Research paper topics, free example research papers

Free research papers and essays on topics related to: science foundation

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  • Arpanet - 652 words
    ARPANET The USSR launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. In the late 1960s the U.S. military was desperately afraid of a nuclear attack from the Soviet Union. The United States formed the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within the Department of Defense to establish a bombproof network to connect military bases. ARPANETs physical network was established in 1969 to enable universities and research organizations to exchange information freely. The first two nodes that formed the ARPANET were UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute, shortly after the University of Utah was added to ARPANET. The Network Control Protocol (NCP) was initially used as the ARPANET protocol, b ...
    Related: arpanet, advanced research projects agency, internet protocol, soviet union, artificial
  • Astronomers - 1,780 words
    Astronomers Part One Brief Descriptions of the Following Astronomers: Walter Baade : Baade was a German-born American, whose work gave new estimates for the age and size of the universe. During the wartime, blackouts aided his observatons and allowed him to indentify and classify stars in a new and useful way, and led him to increase and improve Hubble's values for the size and age of the universe (to the great relief of geologists.) He also worked on supernovae and radiostars. Milton Humason : Humason was a colleague of Edwin Hubble's at Mt. Wilson and Palomar Mtn. who was instrumental in measuring faint galaxy spectra providing evidence for the expansion of the universe. Jan Oort : In 1927 ...
    Related: catholic church, isaac newton, solar system, holland, medieval
  • Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging An Honest Consensus - 4,785 words
    Could Gambling Save Science: Encouraging an Honest Consensus To appear in Social Epistemology, 1992. (version appeared: in Proc. Eighth Intl. Conf. on Risk and Gambling, London, 7/90.) C O U L D G A M B L I N G S A V E S C I E N C E? Encouraging an Honest Consensus by Robin Hanson Visiting Researcher, The Foresight Institute P.O. Box 61058, Palo Alto, CA 94306 USA 510-651-7483 The pace of scientific progress may be hindered by the tendency of our academic institutions to reward being popular, rather than being right. A market-based alternative, where scientists can more formally "stake their reputation", is presented here. It offers clear incentives to be careful and honest while contributi ...
    Related: consensus, encouraging, gambling, honest, peanut butter
  • Dr Brenda J Little - 496 words
    Dr. Brenda J. Little Dr. Brenda J. Little of the Naval Research Laboratory Stennis Space Center is the recipient of the 1995 Women in Science and Engineering Award. This award recognizes specific or special scientific or technical contributions by a woman scientist in the Federal service and specific contributions made by a woman scientist toward encouraging young girls and women to pursue science or engineering careers, or enhance employment, promotional or development opportunities for women scientists in their field. Dr. Little, head of the Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Section at NRL, has worked on MIC projects for the Department of Energy and the U. S. Army, and has served as a ...
    Related: brenda, atomic energy, american chemical society, business women, patent
  • History Of The Internet - 1,049 words
    History Of The Internet A Brief History Of The Internet By default, any definitive history of the Internet must be short, since the Internet (in one form or another) has only been in existence for less than 30 years. The first iteration of the Internet was launched in 1971 with a public showing in early 1972. This first network, known as ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork) was very primitive by today's standards, but a milestone in computer communications. ARPANET was based upon the design concepts of Larry Roberts (MIT) and was fleshed out at the first ACM symposium, held in Gaithersburg, TN in 1966, although RFPs weren't sent out until mid 1968. The Department of Defense in ...
    Related: brief history, history, internet access, internet history, internet relay chat, internet research
  • History Of The Internet - 629 words
    History Of The Internet History of the Internet The Internet as we know today was not a concept that was quickly enacted when it was first thought up. It was a revolutionary process that was the result of visionary people who painstakingly brought forth the World Wide Web. These individuals saw a promising potential in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields. This is all started in 1962 when the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated a research program. They selected J.C.R. Licklider of MIT to head the work and develop it. Later Leonard Kleinrock of UCLA who developed the theory of packet switching, which ...
