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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: bertrand

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  • Albert Einstein - 766 words
    Albert Einstein When many people hear the name Albert Einstein, they say, Ooh what did he do, write a bunch of stuff on a chalkboard, prove to some scientists that he was right, and then star in a Pepsi commercial? Well, Im here to tell you that he did much more than that, (even though I really like that Pepsi commercial.) Albert Einstein was born March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Wrttemberg, Germany. Albert began his extensive studies at a school in Munich. At Munich he pursued a career in Electrical Engineering, but failed an exam and was rejected from Eidgenssische Technische Hochschule in Zurich. After failing at his original choice of schools, he went on to a secondary school in Aarau to train him ...
    Related: albert, albert einstein, einstein, school teaching, electrical engineering
  • Ethical Issues In Us Immigration Policies - 1,136 words
    Ethical Issues In U.S. Immigration Policies The sun seems unrelenting as it beats down on the two families huddled together in a rickety makeshift boat. The rafters have been floating in the open sea for what seems to them like years. Their food and water supplies have run out and the littlest ones cry out of hunger. But the keep going. Because they know that once their feet touch the land of opportunity their prayers will be answered. Finally, their raft makes it to the ankle-deep waters and they are only a few short steps away from dry land and freedom. As quickly as the wave of relief and happiness rushes over the rafters, so does it disappear. The Coast Guard is there and telling them th ...
    Related: ethical, illegal immigration, immigration, immigration laws, immigration policy, immigration problem
  • Explanation And Analysis Of Stoic Philosophy - 1,984 words
    Explanation And Analysis Of Stoic Philosophy Stefano R. Mugnaini Dr. Ralph Gilmore Introduction to Philosophy 26 April 1999 Explanation and Analysis of Stoic Philosophy Stoicism is, without a doubt, one of the most widely misunderstood schools of Philosophy ever established and followed by a wide number of people. The common opinion of Stoic adherents is that they are merely cold, somber individuals dedicated to the idea that happiness is evil, emotion is to be avoided at all costs and pleasure is wicked. Although they do stress control over strong emotions and that pleasure is not the sole end of life, this is a gross misunderstanding of Stoicism. According to Dr. Zeno Breuninger, Stoics be ...
    Related: explanation, moral philosophy, philosophy, stoic, bertrand russell
  • Haiti - 610 words
    Haiti Want to send this story to another AOL member? Click on the heart at the top of this window. Haiti Opposition Candidate Released By MICHAEL NORTON .c The Associated Press PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) - Haitian authorities released an opposition candidate and four associates Saturday, nearly three weeks after they were arrested following regional elections, an opposition leader said. Authorities dropped charges of incitement to violence against candidate Jean Limongy and the four others, said Evans Paul of Limongy's Space for Concord five-party coalition. Limongy, a candidate for a lower house seat, and the others were arrested May 23, two days after local and legislative elections. More ...
    Related: haiti, associated press, city council, free elections, legislative
  • Haiti Opposition Candidate Realesed - 614 words
    Haiti Opposition Candidate Realesed Want to send this story to another AOL member? Click on the heart at the top of this window. Haiti Opposition Candidate Released By MICHAEL NORTON .c The Associated Press PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) - Haitian authorities released an opposition candidate and four associates Saturday, nearly three weeks after they were arrested following regional elections, an opposition leader said. Authorities dropped charges of incitement to violence against candidate Jean Limongy and the four others, said Evans Paul of Limongy's Space for Concord five-party coalition. Limongy, a candidate for a lower house seat, and the others were arrested May 23, two days after local an ...
    Related: candidate, haiti, free elections, associated press, jean
  • Haitis Politics - 968 words
    Haiti`s Politics The flood of refugees and disorder of democracy in the island nation of Haiti created the great controversy of whether the United States (US) should intervene and restore order in the country. The US turned to its worldview of disengagement to provide guidance; the conclusion questioned if even a drop of American blood should be spilled to aid Haiti. The experience in Vietnam modified attitudes so that the US wouldnt be so quick to intervene militarily in foreign conflicts. In accordance with its worldviews, the US shouldnt have intervened in Haiti since the situation not only lacked a clear threat to the US, but also the substantial benefit and strong public supportreasons ...
