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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: urinary

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  • Alcoholism Pros And Cons - 1,031 words
    Alcoholism - Pros and Cons The following essay will introduce you to pros and cons of drinking. It will also give you a clear understanding in why you shouldnt drink alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant; it impairs your ability to drive, slows down your reaction time and causes you to make some risky decisions that you wouldnt normally take. This essay will also help you comprehend how and why things happen, because of alcohol. Alcoholism can kill in many different ways, and in general, people who drink regularly have a higher rate of deaths from injury, violence, and some cancers. The earlier a person begins drinking heavily, the greater their chance of developing serious illnesses later on. An ...
    Related: alcoholism, cons, pros, violent behavior, alcohol syndrome
  • Anorexia - 1,543 words
    Anorexia It would seem today that eating disorders are on the rise. While this may be true, the numbers may appear to grow only because more cases are being brought out into the open. One interpretation of an eating disorder is termed as a relationship between the person and food that appears abnormal. Anorexia Nervosa is one of the most prevalent eating disorder diseases. The word Anorexia itself means, "lack of appetite," and as for the definition of Anorexia, Anorexia is an all encompassing pursuit of thinness, occurring most often in adolescents and young adult women. This is accomplished by avoidance of eating by any means possible. The person affected by Anorexia has an absolutely terr ...
    Related: anorexia, anorexia nervosa, blood pressure, fashion industry, relief
  • Antibiotics And Children - 1,429 words
    Antibiotics And Children A very important issue concerning the children of today is the excess prescribing of antibiotics and the dangers that are being created. Everyday, more and more children are being prescribed any easy solution to a very tough problem. There is a constant push from pharmaceutical companies, parents, and massive marketing companies to try the next antibiotic remedy, but as we look towards the future and the diseases that can be created by this quick fix, we should turn to our attention to alternatives remedies. What is so terrible about this situation is that the worst-case scenario of the effects of the mass doses of antibiotics they ingest is an untreatable bacterium ...
    Related: drug administration, immune system, bubonic plague, letting, pneumonia
  • Autism - 1,085 words
    ... ternal pleasure. Another theory is that sudden episodes of self-injury may be caused by sub-clinical seizures. An infection of the middle ear is thought to be a cause of the head banging or ear hitting. The last theory is that some forms of self-injury may be a result of over arousal (such as frustration). It acts as a release, and lowers arousal. The social theorists have a different perspective on self-injurious behavior. They believe that the autistic individuals engage in these behaviors to obtain attention from other people. Research on how to treat autism is a continuous process. It also makes it difficult because each child reacts differently to the various treatments. There is no ...
    Related: autism, occupational therapy, dairy products, immune system, auto
  • Biology And Human Evolution - 1,381 words
    Biology And Human Evolution Human Biology and Evolution Humans are Alive The earliest human life form can be traced back more than 3.5 billion years ago. Humans are said to be descendants of a single celled ancestor. Although they are different in size and shape all basic functions are alike. The more complex the organization of the cell became the more successful and developed it became. As these single celled organisms developed they became known as pre-humans. We share many characteristics with these pre-humans. Some of these characteristics include the masters of heredity DNA and RNA as well as proteins composed of amino acids, membranes or bound cells and lastly controlled cell division ...
    Related: biology, evolution, human biology, human brain, human evolution, human life
  • Brca Brca - 2,511 words
    Brca1 & Brca2 Are Women More Susceptible to Breast and Ovarian Cancer If a Mutation in BRCA1 and BRCA2 is Found Breast and Ovarian cancer are the two most common kinds of cancers found in women in the United States. An estimated 90-95% of cancer cases are believed to be environmental and lifestyle related. The remaining five to ten percent of these types of cancers may be caused by inherited genetic mutations. The existence of a breast cancer susceptibility gene known as BRCA1 and its approximate location on human chromosome 17 have been known for about 4 years, on the basis of retrospective family studies. But only since 1994 have scientist actually been able to isolate and sequence the gen ...
    Related: breast cancer, cancer research, more prone, mutated, rough
  • Cancer - 1,487 words
    Cancer Introduction According to Mollet, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Estimates for 1982 indicate that 430,000 Americans will have died of some form of cancer. If national trends continue, some fifty-three million Americans now alive will contract cancer sometime during their lifetime. Of this inverse number, approximately one-half will die of cancer despite a medical effort to cure and prevent cancer (300). Although 45 percent of the detected cases of serious cancer are curable, an increase of 5 percent in the last ten years, it is obvious that measures can be taken to increase the cure rate and also prevent onset of various cancers. Clark suggested that ...
