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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: testing

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  • Animal Testing - 675 words
    Animal Testing Animal Testing Beauty without cruelty is the outcry that can be heard from animal right activists around the world. The FDA does not require companies to perform tests on animals but if the cosmetic product contains chemicals that can be seen as toxins, testing becomes a necessity. There are currently thirteen safety tests that are performed on animals. Anti-testing activists deem these unnecessary and consider them to be cruel. Fourteen million animals are used currently in the U.S. to test toxicity and irritancy of cosmetics and household products (Hannah). Many new forms of safety tests are being developed by companies to save money along with the lives of innocent animals. ...
    Related: animal science, animal testing, testing, cloned human, estee lauder
  • Animal Testing - 1,180 words
    Animal Testing Medicines, household products, food, and basically everything involved in the life of an average person has to under go a form of testing before it is legal to be placed on a shelf and if available to the public. The same tests are performed on every medical procedure that is introduced to surgeons. Since the only way to directly mimic the human body is to use it itself, scientists were forced to find the closest and best alternative. That is where animals were introduced to the medical profession. Experimentation on animals date back to as early as 500 BC, making this form of medical validation one of the oldest known to humans. It is not only one of the oldest but one of the ...
    Related: animal testing, animal welfare, testing, medical profession, laboratory animals
  • Animal Testing - 1,131 words
    ... rted to research facilities, and they suffered from cramping and over heating. The lack of adequate ventilation and extremes in temperature caused death to over 55 percent of the guinea pigs, hamsters and rabbits on their way to the research laboratory. This is not an isolated case, every year in Britain alone millions of animals suffer and die in laboratory experiments. They are burnt, scalded, poisoned and starved, given electric shocks and addicted to drugs, they are subjected to near freezing temperatures, reared in total darkness from birth and deliberately inflicted with disease like arthritis, cancer, diabetes, oral infections, stomach ulcers, syphilis, herpes and AIDS, (Sharpe, 1 ...
    Related: animal experimentation, animal research, animal testing, testing, using animals
  • Animal Testing - 1,425 words
    Animal Testing Considering the furor raised about using animals for testing, are there alternatives to using such testing? What are the main tests that use animals and alternatives that would achieve similar results? There is a lot of controversy about using animals to test cosmetics. Animal rights organizations feel that it is unnecessary and uncalled for. The Food and Drug Administration have no law that cosmetics have to be tested on animals. The main reason cosmetic companies continue to use animals to test their products instead of the alternatives is because they are afraid of getting laws suites. The alternatives to animal testing have not yet been validated, therefore if they were ta ...
    Related: animal liberation, animal rights, animal testing, testing, research methods
  • Animal Testing - 953 words
    Animal Testing For centuries, animals have been used in medical research. Since 1875, animal experimentation has been an on going heated debate on whether experiments on animals are ethical. At the very start, the movement against animal testing focused mainly on the "inhumanity of hurting and killing living beings for experimental discovery" (Achor 95). However, in these few decades, scientific invalidity was one of the focusing claims to object to vivisection, which is an "injurious use of animals in laboratories and classrooms, whether for experimentation, product testing, training, or demonstration" (Achor 94-95). Animals are innocent and they are not able to fight back for any means of ...
    Related: animal experimentation, animal research, animal testing, testing, birth defects
  • Animal Testing - 972 words
    Animal Testing Traditionally, animals have been used to ensure the safety of our consumer products and drugs. Yet around the world, scientists, regulators and animal protectionists work together to develop alternatives to their use. The use of animals in the life sciences dates back to ancient Greece and the earliest medical experiments. To learn about swallowing, physicians cut open into the throat of a living pig. To study the beating heart, they cut open into its chest. For centuries physicians and researchers used animals to enhance their knowledge about how the various organs and systems of the body functioned, as well as to hone their surgical skills. As long as animals have been used ...
    Related: animal cruelty, animal experimentation, animal testing, animal welfare, testing
  • Animal Testing - 572 words
    Animal Testing Speaking Outline: Animal Testing Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience about the three major ways of how scientific experiments on animal is inhumane. Introduction I. Put yourself into an animals position. Imagine that you are being poked and probed by needles for the benefits of humans. II. Animals are being abuse more and more everyday in scientific experiments. III. I have pets and Im against animal testing, so knowing that animals are used in research is appalling. IV. Some research and scientific experiments are impractical and immoral. Animals are being overly abuse. V. Today, I am going to discuss to you about the three major ways of how scientific experiments on an ...