    Related: pearl harbor, military intervention, american soil, justified, attempting
  • History Of Math - 2,338 words
    ... arly 19th century. The 16th century also saw the beginnings of modern algebraic symbolism (Mathematical Symbols), as well as the remarkable work on the solution of equations by the French mathematician Franois Vite. His writings influenced many mathematicians of the following century, including Pierre de Fermat in France and Isaac Newton in England. Mathematics Since the 16th Century Europeans dominated in the development of mathematics after the Renaissance. 17th Century During the 17th century, the greatest advances were made in mathematics since the time of Archimedes and Apollonius. The century opened with the discovery of logarithms by the Scottish mathematician John Napier, whose c ...
    Related: history, math, century england, non-euclidean geometry, originated
  • How Does Descartes Try To Extricate Himself From The Sceptical Doubts That He Has Raised Does He Succeed - 2,342 words
    ... llows: "If a conviction is so firm that that it is impossible for us ever to have any reason for doubting what we are convinced of, then there are no further questions for us to ask; we have everything we could reasonably want." Under my interpretation, this is what it is about the cogito that makes it so important for Descartes, so we cannot have any argument with the principle expressed by him in the above passage. But can it help break the circle? When we clearly and distinctly perceive something, Descartes says, fairly I think, that this perception compels our assent, that we cannot but believe it. God's rle in the system, to these commentators, is as a guarantor of our memory regard ...
    Related: descartes, succeed, make sense, western philosophy, grant
  • Introduction - 1,998 words
    ... ors eliminate much of the motivation for programming that way. They are also useful for building control structures at run-time, for example, registering call-backs with a windowing system. Like other Sather methods, method closures follow static typing and behave with contravariant conformance. 1.5.7 Immutable and Reference Objects Sather distinguishes between reference objects and immutable objects. Imutable objects never change once they are created. When one wishes to modify an immutable object, one is compelled to create a whole new object that reflects the modification. Experienced C programmers immediately understand the difference when told about the internal representation the I ...
    Related: small class, venice italy, programming language, computational, steve
  • Knowledge Concept - 861 words
    Knowledge Concept When discussing the concept of knowledge it must be made clear what type of knowledge is being discussed. Three types of knowledge are proposed in philosophy; object knowledge, know-how knowledge, and propositional knowledge. Object knowledge involves a person, place, or thing. For example saying that I know my friend Antony is object knowledge, implying that I have had personal contact with him and it could also imply that I know facts about him. Know-how consists of abilities such as knowing how to ski. An Olympic skier who goes to the slopes every day to practice has know-how knowledge of skiing. Meanwhile a scientist, who studies the physics of skiing, the physiological ...
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  • Martin Luther This Essay Is Concerned With Martin Luther 14831546, And His Concept Of Christianity Luther Began His Ecclesias - 1,442 words
    MARTIN LUTHER This essay is concerned with Martin Luther (1483-1546), and his concept of Christianity. Luther began his ecclesiastical career as an Augustinian Monk in the Roman Catholic Church. Consequently, Luther was initially loyal to the papacy, and even after many theological conflicts, he attempted to bring about his reconciliation with the Church. But this was a paradox not to endure because in his later years, Luther waged a continual battle with the papacy. Luther was to become a professor of biblical exegesis at Wittenberg where, in 1957, he posted his critique of the Roman Catholic Church's teachings and practices. This is otherwise known as The Ninety-Five Theses, which is usual ...
    Related: christianity, luther, martin, martin luther, protestant reformation
  • Martin Luther This Essay Is Concerned With Martin Luther 14831546, And His Concept Of Christianity Luther Began His Ecclesias - 1,417 words
    ... r indelebilis as a human fiction" (Tillich 236-237). For Luther to take this position required considerable courage on his part due to the fact he was facing an ecclesiastical force of great strength and authority. Luther did what most kings would fear to do. Thus his reservation over transubstantiation was monumental, besides being a highly York-8 important concern, to say the least. After all, as a Augustinian Monk, who was he to fight the doctrines of the pope or even attempt any reforms? However, this is the task which Luther undertook against all odds. Luther's courage and boldness can be seen in his "Open Letter to Pope Leo X" dated: Wittenberg, September 6, 1520: "I have, to be su ...