    Related: american cancer, breast cancer, cancer, colon cancer, human cancer, lung cancer, prevent cancer
  • Chemistry Research - 2,013 words
    ... ng; use tissue rich in Mit/blood supply and Thermogenin. COLD vs HOT- Fig. 37.21 THERMAL INSULATION AND RATE OF HEAT LOSS = Thermal energy is release by body to it's environment = Muscle contraction or change blood flow to skin; WOLF-constrict Blood vessel in its feet at above 0 C = Elephant, Rhinos, water Buffaloes have thick layer of fur; so they wallow in water = Sweating, panting are last resort use bu animals in hot climate or habitat (H2O evaporate quickly) THE VERTEBRATE THERMOSTAT- Fig 37.22/37.23 = All animals that thermoregulate must have a regulatory system; Info get from Hypothalamus-integration center In Humans: If glands is cool BT rises (constriction of Blood vessels and i ...
    Related: chemistry, body weight, biological clock, genetic diversity, orange
  • Clinical Chemistry In Medicine - 1,442 words
    Clinical Chemistry In Medicine Of the diagnostic methods available to veterinarians, the clinical chemistry test has developed into a valuable aid for localizing pathologic conditions. This test is actually a collection of specially selected individual tests. With just a small amount of whole blood or serum, many body systems can be analyzed. Some of the more common screenings give information about the function of the kidneys, liver, and pancreas and about muscle and bone disease. There are many blood chemistry tests available to doctors. This paper covers the some of the more common tests. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is an end-product of protein metabolism. Like most of the other molecules i ...
    Related: chemistry, clinical, medicine, energy source, liver disease
  • Clinical Chemistry In Medicine - 1,423 words
    ... toglobulins, which bind hemoglobin. Iron transport is related to beta-globulins. The glycoprotein that binds the iron is transferrin (Lehninger, 1993). Gamma-globulins (immunoglobulins) are associated with antibody formation. There are five different classes of immunoglobulins. IgG is the major circulating antibody. It gives immune protection within the body and is small enough to cross the placenta, giving newborns temporary protection against infection. IgM also gives protection within the body but is too large to cross the placenta. IgA is normally found in mucous membranes, saliva, and milk. It provides external protection. IgD is thought to function during the development and matura ...
    Related: chemistry, clinical, medicine, seventh edition, diabetes mellitus
  • Cocaine - 1,412 words
    Cocaine Cocaine is an alkaloid found in leaves of a South American shrub. It is a powerfully reinforcing stimulant. The drug induces a sense of exhilaration in the user primarily by blocking the dopamine from going into your brain. Life-long happiness will be genetically pre-programmed. "Peak experiences" will become a natural part of everyday mental health. Cocaine, alas, offers merely a tragically delusive short-cut. Before Columbian times, the coca leaf was reserved for Inca royalty. The natives subsequently used it for mystical, religious, social, nutritional and medicinal purposes. They exploited its stimulant properties to ward off fatigue and hunger, enhance endurance, and to promote ...
    Related: cocaine, human experience, sherlock holmes, drug testing, wonderful
  • Cowley, Geoffrey Sleeping With The Enemy Newsweek December 9, 1992 Pg 5859 - 519 words
    Cowley, Geoffrey. Sleeping With the Enemy. Newsweek. December 9, 1992. Pg. 58-59. Major points: 1. Syphilis is still rare compared with other sexually transmitted diseases. 2. Gonorrhea is not as popular as it used to be, but chlamydia on the other hand is the most common sexually transmitted disease. 3. Genital herpes and genital warts have no cure. 4. Sex is the leading mode of transmission of the hepatitis B virus. 5. Aids is incurable, and unlike the others, it always kills. Syphilis is still rare compared with other sexually transmitted diseases. The bacterium that causes syphilis is treponema palidum. This causes genital lesions called chancres. These normally go away on their own but ...
    Related: geoffrey, newsweek, sleeping, genital warts, hepatitis b
  • Diabetes - 1,248 words
    Diabetes Diabetes is a very grave and serious disease involving many hardships, but a good diet, exercise, and overall healthy habits can keep your diabetes under control which in-turn makes you feel better and avoid later complications. Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin, a hormone needed to convert the sugars and starches that we eat into energy needed for daily life. The cause of the disease is a mystery, but genetics and environment seem to play major roles. There are two kinds of Diabetes, Diabetes Insipidus and the more common Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Insipidus is a rare disease caused by a deficiency of vasopressin, a hormone of the posterior pi ...
