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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: advanced research projects agency

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  • Arpanet - 652 words
    ARPANET The USSR launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. In the late 1960s the U.S. military was desperately afraid of a nuclear attack from the Soviet Union. The United States formed the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within the Department of Defense to establish a bombproof network to connect military bases. ARPANETs physical network was established in 1969 to enable universities and research organizations to exchange information freely. The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, shortly after the University of Utah was added to ARPANET. The Network Control Protocol (NCP) was initially used as the ARPANET protocol, b ...
    Related: arpanet, advanced research projects agency, internet protocol, soviet union, artificial
  • Computers Are, And Always Will Be Complex Animals, Willing To Be Tamed Only By Those With A Strong Enough Motivation To Endur - 675 words
    Computers are, and always will be complex animals, willing to be tamed only by those with a strong enough motivation to endure failure over and over just for a small victory. The Internet was born of such a beast, and proudly dons these characteristics like a badge. It seems the further you delve into the murky depths of the Internet, you dig up more and more of its uncertain upbringing. The birth of the Internet is a curious story. Some people might say the Internet is a decommissioned piece of military equipment. They wouldnt be entirely wrong. But before the Internet came into being, somebody had to come up with the idea. Who could have envisioned a global network of computers, connected ...
    Related: computers, motivation, email messages, different types, uncertain
  • Computers Have Changed The World Along With The Internet, Advanced Telecommunications Easier Travel A Global Community Has Be - 1,250 words
    ... s, Japan, Canada, Germany and the United Kingdom (Adams, p 69, 1998). This is shown in the assimilation of cultures from all across the world. Some examples of this include, Japanimation anime, Poke'mon, Canadian Television being viewed around the world (Much Music, Degrassi Jr. High) and the british Tele-Tubbies. These are examples of fads and social movements from other countries that have been assimilated almost universally. This global community and change can be seen on the Internet. The Internet The popularity of this new phenomenon is rising rapidly, almost beyond belief. In January 1994 there were an estimated 2 million computers linked to the Internet. However, this is nothing c ...
    Related: advanced research projects agency, computer science, computers, global community, telecommunications, travel, world language
  • Evolution And Growth Of The Internet - 781 words
    Evolution And Growth Of The Internet Many years ago a network was born having several computers connected and now, that same network has millions of computers connected at all times, it's called the Internet. This paper will explain the evolution and growth of the Internet. I will offer a guided tour though the evolution of the Internet and explain what this effect has on its growth and popularity. It's like a plague growing across the world, signs of its growth are seen everywhere. The Internet was started as an experiment to test networks to try and develop a network that could survive a nuclear attack. While the net has never needed to survive a nuclear blast its design has proven again a ...
    Related: evolution, growth rate, internet protocol, advanced research projects agency, general public
  • Father Of Internet Technology - 1,997 words
    Father Of Internet Technology Evaluation of Craig Brockman's Assignment by Eric Becker (05/22 05:40 PM) Grade: A Craig H. Brockman Instructor: Eric Becker College Writing 9 May 2000 Dr. Leonard Kleinrock: Father of Internet Technology Most every work of human progress has carried within it the signature of one or more individuals who saw beyond the horizon, challenged convention and then, in ways large and small, forever changed our world. Some of these signatures, like Alexander Graham Bell, who invented the telephone and Thomas Edison, whose many patents include both the electric light bulb, the microphone and record player, are easily identifiable. But what about a work of human progress ...
    Related: computer technology, internet available, internet protocol, internet technology, technology
  • History Of The Coputer - 2,166 words
    ... CPU chips and microprocessors have four functional sections: (1) the arithmetic/logic unit, which performs arithmetic operations (such as addition and subtraction) and logic operations (such as testing a value to see if it is true or false); (2) temporary storage locations, called registers, which hold data, instructions, or the results of calculations; (3) the control section, which times and regulates all elements of the computer system and also translates patterns in the registers into computer activities (such as instructions to add, move, or compare data); and (4) the internal bus, a network of communication lines that links internal CPU elements and offers several different data pa ...