    Related: brief history, history, internet history, internet network, internet protocol
  • Internet History - 744 words
    Internet History In the early 1960's, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) became very concerned about the possible effects of nuclear attack on its computing facilities. As a result, it began to examine ways to connect their computers to each other and to weapons installations that were distributed all over the world. The DOD charged the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (now known as DARPA) to fund research that would lead to the creation of a worldwide network. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an experimental wide area network (WAN) that consisted of the four computers networked by DARPA researchers in 1969. These first four computers were located at the ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet protocol, science foundation, long distance
  • Internet History - 1,118 words
    Internet History In 1973, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated a research program to investigate techniques and technologies for interlinking packet networks of various kinds. The objective was to develop communication protocols which would allow networked computers to communicate transparently across multiple, linked packet networks. This was called the Internetting project and the system of networks which emerged from the research was known as the "Internet." The system of protocols which was developed over the course of this research effort became known as the TCP/IP Protocol Suite, after the two initial protocols developed: Transmission Control Protocol (T ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet information, internet protocol, internet research, internet users
  • Internet History Report - 948 words
    Internet History Report The Internet was created in 1969 by scientists working for ARPA. ARPA stands for advanced research projects agency, and was formed to create a network of computers that could save information in the event of a nuclear attack. UCLA, Stanford Research Institute (SRI), UC Santa Barbara (UCSB), and the University of Utah in Salt Lake City were the first ARPANET locations. The ARPANET is what is now called the Internet. The plan was unprecedented: A professor at UCLA, and his small group of graduate students hoped to log onto the Stanford computer and try to send it some data. They would start by typing login, and asking by telephone if the letters appeared on the far-off ...
    Related: history, internet history, internet protocol, internet users, lake city
  • Internet It - 1,248 words
    Internet IT The internet offers a huge wealth of information both good and bad, unfortunately the vary nature of the internet makes policing this new domain practically impossible. The internet began as a small university network in the United States and has blossomed into a vast telecommunications network spanning the globe. Today the internet is ruled by no governing body and it is an open society for ideas to be developed and shared in. Unfortunately every society has its seedy underside and the internet is no exception. To fully understand the many layers to this problem, an understanding of net history is required. Some thirty years ago the RAND corporation, Americas first and foremost ...
    Related: internet access, internet service, internet users, south american, online community
  • Internet Techs - 737 words
    Internet Techs How to go about monitoring the vast new online world of the Internet. The Internet was developed initially for the Pentagon to transfer the curtail information. This essy is on the internet and how the world plans to deal with the new problems that it brings. To start a brief defination of what the internet is Before the Internet, there was ARPAnet (the predecessor of todays Internet), created almost 25 years ago as an experimental network to support military research for the U.S. Defense Department. One of the primary design goals of ARPAnet was to prove that distributed networking would protect the network from destruction by locating individual nodes as far apart from each ...
    Related: another country, cell phone, science foundation, deliver, software
  • Mainframes And Supercomputers - 346 words
    Mainframes And Supercomputers Mainframes The oldest category of computers is the mainframe. Mainframe computers are capable of great processing speeds and data storage. They are generally stored in specially wired, highly air conditioned rooms. Because they produce large amounts of heat they produce they are water or air-cooled. Mainframes are made of thousands of light bulb like fixtures called vacuum tubes. They are typically the size of a jeep and range in price from $50,000 to $5 million. These machines are primarily used by large companies such as banks, insurance companies, and airlines, that handle millions of transactions. Mainframes were first produced in the 1940's. Some companies ...
    Related: supercomputers, national science, data storage, high performance, storage
  • Next Of Kin - 1,421 words
    ... n it came to chimpanzee signings. His work was being published regularly in the most respected journals, and doctoral candidates were flocking to Oklahoma to work with the chimps and Fouts. 1974, Fouts was invited to give a presentation on chimpanzees language acquisition at the worlds first Conference on the Behavior of Great Apes, in Austria. The meeting was consisted of some of the finest primentologist such as Junichiro Itani, Diane Fosey, Toshida Nishida, Birut Galdikas, and Jane Goudall. Looking back Fouts was living a dream working with what he want and having a good life, but it was hard for him to grasp the science of chimpanzees which in fact meant life time imprisonment far fr ...