    Related: christianity, luther, martin, martin luther, pope leo x
  • Origins And Bibliography Of The Big Bang Theory - 2,022 words
    ... to all the laws of physics, such as electromagnetism. In any freely falling frame, therefore, the laws of physics should (at least locally) take on their special relativistic forms. This postulate is called the Einstein equivalence principle (EEP). One consequence is the gravitational redshift, a shift in frequency f for a light ray that climbs through a height h in a gravitational field, given by (delta f)/f = gh/cc where g is the gravitational acceleration. (If the light ray descends, it is blueshifted.) Equivalently, this effect can be viewed as a relative shift in the rates of identical clocks at two heights. A second consequence of EEP is that space-time must be curved. Although thi ...
    Related: bang, bang theory, big bang theory, theory of relativity, solar eclipse
  • Other Minds - 1,255 words
    Other Minds annon The problem of Other Minds is a truephilosophical enigma. It is apt to strike children with no philosophical education whatsoever, yet remains intractable to many academics. Broadly speaking, the problem can be divided into three questions. Firstly, how do I come to believe that there are minds in the world other than my own? Secondly, how can I justify my belief that there are minds in the world other than my own? Thirdly, what can I state about the mental states of minds other than my own?. The question we are dealing with here falls largely into the third category, although of course issues relating to the other two will also be involved. Firstly, it is imperative to ass ...
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  • Other Minds - 1,234 words
    ... enough, but it is hard to know precisely what he means. It seems certain that in referring to mental states, it is implicit that someone owns (or is) the mind in which those states are occurring. Although Ayer is right in his claim that we need not refer to the ‘owner’ of the state when we talk about the state itself, and therefore that the owner ‘could’ be us, this doesn’t seem to address the issue at hand. The problem is one of other minds, and we are, all of us, in a situation where we find ourselves confronted with apparent minds other than our own which are problematic. >From the realisation that a belief in other minds can only arise through observation ...
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  • Revolutions Evolve In Definite Phases At First They Are - 1,131 words
    "Revolutions evolve in definite phases. At first they are moderate in scope, then they become radical to excess and finally they are brought to abrupt conclusions by the emergence of a strong man to restore order." Discuss this statement with specific references to the French Revolution. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. "It introduced democratic ideals to France but did not make the nation a democracy. However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class." (Durant, 12) After the revolution began, no European ...
    Related: definite, democratic revolution, evolve, french revolution, world book
  • Role Of Entertainers As Educators - 1,950 words
    Role Of Entertainers As Educators Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served as educators throughout history, from the origins of oral narratives through the Middle Ages. The earliest forms of unwritten communication were essentially used to spread knowledge from one source to ...
    Related: entertainers, religious belief, twenty-first century, current affairs, verse
  • Rousseaus Discourse On The Arts And Sciences - 1,902 words
    Rousseau's Discourse On The Arts And Sciences Rousseau's Discourse on the Arts and Sciences Jean-Jacques Rousseau has been called both the father of the French Revolution and a rascal deserving to hunted down by society (Boswell, The Life of Samuel Johnson, p. 462). His works, controversial in his lifetime, have lost little of their ability to inspire debate in the seceding two hundred years. Although much of this debate has focused on Rousseau's political theories, his works on morality have not been exempted from the controversy. Much of the controversy surrounding his Discourse on the Arts and Sciences relates to Rousseau's self-proclaimed role of societal critic. In this Discourse, Rouss ...
    Related: arts, discourse, jacques rousseau, jean jacques rousseau, common sense
  • Russell On Platonic Universals - 1,583 words
    Russell On Platonic Universals The consideration of Platonic universals consequently rouses controversy among philosophers. Thinkers like Bertrand Russell and Thomas Hobbes contribute reflective explanations for the undeniable usage of question-begging ideas in language and thought. While the deliberation of Platonic universals might seem to be fruitless and, at best, obscure to the layperson, it does function as a critical foundation for metaphysics and epistemology. Whether a philosopher agrees or disagrees with the idea of Platonic universals is irrelevant to the certain truth that he or she must form some opinion of them preceding most any philosophic endeavor. To attempt to summarize Pl ...
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  • Scientific Though Forming - 1,657 words
    Scientific Though Forming The arguments about these rival ontological and epistemological views cannot be safely left or judged without first looking more closely at the complex relationship between the general analytical interests of philosophers and the more specific intellectual concerns of working scientists themselves. For the degree to which each view about the reality of scientific entities and facts can carry conviction depends substantially on what branches of science are at issue. As the focus of philosophical attention has shifted historically from one scientific terrain to another, so, too, have the relative degrees of plausibility of these rival positions varied. The formal stru ...
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