    Related: history, battle of gettysburg, personal computer, random access memory, technology
  • History Of The Internet - 1,049 words
    History Of The Internet A Brief History Of The Internet By default, any definitive history of the Internet must be short, since the Internet (in one form or another) has only been in existence for less than 30 years. The first iteration of the Internet was launched in 1971 with a public showing in early 1972. This first network, known as ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork) was very primitive by today's standards, but a milestone in computer communications. ARPANET was based upon the design concepts of Larry Roberts (MIT) and was fleshed out at the first ACM symposium, held in Gaithersburg, TN in 1966, although RFPs weren't sent out until mid 1968. The Department of Defense in ...
    Related: brief history, history, internet access, internet history, internet relay chat, internet research
  • History Of The Internet - 629 words
    History Of The Internet History of the Internet The Internet as we know today was not a concept that was quickly enacted when it was first thought up. It was a revolutionary process that was the result of visionary people who painstakingly brought forth the World Wide Web. These individuals saw a promising potential in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields. This is all started in 1962 when the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated a research program. They selected J.C.R. Licklider of MIT to head the work and develop it. Later Leonard Kleinrock of UCLA who developed the theory of packet switching, which ...
    Related: brief history, history, internet history, internet network, internet protocol
  • Internet - 1,158 words
    Internet "Beam me up, Scottie." This popular line from Star Trek was a demonstration of the advanced technology of the future. Though it was a fictional story, Star Trek became the universal vision of the future. As always reality tends to mimic fiction. Though our society has not quite resulted to living in space, we have made life easier with technology. Economic survival has become more dependent upon information and communications bringing forth new technology of which was never thought possible. Just a mere thirty years ago a computer occupied a whole room compared todays palm sized computers, which are faster and perform more functions. Cellular phones, now light and compact, were bulk ...
    Related: internet protocol, internet technology, internet users, internet works, star trek
  • Internet History - 744 words
    Internet History In the early 1960's, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) became very concerned about the possible effects of nuclear attack on its computing facilities. As a result, it began to examine ways to connect their computers to each other and to weapons installations that were distributed all over the world. The DOD charged the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (now known as DARPA) to fund research that would lead to the creation of a worldwide network. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an experimental wide area network (WAN) that consisted of the four computers networked by DARPA researchers in 1969. These first four computers were located at the ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet protocol, science foundation, long distance
  • Internet History - 1,118 words
    Internet History In 1973, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated a research program to investigate techniques and technologies for interlinking packet networks of various kinds. The objective was to develop communication protocols which would allow networked computers to communicate transparently across multiple, linked packet networks. This was called the Internetting project and the system of networks which emerged from the research was known as the "Internet." The system of protocols which was developed over the course of this research effort became known as the TCP/IP Protocol Suite, after the two initial protocols developed: Transmission Control Protocol (T ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet information, internet protocol, internet research, internet users
  • Internet History - 1,295 words
    Internet History Starting out as a small military experiment some 35 years ago, the Internet is quickly becoming one of the most popular forms of communication. With a present population of about 40 million users world wide, it seems to have a very promising future. Uncensored and almost impossible to monitor, it's a breeding ground for all sorts of offensive and derogatory information. On the other hand, it is probably the biggest single source of data in the world brought home into your personal computer. Will this form of communication survive in the future, or will it simply die out like many others have in the past? History The first nodes of the Internet were built 36 years ago by the ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet users, internet works, rand corporation
  • Internet History Report - 948 words
    Internet History Report The Internet was created in 1969 by scientists working for ARPA. ARPA stands for advanced research projects agency, and was formed to create a network of computers that could save information in the event of a nuclear attack. UCLA, Stanford Research Institute (SRI), UC Santa Barbara (UCSB), and the University of Utah in Salt Lake City were the first ARPANET locations. The ARPANET is what is now called the Internet. The plan was unprecedented: A professor at UCLA, and his small group of graduate students hoped to log onto the Stanford computer and try to send it some data. They would start by typing login, and asking by telephone if the letters appeared on the far-off ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet protocol, internet users, lake city
  • Sputnik - 511 words
    sputnik Sputnik, name of the first of several artificial satellites launched by the Soviet Union from 1957 to 1961. The goals of the Sputnik program included studying the earth's upper atmosphere, observing animal survival in space flight, and testing Soviet rocket technology. The launch of the unmanned Sputnik 1 and of Sputnik 2, which carried a dog, spurred the United States to invest more money and resources into its fledgling space program, initiating a race between the two nations to land a person on the moon (see Space Exploration). The Sputnik program began on October 4, 1957, with the launch of Sputnik 1, which weighed 83 kg (184 lb). The official name of the satellite was Iskustvenn ...