    Related: diabetes, diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, immune system
  • Diabetes And Physical Activity - 1,507 words
    Diabetes And Physical Activity Health implications of diabetes type I Physical Activity What is physical activity? Why do we need physical activity in our lives? Physical Activity and Diabetes (Epidemiology) For our seminar topic "physical activity and disease" we chose diabetes as the focus of our research. Since diabetes is such a complex disease with many different forms, we decided to focus on diabetes type I. This is known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). This type of diabetes includes people who are dependant on injections of insulin on a daily basis in order to satisfy the bodies insulin needs, they cannot survive without these injections. OVERVIEW OF DIABETES TYPE I Wha ...
    Related: dependent diabetes, diabetes, diabetes mellitus, diabetes type, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, physical activity, physical education
  • Diabetes Mellitus - 325 words
    Diabetes Mellitus My Independent Project is on Diabetes Mellitus, type1 Diabetes, or juvenile-onset diabetes. No matter what you call it, its all the same. Your pancreas has died and you have no other way to survive other than to inject insulin multiple times a day. I chose this project because I always enjoy learning more about the disease I got less than two years ago. Every year the teams of scientists from the Joslin clinic develop new ways to live with Diabetes. So far no one has invented a cure, but they are getting closer to finding it every year. People with Type I diabetes don't produce insulin and need regular shots of it to keep their blood glucose levels normal. Almost half the p ...
    Related: diabetes, diabetes mellitus, mellitus, blood glucose, blood sugar
  • Diet Pills - 1,008 words
    Diet Pills In today's materialistic driven society, people are judged in every possible aspect. From their appearance, background, social status, way or thinking to their friends, families. The need to be accepted and admired by others captivates the minds of many men and women of today. This conquest for social acceptance becomes so real that the idea then becomes an obsession. The way we look plays a big role in our lives. It determines the way others see us and from that, it will then determine how we feel about ourselves. One major proponent of appearance is our weight. Do you ever notice that the most admired and said to be most popular girls in school are the sexiest, slimmest and most ...
    Related: diet, social status, side effects, weight loss, apparently
  • E Coli - 1,806 words
    E. Coli Do natural medicines work as well as over the counter medicines? This question has been argued about for quite a while. In my experiment, I will compare natural medicines effectiveness on Escherichia coli to over the counter drugs, to finally decide if herbal remedies are better than E. coliEscherichia coli (E. coli) is a common bacteria in your stomach and intestines. E. coli is a gram negative rod bacteria(Fundamentals of Microbiology). E. coli bacteria make up 0.1% of the total bacteria in an adults stomach. E. coli has recently been in the news due to several cases of food poisoning by E. coli 0157:h7. This is a specific strain of E. coli and this particular strain causes a life ...
    Related: coli, food supply, genetic code, blood pressure, medicine
  • Ever Since The Dawn Of Time Man Has Found New Ways Of Killing - 1,021 words
    ... wo different types of fires, which are created when flammable materials are ignited by the thermal radiation. The first type is called firestorms. A firestorm is violent, has raging winds, and has extremely high temperatures; but fortunately it does not spread very rapidly. The second type is called a conflagration. A conflagration is when the fire spreads in a front (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, 1982). The thermal radiation produced by the atomic bomb's explosion will account for most of the deaths or injuries. In Hiroshima and Nagasaki the thermal radiation accounted for approximately twenty to thirty percent of the deaths or injuries from the atomic bomb ...
    Related: dawn, last time, pope john, atomic bomb, atomic
  • Female Circumcision - 1,162 words
    Female Circumcision Lou Barbero Barbero 1 Professor Garber Hm 46 March 5th The Argument against Female Circumcision Female circumcision is an operation done in many of the Arab countries and is an example of how woman change their bodies in order to conform to society. There are many aspects to this practice such as medical, religious and psychological. Very few people in these countries will ever say anything on the matter, even if they object. Speaking of issues regarding women and sex in these countries is a taboo. One woman, Nawal El Saadawi, a medical doctor who later became Egypt's Director of Public Health was brave enough to come forward. The fact that she did ultimately lead to dism ...
    Related: circumcision, female circumcision, religious leaders, works cited, hill
  • Female Genital Mutilation - 1,231 words
    Female Genital Mutilation Female genital mutilation (FGM) is referred to as the removal of part, or all, of the female genitalia. The most severe form is infibulation, otherwise known as pharaonic circumcision. It is estimated that 15% of all FGMs performed in Africa are infibulations. The procedure consists of clitoridectomy (all, or part of, the clitoris is removed), excision (removing all, or part of, the labia minora), and cutting of the labia majora to make raw surfaces, which are stitched together to form a cover over the vagina as they heal. A small hole is left to allow urine and menstrual blood to get out. The majority (85%) of genital mutilations performed in Africa involve a clito ...
    Related: female genital mutilation, genital, genital mutilation, mutilation, gender identity
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