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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: capital city

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  • On The First Day Of November In 1755, Which Is Regarded As All Saints Day, In Lisbon, The Capital City Of Portugal, A Pernici - 656 words
    On the first day of November in 1755, which is regarded as All Saints Day, in Lisbon, the capital city of Portugal, a pernicious earthquake struck the city and killed nearly fifteen thousand people. The survivors of this catastrophe began searching for an explanation of this event. Since this catastrophe occurred at the very time when Western thinkers were beginning to question the traditional idea that everything was an act of God and attempted to discover logical reasons for every event that occurred, it seemed there would be no one better to answer the survivors' questions than enlightened intellectuals such as Voltaire, Diderot, Hume, and D'Holbach. These philosophes typically believed t ...
    Related: capital city, catholic church, people believe, roman catholic, enlightenment
  • A Hill Of Fury: - 846 words
    A Hill of Fury: Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat Island After 400 years of quiet slumber, the Soufriere Hills volcano on the tiny island of Montserrat in the Carribean Sea (Figure 1), came to life in the summer of 1997. The eruptions threatened the original 11,000 residents of the island and even today continue to be a nuisance to the remaining 4,000 people who refuse to leave the island, despite warnings of impending danger. At least 20 people have already been killed, and several villages destroyed. The Montserrat Volcano Observatory analyzes the active volcano and provides information to scientists and residents of the island (Montserrat Volcano Observatory 12). The worst of the erupti ...
    Related: hill, volcanic eruptions, human life, national geographic, beneath
  • A Summary Of Portugese History In Ceylon 15061631 - 1,200 words
    A summary of Portugese History in Ceylon (1506-1631) A Summary of Portugese History in Ceylon (1506-1631) The first Portuguese visiting Ceylon was Dom Lourenço de Almeida in 1505 or 1506. Accidentally, after a storm, adverse winds drove him to the island's coast near Galle. In the last months of the years 1505 or 1506 Dom Lourenço's fleet anchored off Colombo. A memorial of this first landing was erected on a boulder overlooking the Bay of Colombo.The Portuguese called it a "Padrao" and a cross above the Royal Arms of Portugal surmounted it. This landmark was still seen in 1920 (now?) bearing the inexplicable date of 1501.This first expedition admittedly built a wooden chapel a ...
    Related: ceylon, history, summary, king philip, santa barbara
  • Amenhotep Iv - 2,420 words
    ... man who enjoys intellectual pleasures over traditional manly pleasures such as hunting. A young man who may not be strong and sure of himself as ruler. Yet there are those around him, priests of Amen, who are strong politically and financially and wish to stay that way. No matter who is in power. Will this situation have an affect on the reign of Akhenaten? His first few years show no great revolutionary intentions. He makes his sister Nefertity his queen. Like his mother, his queen is a strong and influential woman. She appears almost trice as many times as her husband in the talatats. And she is seen holding a sword or club. We will discuss the role of Akhenaten and his family life lat ...
    Related: amenhotep, different types, state policy, foreign affairs, goddess
  • Ancient Civilization - 1,498 words
    Ancient Civilization Describe Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures. What were the main characteristics of each? The Paleolithic Old Stone era began in about 40,000 - 10,000 B. C. The beginning of this period was marked by the first human hunter-gatherer societies. Hunting, fishing, and gathering of fruits and nuts were the main economic endeavors at the time. The responsibilities in these hunter-gathering societies were shared. The men of this period did the very dangerous hunting of large wild animals like bison and reindeer, while women gatherer fruits and nuts for an entire year. The small communities of 25-50 people came to consensus on decisions and ideas were shared. The extended family ...
    Related: civilization, epic of gilgamesh, men and women, religion & politics, irrigation
  • Arabisraeli Conflict - 1,016 words
    ... void. Zionists urged the Arab inhabitants of Israel to "play their part in the development of the state, on the basis of full and equal citizenship". But many Palestinians distrusted the Zionists and looked to their Arab neighbors for help. In 1947-48, a war ensued between the Israel and the Arab nations. The Arab armies, underestimating the Israeli forces and determination, were defeated. From the Arabs perspective, their defeat in Palestine humiliated their armies and discredited their regimes. The UN secured several cease-fires, each time fighting resumed; finally an armistice between each Arab country and Israel was agreed upon separately, after Israel had pushed Arab forces out of t ...
    Related: palestinian refugees, first week, suez canal, hoping, acceptable
  • Aztec Empire History - 1,498 words
    Aztec Empire History The Aztec Empire History The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge,oval basin about 7,500 feet above sea level. The Aztecs were formed afterthe Toltec civilization occurred when hundreds of civilians came towards Lake Texcoco. In the swamplands there was only one piece of land to farm on and it was totally surrounded by more marshes. The Aztec families somehow converted these disadvantages to a mighty empire known as the Aztec Empire. People say the empire was partially formed by a deeply believed legend. As the legend went, it said that Aztec people would create an empire in a swampy place where they would see an eagle eating a snake, while p ...
