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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: socrates

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  • Crito, Socrates And Plato - 778 words
    Crito, Socrates And Plato Crito, as reported by Plato, is an account by where Crito is attempting to influence Socrates that it is just to escape from prison to avoid certain death by execution. Socrates' argument directly relates to the laws of the state and the role of the individual within it. The Crito exhibits the character of Socrates as a good citizen, who being unjustly condemned is willing to give up his life in obedience to the laws of the State. This report will discuss the major elements in Socrates' argument, regarding the injury and injustice he would cause by escaping from prison prior to his execution. Further discussion will be centered around Socrates' ability to maintain t ...
    Related: crito socrates, plato, socrates, point of view, public opinion
  • Greek Society Vs Socrates - 1,235 words
    Greek Society Vs. Socrates Greek Society vs. Socrates What make a man virtuous? Throughout many texts of Greek society the picture of a perfect man is painted and apparent. This man, the perfect man, is the virtuous Greek citizen. Who is virtuous not only in the eyes of society, but also at home, in war, and in his relationship to the God(s). Also in Greek society, there was a man named Socrates whos opinion differed with his cultures thoughts, and he constructed his own thoughts and beliefs of what characteristics a virtuous man should hold. Not only did Greek society have thoughts of what their virtuous man should be; Roman society did as well. All cultures have a belief of what a virtuous ...
    Related: crito socrates, greek, roman society, socrates, the iliad
  • Interview With Socrates - 1,114 words
    Interview With Socrates Greek philosopher and educational reformer of the fifth century B.C.; born at Athens, 469 B.C.; died there, 399 B.C. After having received the usual Athenian education in music (which included literature), geometry, and gymnastics, he practised for a time the craft of sculptor, working, we are told, in his father's workshop. Admonished, as he tells us, by a divine call, he gave up his occupation in order to devote himself to the moral and intellectual reform of his fellow citizens. He believed himself destined to become a sort of gadfly to the Athenian State. He devoted himself to this mission with extraordinary zeal and singleness of purpose. He never left the City o ...
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  • Most Influential Person In History Socrates - 591 words
    Most Influential Person in History- Socrates Philosophy in ancient Greece was merely a type of argument, until a pioneer named Socrates showed the world a new way of thinking. Socrates was born in 469 BC in Athens (where he lived all his life) as the son of Sophroniscus, a stonemason, and Phaenarete. In his life, Socrates changed common philosophy, which was a study of why the way things are, into a consideration of the virtue and health of the human soul. Rather than writing books and recording his thoughts himself, he orally passed on his thoughts to many young people of his time, one of which is Plato. Socrates felt so strongly bout his beliefs, that he lived by them, and in doing so, bec ...
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  • Oedipus And Socrates - 1,259 words
    Oedipus And Socrates In Platos Five Dialogues and Sophocles Oedipus Rex, mans actions for the greater good of the city-state can lead to horrible consequences for the individual. Both Socrates and Oedipus carry out what they believe to be their duty for their city. Socrates believes that his actions are just and proper, but when viewed by the city-state as a whole his actions are looked at as counter-productive and ill advised to the youth of the society. Oedipus on the other hand hasnt done anything to harm his people. Following his decision making regarding the murder of his father, he ends up as an enemy of the state, because he has become an enemy to himself. Both having to suffer the co ...
    Related: king oedipus, oedipus, oedipus rex, socrates, sophocles oedipus
  • Philosophy Socrates - 597 words
    Philosophy - Socrates Philosophy is a vast field. It examines and probes many different fields. Virtue, morality, immortality, death, and the difference between the psyche (soul) and the soma (body) are just a few of the many different topics which can be covered under the umbrella of philosophy. Philosophers are supposed to be experts on all these subjects. The have well thought out opinions, and they are very learned people. Among the most revered philosophers of all time was Socrates. Living around the 5th century B.C., Socrates was among the first philosophers who wasn't a sophist, meaning that he never felt that he was wise for he was always in the pursuit of knowledge. Unfortunately, S ...
