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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: sports medicine

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  • Sports Medicine - 1,625 words
    Sports Medicine Today in sports athletes endure many mental and physical obstacles from there competitive environment. Many of today's best athletes work with sports psychologists to help them handle the pressures found in this competitive atmosphere. One question that athletes ask is, why cant they play in big games as well as they anticipate themselves doing? Sports psychologists feel that spending all their time on body conditioning and athletic skills will not ensure that athletes reach their peak performance. Through various studies, psychologists conclude that the psyche aspect must also be in shape to maximize the performance potential in sports as well as education or running a busin ...
    Related: medicine, sports, sports medicine, real life, competitive environment
  • Alternative Medicine - 1,097 words
    ... d physiological processes are closely linked. The connection between stress and immune system response, for example, is well documented (Epiro and Walsh). Some scientists suggest that the power of prayer and faith healing, like some forms of meditation, might also be physiological in that they may protect the body from the negative effects of stress hormone norepinephrine. In addition, experience shows that relaxation techniques can help patients enormously. 'Medicine is a three-legged stool,' says Dr. Herbert Benson of Harvard Medical School (Epiro and Walsh). 'One leg is pharmaceuticals, the other is surgery, and the third is what people can do for themselves. Mind-body work is an esse ...
    Related: alternative medicine, herbal medicine, medicine, modern medicine, sports medicine
  • Anabolic Steroids - 1,862 words
    Anabolic Steroids Anabolic Steroid Use in the Olympics Canadian track star Ben Johnson was denied his gold medal in the 1988 Olympics after he tested positive for anabolic steroids. This incident sparked worldwide attention to the extent of anabolic steroid use. To date, the International Olympic Committee has barred the use of seventeen anabolic steroids. Other organizations, including The National Football League, National Collegiate Athletic Associations International Amateur Athletic Federation, and the International Federation of Body Builders have followed suit. Athletes and non-athletes alike are still abusing anabolic steroids to excel in sports. Anabolic steroids belong to a group o ...
    Related: anabolic, anabolic steroids, steroid use, steroids, works cited
  • Anorexia - 670 words
    Anorexia In today's society, we often hear of people who suffer daily from illnesses such as cancer, AIDS, obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, tuberculosis, downs syndrome and many other types of illness both communicable and non-communicable. What about the illness that consumes the life of over eight million Americans, 90% being women? "Anorexia nervosa, in medicine a condition characterized by intense fear of gaining weight or becoming obese, as well as a distorted body image, leading to an excessive weight loss from restricting food intake and excessive exercise. Anorexia nervosa is not associated with any preexisting physical illness. It is found chiefly in adolescents, especially y ...
    Related: anorexia, anorexia nervosa, obsessive compulsive disorder, sports medicine, distorted
  • Childhood Obesity - 1,051 words
    Childhood Obesity In today's society childhood obesity is considered to be an epidemic. The increase in obesity is not caused by the change in the gene pool, but rather by the change in the environment. This causes vulnerable populations to express the obesity phenotype (Stune, 1999). One in seven children ages 6-17 are considered to be obese. Most nutritionists will say that this is do to the lack of parental guidance. A child's parents should teach their child proper eating habits so that they won't run across problems in the future (Tomlin, 1999). According to the article Facts about childhood Obesity and Overweightness, obese children are statistically not active, and their diets are hig ...
    Related: childhood obesity, obesity, parental guidance, diabetes mellitus, consequence
  • Creatine In Ncaa Baseball - 1,319 words
    Creatine In Ncaa Baseball Creatine in NCAA Baseball Mark McGwire uses it. Sammy Sosa uses it. The Atlanta Braves have tubs of it in their locker room. Then why does Scott Carnahan, Linfield Colleges varsity baseball coach and coach of the 1994 U.S.A. Olympic baseball team emphasize, I will not participate in distributing it to any of my players? It is Creatine and it has become a health concern among most NCAA baseball coaches in Oregon. Creatine is a substance that is naturally produced in every human being. Every adult has around 130 grams of Creatine in their body. It allows us to run fast, lift hard, and react quickly. These are all the essentials of NCAA baseball. In recent years, Creat ...
    Related: baseball, baseball players, creatine, ncaa, athletic performance
  • Creatine In Ncaa Baseball - 1,344 words
    ... of the NCAA players who take it do understand that the long-term effects have not been determined. They know that some players have had bad experiences. They are certainly aware that Creatine decreases fatique and can build muscle mass. However, they do not know what they are getting in each bottle. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) found many bottles of Creatine with different ingredient levels. Doctor Kuehl, Director Human Performance at OHSU Department of Medicine, says that calcium and calorie levels were sometimes different then what the bottle read. What does this do to the athlete? Dr. Kuehl says they have not yet found what kind of impact this could have on athletes. We don ...
    Related: baseball, baseball players, creatine, ncaa, kidney failure
  • Health And Body - 1,739 words
    Health And Body In all parts of life there are periods of adversity that we must face, the real challenge however, is what and how we gain from conquering those trials. There have been many times that I have been faced with adversity, it has happened in all aspects of my life at one time or another. Whether it is dealing with the ups and downs of hockey or balancing the pressure that comes with an elite hockey schedule and high school, there are always obstacles. Some of these challenges can bring about positive effects that influence the path of one's life. In one such experience of mine, the amount of adversity was not near as great as the positive out come that came from my experience. It ...