    Related: aztec, aztec civilization, aztec empire, aztec religion, empire, history
  • Begun As A War Between South Korea Republic Of Korea And North Korea Democratic Peoples Republic Of Korea, After The Norths I - 1,625 words
    Begun as a war between South Korea (Republic of Korea) and North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), after the North's invasion of the South, the conflict swiftly developed into a limited international war involving the U.S. and 19 other nations. From a general viewpoint, the Korean War was one of the by-products of the cold war, the global political and diplomatic struggle between the Communist and non-Communist systems following World War II. The motives behind North Korea's decision to attack South Korea, however, had as much to do with internal Korean politics north and south of the 38th parallel (the boundary between the two republics) as with the cold war. Contrary to the pr ...
    Related: begun, democratic people, korea, north korea, north korean, people's republic of china, peoples republic
  • Belize - 1,210 words
    Belize History Belize was once part of the Maya civilization; Cortes probably traversed the region on his way Hondura. The Spanish did not colonize the are. Buccaneers founded Belize City in the early 1600's and were followed by British Jamaicans, who exploited its timber. Spain long contested British possession, but in 1859 Guatemala and Britain agreed on British Honduras's boundaries. In 1940 Guatemala declared the agreement invalid. British Honduras was granted internal self-government in 1964, but full independence was delayed by Guatemala's claim. Negotiations appeared to resolve that problem, though, and on September 21, 1981, British Honduras, as Belize, became the last British crown ...
    Related: belize, west bank, capital city, governor general, citrus
  • California - 1,064 words
    California California was the 31st state, which received its statehood on Sept. 9, 1850 , and nickname is the Golden State. The bird is the California Valley Quail; the flower is the golden poppy; the tree is the California Redwood; and the state motto is Eureka (I have Found It). There are many sights to see in the state of California. Besides all the big metropolitan cities, there is the Golden Gate Bridge, Chinatown, and Fishermans Wharf in San Francisco. Also there is the San Diego Zoo, Sea World, Yosemite and Sequoia National Park, and any of the mountains in the northern part of the state. In addition to that, you can see Disneyland and the countless numbers of television and movie stu ...
    Related: california, california coast, northern california, southern california, central valley
  • Colonialism In Nigeria - 977 words
    Colonialism in Nigeria The earliest known documentation of Nigeria is that it was the sight of a group of organized states called Hausa. The earliest Nigerians were the Nok people. These Noks were skilled artisans, but they didnt last long. The Noks had disappeared by the second millennium. The Southwest region of Lake Chad, Africa was ruled by the Kanem-Bornu during the 8th century. By the 1300s, the empire of Kanem-Bornu was a flourishing center of Islamic culture, rivaling Mali in the west. As this African kingdom began to stagnate, the western states fell under the rule of Songhai and the empire fell in result. During the 15th century, Nigeria was a very prosperous country with great cul ...
    Related: colonialism, nigeria, capital city, federal republic, flourishing
  • Crusades - 1,040 words
    Crusades In the Middle Ages, Christians considered Palestine the Holy Land because it was where Jesus had lived and taught. The Arabs had conquered Palestine in the 600s. Most Arabs were Muslims, but they usually tolerated other religions. Jews and Christians who paid their taxes and observed other regulations were free to live in Palestine and practice their own religion. The Arab rulers didnt usually interfere with Christian pilgrims visiting Palestine, and European traders could generally do business there. During the 1000s the Seljuk Turks, people from central Asia who had adopted the Muslim faith, conquered Palestine and attacked Asia Minor, which was part of the Byzantine Empire. When ...
    Related: crusades, first crusade, second crusade, philip augustus, holy roman emperor
  • Death Penalty - 1,119 words
    Death Penalty Many people will argue that capital punishment is inappropriate as a proper means of punishment for murder and rape. The truth is the death penalty is the most effective form of retributive justice for those crimes. The death penalty is a fitting punishment for violent crime because executions maximize public safety through a form of incapacitation and deterrence. The death penalty has been around since the days of Moses and it is still around today. The reason for this is simply because it works. The Jews believe that the death penalty was God-given and therefore a necessary part of their religious and judicial system. The Jews use the death penalty to punish such grotesque of ...