    Related: animal testing, testing, environmental protection agency, environmental protection, pets
  • Animal Testing - 1,686 words
    Animal Testing Please Read This Warning Before You Use This Essay for Anything (It Might Save Your Life) Animal Testing Using animals for testing is wrong and should be banned. They have rights just as we do. Twenty-four hours a day humans are using defenseless animals for cruel and most often useless tests. The animals have no way of fighting back. This is why there should be new laws to protect them. These legislations also need to be enforced more regularly. Too many criminals get away with murder. Although most labs are run by private companies, often experiments are conducted by public organizations. The US government, Army and Air force in particular, has designed and carried out many ...
    Related: animal experimentation, animal liberation, animal rights, animal testing, testing
  • Baby Eye Testing - 557 words
    Baby Eye Testing U OF T PROFESSORS DEVISE BETTER WAY TO TEST SIGHT IN BABIES In a darkened room at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, a baby, its head dotted with electrodes, sits in its mother's lap and watches flashing black and white checkerboards and stripes on a television screen. Soon after the test, doctors will know if the child can see and how well it can see. The testing procedure, which involves measuring brain wave activity prompted by visual stimuli (also called visual evoked potentials or VEP's) has been perfected by Drs. Barry Skarf of the Department of Ophthalmology and Moshe Eizenman of U of T's Institute Their procedure is more accurate than tests used elsewhere because ...
    Related: testing, research council, bottom line, basic research, cues
  • Background: To Determine Whether Or Not Winnt 40 Is Within Year 2000 Compliance From The Outlined Testing Procedures Found In - 1,079 words
    Background: To determine whether or not WinNT 4.0 is within year 2000 compliance. From the outlined testing procedures found in the 'YEAR 2000 Testing memo', it was decided that since WinNT is an OS it is 'date sensitive'. From this, all outlined tests were performed. The data gathered is represented in table form. Equipment: To test, a Compaq Prolinea 590 was used with the latest bios installed (04/09/97). The machine had WINNT 4.0 installed with Service Pack 3.0 patch for the OS. Testing Procedure: To determine if Windows NT 4.0 would roll to the appropriate date, the control panel applet DATE&TIME(d&t) was used to change the dates. The machine d&t were set to the day before each date outl ...
    Related: compliance, testing, microsoft office, project team, releasing
  • Balsawood Structure Design 1 Introduction: This Report Is The First Stage Of The Design, Construction And Testing Of A Balsa - 1,110 words
    Balsawood Structure Design 1. Introduction: This report is the first stage of the design, construction and testing of a balsa wood structure. In April, the design will be tested against classmates designs, where the design with the highest load/weight ratio wins. The information gained from this report will be used in the construction of the structure. The report is composed of two sections. The first is an evaluation of material properties of balsa, glues and different joint configurations. The second section consists of a discussion on a preliminary design that is based on conclusions drawn from the testing section. Common material tests of tension, compression and bending were performed a ...
    Related: construction, structure design, testing, good idea, density
  • Balsawood Structure Design 1 Introduction: This Report Is The First Stage Of The Design, Construction And Testing Of A Balsa - 1,185 words
    ... nding behavior in each test. The two sets of data taken for this test varied greatly (as much as 300%), and therefore this data is likely to be very error prone. Figure 3: Three Point Bending Specimen Table 3: Bending Data Specimen # Rupture Load (lb) Elastic Modulus (lb/in) 1 26.6 120,000 2 62.5 442,000 Included in the Appendix is a graph of load versus displacement for the first test, it shows how the experiment was flawed at the end when the material hit the bolt which was sticking out of the machine, thus causing stress again. It also shows the slope from which the elastic modulus of the material was taken. Ideally, four point bending tests should have been performed, where the mater ...
    Related: construction, structure design, testing, information available, surface area
  • Cosmetic Animal Testing - 2,180 words
    ... l save money as well as lives of animals.(abstract) Another popular alternative is the use of corneas from eye banks. This, of course, replaces the Draize test. (Shah, abstract) The following are some more effective alternatives given in issue 2 of the All for Animals Newsletter: Eyetex: A test-tube procedure that measures eye irritancy via a protein alteration system. This replaces the Draize test. Skintex: A test-tube method to access skin irritancy that uses pumpkin rind to mimic the reaction of a foreign substance on human skin. Epi pack: Uses cloned human tissue to test potentially harmful substances. Neutral Red Bioassey: Cultured human cells that are used to compute the absorption ...