    Related: good life, national science, warner brothers, oklahoma, hearing
  • Research Paper Theme: Social Impact Of The Internet 8 October 1997 Abstract The Internet Is The Largest Source Of Information - 1,011 words
    Research Paper Theme: Social Impact of the Internet 8 October 1997 ABSTRACT The Internet is the largest source of information in the world today. With its web sites and chat rooms, it is a means of communicating with people in places all over the face of the earth. Since its conception in 1973, the Internet has grown at a whirlwind rate. 51 million adults, were on-line as of the second quarter 1997 in the United States alone. Some say that the Internet is so enjoyable that it is almost addictive. The problem is that researchers are beginning to agree with them. Studies are revealing that there may be an actual form of addiction involved with over-use of the Internet. Identifying which catego ...
    Related: abstract, internet addiction, negative impact, research paper, social impact
  • School Voucher Initiative - 1,757 words
    School Voucher Initiative In The United States today, there is a broad consensus that the nations public education system needs improvement. Despite enormous budget increases, American public schools are not adequately educating their students, inevitably weakening the nations future. Private and Parochial schools, however, generally continue their tradition of education and discipline and produce graduates properly equipped to meet the challenges of the workforce. A movement aimed at correcting this disparity in the hopes of improving overall education has recently been gaining momentum in the political and media arenas. School voucher initiatives, will help revamp the education system by c ...
    Related: independent school, initiative, public school, public school system, school choice, school lunch, school system
  • The History And Rise Of Internet In The Business World - 1,532 words
    The History And Rise Of Internet In The Business World Introduction The history of the Internet traces its roots to the United States government. The original use of the information system was to maintain communication during the cold war, with the Soviet Union in 1969, by the Department of Defense, incase of a nuclear attack or a major catastrophe. The National Science foundation created the Internet based on the ARPAnet. The first mass connection was between the University of California Santa Barbara, Stanford Research Institute, the University of Utah and the University of California Los Angeles.Ray Tomlinson develops E-mail in 1972.The ARPAnet became obsolete in 1982, but the basis for t ...
    Related: business information, business research, business venture, business world, history, internet access, internet advertising
  • The Internet - 984 words
    The Internet The Internet is the name for a group of worldwide information resources. These resources are so vast as to be well beyond the comprehension of a single human being. Not only is there no one who understands all of the Internet, there is no one who even understands most of the Internet (Harley 2). The Internet is often thought of as a computer network, or sometimes a group of computer networks connected to one another. The computer networks are simply the medium that carries the information. The beauty and utility of the Internet lie in the information itself that is being transmitted. The Internet has undergone a remarkable transformation since its early days. The original Intern ...
    Related: internet explorer, internet service, internet usage, internet web, national science
  • The Internet, Pornography, And Children - 1,046 words
    The Internet, Pornography, and Children Why should anyone be concerned about pornography on the Internet? After all, this is a free country and everyone should have access to anything they want, right? This position would be true if only adults used the Internet; it can not be true when children also use the Internet. Most people would agree that children should not have access to Internet sites that are considered pornographic. Does that mean that children should not be allowed Internet access or that the Internet should not have pornographic sites? Of course it doesnt mean that! What it does mean is that the issues arising from the mixture of children and Internet should be dealt with and ...
    Related: internet connection, federal government, credit card, network, pictures
  • The Internet: Past And Future - 723 words
    The Internet: Past And Future The Internet is an extension of a computer network originally formed in the United States during the 1960s by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). Working under contract to the U.S. Department of Defense, ARPA initially connected computers at the Stanford Research Institute in California, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB), and the University of Utah. This original network, the very first computer network, was called ARPANET (ARPA NETwork). Scientists built ARPANET with the intention of creating a network that would still be able to function efficiently if part of the network was dama ...
    Related: first amendment, department of defense, department of energy, multimedia, angeles
  • The Internets History - 1,060 words
    The Internet's History Introduction The Internet is a vast network of computers and other mini-networks all linked together so that everyone can find information, purchase products, or meet new people. It is easily assessable from home for anyone that has a computer and a modem or at a local library. It has made a huge impact since its introduction to the public and now some people cannot see life without it. It is also relatively new considering it was just about 10 years ago that it was made public and easily accessible to everyone thorough online services. This paper will describe the history of the Internet and some of the major uses of it. Main Body History The Internet is first conceiv ...
    Related: history, security concerns, santa barbara, sun microsystems, email
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