    Related: death penalty, penalty, before christ, lethal injection, adequate
  • Eco Tourism In Costa Rica - 250 words
    Eco Tourism In Costa Rica The Republic of Costa Rica is in the midst of a dramatic transition from a small, Central American nation known for its bananas and good coffee into a gateway for international commerce between Latin America and the rest of the world and a well traveled, if not over traveled, tourist destination--and rightfully so. Costa Rica is a highly attractive country filled with beautiful mountain ranges, undisturbed beaches and friendly natives or Ticos. In addition, Costa Rica offers a highly educated work force, a stable economic and political environment, and exceptional communications and transportation networks--especially in comparison to its neighbors, Panama and Nicar ...
    Related: costa, costa rica, rica, tourism, culture society
  • Ecuador - 1,339 words
    Ecuador Ecuador is a developing country. Travelers to the capital city of Quito may require some time to adjust to the altitude (close to 10,000 feet), which can adversely affect blood pressure, digestion and energy level. Tourist facilities are adequate, but vary in quality. Introduction Epithet after epithet was found too weak to convey to those who have not visited the intertropical regions, the sensations of delight which the mind experiences.--- Charles Darwin If an argumentative group of travelers sat down to design a shared destination, they would be hard put to come up with a place that would best Ecuador. Packed like a knee-cap between Peru and Colombia, Ecuador contains within its ...
    Related: ecuador, south american, washington state, free elections, rivalry
  • Ecuador - 1,361 words
    ... ear round. The highest peak is Chimborazo, rising 6,310 meters. At the northern end of the valley is Ecuador's capital city, Quito. Quito At 2,850 meters (9,360 ft), Quito is the second highest capital in the world. It is also one of South America's most entrancing cities, possessing a balmy climate, a wealth of fine Spanish colonial architecture, and a magnificent setting at the base of Pichincha volcano. Quito was a major stronghold of the Inca, defended by the general Ruminahui for two years after the Spanish arrived. Realizing that the Spanish would eventually take the city, Ruminahui destroyed it himself and fled. The chagrined Spanish quickly rebuilt upon the site, and today it has ...
    Related: ecuador, galapagos islands, theory of evolution, santa cruz, tree
  • Euthanasia - 1,167 words
    Euthanasia Opium- an addictive drug originally used as a painkiller. It is obtained from the unripe seeds of the opium poppy and can be made into substances that a person can smoke causing relaxation, alleviated anxiety, and a state of euphoria. Continued use of the drug also induces deterioration to the mind and body of a person eventually causing death. The substance was therefore stated illegal in China during the late 18th Century yet consistently smuggled into the country via British merchant ships. As the Chinese placed more restrictions on trade in an effort to abolish the importation of opium, the battle against the drug raged on until war was unavoidable between England and China. I ...
    Related: euthanasia, legal issues, mind and body, coast guard, replaced
  • Fabric Trade Form India To Canada - 2,918 words
    Fabric Trade Form India To Canada Canada, with its economic and political stability offers a variety of business opportunities. With such a large population of immigrants, Canada is known for its acceptance of diverse cultures. English and French are Canada's official languages and there are many other languages spoken freely by diverse racial groups on Canadian soil. Many different religions are also practiced freely and peacefully in Canada. India has a population of 986.6 million people. This country holds 15 % of the world's entire population. Within this country, a variety of cultures and traditions can be found. Christianity, Hinduism as well as the Muslim religion are all practiced fr ...
    Related: canada, fabric, india, north india, northern india, ontario canada, south india
  • French Speaking Countries - 210 words
    French Speaking Countries Name of country / Nom de pays: Islamic Republic of Mauritania / La republique de Mauritanie Capital City / le Capitale: Nouakchott Monetary Unit / Monnaie: Ouguiya Population / Population: 2,667,859 (July 2000 est.) Current head of State / Celui qui est gerant: President Col. Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA Attraction / Attraction: Name of country / Nom de pays: Principality of Monaco / Principaute de Monaco Capital City / le Capitale: Monaco Monetary Unit / Monnaie: French franc Population / Population: 31,693 (July 2000 est.) Current head of State / Celui qui est gerant: Prince RAINIER III Attraction / Attraction: Name of country / Nom de pays: Republic of Niger / Rep ...
    Related: canadian dollar, islamic republic, queen elizabeth, unit, rainier
  • Gandhi - 1,556 words
    ... inciple of love in all areas of life. For Gandhi, the state represented violence in a concentrated form. It spoke in the language of compulsion and uniformity, sapped its subjects' spirit of initiative and self-help, and unmanned them. Since human beings were not fully developed and capable of acting in a socially responsible manner, the state was necessary. However, if it was not to hinder their growth, it had to be organised so that it used as little coercion as possible and left as large an area of human life as possible to voluntary efforts. As Gandhi imagined it, a truly non-violent society was federally constituted and composed of small, self-governing, and relatively self-sufficie ...
    Related: gandhi, social issues, jawaharlal nehru, political movement, prayer
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