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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: reciprocity

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  • Aristotle B 384 D 322 Bc, Was A Greek Philosopher, Logician, - 1,556 words
    Aristotle (b. 384 - d. 322 BC), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle was born in Stagira in northern Greece, and his father was a court physician to the king of Macedon. As a young man he studied in Plato's Academy in Athens. After Plato's death he left Athens to conduct philosophical and biological research in Asia Minor and Lesbos, and he was then invited by King Philip II of Macedon to tutor his young son, Alexander the Great. Soon after Alexander succeeded his father, consolidated the conquest ...
    Related: aristotle, classical greek, greek, greek philosopher, human beings
  • Carl Gauss Was A Man Who Is Known For Making A Great Deal Breakthroughs In The Wide Variety Of His Work In Both Mathematics A - 1,499 words
    Carl Gauss was a man who is known for making a great deal breakthroughs in the wide variety of his work in both mathematics and physics. He is responsible for immeasurable contributions to the fields of number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy, and optics, as well as many more. The concepts that he himself created have had an immense influence in many areas of the mathematic and scientific world. Carl Gauss was born Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, on the thirtieth of April, 1777, in Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick (now Germany). Gauss was born into an impoverished family, raised as the only son of a bricklayer. Despite the hard living conditions, Gauss's brill ...
    Related: carl, friedrich gauss, gauss, greek mathematics, mathematics, world wide
  • Confucius - 1,736 words
    Confucius Confucius created a system of thinking called Confucianism. If only one word could be used to summarize the Chinese way of life for the last two thousand years, that word would be Confucian. No other person has had as great an effect on the life and thought of the Chinese people as Confucius. He is the most adored person in Chinese history. Confucius claimed no greatness, instead he looked to a past time that he saw as the golden age. He told one of his disciples, I transmit but I do not create. I am sincerely fond of the ancient. I would compare myself to Old P'eng who was fond of talking about the good old days. Confucius was a transmitter of the wisdom of the past. From his stud ...
    Related: confucius, twentieth century, i ching, pacific rim, worthy
  • Confucius - 1,260 words
    Confucius The history of Chinese civilization spans thousands of years and encompasses countless ideas, beliefs, and societal and political doctrines. However, from a modern standpoint one distinct perspective prevails above the rest in the manner and degree it has influenced the development of China. For the previous 2,000 years the teachings of Confucius, and the systems of thought and behavior that have evolved from them, have had significant effects on Chinese thought, government institutions, literature and social customs. Confucianism has served a primary role as a social and moral philosophy and as practiced by many, especially in the educated upper classes, Confucianism had definite ...
    Related: confucius, social customs, shang dynasty, chinese civilization, encompassing
  • Contents 1 Introduction 2 What Is Business Ethics 3 The 10 Benefits Of Business Ethics 4 Case Study On Nestle 41 The Impact O - 1,791 words
    Contents 1. Introduction 2. What is Business Ethics? 3. The 10 Benefits of Business Ethics 4. Case Study on Nestle 4.1. The Impact of Business Ethics on Nestle 4.2. Nestle's view on Business Ethics 4.3. The Implications of Business Ethics on Stakeholders 5. Conclusion Introduction Businesses have power through their ability to spend vast amounts of money. They have the ability to enhance or change situations that the common individual does not. As organisations affect many people, they have obligations to their employees, consumers, community and the world. They have a responsibility to conduct business in a way that is not harmful and which positively benefits as many people as possible and ...
    Related: business environment, business ethics, case study, ethics, nestle
  • Ecommerce Market - 1,536 words
    E-commerce Market The firms objectives can be met and a goahead is suggested subject to addressing the recommendations. Macrosegmentation of the market identified machinery, wood, base metals and plastics as target markets for the firm. Revenue expectation based on a 0.4% market share is $329,000. Break even is $259,000 and requires contributions from 17 customer projects at an average billing of $15,000. The budget set for implementing the promotional mix is $100,000. Target ROI = 15%. The following recommendations must be considered before start-up: 1. Protect service names and marks. 2. Conduct a microsegmentation analysis to refine market segment intelligence. 3. Develop multisegment tar ...
    Related: ecommerce, market, market segments, market share, target market
  • Emily Dickinson, A Creative Poet During The Midnineteenth Century, Wrote What Many - 1,024 words
    Emily Dickinson, a creative poet during the mid-nineteenth century, wrote what many consider to be truly American poetry. To understand why Dickinson is considered a brilliant writer of American poetry, one must know about the time period in which she wrote her poetry. Dickinson wrote during the era of American literature known as the Age of Expansion (Perkins 869). This was during the first half-century after the Civil War to the First World War which was approximately 1865-1915 (Perkins 869). During this time period, American literature went through many drastic changes. American writers progressively moved from romanticism to realism (Perkins 870). Realism was a much more realistic interp ...
