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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: russia

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  • Three Emperors's League: Austria, Hungary, Germany, And Russia - 243 words
    1. Three Emperorss League: In 1873 this league linked the monarchs of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia in an alliance against racial movements. 2. Russian-German Reassurance Treaty: When the young impetuous German emperor William 2 dismissed Bismarck in part because of the chancellors friendly policy towards Russia since the 1870s. He then adamantly refused to sign the Russian-German Reassurance Treaty, in spite of Russian willingness to do so. This fateful departure in foreign affairs prompted long-isolated republican France to court absolutist Russia, offering loans, arms, and friendships. 3. William 2: a young impetuous German emperor who refused to sign the Russian-German Reassurance ...
    Related: russia, austria hungary, great britain, foreign affairs, hungry
  • Economic Crime In Russia - 1,026 words
    Economic Crime In Russia In Russia, where bureaucratic markets have been legalized, power and influence is highly monopolized, even by socialist standards. Liberalization and privatization of prices and trade have led to a cutthroat battle for redistribution of and control over property, resources, and allocation channels, and also have fed economic crime. Types of Wrongdoing Economic crime is hardly a new phenomenon. As long as people have exchanged goods, they have cheated. With the rapid development of technology and communications and the explosive increase in financial interactions between people in the second part of the twentieth century, economic crime has become a highly diversified ...
    Related: crime, russia, collapse of the soviet union, drunk drivers, manipulation
  • Economic Crime In Russia - 1,042 words
    ... reduce their profits and rents from the redistribution of assets. Because of the highly discretionary process of resource and benefits allocation by government staff, rent-seeking is rampant. Reports indicated, for example, that, with a 10 to 20 percent commission paid in cash criminal groups could persuade commercial banks to provide an advantageous credit line. Another example: Sports Foundation, a nongovernmental organization with government connections, was granted an export/import tax exemption that helped it keep $4.2 billion in profits. The price of such corrupt practices can be steep. The high murder rate of directors of oil refinery enterprises (second only to that of bankers) ...
    Related: crime, russia, limited resources, working capital, builders
  • Economic Transition In Poland Russia - 1,160 words
    ECONOMIC TRANSITION IN POLAND & RUSSIA Since approximately 1988, Poland and the republic of Russia (formerly Soviet Union) have gone through major economic reform. The main emphasis of this paper is to identify the different approaches that the governments in these two countries have taken and to look at the positive and negative effects that these drastic changes have had on their economies. Specifically, the question asked in this paper is, "Why has the economic transition in Poland been more successful than in Russia? We will be looking at what factors are being used to measure this success and what their prospects are for the future. With almost half of the world stayed under the communi ...
    Related: economic growth, economic reform, poland, russia, transition
  • Failure Of Economic Reform In Russia - 254 words
    Failure of Economic Reform in Russia Formerly the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Russia has been an independent nation since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Because of its great size, its natural resources, and its political domination, the Russian Federation played a leading role in the economy of the Soviet Union. In the years preceding the disintegration of the union in 1991, the economy of Russia and the union as a whole was in decline. In 1992, immediately after the separation, the Russian government implemented a series of radical reforms. Price controls were abolished as the beginning of a transition from a centrally controlled economy to ...
    Related: economic growth, economic reform, reform, russia, boris yeltsin
  • Internet In Russia - 1,475 words
    Internet In Russia Russia has always been a country full of contradictions, as it was said once in a movie: They weep when getting married, and sing going off to war. Large cities, such as Moscow and St. Petersburg, are showing off the latest models of executive cars (always full option) and open up new boutiques of top couturiers almost daily. Nevertheless as soon as one gets outside the urban area, running water is considered a luxury. Technology as a whole was never Russias strongest asset. This means that some technological advances considered a must-have in the west are still ignored in this country. For example, the quality of agricultural machinery is almost at the pre-historic level. ...
    Related: internet service, russia, running water, european countries, fans
  • Internet In Russia - 1,425 words
    ... n Moscow, which is more than 10,000 km away. If they had a problem with the Internet connection it would be costly and almost impossible to reach them by phone. The problem from the side of the provider, is that to base an office in every region in Russia is too costly. The most widespread provider in Russia is INSAR. In Moscow there are more than a few, the most used ones are CityLine Ltd., Matrex, Elvis telecom, Demos. These providers service the whole city and a few regions close to Moscow. There are also providers that service specific districts in Moscow; an example of such is Ramenskoye Internet Service Provider. Examples of Internet Service Providers in the rest of Russia are: PO ...
