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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: roman army

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  • Acts And Theophilus - 5,222 words
    ... Luke, went northward through Macedonia. Whilst the vessel which conveyed the rest of the party sailed from Troas to Assos, Paul gained some time by making the journey by land. At Assos he went on board again. Coasting along by Mitylene, Chios, Samos and Trogyllium, they arrived at Miletus. At Miletus, however there was time to send to Ephesus, and the elders of the church were invited to come down to him there. This meeting is made the occasion for recording another characteristic and representative address of St. Paul. The course of the voyage from Miletas was by Coos and Rhodes to Patara, and from Patara in another vessel past Cyprus to Tyre. Here Paul and his company spent seven days. ...
    Related: jesus of nazareth, king herod, supreme court, secular, spring
  • Armor Of Ancient Rome - 1,947 words
    Armor Of Ancient Rome Armor of Ancient Rome Ancient Rome expended a great deal of economic resources and effort upon conquest and expansion through military means. The role of armor was fundamental in this expansion as it played a significant role in the success of the Roman armies on the battlefield. There were three common requirements for armor construction throughout its history: The first was that armor had to be flexible enough to allow the wearer freedom of movement; second, it also had to be lightweight enough to be worn without tiring the wearer while providing protection against opponents' weapons; and third, armor had to be cost effective. These three aspects influenced the evolut ...
    Related: ancient rome, armor, rome, military force, praetorian guard
  • Armor Of Ancient Rome - 1,908 words
    ... and relieving the shoulders of part of their burden. Moreover, tests using contemporary arrow types by Massey suggests that most arrowhead types consistently penetrated the mail to a depth that would prove lethal to the wearer. However, bunching of the mail at suspension points prevented penetration of the mail beyond a depth of 3-5 cm. This [implies] that the doubling of mail shoulder defenses known to be practiced by both Romans and Celts may have saved the life of their owners." These observations are consistent with Plutarch's writings of the life of Marcus Licinius Crassus who in 53 B.C. engaged the Parthians with his army in the deserts of Mesopotamia at the Battle of Carrhae. Plut ...
    Related: ancient rome, armor, imperial rome, rome, roman army
  • England Latin Anglia, Political Division Of The Island Of Great Britain, Constituting, With Wales, The Principal Division Of - 4,616 words
    England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nucleus of one of the greatest empires in history. The capital, largest city, and chief port of England is London, with a population (1991 preliminary) of 6,378,600. It is also the capital of Great Britai ...
    Related: church of england, division, great britain, latin, principal, southern england
  • Evil Emperors - 1,625 words
    Evil Emperors Andew Bove Block F Augustus was one of the single most extraordinary emperors to ever rule the Roman Empire, he was also the first. Augustus set a precept for emperors to come. Some emperors followed it, some tried, and some didnt try at all. My report is about two emperors of Rome that didnt rule in light of Augustus, and probably couldnt help it, considering they were most definitely insane. Caligula Gaius Caesar was born in the ancient city of Antium on August 31, 12 A.D.. Gaius had two brothers and three sisters. Gaius was devoted to his sisters, and according to popular scandal, to the point of incest. Gaiuss father was Germanicus, nephew and adopted son of Tiberus, the se ...
    Related: emperor tiberius, roman emperor, dysfunctional family, roman history, burn
  • Gladiator - 466 words
    Gladiator The Roman Army was a masterpiece in itself. There was no other army like it, and was impenentrable. This was probably because of the extreme patriotism and pride in battling for Rome, and maintaining their superiority. Gladiator, "", and The History of the Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire all portray this patriotism in many aspects. Gladiator was directed by Ridley Scott. He is a graduate of London's prestigious Royal College of Art. Scott began his directing career at the BBC doing commercials. In 1977, he made his feature film directorial debut with the period drama 'The Duelists,' for which he won the Best First Film Award at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1984, Scot ...
    Related: gladiator, russell crowe, roman army, apple computer, feature
  • Greek Architecture - 1,026 words
    Greek Architecture The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the sanctuaries and cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, southern Italy and Sicily, and the Ionian coast of Turkey. Monumental Greek architecture began in the archaic period, flourished through the classical and Hellenistic periods, and saw the first of many revivals during the Roman Empire. The roots of Greek architecture lie in the tradition of local Bronze Age house and palaces. The following paper will cover the basic forms of Greek architecture. One of the many types of Greek building structures was Sacred Architecture. The Greeks conceived of their gods in human form, as anthropomorphic repre ...