    Related: creative, emily, emily dickinson, poet, civil war
  • Environmental Philosophy - 1,103 words
    Environmental Philosophy Many authors throughout history have expressed their, or societys, yearning towards a simpler life: a life without responsibilities or obligations, a life without worry or regret. Sigurd Olson expresses such a yearning in his essay "Contemplation", where through reading Lao Tzu, he had discovered that in order to understand and relate to wilderness, we only need a contemplative mind, which is simple and easy. He suggested that life in wilderness is a continual contemplation and communion with God and Spirit. Moreover, in his essay, "Wholeness", he suggested that "wholeness is being in tune with the wind, sands, and stars," and "wholeness is part of simplicity and sil ...
    Related: environmental, environmental degradation, philosophy, daily life, human body
  • Flight Of The Phoenix - 1,561 words
    Flight of the Phoenix Flight of the Phoenix is a movie that displays the dynamics of a group in terms of power, decision-making, communication, group roles, group atmosphere and norms, and leadership in the group. The movies story line follows a diverse group of oil workers, military men, a doctor, a pilot and a navigator among others that sets out on a rickety plane to cross the Arabian Desert. Not long into the flight the plane is caught between two sand storms and is blow off course. The plane in forced to crash land and a few passenger die. The severity of the situation that the men find themselves in forces them to form a group. The newly formed group confronts several challenges, tasks ...
    Related: flight, phoenix, decision making process, commanding officer, possessed
  • Gun Laws - 5,532 words
    ... ted accordingly, I live in the freest country on Earth. I know there are other cultures and other countries; I have even a visited a few (Canada included, which I liked very much). I prefer to be where I am. Proliferation of violence is not an effect of the availability of guns - has the clear cut example of Switzerland (since you adore international examples so much) really failed to penetrate your prejudices? violence is and has been steadily decreasing since 1980. AK was tragic but it was newsworthy precisely because it was a rare event. 3/27/98 Stan Watson Paris (France) -- The article is too technical. As everybody knows in politics a good politicians can give every sense he wish t ...
    Related: control laws, gun laws, law enforcement, law school, martial law
  • Hawaiian Overthrow - 1,268 words
    ... nnexation of the Hawaiian Kingdom was mostly her fault. She isolated several groups of people and made them feel that and overthrow was the only way out. Even people who had been staunch monarchists through the whole process started to dislike the way she was running the kingdom. One of the most outspoken adversaries of Liliuokalani was J.L. Kaulukou, who one time was a strong royalist and even gave her the name onipaa which means steadfast. Liliuokalani even adopted that as her personal motto and it is widely used today by sovereignty activists . He was the appointed Marshall of the Hawaiian Kingdom, from 1884-1888, and he said in 1898: I regard annexation as the best thing that could h ...
    Related: hawaiian, hawaiian islands, overthrow, world power, states government
  • Home Bases And Early Hominids - 1,299 words
    Home Bases And Early Hominids Home Bases and Early Hominids is an article that looks at the earlier studies that suggests early hominids living in home bases and the new studies that may suggest different. The first archaeological sites from the Late Pliocene to the Lower Pliocene represented home bases suggesting that early hominids shifted their way of life to a way of life like present hunter and gathers (Potts, 338). However recent studies done from Olduvai Gorge suggests there are possible differences from early hominid to modern hunter and gathers. These differences have a significant meaning in the evolution of the hunting and gathering way of life. An archaeological site from the Pal ...
    Related: biological processes, social groups, more important, zebra, attractive
  • Hopewell Culture - 1,758 words
    ... different raw materials. These raw materials included copper (seemingly the choice metal of the people over gold and silver), stone, bone, and flint-knappers, specialists in mica and highly skilled ceramists. Ceramics underwent a change through time and were traded extensively. Normally they were tempered with gritty sand or pulverized limestone and paddled with a cord paddle or a wrapped stick. There were squat jars used in burials that were smaller and thicker rimmed and diagonally hatched or crosshatched (1-2% of most finds), and conical or spherically expanding flat-based pots with a flared mouth, used for cooking and storage, generally a utilitarian ware. Rocker stamping done with s ...
