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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: working capital

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  • Accounting 2 - 949 words
    Accounting 2 PRINCIPLES of ACCOUNTING II (AC202) CHAPTER 12 CURRENT AND LONG-TERM LIABILITIES LIABILITIES DEFINED: A probable future payment of assets or services a company is presently obligated to make as a result of past transactions or events. Fundamentally liabilities are measured by the cost principle however: Liabilities are comprised of known obligations of a definite amount and known obligations of an estimated amount (i.e. warranties) CURRENT LIABILITIES: Obligations expected to be paid using current assets or by creating other current liabilities LONG-TERM LIABILITIES: Obligations not expected to be paid within one year. Includes long-term notes payable; mortgages payable; warra ...
    Related: accounting, working capital, time value, notes payable, principal
  • Business Reengineering - 3,303 words
    Business Re-Engineering 1. FUNCTIONAL TACTICS Functional tactics are the key, routine activities that must be undertaken in each functional area that is human resource management, marketing, finance, production/operations and research and development to provide the business 's products and services. Hence functional tactics translate thought (grand strategy) into action designed to accomplish specific short- term objectives. Every value chain activity in a company executes functional tactics that support the business's strategy and help accomplish strategic objectives. 1.1 Differences Between Business Strategies and Functional Tactics Functional tactics are different from business or corpor ...
    Related: business managers, business strategies, business strategy, business unit, reengineering
  • Chinas Economics - 2,814 words
    Chinas Economics For various reasons, China has always been an important country in the world. With its increasing large population, it was determined by other countries that is has a lot of economic potentials. In just one decade and a half, China has transformed itself from a giant that use to live in poverty into a wealthy powerhouse to the world economy. With one-fifth of the worlds population, China is now producing 4% of world merchandise and a proportion of global production. It has also one of the worlds oldest and most influential civilizations. China has established three approaches to the world economy and they are establishing an alternative socialist system (1950s); isolating it ...
    Related: economic activity, economic freedom, economic growth, economic outlook, economic reform, economic stability, economic system
  • Economic Crime In Russia - 1,042 words
    ... reduce their profits and rents from the redistribution of assets. Because of the highly discretionary process of resource and benefits allocation by government staff, rent-seeking is rampant. Reports indicated, for example, that, with a 10 to 20 percent commission paid in cash criminal groups could persuade commercial banks to provide an advantageous credit line. Another example: Sports Foundation, a nongovernmental organization with government connections, was granted an export/import tax exemption that helped it keep $4.2 billion in profits. The price of such corrupt practices can be steep. The high murder rate of directors of oil refinery enterprises (second only to that of bankers) ...
    Related: crime, russia, limited resources, working capital, builders
  • Hayek And Business Cycle - 1,828 words
    Hayek And Business Cycle Friedirch August von Hayek was born in Vienna on May 8, 1899 and died on March 23, 1992, in the city of Freiburg in Breisgan in Germany. Hayek was a central figure in 20th-century economics and he represented the Austrian tradition. After Hayek served military service, he became a student at the University of Vienna where he got his doctorate in law and political science. In 1923-4, Hayek visited New York and then returned to Vienna where he continued his work. Hayek became the first director of the Austrian Institute for Business Cycle Research in 1927. He also gave some lectures in England at the London School of Economics in 1931. In England, he participated in su ...
    Related: business cycle, cycle, blackwell publishers, new jersey, dictionary
  • Hewlett Packard - 1,177 words
    Hewlett Packard Hewlett Packard started in 1939 in a garage by two people, Bill Hewlett and David Packard with just $538 of working capital. After a string of failures, their companys first successful product, an audio oscillator better than anything on the market, earned a U.S. patent and an order from Disney Studios for eight units to help produce the animated film Fantasia. From 1940 to 1950 they moved from their garage to a rented building on Page Mill Road in Palo Alto and then constructed their first HP-owned building that was 10,000 square foot. In 1957, HP had their first public stock offering November 6, 1957 and net revenues were $30 million with 1,778 employees and 373 products. I ...
    Related: hewlett, hewlett packard, packard, last year, middle managers
  • Kelloggs Company - 1,122 words
    Kellogg`s Company Objective: Our goal in composing a financial statement is to construct the most comprehensive, thorough document possible, in order to attract investors and to confirm that we have taken the time to explore as many potential issues for your business as may arise. Summary of findings: Our level of cereal marketing investment early in 1998 was not sufficient in the face of extremely competitive market conditions. This situation hurt our volume performance for much of the year and, combined with other issues in markets around the world, led to a decline in both sales and earnings. Nonetheless, we continue to have the utmost confidence in the future of our grain-based businesse ...
