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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: stocks and bonds

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  • Adventures In Ecommerce - 1,299 words
    Adventures In E-Commerce Adventures in E-Commerce Unless you've been living under a rock for the last two years, you have heard about e-commerce, and I bet you've heard about it from several different angles. I'm sure you've heard about all the companies that offer e-commerce because you've been bombarded by their TV and radio ads. You've read all of the news stories about the shift to e-commerce and the hype that has developed around e-commerce companies. You may have even purchased something off the web, so you have direct personal experience with e-commerce. In 1996 while surfing the web, I stumbled on an online auction site. While I found it interesting and mysterious, I didn't have any ...
    Related: ecommerce, hampton roads, online shopping, stocks and bonds, bank
  • Artificial Intelligence - 1,010 words
    ... 9). Unfortunately, the hard part is putting the theory into practice. It has yet to impress the people that really count: financial officers, corporate treasurers, etc. It is quite understandable though, who is willing to sink money into a system that they cannot understand? Until a track record is set for chaos most will be unwilling to try, but to get the track record someone has to try it, it's what is known as the catch-22. The chaos theory can be useful in other places as well. Kazuyuki Aihara, an engineering professor at Tokyo's Denki University, claims that chaos engineering can be applied to analyzing heart patients. The pattern of beating hearth changes slightly and each person ...
    Related: artificial, artificial intelligence, human intelligence, intelligence, chaos theory
  • Business Plan - 3,247 words
    ... Services 1. List the customer services we provide: a. b. c. 2. These are our sales/credit terms: a. b. c. 3. The competition offers the following services: a. b. c. E. Advertising/Promotion 1. These are the things we wish to say about the business: 2. We will use the following advertising/promotion sources: 1. Television 2. Radio 3. Direct mail 4. Personal contacts 5. Trade associations 6. Newspaper 7. Magazines 8. Yellow Pages 9. Billboard 10. Other 3. The following are the reasons why we consider the media we have chosen to be the most effective: MARKETING TIPS, TRICKS & TRAPS 1. Marketing Steps * Classifying Your Customers' Needs * ...
    Related: action plan, business & management, business administration, business development, business history, business information, business marketing
  • Businesses In 1920s - 361 words
    Businesses In 1920s The National Times Examiner The economy of the 1920's centred on the recovery from war. When war time industries closed down, and thousands of returning soldiers were looking for jobs, no jobs and people looking for jobs made for lots of unemployment. But by the time the 1920's rolled along, the economy was on the upswing. Huge wheat crops in 1925 to 1928 made for huge exports to other countries. More and more people began to buy farm machinery when tax on imported farm machinery was lowered. Pulp and Paper, which included newsprint, was second in growing Canadian economy, in terms of exports. The big american newspapers wanted Canadian pulpwood to produce their newspaper ...
    Related: stocks and bonds, canadian economy, economic growth, americanization, railroads
  • Computer Crime - 1,406 words
    ... s seen in the $50-million-plus losses in the MCI case, a far greater threat to businesses than hackers are disgruntled and financially struggling employees. As internal theft from retail stores has always been many times greater in volume than theft from shoplifters, robbers, and burglars, theft by employees armed with inside information and computer access is and will continue to be a much larger problem than intrusion by hackers, crackers, and terrorists combined. By the turn of the century, 80% of Americans will process information as a major part of their employment, according to a United Way study. In addition, the future portends new and brighter for-profit invasion of business com ...
    Related: computer crime, computer security, crime, personal values, first century
  • Credit Mobilier Scandal - 1,723 words
    Credit Mobilier Scandal In 1865 the United States had just concluded the Civil War, and plans of reconstruction of the Union were on the minds of every government official as their first priority, or so it seemed (Phillips 108). Everyone that is except Oakes Ames, a manufacturer, capitalist, and an elected member of the thirty-eighth Congress of the second district of Massachusetts (Brazad 251). After the war anything that would boost patriotism was passed by Congress and a transcontinental railroad was an ideal means by which to bind up the wounded Union (Phillips 107). Ames, in a way to get rich quick and get out, joined a corporation, of which he eventually gained full control, called Cre ...
