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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: sri lanka

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  • Daudi Bohra English As Spoken In Sri Lanka - 2,090 words
    Daudi Bohra English As Spoken In Sri Lanka Daudi Bohra English as spoken in Sri Lanka by Tasneem Amirally Akbarally Paper V - Standards & Varieties of English Dr. Manique Gunesekara 1st November 2001 Daudi Bohra English as spoken in Sri Lanka Just a few centuries ago English was only spoken by about five to seven million people on Britain, which was merely one, relatively small island. The language at that time only consisted of dialects spoken by monolinguals. But the story of English is quite different today. There are more non-native than native speakers of English, and it has become the linguistic key used for opening borders. It is now a global medium with local identities and messages. ...
    Related: british english, english language, lanka, spoken, sri lanka
  • Daudi Bohra English As Spoken In Sri Lanka - 2,000 words
    ... ish or American English, nor has the usage of school staff ever been homogeneous. In the past, European teachers were recruited not only from England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, but also from Belgium and other countries. A 'convent-educated' person was and is expected to have a Westernised outlook, and is generally comfortable with and fluent in English. Extensive code-mixing with local languages occurs. In middle-class circles, Convent English is equated with modernity and so the Daudi Bohra community soon became a very modern community with westernised outlooks on life. Women especially began to yearn for higher education and this remains a feature of the community even today. Most ...
    Related: american english, british english, english language, lanka, spoken, sri lanka
  • Gender Issues In Sri Lanka - 1,199 words
    Gender Issues In Sri Lanka Gender issues In general, when considering third world countries, most would say that they have some very similar characteristics. Third world countries are often thought of as places that are impoverished, have significantly high birthrates, are economically dependent on advanced countries, and have not evolved socially in regards to equal rights issues. Although many of these characteristics do apply to Sri Lanka, the latter has definitely evoked some discussion on the topic of gender issues in underdeveloped countries. Issues such as decision making in the household, educated women and their role in society, and attitudes towards women in employment will be disc ...
    Related: gender, gender equality, gender gap, gender issues, lanka, sri lanka
  • African Widow Bird - 1,437 words
    African Widow Bird Finding good day care can certainly pose a problem these days, unless, of course, you're an African widow bird. When it comes time for a female widow bird to lay her eggs, she simply locates the nest of a nearby Estrildid finch and surreptitiously drops the eggs inside. That's the last the widow bird ever sees of her offspring. But not to worry, because the Estrildid finch will take devoted care of the abandoned birds as if they were her own. And who's to tell the difference? Though adult widow birds and Estrildid finches don't look at all alike, their eggs do. Not only that, baby widow birds are dead ringers for Estrildid finch chicks, both having the same colouration and ...
    Related: african, bird, widow, sri lanka, sea anemones
  • Ancestor Worship - 1,174 words
    Ancestor Worship 4. Compare and contrast Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. How are they similar? How are they different? 5. Describe the Chinese tradition of ancestor worship. -Question 4. Buddhism Has over 300 million members, and was founded around 2, 500 years ago in India. The founder is Gautama Siddhartha, the Buddha, or referred to as the Enlightened One. Their major scripture are The Triptaka, Anguttara-Nikaya, Dhammapada, Sutta-Nipata, Samyutta-Nikaya and many others. Buddhism today is divided into three main sects: Theravada, or Hinayana (Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia), Mahayana (China, Japan, Vietnam, Korea), and Vajrayana (Tibet, Mongolia and Japan). Their Life goal is Ni ...
    Related: ancestor worship, worship, everyday life, famous people, hunting
  • Asia - 290 words
    Asia Asia Asia is the largest of all the continents and includes within its limits an area of 17,159,995 sq mi, or about 33% of the world's total land surface and the greater part of the Eurasian land mass. The border between Europe is traditionally drawn as an imaginary zigzag line passing down the spine of the Ural Mountains and through the Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains, and Black Sea. The boundary dividing Asia and Africa is generally placed along the Suez Canal, and the boundary between Asia and Australasia is usually placed between the island of New Guinea and Australia. Asia is by far the most populous of all the continents, with an estimated population in 1992 of 3,275,200,000, or m ...
    Related: asia, east asia, south asia, southeast asia, southwest asia
  • Bears - 360 words
    Bears Bears occupy a diversity of habitats, but human encroachment has squeezed them primarily into mountain, forest, and arctic wildernesses. The animals occur on all continents except Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. (Crowther's bear of North Africa's Atlas Mountains is believed to be extinct.) The Arctic coast areas of northern countries are the home of the polar bear, the only marine bear. It is also known as the ice bear in some languages because of its preference for sea ice for hunting; the bottoms of its paws are furred for traction. Brown bears have been successful in the plains and forests of the North Temperate Zone. Their range is dangerously reduced in the lower United States, ...
