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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: cancer

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  • A Journey With Breast Cancer - 1,368 words
    A Journey With Breast Cancer A Journey with Breast Cancer What is Cancer? The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce more cells only when the body needs them. This is an orderly process which keeps the body healthy. Sometimes cells keep dividing when new cells are not needed. They may form a mass of extra tissue called a growth or tumor. Benign tumors are not a threat to life but malignant tumors are cancer. Cells in these tumors can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs. The fear is that cancer cells can break away from a malignant tumor and enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system. That is how breast cancer spreads and forms other tumors i ...
    Related: breast, breast cancer, cancer, cancer institute, national cancer, national cancer institute
  • An Estimated 146,000 Americans Died Of Lung Cancer In 1992, And 90 Percent Of These Deaths Were Caused By Cigarette Smoking S - 421 words
    An estimated 146,000 Americans died of lung cancer in 1992, and 90 percent of these deaths were caused by cigarette smoking. Smoking is responsible for about 30 percent of all cancer deaths annually in the United States more than 155,000 each year. If smoking-related cancers could be eliminated from our society, we would see a significant decline in the annual cancer death rate instead of small but steady increases. Since 1964, the year of the Surgeon General's first report on the health risks of cigarette smoking, strong evidence of the association between smoking and cancer has accumulated. Countless studies have proved that smoking causes lung cancer, and we now know that it substantially ...
    Related: cancer, cigarette, cigarette smoking, lung, lung cancer, quit smoking, smoking
  • Brain Cancer - 635 words
    Brain Cancer The body normally forms new cells only when they are needed to replace old or damaged ones. If something happens to disturb this controlled process, abnormal or excessive cells are produced. When this occurs a tumor is developed. This is known as cancer. When a tumor is developed on the brain, it is called a brain tumor or brain cancer. Brain tumors can be benign or malignant (benign being not cancerous and malignant being cancerous). Both types can be deadly when dealing with the brain. Benign brain tumors consist of very slow growing cells. They have distinct borders and rarely spread to other locations. When viewed under a microscope, the cells of a benign tumor have an almos ...
    Related: brain, brain cancer, brain tumor, cancer, cancer research
  • Breast Cancer - 1,346 words
    ... tive risk of breast cancer. Those who have more than nine drinks a week have an increase of two and a half times the rate of breast cancer for a non-drinking person. In 1987, the National Cancer Institute published a report comparing 1524 women with breast cancer against a control group of 1896 without the disease. Again, alcohol appeared to promote breast cancer (Risk Factors for Breast Cancer). Several medical procedures or side effects of them have been thought to promote breast cancer. It was hypothesized that self-induced abortions could greatly increase the chances of getting cancer, as during pregnancy the cells in the breast quickly divide and reproduce. By having an abortion and ...
    Related: american cancer, breast, breast cancer, cancer, cancer institute, cancer prevention, cancer society
  • Breast Cancer - 1,668 words
    Breast Cancer annon In the United States in 1995 alone, 43,063 died from breast cancer. It is the number two cancer killer and the number one cancer in females ages 15 to 54. On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops nineteen and a half years. This cancer is within the top three cancers of all woman above the age of 15, and comprises 6% of all health care costs in the U.S. totaling an astounding 35 billion dollars a year. An average woman is said to have a one in thirty chance of getting the cancer, but if that person had family history of the disease, their chances have been measured up to a one in six chance. Sixtynine percent of AfricanAmerican women survive fro ...
    Related: breast, breast cancer, cancer, cancer institute, national cancer, national cancer institute
  • Breast Cancer - 1,682 words
    ... Cleveland added green tea to cultured cells of human lymphoma, prostate, breast and skin cancers. Amazingly, the tea killed every cancer cell, but did not harm a single normal functioning cell. Gianluca Lazzaro at the University of Illinois made a synthetic form of vitamin D5 that killed cancer cells in a lab culture. The University of Western Ontario found limonoids more effective than flavanoids in halting growth of cancer cells. Limonoids, true to the name, are responsible for the bitterness of lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruit. Walt Willet of the Harvard School of Public Health conducted a study of 89,538 nurses between the ages of 3459. He found for those that consume hard liq ...
    Related: american cancer, breast, breast augmentation, breast cancer, breast implants, cancer, cancer center
  • Breast Cancer - 1,598 words
    Breast Cancer Hereditary breast cancer is a disease caused by mutations on breast cancer suppresser genes (ACCV Pg.17). Mutations allow normal cells to divide abnormally (ACCV Pg.13). Resulting cells divide faster as they do not specialize and form useless lumps of cells called malignant tumours (ACCV Pg.13). Genetic Screening is the process where Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) fragments are analyzed for a specific gene. The purpose is to identify individuals carrying disease causing genes so they can change their life style and also help invent a cure (ACCV Pg.20). This is done by amplifying DNA withdrawn from an individual, then specific gene mutations are targeted using the Electrophoresis p ...