    Related: architecture, greek, greek architecture, roman architecture, city states
  • Hannibal - 894 words
    Hannibal annon Twenty-two centuries ago there lived a man named Hannibal, the son of Hamilcar Barca a Carthaginian. Hamilcar was a general in the Carthaginian military in the first Punic War. After the defeat of Carthage in the first Punic War, Hamilcar made Hannibal swear 'eternal enmity' to Rome. In 228 b.c. Hasdrubal, Hannibal`s brother-in-law, succeeded Hamilcar and became commander. This meant that not only was the leader of the military but also the political leader as well. In 221 b.c. Hasdrubal was assassinated and Hannibal became commander in Spain. Hannibal was only 25 years old when he was put in command of the Carthaginian armies and the Carthaginian government in Spain. Even at ...
    Related: hannibal, second punic, roman army, punic war, countryside
  • Hannibal - 1,484 words
    Hannibal Since his meteoric life and tragic death, Hannibal Barca comes across the centuries as the military commander with few, if any equals. A courageous leader, brilliant tactician, and steadfast soldier in the service of his beloved Carthage, Hannibal existed for one sole purpose: to defeat and, if possible, to eliminate the power of Rome(Livy p.207). Hannibals destiny was already chosen for him before his own birth. The only thing that couldnt have been foretold was the outcome of his struggles. His father Hamilcar Barca, another fearless commander from Carthage, was in charge during the first Punic War. Hannibal was taken to Spain at the young age of only nine. There he was forced to ...
    Related: hannibal, great land, punic war, world leaders, lying
  • Hannibal Of Carthage - 808 words
    Hannibal Of Carthage Hannibal of Carthage: "The Father of Strategy" Through out history there have been many great military leaders, Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Generals Washington, Grant and Charles Lewis Puller. The one however that sticks out the most is General Hannibal of Carthage. Often called the "Father of Strategy" his march over the Alps is one of the most famous attacks in military history. Hannibal beat the Roman Army time and time again before in suicide in 183 BC. Hannibal was born 247 BC, the son of Hamilcar Barca, the current General of the Carthaginian Army. Hannibal's training as a military leader began at the age of nine when he went to Spain to be with his father. At H ...
    Related: carthage, hannibal, alexander the great, military history, offering
  • Julius Ceasar - 1,074 words
    Julius Ceasar Julius Ceasar Julius Caesar was said to be the greatest man in the Roman world. Some historians, and among them those of international authority, have made greater claims for him. He was the greatest of the Roman would but of antiquity. Looking through the onlg list of rulers, kings and emperors and the rest, they have failed to find an wuqual of this man who refused the style of king but those name Ceasar has become the commanding majesty and power. Great as a general, great as a politican. Born in 102 B.C., or it may have been tow or three years later, Gaius Julius Caesar, to give him his full name, was of the most ancient and aristocratic lineage. Although he himself, ration ...
    Related: ceasar, gaius julius, gaius julius caesar, julius, julius caesar, julius ceasar
  • Moral Decline Of The Roman Republic - 1,951 words
    Moral Decline of the Roman Republic An Exploration of Sallust's and Plutarch's View of the Jamie Neufeld ST# 864583 For: L. Foley Class. 111.3 (08) Though there are varied dates as to the time that the Roman Republic stood, it is agreed upon as lasting approximately 500 years. During the last century of its existence (133 BC -27 BC) there were the many violent years of The Civil Wars and much social strife. Though the end result of these final years of the res publica was the adoption of an Emperor and the birth of the Roman Empire, the focus of this paper will be the presentation of the nature of tensions at the end of the res publica using selections from Sallust and Plutarch as a basis. S ...
    Related: decline, moral life, republic, roman, roman army, roman civilization, roman empire
  • Roman Law - 2,168 words
    ... e defendant [to court] by force. (Nardo 28-29) The Tribunes of the Plebs protected the Plebs from unjustness, and the Plebs protected them by threatening to strike. As time went on, Patrician control over Plebians gradually decreased, until in 366 BC, the Plebs were allowed to become consul. Soon it became a custom to elect one Pleb and one Patrician (Nardo 28). In 287 BC, the Popular Assembly gained the right to make laws. Rome was ever expanding. In 496 BC, Rome conquered Latium. In 449 BC, the Sabines fell, and in 396 BC, the Etruscans. Instead of trying to oppress conquered tribes and peoples, Rome absorbed them, integrating them into their culture. This made them much easier to cont ...
    Related: roman, roman army, roman empire, roman family, roman republic
  • Roman Military - 388 words
    Roman Military Roman Military The Roman army was one of the greatest forces of all times. The Roman army ,at its finest point, was nearly inconquerable. This was due to the discipline of the soldiers, the hard and effective training of the soldiers, the speed at wich new tactics were learned, and to theorganization of the soldiers. From early times right down to the 3rd century A.D, the Roman army was based on its legions. A legion varied in strength from four-thousand to six-thousand men, and was subdivided onto ten cohorts. Its leader used the title of legatus. His staff officers were called tribuni. Senior non-commissioned officers were called centurions, who varied greatly in rank. The s ...