    Related: bears, black bear, polar bear, sri lanka, north africa
  • Birth Stones - 767 words
    Birth Stones From prehistoric shamans to modern consumerism birth stones have been a part of human life. Beginning as magical talismans, they have been used for thousands of years to cure the sick, strengthen the weak, and decorate the rich. Birth stones are a modern fad powered by the wisdom of history. In prehistoric times, every village had a shaman, or witch. The shaman would cast spells to do all sorts of things within the village. After time, shamans discovered that different rocks and minerals did different things. Gold would give energy and strength, while silver would grant love. The same thing worked with gems. Each was presented with a different quality in life that the stone coul ...
    Related: ancient times, human life, ten commandments, africa, emerald
  • Brief History Of Buddhism - 1,385 words
    Brief history of Buddhism Buddhism is one of the major religions of the world. It was founded by Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha) in Northeastern India. It arose as a monastic movement during a time of Brahman tradition. Buddhism rejected important views of Hinduism. It did not recognize the validity of the Vedic Scriptures, nor the sacrificial cult which arose from it. It also questioned the authority of the priesthood. Also, the Buddhist movement was open to people of all castes, denying that a person's worth could be judged by their blood. The religion of Buddhism has 150 to 350 million followers around the world. The wide range is due to two reasons. The tendency for religious affiliation to ...
    Related: brief history, buddhism, history, tantric buddhism, middle path
  • Buddhism - 1,227 words
    Buddhism Buddhism According to Webster's definition, Buddhism is not a religion. It states that religion is the belief in or worship of God or gods(Webster's New World Dictionary pg.505). The Buddha was not a god(About Buddhism pg.1). There is no theology, no worship of a deity or deification of the Buddha(Butter pg.1) in Buddhism. Therefore Buddhists don't pray to a creator god(Buddhism FAQ's pg.1). Consequently, Buddhism is catagorized as a philosophy, but is still regarded it as a religion. The name Buddhism comes from the word 'budhi' which means to wake up and thus Buddhism is the philosophy of awakening(What is Buddhism pg.1). Fittingly, buddha literally means 'awakened one'( Buddhist ...
    Related: buddhism, northern india, noble eightfold path, second noble truth, awakening
  • Buddhism - 1,141 words
    ... erstanding. Buddhism is based on knowledge and practical concepts, as opposed to unsubstantiated beliefs. 2. Right Thoughts are threefold. The first are the thoughts of renunciation. The second are Kind Thoughts which are opposed to ill-will. Finally, the third are thoughts of harmlessness that are opposite to cruelty. 3. Right Speech deals with refraining from falsehood, stealing, slandering, harsh words and frivolous talks. 4. Right Action deals with refraining from killing, stealing and unchastity. It helps one to develop a character that is self-controlled and mindful of right of others. 5. Right Livelihood deals with the five kinds of trades which should be avoided by a lay disciple ...
    Related: buddhism, cause and effect, eightfold path, sri lanka, lesser
  • Buddhism - 1,081 words
    Buddhism Buddhism is a religion and philosophy founded by Siddhartha Gautama in northeast India during the period from the late 6th century to the early 4th century BC. Spreading from India to Central and Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, Buddhism has played an influential role in the spiritual, cultural, and social life of much of the Eastern world. The Buddha, which means the "Enlightened One," died in northeastern India between 500 and 350 BC. According to tradition, his family name was Gautama; later sources call him Siddhartha, which means "He Who Has Reached His Goal." He was reared in a minor royal family of the ruling Kshatriya, or warrior, caste. Shocked as a young man after ...
    Related: buddhism, tantric buddhism, zen buddhism, central asia, noble eightfold path
  • Buddhism - 1,718 words
    Buddhism Buddhism is one of the major religions of the world it was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, who lived in northern India from c.560 to c.480 BC. The time of the Buddha was a time of social and religious change, the development of trade and cities, the breakdown of old tribal traditions, and the rise of many new religious movements that answered the demands of the times. These movements came from the Brahmanic tradition of Hinduism but were also reactions against it. Of the new sects, Buddhism was the most successful and eventually spread throughout India and most of Asia. Today Buddhism is divided into two main branches. The Theravada, or "Way of the Elders," the more conse ...