    Related: chief operating officer, north american, north america, document, summary
  • Loan Request Evaluation - 1,821 words
    Loan Request Evaluation This report introduces a procedure that can be used to analyze the quantifiable aspects of commercial credit requests. The procedure incorporates a systematic interpretation of basic financial data and focuses on issues that typically arise when determining creditworthiness. Cash flow information is equally important when evaluating a firms prospects. Reported earnings and EPS can be manipulated by management debts, are repaid out of cash flow not earnings. The basic objective of credit analysis is to assess the risk involved in credit extension to banks customers. Risk refers to the volatility in earnings. Lenders are concerned with net income or the cash flow that h ...
    Related: evaluation, loan, request, background information, business operations
  • Managing Technology - 2,357 words
    ... y Business 419 Evans Consoles And It's IT Strategies and Advantages For: Professor G. Trites November 26, 1999 Nathan Laviolette 961121 We define information technology (IT) to include not only computer technology (hardware and software) for processing and storing information, but also communications technology for transmitting information. Advances in computer and communications technologies have enabled firms to pursue IT investments. This will help them to gain maximum advantage from their knowledge assets-to leverage the knowledge of individual employees to the benefit of other employees and the organization as a whole. Businesses have strived to achieve a competitive advantage in th ...
    Related: communications technology, computer technology, information technology, information technology it, managing, technology, technology infrastructure
  • Marketing For Dummies - 1,630 words
    Marketing For Dummies Executive Summary In July of 1953 the United States Congress amended an act called the Small Business Act. Many believed that the essence of the American economic system of private enterprise is free competition. Also, that only through full and free competition can free markets, free entry into business, and opportunities for expression and growth of personal initiative and individual judgment can be assured. Thus, the Small Business Act was amended. In order to carry out the policies of this Act there was hereby created an agency under the name Small Business Administration. The United States Small Business Administration, more commonly known as the SBA, is a federal ...
    Related: management marketing, marketing, working capital, small businesses, procurement
  • Marketing Plan Basics - 1,741 words
    ... omotions on the World Wide Web are almost commonplace. Businesses are developing Web pages sometimes just to appear up-to-date. Using the Web for advertising requires certain equipment and expertise, including getting a computer, getting an Internet service provider, buying (usually renting) a Web site name, designing and installing the Web site graphics and other functions as needed (for example, an on-line store for e-commerce), promoting the Web site (via various search engines, directories, etc.) and maintaining the Web site. (See Building, Managing and Promoting Your Web Site and On-Line Advertising and Promotions.) Yellow Pages --The Yellow Pages can be very effective advertising ...
    Related: business plan, marketing, marketing plan, target marketing, policy changes
  • Strategic Plan For Gnc - 1,780 words
    ... iting place to everyone from a young high school athlete to a middle-aged mother of two. This also lead to new product market niches. Some of the more successful are the pro-performance line which is geared towards athletes, also the live well concept which promotes an overall healthy lifestyle which would be more suited for the average adult. With the change in customer preferences, GNC has the opportunity to increase market share by creating customer loyalty and trust through groundbreaking products. General Nutrition has done a tremendous job on utilizing these opportunities and in order to remain atop the competition they must continue to fine tune the and analyze the business strate ...
    Related: strategic, strategic alliance, strategic plan, vice president, cash flow
  • Sun Microsystems, Inc - 3,129 words
    ... t, four major areas must be studied to get a view of what external forces affect the long-run activities of a business entity. These areas are: 1. Economic ~ this is mainly concerned with money and its exchanges 2. Technological ~ ideas and inventions for problem-solving 3. Political-Legal ~ involves justice and regulations on law and distribution of power 4. Socio-cultural ~ involves customs and morals, and values of a society To keep the information pertinent, comments will only be made on factors that are directly influencing Sun at the current time. The Economic environment has been a little uncertain in the past month, due to the chaos of the presidential election in the United Stat ...
    Related: data mining, common stock, international sales, collaborate, friday
  • The Funding Gap - 1,263 words
    ... re prevalent in the USA than in the UK. These business angels are specific individuals who wish to become involved in the financing of higher risk projects. They are usually motivaed by a desire for some form of control and profit in return for fin cing the firm. It is bellieved their are 18,000 business angels in the uk offering 500 million annunally.10 Banks Debt finance is the traditional route for sme of external finance with overdrafts and loans as their main tools. Despite their decline in recent years the still play the largest role. The banks characteristics have changed considerably in the 1990s. K changes include shift towards technology orientated banking delivery systems ie i ...
    Related: funding, sunday times, market competition, short term, rely
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