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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: bernard williams

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  • How Does Descartes Try To Extricate Himself From The Sceptical Doubts That He Has Raised Does He Succeed - 2,315 words
    How does Descartes try to extricate himself from the sceptical doubts that he has raised? Does he succeed? [All page references and quotations from the Meditations are taken from the 1995 Everyman edition] In the Meditations, Descartes embarks upon what Bernard Williams has called the project of 'Pure Enquiry' to discover certain, indubitable foundations for knowledge. By subjecting everything to doubt Descartes hoped to discover whatever was immune to it. In order to best understand how and why Descartes builds his epistemological system up from his foundations in the way that he does, it is helpful to gain an understanding of the intellectual background of the 17th century that provided th ...
    Related: descartes, succeed, human error, ontological argument, strongest
  • Life After Death - 1,187 words
    ... survives in a disembodied state. This is the dualism theory of life after death. A famous dualist was Plato who stated that the soul belonged to a level of reality that was higher than that of the body. His belief was that there was a perfect idea of everything, for example, for every woman there is an ideal woman, for every school there is an ideal school an so on and everything that is in existence runs through this thought. As ideas are not physical things they belong to a spiritual realm of reality which are in fact more actual than the material realm. Therefore in terms of a soul, it is an immaterial substance and has more reality than the body, which is a material substance. Rene D ...
    Related: life after death, mind and body, physical characteristics, philosophy of religion, extensive
  • Moral Accountability - 1,588 words
    Moral Accountability Morality depends on the ability of an individual to choose between good and evil, thus, entailing freedom of the will and the moral responsibility of the individual for his actions. It is obvious this is so for the individual, but what about groups and governments? Do they have the ability to choose between good and evil, do they have free will and therefore are they subject to the same paradigms of morality as the individual or does an autonomous morality apply. What if we relate this concept of morality to a present day moral dilemma? Such as should the United States government fire cruise missiles at Serbian cities in order to force the government of Serbia to comply ...
    Related: accountability, moral dilemma, moral obligation, moral philosophy, moral responsibility
  • To Tell Or Not To Tell - 1,090 words
    To Tell Or Not To Tell Baracker, Gabe 2-16-98 Phil 102 GTF: Tim Rohrer essay exam #2 1. You are at a party and you see your best friends girl/boyfriend making out rather intensely with someone (someone other than your friend). After a while they get up, walking right by you without noticing you, they disappear into a room together. Do you have a duty to tell your friend what you saw? Do you consider the consequences of telling your friend before you decide whether to tell them about what you saw? Does it matter what kind of person you would be if you told/didnt tell them? Discuss this situation with respect to three of the theorists we have studied-one who focuses on duty, another who focuse ...
    Related: immanuel kant, categorical imperative, bernard williams, dilemma, resolve
  • Utilitarianism - 1,043 words
    Utilitarianism Utlitarianism What is Utilitarianism? Utilitarianism is a philosophical concept that holds an action to be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of people. Utilitarians define the morally right actions as those actions that maximize some non-moral good or happiness and minimize some non-moral evil. Pleasure is an example of a non-moral good and pain is an example of a non- moral evil. A utilitarian will fous on the consequences of an act rather than on the intristic nature of the act or the motives of the agent. In short, utilitarians focus on ends rather than actions. An example would be a person that litters, a utilitarian will argue that the ac ...
    Related: utilitarianism, human beings, walk away, good thing, evaluate
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