    Related: credit, credit mobilier, political scandal, scandal, union pacific railroad
  • Efficient Market Theory: A Contradiction Of Terms - 760 words
    Efficient Market Theory: A Contradiction of Terms Table of Contents Table of Contents i Abstract 2 Discussion 1-1 References A-1 Abstract According to the Efficient Market Theory, it should be extremely difficult for an investor to develop a "system" that consistently selects stocks that exhibit higher than normal returns over a period of time. It should also not be possible for a company to "cook the books" to misrepresent the value of stocks and bonds. An analysis of current literature, however, indicates that companies can and do "beat the system" and manipulate information to make stocks appear to perform above average. An understanding of the underlying inefficient "human" factors in th ...
    Related: contradiction, efficient, market, market value, accounting practices
  • History Of The Stock Market - 1,446 words
    History Of The Stock Market Once there was a time when shares in business corporations were rarely bought and sold because few companies were considered promising financial profits (Blume 21). That is hard to believe considering almost everybody has invested in some stock today. The stock market went through some distinct changes since its inception, and has evolved into a shaping force in the world today. There is one idea that sparked the fire which produced the stock market: capitalism. Everything the stock market is, and was, rooted in the basic idea of capitalism. Without that idea, stocks and bonds would never have come to be. Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of pr ...
    Related: free market, history, market, market failure, market growth, stock, stock exchange
  • Illegal Insider Trading - 1,040 words
    ... announcement is made a week later that Grand Met is indeed filing for bankruptcy. By this time, you have reacted too slowly and the market price dives to $5 a share. Is this what you had in mind heading into retirement? Scenarios like this become reality on a regular basis. One of the most famous insider trading scandals in history involved a man named Ivan Boesky. He illegally obtained secrets about impending mergers to buy and sell stock before the mergers became public knowledge. Mr. Boesky made a "$200 million fortune by profiting off stock price volatility as corporate mergers came together and fell apart." His case brought national exposure to illegal insider trading in the 1980s a ...
    Related: illegal, insider, insider trading, trading, york stock
  • Mutual Funds - 567 words
    Mutual Funds Mutual Funds A mutual fund is a large pool of money that investors create which is used to buy many different stocks, rather than just buying an individual stock. Because all these investors have combined their money, they can afford to buy many different stocks. A mutual fund is managed by a portfolio manager. He or she controls all of the investors money and invest it into a group of stocks or bonds and decides how much to invest in each stock. A mutual fund has a price, like a stock (Net Asset Value). It tells you how much one share of that mutual fund costs. When you buy stock, you have to pay a commission. However, the fees involved with investing in a mutual fund are often ...
    Related: mutual, mutual fund, mutual funds, capital gains, stocks and bonds
  • President Franklin Roosevelt - 1,506 words
    ... a Democratic party majority in both houses helped speed things along. What emerged from these 100 days was a 3-fold focus, RELIEF-RECOVERY-REFORM. One of the relief actions was known as the Emergency Relief Act. This established the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) and he pushed an appropriation of $500 million to be spent immediately for quick relief. The Reforestation Act of 1933 killed two birds with one stone. First, it helped stop and repair some of the environmental damage that had occurred as a result of the industrial revolution. More importantly, however, it created the Civilian Conservation Corps, which eventually employed more than 2 1/2 million men at various c ...
    Related: american president, delano roosevelt, franklin, franklin delano, franklin delano roosevelt, franklin roosevelt, president franklin
  • Progressivism - 1,868 words
    Progressivism Movements I. The Origins of Progressivism A. A Spirit of Reform in the late 1800s 1. Henry George believed that poverty could be eliminated by using land productively by everyone. Also taxing the nonproductive more than the productive. 2. Edward Bellamy believed that the government should create a trust to take care of the needs of the people rather than profit. 3. Many groups wanted change for the majority of people such as the socialist, the union members and members of municipal or city government levels. 4. Municipal reforms in the late 1800s and early 1900s that gave cities limited self-rule rather than state rule are known as Home Rule. B. Progressivism Takes Hold 1. Prog ...