    Related: internet connection, internet service, internet service provider, internet usage, internet users, russia
  • Modern History Of Russia - 777 words
    Modern History of Russia Modern History of Russia The reigns of Peter I and Catherine the Great in the late 1600s and the 1700s marked the beginning of Russia's establishment as a major European power. These rulers attempted to westernize the traditional society of Moscow, and they ambitiously expanded Russian territories. In the early 1800s, Alexander I began to carry out further plans to westernize the government by attempting to create a Duma, or representative body. However, Russia became involved in the Napoleonic Wars and played a key role in the alliance that overthrew French emperor Napolean I. This firmly established Russia as a major power in Europe. The influence of Western Europe ...
    Related: history, modern history, russia, russian history, political situation
  • Napoleons Conflict With Russia - 1,091 words
    Napoleon's Conflict with Russia Napoleon was one of the greatest military leaders of all time. By 1812 Napoleon had expanded the territory of France all over Europe including Spain, Italy, Holland, and Switzerland. The countries that Napoleon did not directly control, he was usually allied with. The turning point of Napoleon's career also came in 1812 when war broke out between France and Russia because of Alexander I's refusal to enforce the continental. Even the French nation could not provide all the manpower and supplies needed to carry out the Emperor's grandiose plan for subduing Russia. Throughout 1811, he worked to mobilize the entire continent against Russia. He not only levied the ...
    Related: russia, turning point, multimedia encyclopedia, grolier multimedia encyclopedia, snow
  • Peter The Greats Westernization Of Russia - 713 words
    Peter the Great's Westernization of Russia Peter the Great's Westernization of Russia In 1689, Tsar Peter I forced his way into power in Russia. Better known as Peter the Great, he overthrew his half-sisters regime and took control of the state. At this time, Russia was dealing with rapid expansion, yet it was still a very backwards country compared to the rest of Europe. Russia was also dealing with economic woes. Peter loathed this backward condition and devised a plan. Within ten years of gaining power, he began to travel through western Europe in search of skilled workers. On his tour of western Europe, Peter met kings, scientists, craft workers and ship builders. He even worked undercov ...
    Related: peter, peter the great, russia, westernization, early modern
  • Political Economy: Executive Powers, Russia And Japan - 776 words
    Political Economy: Executive Powers, Russia And Japan Summary of Powers Within the constitution of a nation, powers are delegated to certain institutions of that nation's government. Although in many cases similar, nations can vary drastically when defining the organizational structure from which they operate. Some democratic constitutions delegate more power to the executive branch while in other nations more power is given to the legislature. This point can be illustrated when the same branch of a nation's government is compared with that of another. An example of differing executive powers can be viewed between the Russian Federation and Japan. Japan's democracy was developed by General M ...
    Related: executive, executive branch, japan, political culture, political economy, political issues, russia
  • Post Soviet Russia - 484 words
    Post Soviet Russia In December of 1991, the Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries. Its collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism. It was a relief for many to watch the Soviet Union brake down, finally bringing the cold world to an end. This day made history as the whole world reformulated its political, economic and military alliances. What where the causes of the break-up and who was to blame for it? By the time the Soviet Unions last leader came to power in 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev, the country was suffering severe economic and political problems. Hi ...
    Related: russia, soviet, soviet russia, soviet union, social issues
  • Russia - 1,461 words
    Russia Tristan Yapuncich Period 3 4/20/00 Position Paper Russia Position Paper: The Plan The main problem in Russia is lack of a non-corrupt government. It is impossible to run any country, poor or rich, crime or no crime, healthcare or no healthcare, economy or no economy, without some sort of government. Russia needs assistance in the form of socialist diplomatic support, advice, and very carefully monitored loans. There is no question of producing a Marshall Plan for Russia of the sort that the United States pioneered after World War II, but Russia needs to make that plan, and the U.S. needs to let Russia know that plan will be supported. Although the conditions in Russia differ significa ...
    Related: russia, western europe, world war ii, main problem, putin
  • Russia And The Cis - 1,547 words
    Russia And The Cis When the Soviet Union fell in 1991, due to many pressures both internal and external, the ex-soviet satellites were given their independence, much to Russia's dismay. A new trend towards sovereignty made it difficult for the largest country in the world to deny it's former members the right to separate. However, even with the creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Russia is still heavily involved with the matters of its former soviet members. This then leaves the question, are those former states truly sovereign? In the following pages we will examine the many reasons as to why this question is currently being posed. Firstly, we will look at Russia's his ...
