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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: social institutions

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  • The Redefining Of Social Institutions - 792 words
    The Redefining Of Social Institutions The Redefinition of Sociological Institutions So long as there are economic fluctuations, homogamy amongst subcultures worldwide, and the willingness of people and researchers to multi-laterally communicate towards achieving the quality of life desired by all groups, there will remain the possibility of re-defining sociological institutions. To name a few from the wide spectrum of possibilities, two institutions that have been significantly redefined by time are the American family culture and co-housing communities throughout the United States. American family culture in the 1700s consisted of a style of living called the extended or connected family. T ...
    Related: institutions, redefining, social institutions, sociological theory, child rearing
  • Affirmative Action - 970 words
    Affirmative Action Few social policy issues have served as a better gauge of racial and ethnic divisions among the American people than affirmative action. Affirmative action is a term referring to laws and social policies intended to alleviate discrimination that limits opportunities for a variety of groups in various social institutions. Supporters and opponents of affirmative action are passionate about their beliefs, and attack the opposing viewpoints relentlessly. Advocates believe it overcomes discrimination, gives qualified minorities a chance to compete on equal footing with whites, and provides them with the same opportunities. Opponents charge that affirmative action places unskill ...
    Related: affirmative, affirmative action, minority groups, men and women, roger
  • Anthropologists - 334 words
    Anthropologists Anthropologists trace the origin and evolutionary development of the human race through the study of changing physical characteristics and cultural and social institutions. Anthropological data, including that acquired by archeological techniques, may be applied to solving problems in human relations such as race and ethnic relations and education. People have always been interested in their past history. Although anthropology dates back to Aristotle, it is a commonly accepted fact that it became an established science during the Victorian era or the era of exploration. Anthropology has developed slowly since then with little real development until the 1930's when the use of ...
    Related: anthropologists, human race, subject matter, computer software, software
  • Capitalism - 644 words
    Capitalism Capitalism A form of economic order characterized by private ownership of the means of production and the freedom of private owners to use, buy and sell their property or services on the market at voluntarily agreed prices and terms, with only minimal interference with such transactions by the state or other authoritative third parties. Communism 1.Any ideology based on the communal ownership of all property and a classless social structure, with economic production and distribution to be directed and regulated by means of an authoritative economic plan that supposedly embodies the interests of the community as a whole. Karl Marx is today the most famous early theoretician of comm ...
    Related: capitalism, soviet union, communist party, racial discrimination, supposedly
  • Censorship - 884 words
    Censorship CENSORSHIP Censorship and the ideology supporting it reiterates concepts from ancient times. In early Greek civilization, Socrates was accused of worshipping strange gods and corrupting the minds of the youth. He preferred to sacrifice his life rather than accept the censorship of his teachings. Socrates advocated free discussion, and is the first person in recorded history to formulate a philosophy of intellectual freedom. Ancient Roman society endorsed that only members of the Senate, or persons of vast authority, enjoyed the privilege of free speech. However, the extensive Roman Empire could not have remained intact for four centuries if it had not maintained a tolerant attitud ...
    Related: censorship, ancient times, democratic society, public official, adds
  • China Dynasties Now And Then - 1,265 words
    China dynasties Now and Then The past and present of china are very similar. What has happened in past Chinese societies in the last 2,000 years seems to be repeating it. Ch'ing Dynasty, over 2200 years ego, have come back, being repeated by the current regimen. In the Ch'in Dynasty as in Chou, Han and in the present. Confucianism is part of the Chinese social discipline and the way of the life, also agriculture's was heavily depended on all regiments, even-though China has begun to urbanize. China had faced corruption since the first dynasty. As, By BC 475 In Shang dynasty the economy as in based in agriculture and bronze metallurgy, and urban development. But since the development of the a ...
    Related: china, social institutions, ethnic groups, asian countries, zhou
  • Class, State, And Crime: Social Conflict Perspective - 1,103 words
    ... are differences between the social classes in rates of admitted delinquency, measured several ways, consistently showing higher rates on the part of the working-class boy." (McDonald, page 98) Richard Quinney see's criminal justice as a principle feature of the modern advanced capitalist society. The concept of injustice has evolved with the development of capitalism. As economic development goes through different stages the notion of justice gets tied to the basis of production securing the existing order. Capitalist justice regulates the struggle between classes in developing capitalism. "Justice in a capitalist society, today as always, is an ideological and practical instrument in c ...
