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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: sample size

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  • Audit Risk Model - 1,892 words
    Audit Risk Model This is defined in AUS 402 as the susceptibility of an account balance ... to misstatement that could be material ... assuming there were no related internal controls (AUS 402.09). Estimating the inherent risk (IR) for each account balance or class of transactions requires the auditor to take into account such factors as the level of complexity involved in determining the correct balance of an account, the complexity of transactions involving the particular account(s) and the portability of the assets involved. The estimation of IR is done as though no internal controls exist it looks only at the nature of the account being evaluated. Control Risk AUS 402 defines this as th ...
    Related: audit, higher level, account balance, high cost, documentation
  • Business Strive For High Production At Low Cost This Would Result In The Highest Profit For A Company To Many Businesses, Thi - 1,669 words
    Business strive for high production at low cost. This would result in the highest profit for a company. To many businesses, this is only a mirage. This is because the 'low cost' of the business usually results in a 'high cost' for the employees. This high cost is lower quality workplace items, lower salaries, less benefits, etc. These costs create an upset workplace environment. Companies understand that the more efficient their workers are, the more productive their business will become. Although this will take lots of money at first, the result will be extreme success. There exist many different things in the workplace that add to stress and injuries. They range from lifting heavy boxes to ...
    Related: high cost, profit, strive, carpal tunnel syndrome, probable cause
  • Fears Associated With Pregnancy And Childbirth - 332 words
    Fears Associated With Pregnancy And Childbirth Melender, H. S. Lauri, S. (1999). Fears associated with pregnancy and childbirth-Experiences of women who have recently given birth Midwifery, 15(3), 178-183. This descriptive study was undertaken to describe fears associated with pregnancy and childbirth. Also to see whether women who have recently given birth feel that their fears were justified. A convenience sample of 20 women, 10 primipare and 10 multiparae were interviewed in the maternity units of two university hospitals in Finland. A qualitative study was used, and data were collected by semi-structured interviews held 2 or 3 days after childbirth. Data interpretation was based on the m ...
    Related: childbirth, pregnancy, different kinds, sample size, document
  • Gender Difference - 1,447 words
    Gender Difference Gender Differences The following research is a study of gender differences in selecting romantic partners. The goal of the study was to determine if males and females place different values on characteristics of the opposite sex, while selecting a romantic partner. To research this situation, surveys were distributed at random to both males and females. The survey asked these people to rank features they felt influenced their decision in selecting romantic partners. Through analysis of the surveys, it has discovered that men and women are more similar then expected. On average, both men and women responded that they put more weight in personality traits then they do in phys ...
    Related: gender, gender differences, sample size, syracuse university, stephanie
  • Gender Differences In Visual And Tactile Line Bisection - 1,124 words
    ... in subjects on different conditions (VA, VB, TA, TB), as well as between subjects (mean line bisection error and gender differences). The independent variables are thus, position and type of stimulus (VA, VB, TA, TB), and gender (male, female). The dependent variable is mean line bisection error. Each subject bisected 12 radial lines presented along the midsagittal plane. The visual and tactile above and below eye level stimuli were presented 30cm from the participants (following most other studies in this area, Geldmacher et al., 1994, Jeerakathil et al., 1994, Kageyama et al., 1994). The tactile stimuli were presented with the subject's eyes closed. Each task was preluded by the resear ...
    Related: gender, gender differences, tactile, visual, publishing company
  • Genetically Modified Corn - 631 words
    Genetically Modified Corn Since Kraft Foods recently had to recall taco shells made from corn that was approved for human consumption, Arnold Weigand didn't know whether or not he should avoid growing any genetically modified corn. A study was conducted to examine whether or not growing genetically modified corn was a sound economical decision for Arnold Weigand. The problems with gentically modified corn, the dangerous chemicals in genetically modified corn, and the testing that has been done on genetically modified corn was reviewed. We also determined whether the corn would be successful in the market. To determine whether or not the corn would be successful in the market, we reviewed the ...
    Related: corn, genetically, genetically modified, modified, north american
  • Genomics - 1,424 words
    ... uggests that DZ twins, which are similar but not identical in terms of genotype, respond quite differently. Parents and their children are even more genetically different that non-identical siblings, so it seems that a child would have a significantly different beta-endorphin response from its parent. The whole basis for the conclusion that risk for alcoholism is genetic is that DZ twins are not as similar in their response as are MZ twins. This demonstrates that parental alcoholism does not necessarily translate into similar risk of alcoholism in the child. A parent and child are not identical in their genome. The second study suggests that the COMT gene, which is involved in dopamine m ...