    Related: animal research, animal testing, animal welfare, cosmetic, testing
  • Cosmetic Testing On Animals - 717 words
    Cosmetic Testing on Animals Every year, millions of animals suffer and die in painful tests to determine the safety of cosmetics. Subezces such as eye shadow and soap are tested on rabbits, rats, guinea pigs, dogs, and other animals, despite the fact that the test results dont help prevent or treat human illness or injury. Cosmetics are not required to be tested on animals and since non-animal alternatives exist, its hard to underezd why some companies still continue to conduct these tests. Cosmetic companies kill millions of animals every year to try to make a profit. According to the companies that perform these tests, they are done to establish the safety of a product and the ingredients. ...
    Related: animal experimentation, animal testing, animal welfare, cosmetic, experimental animals, testing, using animals
  • Drug Testing - 1,601 words
    Drug Testing Drug testing is a laboratory procedure that looks for evidence of drug consumption by analyzing urine, blood, and hair samples. If tested, you must provide a sample in front of an observer to make sure that it is not tampered with. Samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis, after which the employer is notified of the results (Wodell 1). Exactly who should be subject to the new trend of mandatory drug tests, is the big question being raised among businesses, schools, athletes and federal government employees. Businesses feel that random drug testing of their employees will create higher productivity, save on health care costs, improve employee turnover, prevent less acci ...
    Related: drug and alcohol abuse, drug testing, illicit drug, testing, pope john paul
  • Drug Testing - 1,438 words
    ... ays Morphine 2 to 4 days Methamphetamine 2 to 4 days Valium 30 days (Bina 124) Today many companies are doing what the FBI has been doing for years, using hair follicle testing as a means of drug screening. Hair follicle testing is a drug testing method that is perhaps, less demeaning, less invasive, and less likely to be tampered with than the well-known urine test. Although, it is more reliable than urine testing it has its problems that need to be addressed. It is necessary for one to understand how hair grows to be able to understand the testing procedure. Hair grows within a small cavity known as the hair follicle. Hair growth occurs when cells divide in the matrix near the bottom o ...
    Related: drug abuse, drug testing, testing, illegal drugs, legal issues
  • Drug Testing - 1,153 words
    Drug Testing The ethics of drug testing has become an increased concern for many companies in the recent years. More companies are beginning to use it and more people are starting more to have problems with it. The tests are now more than ever seen as a way to stop the problems of drug abuse in the workplace. This brings up a very large question. Is drug testing an ethical way to decide employee drug use? It is also very hard to decide if the test is an invasion of employee privacy. The ethical status of workplace drug testing can be expressed as a question of competing interests, between the employers right to use testing to reduce drug related harms and maximize profits, over against the e ...
    Related: drug abuse, drug testing, testing, right to privacy, illegal drugs
  • Drug Testing - 1,446 words
    Drug Testing Drug testing in the United States began with the explosive use of illegal drugs, in order to curb drug abuse. This began during the Vietnam War with drug use at a climax. In general, Drug testing is a way to detect illegal drug use and deter it, usually by Urinalysis. Drug testing in the United States violates a citizens right to unreasonable search and seizures along with jeopardizing ones freedom. Drug testing is not only an unreliable invasion of a persons privacy but it assumes that one is guilty before submitting to the test. Drug testing began to take place in the mid 1960s when drugs like Marijuana, hallucinogens and other drugs were becoming widespread (Stencel, pp.201). ...
    Related: drug abuse, drug control, drug free workplace, drug test, drug testing, illegal drug, national drug
  • Drug Testing - 1,395 words
    ... obable cause can also lead to the absence of Equal protection under the law, the Fourteenth Amendment (Holtorf, 135). "The Fourteenth Amendment was cited as protection against selection of a group of athletes for testing by the National Collegiate Athletic Association without demonstrating a likelihood that drug use was prevalent in that population" (Holtorf, 136). Drug tests today are considerably weak. Mistakes and errors swarm the vast business of drug testing. "Clinical laboratories are not experienced with the special requirements for specimen collection, analysis, storage, documentation, transport, and handling" (McBay, 33B). Often times, simple mistakes such as mislabeling or repo ...
    Related: drug abuse, drug administration, drug test, drug testing, drug treatment, food and drug administration, illicit drug
  • Drug Testing And Corporate Responsibility - 1,035 words
    Drug Testing And Corporate Responsibility Drug Testing and Corporate Responsibility: The Ought Implies Can Argument Drug testing has become a hot topic under the microscope recently. The problem is the question whether or not it is morally wrong to test employees for illegal drug use. In order to justify drug testing in the work place one must look to rights, among other things, to determine what sorts of controls are morally permissible. In order to really determine whether or not drug testing is needed one must evaluate the connection between drug testing and the prevention of drug related harm. One theory that that many people use to justify the morality of Drug testing in the work place ...
    Related: corporate, corporate responsibility, drug abuse, drug test, drug testing, illegal drug, testing
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