    Related: russia, soviet empire, eastern europe, big brother, arena
  • Russia And The Cis - 1,511 words
    ... rmer rivals, so they have chosen to counter it. They have participated in several European security meetings and are no stranger to dealings with the EU, but are too proud to accept membership. To compensate for this over sized ego on the global market, they depend on the members of the CIS, who are also encouraged to avoid contact with NATO as well. At times Moscow has been known use pressure tactics on the countries to get its way. It would seem that Russian influence is as important to Moscow as the nation's security. In the Caucasus, Moscow is supporting both Karabakh and Abkhazia, two nations who have had longstanding disputes. This move allows Russia to play both sides and still re ...
    Related: russia, another country, external affairs, boris yeltsin, bankrupt
  • Russia In The 1800s - 1,417 words
    Russia In The 1800'S RUSSIA IN THE 1800'S Since the reign of Ivan the Terrible, the Russian Tsars had followed a fairly consistent policy of drawing more political power away from the nobility and into their own hands. This centralization of authority in the Russian state had usually been accomplished in one of two ways--either by simply taking power from the nobles and braving their opposition (Ivan the Terrible was very good at this), or by compensating the nobles for decreased power in government by giving them greater power over their land and its occupants. Serfdom, as this latter system was known, had increased steadily in Russia from the time of Ivan the Terrible, its inventor. By the ...
    Related: russia, boxer rebellion, central asia, social democrats, reactionary
  • Russian History Consolidation Of Democracy In Postsoviet Russia Introduction The Fall Of The Communist Regime In The Soviet U - 2,072 words
    ... zation with the fusion between politics and economics. Shevtsova writes reformers cannot rest content with a rearrangement of relations among different institutions, but must strive to form new political and economic system (Shevstova 57). Democratization and the Reinvention of Russian Government An orderly exit from the Soviet past and progress towards stable democracy necessitates the development of a state capable of effective governance. Tsarism and state socialism have provided Russians with little experience with working governmental institutions, nor knowledge of how to coordinate the actions of state agencies in pursuit of a common goal. As especially was the case with the early ...
    Related: communist, communist party, communist russia, consolidation, democracy, history, regime
  • The Arts Of Russia - 854 words
    The Arts Of Russia Russian Art, Music and Literature The Arts play a large role in the expression of inner thoughts and beauty in life. From dance and music to art the concept of life is shown through the various ways in which we interpret it. The arts play a valued role in creating cultures and developing and documenting civilizations. Russia has been developing the its culture for as long as anybody could think. Nowadays, Russian painters and musicians are quickly becoming well known among each and every one around the world. It should be no surprise that the rich Russian culture is producing so much talent, and everyone around the world seems to enjoy it. Great artists such as Peter Ilich ...
    Related: arts, modern art, russia, stained glass, opera house
  • The Civil Strife And Chaos That Had Torn Russia Limb From Limb In The Early 20th Century, Although Brutally Devastating, Did - 1,182 words
    The civil strife and chaos that had torn Russia limb from limb in the early 20th Century, although brutally devastating, did not hail the end of the stability and power that had characterized the massive country for so much of history. The continuing strength of what was now the Soviet Union lay in the newly formed support structure provided by Socialist Realism, a force that directed the awareness of, and the arts produced by, the Soviet people. The ideals of Socialist Realism deified Lenin and Marx, attributed the Bolshevik ranks with heroism undaunted by overwhelming opposition, and directed the proletariat towards a better future through reconstruction and industrialization of the state. ...
    Related: chaos, civil war, limb, russia, russian civil, russian civil war, torn
  • The Civil Strife And Chaos That Had Torn Russia Limb From Limb In The Early 20th Century, Although Brutally Devastating, Did - 1,173 words
    ... st Realist films was Chapaev, based on the aforementioned novel by Furmanov. It remains the most popular Socialist Realist film ever made. As in the Furmanov's novel, Vasilii Chapaev is portrayed as a socialist hero whose successful exploits glorify the ideals of the Party. Chapaev was exactly the cinematic model that Stalin was hoping for, and he praised it as the formula that all subsequent films should follow. The filmmaker Eisenstein didn't reach instant success as the creator of Chapaev did, for Eisenstein was reluctant to replace his previous cinematic style with that of the burgeoning socialist era. His films, which focused primarily on life in Russia before the revolution and thu ...
    Related: chaos, civil war, limb, russia, torn
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