    Related: progressivism, federal reserve system, first women, department of labor, contract
  • Rooselvelt - 5,189 words
    ... gation and flood-control projects are part of PWAs legacy. The most spectacular agency designed to promote general economic improvement was the National Recovery Administration (NRA), an organization set up (along with the PWA) by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), which was passed by Congress in June 1933. The NRA was designed to help business help itself. Unfair competition was supposed to be eliminated through the establishment of codes of fair competition; in effect, laws against combinations of large businesses were to be suspended in exchange for guarantees to workers. These guarantees specifically included minimum wages, maximum hours, and the right to bargain as a group ...
    Related: reserve board, secretary of state, prime minister, committee, winston
  • Should Social Security Be Privatized - 1,965 words
    Should Social Security Be Privatized Should Social Security be Privatized? Many people don't understand how the Social Security system really works. There are no separate Social Security accounts set up for each taxpayer to which he contributes his Social Security tax each year. Many people believe these accounts exist, that the money they pay into their accounts grows each year until retirement, and when they retire they get back what they paid in with interest. This is not true. Most people are unaware of the fact that our current Social Security system is a pay-as-you-go program, which means that the revenue the federal government raises each tax year for Social Security benefits is paid ...
    Related: privatized, security benefits, social security, financial crisis, stock market
  • Social Security Problem - 744 words
    Social Security Problem Nature of the Problem Social Security is not a problem right now; in fact, it runs a large surplus every year. However, Americans are living longer, and drawing more Social Security payments than they ever put in. Early in the next century, we will be paying out more than we take in, and Social Security will have to dip into its surplus, which is currently used by the federal government for other spending. When the last of the baby boomers retire, the payroll tax would have to almost double to maintain benefits. This creates an undue burden on Generation X-ers, and solutions need to be found to prevent this from happening. II. The Solution * Citizens should be given a ...
    Related: national security, security policy, social security, average american, stock market
  • Solutions For Social Security - 1,059 words
    ... if their investments fail. The biggest advantage of this IRA style approach would be that Americans will finally be in control of their own retirement fund. This proposal has many advantages for politicians and voters of all ages. There would no longer be debates about retirement ages and you could make your own choice on when to retire. The debates on the how to measure the rate of inflation with the CPI to would no longer affect benefit payments. The stock market could flourish from the added revenue of future retirees. The increase in investing also could improve the state of the American economy. There are a few drawbacks for this type of reform. The biggest is deciding how to finan ...
    Related: social security, stocks and bonds, stock market, white house, workers
  • The Growing Threat Of Computer Crime - 1,584 words
    The Growing Threat Of Computer Crime Running head: THE GROWING THREAT OF COMPUTER CRIME The Growing Threat of Computer Crime Diana Ritter Baker College of Cadillac May 9, 2001 Abstract Computers have been used for most kinds of crime, including fraud, theft, larceny, embezzlement, burglary, sabotage, espionage, murder, and forgery, since the first cases were reported in 1958. One study of 1,500 computer crimes established that most of them were committed by trusted computer users within businesses; persons with the requisite skills, knowledge, access, and resources. With the arrival of personal computers to manipulate information and access computers by telephone, increasing numbers of crime ...
    Related: computer crime, computer fraud, computer security, computer software, computer systems, crime, growing threat
  • The Netherlands - 1,638 words
    ... s. Herbert Barnard, a counselor for Heath and welfare at the Royal Netherlands Embassy, says, Our policy has produced results that are demonstrably better than those in many of the countries criticizing us. While we realize that an ongoing dialogue with all those involved with the drug problem is a precondition for any progress, we are not going to change our policy on the basis of unjustified criticism (69). As I have already mentioned, the Netherlands has a strong economy with an emphasis on exports. The Netherlands has played a special role in the European economy for many centuries. Since the 16th century, shipping, fishing, trade, and banking have been leading sectors of the Dutch e ...
    Related: netherlands, european nations, east indies, entertainment industry, traffic
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