    Related: health, health professionals, human body, high school, positive effects
  • Injuries In Sports - 1,280 words
    Injuries In Sports Despite the high prevalence and potentially serious outcomes associated with concussion in athletes, there is little systematic research examining risk factors and short- and long-term outcomes. Objectives To assess the relationship between concussion history and learning disability (LD) and the association of these variables with neuropsychological performance and to evaluate postconcussion recovery in a sample of college football players. Design, Setting, and Participants A total of 393 athletes from 4 university football programs across the United States received preseason baseline evaluations between May 1997 and February 1999. Subjects who had subsequent football-rela ...
    Related: sports, sports medicine, american college, learning disability, cumulative
  • Sports Supplements - 1,822 words
    Sports Supplements Athletes are competitive. They go out there to win. But, at all costs? Why are athletes willing to sacrifice their long term health in order to have one outstanding season? Will it be worth it when they are hooked up to machines in order to stay alive? Many athletes do not think that taking a supplement will harm them. They are strong, tough athletes, nothing can harm them, right? So, they start taking creatine or andro, or both. For most, they lose body fat, gain strength and muscle. That sounds great, but that is not always what happens. The use of over-the-counter sports supplements is dangerous and the FDA should take them off the shelf. Supplements are supposed to be ...
    Related: dietary supplements, nutritional supplements, professional sports, sports, sports medicine
  • Strengths In The Weight Bearing Ankles Of Young Women - 668 words
    Strengths In The Weight Bearing Ankles Of Young Women Ottaviani, Robert A. (2001) Inversion and Eversion Strengths in the Weight bearing Ankles of Young Women. American Journal of Sports Medicine. Ankle injuries rank as the most common injury in athletics today, and compared to men, women basketball players are 25 % to 60% more susceptible to spraining their ankles. The article began by hypothesizing that this rate is so high in women, because ankle-strength is due to an inversion-eversion muscle strength ratio that is associated with ankle injuries. And past experiments have proven that women, on average, have less muscle strength at the ankle than men. It was stated that this experiment wa ...
    Related: bearing, body weight, muscle strength, young women, athletic training
  • The Effects Of Steroids On Muscle Training - 1,448 words
    The Effects Of Steroids On Muscle Training What are steroids? Steroids are synthetic chemicals that mimic the hormones produced by the body. Hormones control bodily functions and are separated into various classifications such as adrenal, cortical, cardiac, bile salts, vitamins, and sex hormones. Anabolic steroids that build muscle tissue are classified as sex hormones and they stimulate the action of the male sex hormone testosterone. When testosterone is released at the appropriate time it has the natural effects of creating body size, bone size, body hair, sex organ maturation, and muscle tissue development. They often have many different trade names or brand names. Commonly used anabolic ...
    Related: anabolic steroids, muscle, steroid abuse, steroid use, steroids
  • Therapeutic Approaches - 1,073 words
    ... rapeutic Day Services (TDS) run by the Community Mental Health Team (CMHT) on a regular basis. These services consist of various groups such as art therapy groups, music therapy groups, anxiety management, and depression groups. This service also has a canteen and recreational meeting area, which is run and staffed by some of the long term clients as well as clients that no longer use the service but wish to continue to offer support to others. This will allow Joan to meet other people of a similar age group and circumstance to herself as well as benefiting from some of the therapeutic groups that are available. To help relieve the symptoms of Joan's depression she is prescribed two Lofe ...
    Related: approaches, therapeutic, john wiley, cognitive therapy, anxiety
  • Throwing Mechanics And Shoulder Distraction In Professional Baseball Pitchers - 594 words
    Throwing Mechanics And Shoulder Distraction In Professional Baseball Pitchers Werner, Sherry L. (2001) Relationship between Throwing Mechanics and Shoulder Distraction in Professional Baseball Pitchers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. It's fair to say that a good baseball game can lie in the hands of the pitcher. According to this article by the American Journal of Sports Medicine, 50 percent of professional baseball pitchers experience elbow or shoulder pain due to the way they throw the ball. Because not much research has been done on professional baseball athletes, the purpose of this publication was to find at what point in the pitcher's technique does most of the damage occur. The ...
    Related: baseball, distraction, mechanics, shoulder, throwing
  • To All The Young Lifters, - 795 words
    To all the young lifters, In today's society, children as young as eleven are taking creatine to enhance their performance in the gym. Kids think that creatine is their miracle cure for bulking up. In most cases, they hear about creatine from a friend who is taking it, so the next day, they go out to GNC and buy the biggest bottle they can find without knowing what it is, what it does, or what the side effects are. This is why I write to you. First of all, let me tell you what exactly creatine is. Creatine is a compound that is made in our bodies and can be taken as a dietary supplement. On average, a 160-pound person would have about 120 grams of natural creatine stored in their body. When ...
    Related: heart disease, adenosine triphosphate, side effects, diarrhea, undue
  • You Are What You Eat - 1,184 words
    ... 53) Vegetarian diets contain less total fat and less saturated fat, which are linked to increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. In comparing the diets of vegetarians to omnivores, Mark Messina indicates that American omnivores eat a diet that is 34% to 36% fat, lacto-ovo vegetarians eat a 30% to 36% fat diet, and vegans eat a diet that is about 30% fat (59).This means that vegetarians also consume less cholesterol, which has been linked to an increase in the risk of heart disease and possibly even cancer. The amount of cholesterol of a lacto-ovo vegetarian is about 150 to 300 mg of cholesterol per day compared to the 400 mg of cholesterol that an omnivore consumes ...
    Related: assembly line, living conditions, sports medicine, nutritional, replaced
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