    Related: breast, breast cancer, cancer, fact sheet, clinical practice
  • Breast Cancer - 1,005 words
    Breast Cancer INCIDENCE Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women and has the highest fatality rate of all cancers affecting this sex. It is the leading cause of death among women aged 35-54. In 1999 an estimated 175,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer. That is one woman every three minutes. At the same time 43,000 will die, at the rate of one every two minutes. The incidence of men diagnosed with breast cancer is rare, however it does occur. Approximately 1,300 men a year are diagnosed, and 400 die annually due to the disease. A total of 75% of all breast cancers occur in women with no known risk factors. 80% of breast cancers occur in women aged 50 and up. The mortali ...
    Related: breast, breast cancer, cancer, cancer prevention, personal history
  • Breast Cancer Why Women Should Be Aware - 1,095 words
    Breast Cancer; Why Women Should Be Aware BREAST CANCER; WHY WOMEN SHOULD BE AWARE In the United States this year 180,200 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer, and 43,900 women will die from the disease (Glazer 555). Breast cancer affects more American women than any other type of cancer (All 1). Breast cancer is one of the top three cancers of all women above the age of 15; therefore, women need to commit themselves and watch for signs of cancer, or we will always have a problem with this life-threatening disease. Breast cancer needs to be explained before you can fully understand the disease. Breast cancer is a group of cells that have proliferated outside the framework of the normal ...
    Related: american women, breast, breast cancer, cancer, cancer research, women in japan
  • Breast Cancer Why Women Should Be Aware - 1,063 words
    ... have a smaller survival rate from the disease (27). In the 1890s a procedure had been devised to remove the tumor and the surrounding tissue, including the lymph nodes and chest-wall muscles, now known as a radical mastectomy (Glazer 565). The mastectomy usually requires removal of the breast, and is usually used when the disease has spread to the chest muscles (Treatment 2). This procedure is not common today, because the breast cancer disease can spread to different parts of the body before being detected, making this procedure not very practical. Today doctors use a modified radical mastectomy, where they take the breast, some of the lymph nodes in the armpit, and the lining over the ...
    Related: breast, breast cancer, cancer, cancer research, national cancer
  • Cancer - 668 words
    Cancer Good morning ladies and gentlemen, my colleagues and I have called you in at such short notice because we need to discuss a patient who was brought to our attention earlier this week. The patient presented with rapidly progressing lymphadenopathy, subsequent examination lymph nodes congested with many small B-lymphocytes. The B-lymphocytes showed a significant chromosomal aberration in the form a 14;18 translocation. The patient has been diagnosed with lymphoma and has been prescribed an immediate course of chemotherapy. This mornings presentation will include a short description of the cell cycle and how and where certain checkpoints of genomic integrity function. My colleagues Assoc ...
    Related: cancer, good morning, protein synthesis, cell division, mutation
  • Cancer - 1,605 words
    Cancer Final Draft T. J. Cox The problem is cancer. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world and my interest in the subject is simple. My mother is the most resilient person I have ever met. Any time I need any kind of inspiration, I need only to think of her. When she was eighteen she was diagnosed with Hodgkins disease. The doctors gave her a less than thirty percent chance of living. Since then she has had cancer three other times. Breast cancer twice in 85 and 90, and most recently, colon cancer two summers ago. She has had many different treatments including chemo and radiation therapy as well as surgery to remove lumps in both breasts and her colon. What is cancer? Ther ...
    Related: breast cancer, cancer, cancer therapy, colon cancer, radiation therapy
  • Cancer - 262 words
    Cancer Hippocrates gave cancer ( Greek for crab ) its name because it spread through tissues like the movements of a crab. At first oncogenes, genes with highly specialized functions were said to be the " cancer genes ". This of course was wrong as oncogenes promote normal cell division and growth as well as the repair and replacement of damaged cells. Cancer starts when one out of as many as one trillion cells goes awry. When first damaged the cell loses its external controls and then the internal controls defect. From this it tries to develop a new set of internal controls by multiplying at a rapid pace which spreads colonies throughout the body. Cancer has been said to have two steps: mut ...