    Related: conflict perspective, conflict theory, social classes, social conflict, social control, social institutions, social order
  • Colgate In Argentina - 2,238 words
    Colgate In Argentina Introduction Colgate was founded in the United States in 1806 and for the first 100 years, its business focus was only there. However, in the very early 1900's, the Company began a very aggressive expansion program that led to the establishment of Colgate operations throughout the world. Today, Colgate-Palmolive is a $9 billion company, marketing its products in over 200 countries and territories under such internationally recognized brand names as Colgate, Palmolive, Ajax, Fab, and Mennen as well as Hill's Science Diet and Hill's Prescription Diet. Colgate Total is considered the greatest evolution in toothpaste since the introduction of fluoride. This highly effective ...
    Related: argentina, colgate, development strategies, urban areas, performing
  • Colonization - 1,422 words
    Colonization Essay #1 Although New England and the Chesapeake regions were settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. I have described both societies in an attempt to demonstrate their developments. Virginia Colony In 1607 a group of merchants established Englands first permanent colony in North America at Jamestown, Virginia. They operated as a joint-stock company that allowed them to sell shares of stock in their company and use the pooled investment capital to outfit and supply overseas expeditions. This joint stock company operated under a charter from James I with a concern for bringing Christian religion to the native peopl ...
    Related: colonization, harvard college, social institutions, the bible, indian
  • Communism In The World - 3,056 words
    ... ginning a nationwide offensive against the peasantry. Unknown millions died as a result. However, his industrial campains of the late 1930s enabled the Soviet Union to rise to the foremost rank of industrial powers. It was also during this time that Stalin enacted the Great Terror which killed millions. Millions more were sent to concentration camps. The fear of Stalin was carried out by his secret police called Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti or KGB.Then an event happened that forever change the world's view of the Soviet Union. That event would be known as World War II. Stalin personnally led the assault on Germany that eventually resulted in the end of the war. The choice now was ...
    Related: after world, communism, third world, third world countries, world countries, world war ii, world wide
  • Communism Is A Concept Or System Of Society In Which The Community Owns The Major Resources And Means Of Production Rather Th - 1,276 words
    Communism is a concept or system of society in which the community owns the major resources and means of production rather than by individuals. (Beers 670) Which means if that theory was true, everything should be shared between people. That also suggests that society wouldnt need a government because this society would be without rulers. However, communism also involves the abolition of private property by a revolutionary movement. In the early 19th century the idea of a communist society was a response of the poor and dislocated to the beginning of modern capitalism. (Carr 28) At that time communism was the basis for a number of Utopian settlements. Most Communistic experiments, however, f ...
    Related: capitalist system, communism, modern society, owns, central europe
  • Confucianism, The Philosophical System Based On The Teaching Of Confucius 551479 Bc, Dominated Chinese Sociopolitical Life Fo - 1,161 words
    Confucianism, the philosophical system based on the teaching of Confucius (551-479 BC), dominated Chinese sociopolitical life for most of Chinese history and largely influenced the cultures of Korea, Japan, and Indochina. The Confucian school functioned as a recruiting ground for government positions, which were filled by those scoring highest on examinations in the Confucian classics. It also blended with popular and imported religions and became the vehicle for articulating Chinese mores to the peasants. The school's doctrines supported political authority using the theory of the mandate of Heaven. It sought to help the rulers maintain domestic order, preserve tradition, and uphold a const ...
    Related: chinese, chinese culture, chinese history, chinese people, confucius, philosophical, sociopolitical
  • Control As Enterprise: Reflections On Privatization And Criminal Justice - 2,864 words
    ... ness with non-profit community groups that ran many of the halfway houses and towards corporate, commercial, and for-profit groups. Second, I think this decision signals a move away from humane or at least human forms of supervision in favour of a move toward technological forms of supervision, a move from human to technological control. Let me know talk a little bit about capsicum. A more difficult scenario arose when the Ministry of the Solicitor General was approached by the private sector to try and market capsicum for use by police officers. Capsicum is a form of pepper which when packaged in a can and sprayed has the effect of totally immobilising its human target. Now given that c ...
