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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: united states public health

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  • Animal Testing - 1,686 words
    Animal Testing Please Read This Warning Before You Use This Essay for Anything (It Might Save Your Life) Animal Testing Using animals for testing is wrong and should be banned. They have rights just as we do. Twenty-four hours a day humans are using defenseless animals for cruel and most often useless tests. The animals have no way of fighting back. This is why there should be new laws to protect them. These legislations also need to be enforced more regularly. Too many criminals get away with murder. Although most labs are run by private companies, often experiments are conducted by public organizations. The US government, Army and Air force in particular, has designed and carried out many ...
    Related: animal experimentation, animal liberation, animal rights, animal testing, testing
  • Fouridation - 1,629 words
    Fouridation In 1931 at the University of Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station M. C. Smith, E. M. Lantz, and H. V. Smith discovered that when given drinking water supplied with fluorine, rats would develop tooth defects. Further testing by H. T. Dean and E. Elove of the United States Public Health Service confirmed this report, and stated that what is known as mottled tooth. Mottled tooth is a condition in which white spots develop on the back teeth. Gradually the white spots get darker and darker until the tooth is eroded completely. This was believed to be caused by fluorine in drinking water (Behrman pg. 181). A strong uproar was heard when this was released and people wanted all fluori ...
    Related: environmental protection agency, united states public health, bone cancer, breathing, damaging
  • The Tuskegee Experiment - 1,211 words
    The Tuskegee Experiment The Tuskegee Experiment In 1932, in the area surrounding Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, the United States Public Health Service (PHS) and the Rosenwald Foundation began a survey and small treatment program for African-Americans with syphilis. Within a few months, the deepening depression, the lack of funds from the foundation, and the large number of untreated cases provied the governments reseachers with what seemed to be an unprecedented opportunity to study a seemingly almost natural experimentation of lantent syphilis in African-American men. What had begun as a treatment program thus was converted by the PHS reasearchers, under the imprimatur of the Surgeon Gen ...
    Related: experiment, tuskegee, tuskegee experiment, tuskegee institute, historical analysis
  • The Tuskegee Experiment - 1,213 words
    ... periment begun, the immorality of the experiment was blatantly apparent. Instead of obtaining consent from the participants, the PHS offered the men incentives to participate: free physical examinations, free rides to and from the clinics, hot meals on examination days, free treatment for minor ailments, and a gurantee that a burial stipend would be paid to their survivors. This modest stipend of $50.00 represented the only form of burial insurance that many men had (153). When the subjects were administered painful lumbar punctures in 1933 ( commonly known as a spinal tap where a needle is driven into ones vertebrate and fluid is suctioned from the spinal cord, a procedure that exposed ...
    Related: experiment, tuskegee, tuskegee experiment, tuskegee institute, class consciousness
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