    Related: roman, roman army, roman military, effective training, careful
  • Roman Soldier - 1,366 words
    Roman Soldier A. Joining the Army - Qualifications if any - Pay or benefits received - Initial training no boot camp in those days - Soldiers oath (page 6 Legionary book) B. Life at the Fort - Accommodations - Food - Showers bathrooms -Free time - No weekends off but had all religious holidays off - Religion - Temple of Mithras, he was most of the soldiers god, You had to pass 7 tests of skill to become of full Mithras brotherhood C. Duties - Sentry duty - Cooking / Cleaning - Working (pg. 16 Legionary book) - Built roadsbridges - Made tiles for public buildings - Built aqueducts - Drained marshes to build new forts on - Quarry, stones for buildings etc. - Polished iron armor and weaponry - ...
    Related: roman, roman army, soldier, family life, young boy
  • Spartacus - 609 words
    Spartacus Who was Spartacus and what was his influence on Roman civilization? Both these questions and more will be answered in our report. Spartacus was born and eventually sold into slavery. He was born in the Roman city of Thrace. There he joined and later deserted the ever powerful army of Rome. Little did he know that what was once his home army would turn to be the army threatening to kill him and his followers. In 71 B.C., after being caught as a deserter of the Roman army, he was sold as a slave to a gladiator trainer in Capua. He was then, trained as a gladiator for the spectators at coliseums. He was trained well and soon escaped from the tight grip of slavery. In 73 B.C., he and h ...
    Related: spartacus, small group, famous people, roman army, gladiator
  • Suicide Is Suicide Wrong - 552 words
    Suicide - Is Suicide Wrong? Since the beginning of time, people have been committing suicide. Self inflicted death, or suicide, can be defined as "choosing the mode, time, situation, or occasion for ending one's life." In general, the word suicide has a negative connotation and is looked upon unfavorably. Yet in some circumstances, killing oneself can be considered acceptable or even the right thing to do. Since it's difficult to differentiate between the correct thing to do and the wrong thing to do, this essay will look at both points of view. In the story of the Masada, Eleazar and his followers were faced with an important decision: whether they should fight the Roman army or find anothe ...
    Related: suicide, roman army, the bible, right thing, combat
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls - 849 words
    The Dead Sea Scrolls The Dead Sea Scrolls The Dead Sea Scrolls are documents of great historical and scholarly value, found in 1947 and later in caves above the North West Dead Sea. Archaeologists have shown that the scrolls stored in jars in the first cave at QUMRAN were written or copied between the 1st century B.C. and the first half of the 1st century A.D. Chief among the scrolls are two copies of the Book of Isaiah, almost 1,000 years older than any Hebrew biblical manuscript previously known. Another important scroll was the so-called Manual of Discipline for an ascetic community, which has been identified with both the ruins at nearby QUMRAN and the Essenes, a Jewish religious sect li ...
    Related: roman army, north west, religious sect, priest, hidden
  • The Epic Of Gilgamesh - 860 words
    The Epic of Gilgamesh The great heroes of the ancient world have been passed on in many ways, stories, plays, biographies and many other forms of literature. Here I will explore The Epic o f Gilgamesh, two plays by Sophocles, and two writings by Plutarch. The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the earliest pieces of literature to be discovered. Dating back to the third millennium BC, it was a series of poems carved into clay tablets. It told of the hero, Gilgamesh, who was created by the gods, was two-thirds god and one-third man. This makeup of god and man gave him a perfect body; to go along with this the gods gave him a know-all intellect. In the epic he is described as, "...the man to whom all ...
    Related: epic, epic of gilgamesh, gilgamesh, oedipus the king, roman army
  • The Fall Of Rome - 906 words
    The Fall of Rome The Fall of Rome The Roman Empire was without a doubt the most powerful governing body in the Mediterranean ever. Why did Rome fall? There was not any single cause to the fall of Rome. It was many things occurring in succession to each other. After the Punic wars with Carthage, Rome acquired many new lands that it did not have before. During peace times it was easy to govern these areas but during war times it proved difficult. The government had to pay soldiers to patrol the frontiers of the empire; it could no longer rely on the loot to serve as the pay for the soldiers. This took a significant amount of money out of the Roman treasury. Some emperors wanted to save money a ...
    Related: rome, civil service, central asia, finished goods, wages
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