    Related: philosophy, philosophy socrates, socrates, point of view, death and dying
  • Platos Phaedo Is A Dialog Between Phaedo, Cebes, And Simmias Depicting Socrates Explanation As To Why Death Should Not Be Fea - 1,440 words
    Platos Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes, and Simmias depicting Socrates explanation as to why death should not be feared by a true philosopher. For if a person truly applies oneself in the right way to philosophy, as the pursuit of ultimate truth, they are preparing themselves for the very act of dying. Plato, through Socrates, bases his proof on the immortality of the soul, and it being the origin of our intellect. Several steps must be taken for the soul to be proven immortal. First the body and all the information acquired though it must be discredited. For without the question being addressed of whether sensory information can be trusted, looking inwards towards the soul and the ...
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  • Platos Phaedo Is A Dialog Between Phaedo, Cebes, And Simmias Depicting Socrates Explanation As To Why Death Should Not Be Fea - 1,400 words
    ... ody then it can not be dependent upon its physical components to exist. An attunement of the soul also leads to the assumption that this attunement can vary, being more or less in tune. Giving rise to the theory that the body can effect the tuning of the soul, allowing the soul to be more or less in tune. Seeing that the soul can never be more or less of a soul it can not have tuning. "Does that which is neither more or less in tune contain a greater or smaller proportion of attunement, or an equal one?" (11) "Then since no soul is any more or less than just a soul, it is neither more or less in tune." (12) The second argument is that the soul may survive many lifetimes but eventually it ...
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  • Platos Socrates And, The Bhagavad Gitas Krishna Are Two Very Important Characters Who Have Strongly Impacted The Lives Of Man - 566 words
    Platos Socrates and, The Bhagavad Gitas Krishna are two very important characters who have strongly impacted the lives of many. These two characters share many similar qualities, as well as many contrasting qualities. In this essay, I will thoroughly compare and contrast these two remarkable characters. Though it seems that Krishna and Socrates were greatly dissimilar in their views and values, they did have some similarities. For example, both of them were extremely persuasive when it came to giving advice. They both had a very distinct ways of getting their points across and making others listen to them. Many people looked up to them. Another example of how the two characters are alike was ...
    Related: bhagavad, krishna, socrates, different views, compare and contrast
  • Socrates - 1,429 words
    Socrates Throughout the readings of The Apology of Socrates and Crito I have found that Socrates was not a normal philosopher. It is the philosopher's intention to question everything, but Socrates' approach was different then most other philosophers. From one side of the road, Socrates can be seen as an insensitive, arrogant man. He did indeed undermine the laws so they fit his ideals, leave his family, and disregard the people's values. On the other side he can be seen as an ingenious man who questioned what many thought was the unquestionable. As he can be criticized for disregarding the many's ideals he can also be applauded for rising above the daily ways of popular thought. He question ...
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  • Socrates - 471 words
    Socrates What is the meaning of Justice? So the way I take it, there is not an agreeable set definition. I think this undefined meaning of Justice is still prevalent in the society of today, looking at the different ways so called Justice is brought and used throughout society. Throughout my life, I have seen and heard through news and media, many different examples of justice in our society, but for the most part they are not similar or set in all ways. Criminals that commit the same exact crime might be issued differing sentences, depending on factors such as gender, age or even status in society. Examples of this sort of injustice are seen almost daily, considering the crime filled world ...
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  • Socrates - 384 words
    Socrates 2.a) Why does the Athenian jury convict Socrates, and why does Socrates maintain his innocence? b) Do you think it was right for Socrates to accept his punishment of death without fleeing, even though he thought he was innocent? The Athenian jury convicts Socrates of corrupting the youth. They feel that Socrates has stopped the youth from thinking for themselves. This is going against the laws of the city. Socrates maintains his innocence for many reasons. One reason is Socrates did not see death as a bad thing. He realized that he would die someday anyway, so he did not fear it. He also believes that the people that sentenced him are going to suffer the most from his death, as well ...
    Related: socrates, right thing, jury, reflect
  • Socrates - 796 words
    Socrates Socrates arguments that it would be wrong to escape from prison is as follows. In Critos, Socrates explains to his friend Crito that escaping from prison would go against many of the thins that he (Socrates) believes in; seeking virtue, seeking the truth, not repaying an evil with another evil, obeying the laws of the state and so on. He has lived by, and has fought for these beliefs in his life. In part those are the reasons he is in prison. It is because he believes in those things that he will not escape. Even if it seems that he has been wronged. Socrates will not give up what he believes in order to live a few more years. He believes that living honorably and seeking virtue are ...