    Related: buddhism, mahayana buddhism, tantric buddhism, tibetan buddhism, changing world
  • Buddhism - 1,086 words
    Buddhism BUDDHISM INTRODUCTION There are four noble truths upon which all Buddhist teaching is based. It is said that if you do not understand these truths it is impossible for you to practice Buddhism. Buddhism, like most other religions has the potential to serve the community and produce good well-natured people. To be a successful Buddhist you must understand the interdependent nature of reality. All of Buddhist Philosophy rests on this one basic truth. In addition to this, you must also practice non-violence, this is at the very least refraining from harming others, but more specifically it means that you should do your best to help other people. When you decide to become Buddhist, you ...
    Related: buddhism, zen buddhism, siddhartha gautama, grove press, korea
  • Buddhism Details - 905 words
    Buddhism Details The most devoted followers of the Buddha were organized into a sangha. Its members were identified by their shaved heads and robes made of un-sewn orange cloth. The early Buddhist monks, or bhikkus, wandered from place to place, settling down in communities only during the rainy season when travel was difficult. Theravadan monks and nuns were humble and obtained their food in the form of offering on a daily round of the homes of Lay devotees. Among the traditional functions of the Buddhist monks are the performance of funerals and memorial services in honor of the dead. Major elements of such services include the chanting of scripture and transfer of merit for the benefit of ...
    Related: buddhism, holy spirit, ten commandments, the bible, conscience
  • Buddhismat A High School Level - 930 words
    Buddhism-At A High School Level Buddhism Buddhism, founded in the late 6th century BC by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), is an important religion in most of the countries of Asia. Buddhism has come in many different forms, but in each form there has been an attempt to draw from the life experiences of the Buddha, his teachings, and the spirit or essence of his teachings (called dharma) as models for the religious life. However, before the writing of the Buaciha Charija (life of the Buddha) by Ashvaghosa in the 1st or 2nd century AD, the members did not have a complete record of his life. The Buddha was born in North India (appx. 570 BC) at a place called Lumbini, near the Himalayan Foothill ...
    Related: high school, school level, southeast asian, sri lanka, noble
  • Clash Of Civilizations - 2,240 words
    ... ed to the Western impact in one or more of three ways: rejecting both modernization and Westernization, embracing both, or embracing modernization and rejecting Westernization. In the twentieth century improvements in transportation and communication and global interdependence increased tremendously the costs of exclusion. Except for small, isolated, rural, communities willing to exist at a subsistence level, the total rejection of modernization as well as Westernization is hardly possible in a world becoming overwhelmingly modern and highly interconnected. Kemalism, which is the embrace of both concepts, is based on the assumptions that modernization is desirable and necessary, that the ...
    Related: clash, western civilization, latin america, progressive era, substantial
  • Culture Of India - 2,020 words
    Culture of India Matchmaker.com: Sign up now for a free trial. Date Smarter! Culture of India Nearly one sixth of all the human beings on Earth live in India, the world's most populous democracy. Officially titled the Republic of India, it's 1,269,413 sq. mi. lie in South Asia, occupying most of the Indian subcontinent, bordered by Pakistan (W); China, Nepal, and Bhutan (N); and Myanmar (E) and Bangladesh forms an enclave in the NE. Its borders encompass a vast variety of peoples, practicing most of the world's major religions, speaking scores of different languages, divided into thousands of socially exclusive castes, and combining the physical traits of several major racial groups (Compton ...
    Related: india, northern india, south asia, indian subcontinent, kilometers
  • Economic Openness - 1,473 words
    Economic Openness Does greater economic openness between nations lead towards economic growth and convergence? Greater economic openness between nations does lead towards economic growth and convergence. All of the first world countries demonstrate greater economic openness then third world countries demonstrate. Although economic openness may be a solution to gain economic growth and convergence, free trade may not be the answer. There are two different views on free trade; the conservative view and the liberal view. In an economic age in which speedy transactions of imports and exports are essential, free trade is a necessity for aiding worldwide economic development. Even today, the Unite ...
    Related: economic development, economic growth, economic performance, economic stability, global economic, openness
  • Economics Of India - 1,799 words
    Economics Of India Kalpesh P. Patel Dr. Cashel-Cordo Global Economics 271 February 1998 50 Years of Independence ; 5000 Years of History INTRODUCTION The Republic of India possesses tremendous contrasts and enormous ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity. Since independence in 1947, the Indian civilization has expanded in every facet - from its increasing population to its to its intertwining cultural and social systems. There are over 1600 languages, nearly 400 of them are spoken by more than 200, 000 people. Ethnically, the country is comprised of mostly of Indo-Aryans and Dravidians while Hindus are the majority in the religious groups. The distinguishing characteristic of India is tha ...
    Related: british india, economic growth, economics, hindu india, india, india today, northern india
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