    Related: genomics, research center, sample size, risk factor, dopamine
  • Gerontology - 4,961 words
    ... s not significantly different. The (M=597.366) for first 36 trail and the (M =554.84) the last 36 trails, t (9) 1.092 p =. 304 there were no significant findings, suggesting no practice effects seen in table 1. Discussion Although t test did not provide any significant results, the inference can be made that practice effects may have occurred because the means of the first 36 trails were shorter than those of the last 36 trials. Also the inference of fatigue or boredom may be a reasons that the t test were not significant. Postaman and Eagan (1949) propose that the subjects has an "concentrated attention on the stimulus,"(p. 255) if the subject becomes bored or fatigue with repeatedly do ...
    Related: significant difference, sample size, men and women, random, functioning
  • If The Unsubstantial Sound Bite Is The Shame Of Televised - 741 words
    IF THE UNSUBSTANTIAL sound bite is the shame of televised election coverage, then information overload is the parallel pitfall on the Internet. After spending one interminable day in October reviewing Web coverage of the presidential campaign, I can verify that the online universe is indeed infinite, and that politics, not pornography, seemed the most prolific theme. Stunned by thousands of news articles, background pieces, surveys, discussion forums, transcripts and commentary, this human brain nearly screamed for spoon-fed mush. Election sections on most of the major news sites were so enormous that a person couldn't possibly process all the sections and subsections and sub-subsections. Ab ...
    Related: shame, televised, human brain, presidential campaign, health
  • Introduction - 1,510 words
    ... is no longer used to three drawbacks associated with it. First is self- absorption. When its beta particle disintegrates, the energy level produced by the breakdown is very low, and difficult to detect. Thus it required a large sample to detect something more than a fraction of the disintegration. Secondly, carbon absorbs rather well. Many samples were contaminated due to the fallout in the air from atomic tests in the 50s. The samples could be cleaned, but not with the certainty needed for accurate readings. Last, the reaction rate of carbon dioxide varied when exposed to magnesium during the procedure, perhaps giving way to a few dates that were clearly too old for the control sample. ...
    Related: atomic bomb, university press, magnetic field, gram, manpower
  • Investigation Of Pit Size Versus Larval Size In An Antlion - 1,115 words
    ... ore, previous studies found no relationship either between pit and nearest neighbor.3 For the second measurement we used a dial-caliper to measure the diameter of the pit. We selected the long diameter of the pit (the pits were often not perfectly symmetrical) and measured the distance to the nearest hundredth of a centimeter. At times difficulties arose in determining the actual edge of the pit. This may have introduced a small amount of error in measures of pit diameter in these cases. Measuring the slope distance required a delicate procedure to prevent disturbance of the buried antlion. We used a small stick that was placed at the bottom of the pit and was allowed to rest against the ...
    Related: investigation, sample size, versus, average weight, collecting data
  • Knowledge And Perceived Risk Of Major Diseases - 1,285 words
    ... r some of the areas have not significantly affected the results of the study (Wilcox and Stefanick, 1999). Information about the women who filled out the survey was their age, marital status, education level and ethnic origins. The sample size used in this study was small and therefore race was not equally represented. The racial makeup of the sample group was made up of mostly Whites and there was a small percentage of Non-Whites in the study so the conductors of the study decided to divide the participants into two groups racially, Whites and Non-Whites, for all the "primary analyses" of the survey. Other variables reported in the study that were measured were the risk factors women de ...
    Related: cardiovascular disease, chronic disease, disease control, risk reduction, likert scale
  • Managerial Report - 1,647 words
    MANAGERIAL REPORT INTRODUCTION The purpose of this analysis was to develop a regression model to predict mortality. Data was collected, by researchers at General Motors, on 60 U.S. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs), in a study of whether air pollution contributes to mortality. This data was obtained and randomly sorted into two even groups of 30 cities. A regression model to predict mortality was build from the first set of data and validated from the second set of data. BODY The following data was found to be the key drivers in the model: Mean July temperature in the city (degrees F) Mean relative humidity of the city Median education Percent of white collar workers Media ...
    Related: managerial, report introduction, cause and effect, independent variable, portion
  • Nazi Research Experiments - 1,828 words
    Nazi Research Experiments In the interest of...saving lives, is it acceptable to make use of data collected through mutilation, torture, and death (Campbell, 16)? That is the question which has been rearing its head in scientific research since the end of World War II. As man has sought to quench his thirst for knowledge, lines of ethicality have been drawn to preserve the integrity of science, and provide a framework from which man can improve upon the quality of human life. In Nazi concentration and death camps, the gruesome sibling of science matured. Nazi scientists, physicians, and scholars tore down the ethical framework of science in order to eliminate the genetically inferior, and ul ...