    Related: cancer, cell division, blood, hippocrates
  • Cancer - 1,487 words
    Cancer Introduction According to Mollet, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Estimates for 1982 indicate that 430,000 Americans will have died of some form of cancer. If national trends continue, some fifty-three million Americans now alive will contract cancer sometime during their lifetime. Of this inverse number, approximately one-half will die of cancer despite a medical effort to cure and prevent cancer (300). Although 45 percent of the detected cases of serious cancer are curable, an increase of 5 percent in the last ten years, it is obvious that measures can be taken to increase the cure rate and also prevent onset of various cancers. Clark suggested that ...
    Related: american cancer, breast cancer, cancer, colon cancer, human cancer, lung cancer, prevent cancer
  • Cancer - 1,894 words
    ... Bibliography Of all the diseases and viruses that are known to man, no other can strike fear in so many peoples hearts, as the word cancer. What is cancer? Cancer is a new growth of tissue resulting from a continuous proliferation of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade and destroy other tissues.1 Cancer may be found in any type of cell or tissue in the human body. Cancer is not found in just humans, but also in animals and plants. Cancer cells can grow where ever normal cells grow or divide. Cancer is not one disease but many single diseases classified under one name.2 In our bodies we produce many thousands of new cells everyday. We produce these cell in order to grow until ...
    Related: american cancer, breast cancer, cancer, cancer research, cancer society, colon cancer, human cancer
  • Cancer From Cell Phones - 855 words
    Cancer From Cell Phones Do cellular phones cause cancer? As I walk through the doors at Circuit City I look around at all the customers shopping throughout the store and wonder which one will ask the question first. I sell cellular phones, and many customers are concerned with getting cancer from the phones. In recent years, many scientists have conducted tests, which show that cell phones can cause cancer over a period of time. Many shows on television have talked about the tests and show the tests that were preformed to determine which ones can cause cancer. Many of the popular phones are proven to cause cancer. Because of this study many customers are concerned with the use of these phone ...
    Related: brain cancer, cancer, cell, cell phone, cell phones, cellular phone
  • Cancer In American - 331 words
    Cancer in American In modern society cancer is the disease most feared by the majority of people throughout the world, supplanting the "white death," or tuberculosis, of the last century; the "black death," or bubonic plague, of the Middle Ages; and the leprosy of biblical times. Cancer has been known and described throughout history, although its greater prevalence today is undoubtedly due to the conquest by medical science of most infectious diseases and to the increased life span of humans. The study of cancer is known as the field of ONCOLOGY. In the mid-1980s nearly 6 million new cancer cases and more than 4 million deaths from cancer were being reported world-wide each year. The most c ...
    Related: american, american cancer, breast cancer, cancer, cancer society, lung cancer, skin cancer
  • Cancer In Detail - 1,070 words
    Cancer In Detail Discuss social, ethical and biological issues associated with cancer Cancer is one of the most complex and devastating diseases that claim the life of many humans. Today there are one in three people worldwide who are affected by cancer, and almost 60% of these people will almost certainly die. 7000 New Zealanders die every year from this disease. It is the second largest killer next to heart disease. Cancer does not just affect certain groups of people, it can affect anybody and it is not just one disease, it refers to more than a hundred diseases. Cancer is caused by carcinogens. At present, hundreds of chemicals are known to induce cancer. Normally, the bodys cells divide ...
    Related: breast cancer, cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer
  • Cancer Treating - 955 words
    Cancer Treating During a shower one-day, you notice a lump that was not otherwise there. The next day you see a doctor. The lump you have identified is diagnosed as cancer. Now you need to figure out what to do. There is no absolute cure for cancer, but there are different ways to treat it. Doctors use according methods like radiation, chemotherapy or drugs to treat various types of cancer. Another way of treating cancer is with alternative forms of medicine by using acupuncture and natural herbal remedies. These treatments are more often used in cases that can not be treated very or at all. However, when using the combination of the two treatment techniques, one can receive the full benefit ...
    Related: cancer, skin cancer, treating, side effects, eating habits
  • Cancer Treatment - 1,837 words
    Cancer Treatment There are many ways to treat cancer. In fact, when you enter "cancer treatments" into any web browser you will find millions of web sites on how to treat cancer. Some examples of these treatments are chemotherapy, oxygen therapy, vitamin D therapy, food therapy, immunotherapy, and many others. Certain types of therapies go with certain types of cancers. For example, vitamin D therapy goes with breast cancer and immunotherapy goes with colon cancer. Cancer has taken the lives of millions of people and I believe it is important to inform people of what treatments are circulating in the medical profession. The human genome project's goal is to map and sequence the tens of thous ...
    Related: brain cancer, breast cancer, cancer, cancer prevention, cancer treatment, colon cancer, lung cancer
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