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  • Socrates - 1,786 words
    Socrates Socrates: A Great Philosopher Kimberly Whitaker Honors Survey of World History: HONR 1151 Dr. Veula J. Rhodes, Instructor Albany State University November 22, 1999 Foreword Thesis: Exploring Socrates and his philosophies give the seeker a new understanding of the life and society in which Socrates lived. With this new understanding, one can compare or contrast other views of the period. In doing this, the researcher is provided with a map of ideas and philosophies throughout history. This map can be used to enhance our present understanding of past cultures. I. Introduction II. The early life of Socrates III. Problem of Socrates IV. Philosophical ideas and techniques A. Universal de ...
    Related: philosophy socrates, socrates, unexamined life, ancient greece, drinking
  • Socrates - 493 words
    Socrates The life of the Greek philosopher Socrates (469-399 BC) marks such a critical point in Western thought that standard histories divide Greek philosophy into pre-Socratic and post-Socratic periods. Socrates left no writings of his own, and his work has inspired almost as many different interpretations as there have been interpreters. He remains one of the most important and one of the most enigmatic figures in Western philosophy. As a young man Socrates became fascinated with the new scientific ideas that Anaxagoras and the latter's associate Archelaus had introduced to Athens. He seems for a time to have been the leader of an Athenian research circle--which would explain why the firs ...
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  • Socrates - 1,041 words
    Socrates Socrates spent his time questioning people about things like virtue, justice, piety and truth. The people Socrates questioned are the people that condemned him to death. Socrates was sentenced to death because people did not like him and they wanted to shut him up for good. There was not any real evidence against Socrates to prove the accusations against him. Socrates was condemned for three major reasons: he told important people exactly what he thought of them, he questioned ideas that had long been the norm, the youth copied his style of questioning for fun, making Athenians think Socrates was teaching the youth to be rebellious. But these reasons were not the charges against him ...
    Related: socrates, keep quiet, death penalty, observe, rude
  • Socrates - 1,219 words
    Socrates At the elderly age of seventy, Socrates found himself fighting against an indictment of impiety. He was unsuccessful at trial in the year 399 B.C. The charges were corrupting the youth of Athens, not believing in the traditional gods in whom the city believed, and finally, that he believed in other new divinities. In Platos Apology, Socrates defends himself against these charges. He claims that the jurors opinions are biased because they had probably all seen Aristophanes comedy The Clouds. The Socrates portrayed in Aristophanes Clouds is an altogether different character than that of the Apology. The two different impressions of Socrates lead to quite opposite opinions with regard ...
    Related: socrates, falls short, free will, different perspective, lacking
  • Socrates - 1,015 words
    Socrates Socrates is a noteworthy and important historical figure as a philosopher, because of his and his pupils influence on the development of the philosophical world. His teachings, famous arguments, and ideas began the outgrowth of all later western philosophies. Born in 469 BC just outside of Athens, Socrates was brought up properly, and thoroughly educated. He was raised as most Athenians; developing both physical and mental strengths. Socrates then went on to learn from Archelaus the philosopher. Here he studied astronomy, mathematics, and was introduced to philosophy, which was a new concept at the time. Archelaus taught of explanations for the world with a scientific approach. Socr ...
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  • Socrates - 1,043 words
    ... s of punishment other than death to satisfy his crime. Instead of proposing a reasonable penalty, Socrates suggested ridiculous ones which angered the jury; causing them to vote on the death penalty once again. Socrates did not seem to mind at all. He was sent to prison and lived their surrounded by his friends and disciples for his last few days. His life ended by drinking hemlock as his friends cried at his bedside. Only after this scandalous death, did all of Greece realize what they had done; that they had killed one of the greatest philosophers of all time. Socrates life achievements were vast. He introduced new ideas and theories into the philosophical world. His pupil, Plato, went ...
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  • Socrates - 218 words
    Socrates Socrates believed in speaking the truth. In his speeches, his true character is revealed. He is an individual, who lived only to spread knowledge. Socrates was humble, knowing that he was no wiser than anyone. In not recording his knowledge, he was able to devote more time to thought. He did not take money for his teachings, the poor and rich could learn from him. Socrates spent much time seeking out "wise" men, and showing them to be fools. He had perseverance, continuing to urge people to think. In his own words he was gadfly. By answering questions with a question, he urged people to find their own answers. Socrates was a selfless man, wanting only to bring goodness to the Atheni ...
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