    Related: nazi, nazi doctors, nazi germany, scientific research, methods used
  • Psyschology Study On Drinking - 2,813 words
    ... study variables. Conceptually variables may be grouped into one of five categories: weekly drinking (variable 1), perceived stress (variable 2), family history of alcoholism (variable 3), coping variables (Variables 4-7), and expectancy variables (variables 8-21). Examining the pattern of correlations between these variables suggests several conclusions. First, family history of alcoholism was neither significantly correlated with perceived stress nor with weekly drinking, suggesting that family history of alcoholism is not important in stress-induced drinking. Second, several coping variables were significantly correlated with either weekly drinking and/or perceived stress. Specifically ...
    Related: drinking, drinking behavior, present study, psychological research, sample size
  • Running Head: Duration Of Icon - 1,833 words
    Running head: DURATION OF ICON How Much Information Will an Individual Store in His or Her Iconic Memory? Evelyn Delgado Queens College/ CUNY How much information will an individual store in his or her iconic memory? In a given time, individuals are able to perceive more information than they can verbally encode. This is the process by which a visual stimulus is transformed to neurons to enable the brain to store information in the immediate memory. The rate of transfer is how fast an individual can encode something in a given time, which is stored in the immediate or short-term memory. It is stated that visual input can be stored in some medium, that later will be recalled. When the duratio ...
    Related: duration, icon, running head, standard deviation, experimental psychology
  • Statistical Concepts Are Used In Various Aspects On Industry The Following Highlights The Use Of Statistics In These Industri - 418 words
    Statistical concepts are used in various aspects on industry. The following highlights the use of statistics in these industries: Accounting/Auditing, Insurance, and Medical (Pharmaceutical). In the accounting/auditing field, it is imperative that the auditor makes an effort to determine that financial statements are stated accurately and free of material error (appear to be stated accurately). To accomplish this task, auditors utilize test methods that include statistical sampling of accounting transactions -- payroll, accounts payable, accounts receivable, journal entries, etc.. This statistical approach is used for validating (determining the accuracy) financial statements through limited ...
    Related: insurance industry, pharmaceutical industry, statistical, statistics, daily life
  • Stress And Illness - 1,076 words
    ... s to which the subjects were to respond with a yes/no answer. A total score of 11 points were possible. A high score indicated an extroverted personality, and a low score indicated an introverted personality. Subjects were to also indicate how stressed they perceived themselves as being in the past six months by choosing a number from a one to ten scale. An answer of ten would indicate extreme stress and therefore a high level of perceived stress. An answer of zero would indicate that the subject has experienced no stress over the past six months. Subjects answering the questionnaire were also asked how often they experience physical illness and how often they have had to miss work or sc ...
    Related: illness, reduce stress, reducing stress, sample size, usa today
  • Table Of Contents Page Introduction 2 Darwinian Theory Of Evolution 4 The Theory Of Biological Evolution: Contributing Elemen - 4,398 words
    ... ics38. Thus did they believe a dilution of desirable traits evolved even more diluted desirable traits - these traits now decidedly muted. It was more than two decades after Darwin's death that Mendelian theory of the gene finally came to light at the turn of the century39. Because of this initial scepticism with Darwin's natural selection, when Mendel's work became widely available biologists emphasized the importance of mutation over selection in evolution. Early Mendelian geneticists believe that continuous variation (such features as body size) hardly factored in the formation of new species - perhaps nothing to do with genetic control. Inferences on the gradual divergence of populat ...
    Related: biological, biological evolution, contributing, contributing factor, darwinian, darwinian theory, evolution
  • Violence In School - 4,148 words
    Violence In School http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/violence/98030001.html Violence and Discipline Problems in U.S. Public Schools: 1996-97 Executive Summary No matter where you are, parents want their students to be safe and secure ... that might even precede a quality education ... With drugs, gangs, and guns on the rise in many communities the threat of violence weighs heavily on most principals' minds these days ... Anyone who thinks they are not vulnerable is really nave. (Principal Michael Durso, Springbrook High School, as quoted in the Washingtonian Magazine, September 1997). Background Recent events have again focused the nation's attention on violence in U.S. public schools, an issue that ...
    Related: elementary school, high school, middle school, prevent violence, public school, school crime, school discipline
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