&G operates as much as possible direct with the retailer, it will be me more up to date in the need of the buyers. That will automatically result in improvement of the marketing department. The channel choice will be then horizontal as stated following: Manufacturer, P&GAgent&# 61614;Retailerconsumer Promotion Saving actions, price questions, gift-articles, demonstrations and other forms of sales promotion influences positive the chance of purchasing. One knows that old people would like to be young and young people would like to be older. I ...
    Related: case study, marketing research, marketing plan, international marketing, assume
  • Colgate In Argentina - 2,238 words
    Colgate In Argentina Introduction Colgate was founded in the United States in 1806 and for the first 100 years, its business focus was only there. However, in the very early 1900's, the Company began a very aggressive expansion program that led to the establishment of Colgate operations throughout the world. Today, Colgate-Palmolive is a $9 billion company, marketing its products in over 200 countries and territories under such internationally recognized brand names as Colgate, Palmolive, Ajax, Fab, and Mennen as well as Hill's Science Diet and Hill's Prescription Diet. Colgate Total is considered the greatest evolution in toothpaste since the introduction of fluoride. This highly effective ...
    Related: argentina, colgate, development strategies, urban areas, performing
  • Corporate Downsizing - 1,219 words
    Corporate Downsizing Introduction The U.S. economy was at the height of economic expansion, stocks were near all time highs, corporate profits were strong, and the unemployment rate was at its lowest in two decades. At the same time, the major corporations in the United States were firing workers by the hundreds of thousands, and job insecurity had risen to an extremely high level. What was also ironic was the fact that the corporations who were initiating the downsizings were considered to be some of the strongest and most profitable in the country. Although these events seem to be inconsistent, this is what has happened throughout the decade of the 1990's. Traditionally, downsizing was a d ...
    Related: corporate, downsizing, cash flow, middle managers, authors
  • Depreciation - 1,165 words
    Depreciation Information about cash flows can influence decision makers in many ways . For example , if a companys regular operations bring in more cash than it uses , investors will value the company higher than if property and equipment must be sold to finance operations . Information about cash flow can help creditors decide whether a company will have enough cash to pay its debts as they mature. Management and investors use cash flow information to evaluate a companys ability to meet unexpected obligations . Cash flow information is also used to evaluate companys ability to take advantage of new business opportunities that may arise. In November 1987, the FASB issued Statement of Financi ...
    Related: depreciation, short term, income statement, different ways, stock
  • Depreciation - 911 words
    ... loss. 4 The proceeds from issuing 3,000 shares of common stock was $15,000. 5- The $16,000 gain on retirement of bonds resulted from paying $18,000 to retire bonds with a book value of $34,000. 6- Cash dividends of $14,000 were declared and paid. GROVER COMPANY Balance sheet December 31, 1990 and 1989 1990 1989 Assets Current Assets: Cash $ 17,000 $ 12,000 Accounts Receivable 60,000 40,000 Merchandise Inventory 84,000 70,000 Prepaid Expenses 6,000 4,000 Total Current Assets $ 167,000 $ 126,000 Long Term Assets: Plant Assets $250,000 $210,000 Less: accumulated depreciation 60,000 190,000 48,000 162,000 Total Assets: $357,000 $288,000 Liabilities Current Liabilities: Accounts Payable $ 35 ...
    Related: depreciation, goods sold, income taxes, income tax, merchandise
  • Duration, Sensitivity And Pla In Bonds - 608 words
    Duration, Sensitivity And Pla In Bonds Subject: DURATION, SENSITIVITY AND PLA IN BONDS ---------- I would like to help some of you with a general explanation on how to calculate sensitivity and PLA in bonds. Many of you may know these issues, but I prefered to send a general message. Please disregard this CM if this is your case. The market factor (what generates the risk) in a bond, is the yield (the interest rate embedded in the investment). This means that the Position Sensitivity should relate to changes in yields. This sensitivities, then, multiplied by the volatility of the yields, would give us the PLA associated with the bond positions (expected portential loss if the yield moves aga ...
    Related: sensitivity, interest rate, cash flow, square root, tenor
  • Efficient Market Theory: A Contradiction Of Terms - 760 words
    Efficient Market Theory: A Contradiction of Terms Table of Contents Table of Contents i Abstract 2 Discussion 1-1 References A-1 Abstract According to the Efficient Market Theory, it should be extremely difficult for an investor to develop a "system" that consistently selects stocks that exhibit higher than normal returns over a period of time. It should also not be possible for a company to "cook the books" to misrepresent the value of stocks and bonds. An analysis of current literature, however, indicates that companies can and do "beat the system" and manipulate information to make stocks appear to perform above average. An understanding of the underlying inefficient "human" factors in th ...
    Related: contradiction, efficient, market, market value, accounting practices
  • Endeering Day Spa Marketing Plan - 1,414 words
    ... apartment complexes in Maryland Heights. This is where the majority of our target market lives. The ads will include coupons for discounted or free services in an effort to build an initial client base. Our research has shown that word of mouth is the best advertising for this type of business. We will also ask clients for referrals, and reward them with discounted or free services depending on the number of clients they bring. We will also offer discounts to the new clients who have been referred. There are plans for a drawing that will offer a free trip to, say, Cancun. A client would simply refer new clients to us, and we will place a card in a box for each client he or she brings. Th ...
    Related: marketing, marketing plan, college students, swot analysis, sales
  • Fantasy Rock Business Report - 1,573 words
    ... he store. Radio is most effective, followed by local print media. The local stations that we are currently at placing advertisements on are of the most popular between college students, and more stations including music that a family would listen to. The stations that apply to college students are Power 92.3, 93.3, 104.7, and 106.3. All these radio station have a pretty cheap rate for airtime. A simple advertisement placement cost about $0.98 a minute. To reach our families and business customers we will have advertisements on Cool 94.5. They charge a rate of $0.78 a minute. These prices are well reachable for our small business as advertisements. All these station play a variety of Rock ...
    Related: business report, fantasy, hard rock, rock, rock music, small business
  • 53 results found, view research papers on page:
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3