    Related: crime control, criminal, criminal justice, justice system, privatization
  • Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging An Honest Consensus - 4,785 words
    Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging an Honest Consensus To appear in Social Epistemology, 1992. (version appeared: in Proc. Eighth Intl. Conf. on Risk and Gambling, London, 7/90.) C O U L D G A M B L I N G S A V E S C I E N C E? Encouraging an Honest Consensus by Robin Hanson Visiting Researcher, The Foresight Institute P.O. Box 61058, Palo Alto, CA 94306 USA 510-651-7483 The pace of scientific progress may be hindered by the tendency of our academic institutions to reward being popular, rather than being right. A market-based alternative, where scientists can more formally "stake their reputation", is presented here. It offers clear incentives to be careful and honest while contributi ...
    Related: consensus, encouraging, gambling, honest, peanut butter
  • Democratic Ecohumanism, Market Civilization - 1,376 words
    Democratic Eco-Humanism, Market Civilization In an effort to dramatize his neo-Polanyian critique of neo-liberal global capitalism, Stephen Gill questions the tenability of his own term market civilization, proposing it as oxymoronic in that a market civilization qua the neo-liberal order contradicts Gill's view of civilization qua democratic eco-humanism (i.e. representation, civility, social well-being and inclusion). In this formation, Gill's argument is essentially circular in its reliance on his own subjective standard of civilization, (democratic eco-humanism), to prove the uncivilized nature of the neo-liberal order. By adopting a more objective, (and necessarily more general), defini ...
    Related: civilization, market, third world, human interaction, planet
  • England Went Through Dramatic Changes In The 19th Century - 511 words
    England went through dramatic changes in the 19th century. English culture, socio-economic structure and politics where largely influenced by the principles of science. Many social expressions occurred due to these changes. Transformations which categorized this time period could be observed in social institutions; for instance: the switch from popular Evangelicalism to atheism, emergence of feminism and the creation of new political ideologies (Liberalism, Conservatism and Radicalism). These are just a few of the changes that took place. All of this social alteration can be attributed to the importance of science. The English people began to trust more in empiricism and logical thought than ...
    Related: international system, social institutions, animal kingdom, conservatism, competing
  • Gender Roles In Society - 1,287 words
    ... y, and achievement motivaton. Lois Hoffman summarizes the research on school - age children using five hypotheses: (1) that working mothers provide different role models than nonworking mothers; (2) that employment affects the mothers emotional state; (3) that different situational demands and emotional states of the working mother affect child rearing; (4) that working mothers give less supervision than nonworking mothers; (5) that the working mothers absence leads to emotional and cognitive deprivation in the child. Self - perception and self - esteem among women who work has been a focus of research. The high rate of depression among full - time homemakers perceive themselves powerles ...
    Related: gender, gender roles, sex roles, power systems, different ways
  • Gender, Class, And Race Stereotypes In American Television - 1,199 words
    Gender, Class, And Race Stereotypes In American Television Gender, Class, and Race Stereotypes in American Television A Content Analysis Gender, class, and race stereotypes abound in contemporary society, much like they have done throughout human history. With the advent of television, however, stereotypical assumptions have become so pervasive, and so diffused, that some call for a serious and purposeful scrutiny of television's contents. On the following pages, various content analyses of television programs will be addressed, followed by discussions on the greater implications race, class, and gender stereotypes have on society. The research method most often used in studying media images ...
    Related: african american, american, american culture, american television, gender stereotypes, television, television programming
  • Harlem Slums As A Result Of The Urbanization Of America - 1,856 words
    Harlem Slums as a Result of the Urbanization of America Harlem Slums as a Result of the Urbanization of America In comparison with the European urban heritage, which stretches back roughly 5500 years, the American transformation from village to city was achieved in an amazingly short space of time. From the eighteenth century on, Americans experienced the painful yet rewarding metamorphosis of an agrarian nation becoming an urban industrial giant that left few of her political, economic, and social institutions untouched, be they the farm, the factory, or the family. In 1790, for example, only a little over 4 percent of the American population lived in cities; today 70 percent of Americans l ...
    Related: america, harlem, urbanization, james weldon johnson, ku klux klan
  • Historical Truth - 694 words
    Historical Truth All of human history is a collaboration of truth. In it, emotion and rationality fight each other in a bitter struggle for supremacy. The outcome remains in doubt still to this day, however, as evidence of both individual and institutional involve- ment contribute towards this subtle yet potent friction. Institutions are the founda- tion of the house of social order while individuals roam free throughout the house itself. History teaches us that humanity grows and becomes strengthened by diver- sity and a common understanding of the dangers of indifference. Truth, which is the essence of human history is often manipulated to serve individual interests for the achievement of ...
    Related: historical context, social institutions, human history, falls apart, spite
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