    Related: sputnik, soviet union, solar energy, dwight d eisenhower, motor
  • The Cold War Beginnings - 560 words
    The Cold War Beginnings Although the Soviet Union and the United States had been allies in World War II, disagreements over the organization of the postwar world led the two countries to compete militarily and politically through the next several decades. In the 1950s this competition was particularly intense, resulting in the Cold War and in regional proxy wars. The U.S. perceived Soviet support for the spread of communism as a strong threat, and American foreign policy attempted to contain and thwart communism around the world. U.S. foreign policy during the 1950s was shaped largely in response to perceived threats from the Soviet Union; U.S. participation in the Korean War and American re ...
    Related: cold war, space race, american foreign, world war ii, militarily
  • The History Of The Internet - 1,379 words
    The History of the Internet The History of the Internet The Internet has update the computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of the telegraph, telephone, radio, and computer set the stage for this unprecedented integration of capabilities. The Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information distribution, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location. The Internet represents one of the most successful examples of the benefits of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information infrastructure. Beginning with the early re ...
    Related: history, scientific community, markup language, western world, glass
  • The Internet - 576 words
    The Internet Science:Computers(:Internet) The Internet - By: Matt Garner The Internet, or net, is a vast network of computers that connects many of the world's businesses, institutions, and individuals. The Internet is composed of many parts, including the World Wide Web, FTP, IRC, Newsgroups, Gopher, WAIS, Archie, and of course Electronic Mail (Email). The Internet is mainly used for communication. Email is the most heavily used resource of the Internet- over 40 million email messages are sent through the Internet a day. The second most used resource, called the World Wide Web, or WWW, consists of pages of words, images, sounds, and video. The Internet is continuing to grow at 40% a year, w ...
    Related: states department, virtual reality, electronic mail, magellan, virtual
  • The Internet: How It Works And How It Effects The World - 1,660 words
    The Internet: How it Works and How it Effects the World Many people do not understand what the Internet is the power that it has over the world. The Internet is an extraordinary learning and entertainment tool that, when used properly, can significantly enhance a user's ability to gather information. Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) started the Internet. It was a project under taken by the Department Of Defense (DOD) in 1969. It started as an experiment to link together DOD and military research including Universities doing military-funded research. "The reliable networking part involved dynamic rerouting." (Levine 12) If one of the computers was under enemy attack, the in ...
    Related: work cited, rutgers university, internet service provider, different kinds, computers
  • The Internet: Past And Future - 723 words
    The Internet: Past And Future The Internet is an extension of a computer network originally formed in the United States during the 1960s by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). Working under contract to the U.S. Department of Defense, ARPA initially connected computers at the Stanford Research Institute in California, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB), and the University of Utah. This original network, the very first computer network, was called ARPANET (ARPA NETwork). Scientists built ARPANET with the intention of creating a network that would still be able to function efficiently if part of the network was dama ...
    Related: first amendment, department of defense, department of energy, multimedia, angeles
  • The New Internet - 1,750 words
    The New Internet The New Internet Without a doubt, the Internet is undergoing a major transition as it experiences a tremendous influx of new users. Due to the anarchic, distributed nature of the net, we cannot even begin to enumerate the population of the Internet or its growth. As more of the world's population moves on-line, new concerns will arise which did not confront the earlier generations. The new culture will demand different resources, services and technology than the old generations expected and used. Already we can witness a clash between the emergent culture and the entrenched culture. The largest conflicts occurring now are about sharing resources, the impending commercializat ...
    Related: internet users, financial information, credit card, print media, theft
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