    Related: american culture, hopewell, gulf of mexico, brace jovanovich, fieldwork
  • Hutterites And Zuni - 1,688 words
    Hutterites And Zuni The Hutterites and The Zuni The Hutterites Often confused for Amish countrymen these people practice a similar way of life. However the Hutterites, unlike the Amish embrace some yet few creature comforts. Of these are electricity and gas powered machinery such as trucks and tractors. The Hutterites originated during the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century and are one of the three surviving Anabaptist groups. (Hostetler, 1) Their beliefs hold that man is evil and "fallen" from the grace of God. The harmony of nature is deterministic and man stands outside this harmony because of the Genesis account of original sin. The Hutterites exist and a pseudo-egalitarian ...
    Related: zuni, market economy, cause and effect, social order, raising
  • Immigration - 791 words
    Immigration Immigraton in the U.S. While immigration has played an important role in the building and formation of America, new federal laws have resulted in mass immigration. Throughout history, Congress has enacted laws and has had to amend them to control the flow of both legal and illegal migration to the United States. In 1948, legislation was first enacted in an effort to control the number of applicants fleeing persecution; it permitted 205,000 refugees to enter the United States. In 1952, Congress set in place major regulations setting parameters and quotas mostly for the eastern hemisphere and leaving the western hemisphere unrestricted. In 1953, congress was again faced with having ...
    Related: immigration, immigration reform, legal immigration, mass immigration, criminal justice
  • Integrating Care And Justice: Moral Development - 2,721 words
    ... age three. It seems silly to assume that people develop by trial and error, but I would like to meet the person who hasn't! Everyone makes bad decisions, then tries to make sure that those events do not repeat themselves. This idea is integral to the stage two leap. Part Two: Integration of Care and Justice The major point of this part of the paper is to hypothesize and analyze Kohlberg's stage three and four, along with the transition between the two. From what I have gathered from the assignment, the goal is to reanalyze both the stages, show their adequacies and inadequacies, then integrate the two to form a stronger quasi-stage four. I have discussed the stage three to four "regressi ...
    Related: integrating, moral development, social systems, the chosen, bear
  • Lawrence - 1,095 words
    Lawrence Kohlberg Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on moral development, using surveys as his major source of assessment. He presented surveys with moral dilemmas and asked his subjects to evaluate the moral conflict. In developing his theory, he made an intensive study using the same survey techniques of the bases on which children and youths of various ages make moral decisions. He found that moral growth also begins early in life and proceeds in stages throughout adulthood and beyond which is until the day we die. Influenced by Piaget's concept of stages, Kohlberg's theory was created based on the idea that stages of moral development build on each other in order of importance and sig ...
    Related: lawrence, cognitive development, jean piaget, local community, fundamental
  • Mccarthys Abuse Of Power - 1,141 words
    McCarthy's Abuse of Power In 1954 a young junior Senator from the state of Wisconsin held the entire Senate in the palm of his hand. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy used an aggressive strategy of lies, personal attacks, and propaganda in an aggressive attempt to gain power. Was Senator McCarthy a crusader for the common good of the people or was he the ringleader of a witch-hunt seeking only political power? What tactics did McCarthy use to gain his power? What brought about his demise? Joseph McCarthy was a complex man and in order to understand his thinking you must first look at his history, tactics, and supporters. Joseph McCarthy wasnt always the brash and aggressive man that history has mad ...
    Related: abuse, joseph mccarthy, political power, common good, store manager
  • More And More Women Are Rising To The Leadership Challenge, Even In Some Of The Most Maledominated Industries The Increase In - 1,058 words
    ... iance and hard work from employees. The majority of men lean toward the traditional 'command and control' style and were more likely to view job performance as a series of transactions with subordinates offering rewards for services rendered or punishment for inadequate performance (Brody, 1994). Women understand the effectiveness of immediate praise and tend to be more supportive of one another and the people who work for them. Men wait for proof of achievement before extending gratitude or compliments. In the book, Selling is a Woman's Game, Nicki Joy outlines the characteristics she feels are unique to women that make them prone to leadership roles: "The talent to multi-task, willingn ...
    Related: effective leadership, leadership, leadership challenge, leadership style, men and women, rising
  • North Korea - 3,539 words
    ... e system could unravel the DPRK, as happened to the socialist regimes of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. For the Kim Il Sung regime, as one analyst put it, the lessons of history are unequivocal: to 'reform' is to die. 14 Soon the two Kims and their economic planners are bound to confront sobering questions: whether a cautious, controlled economic opening would help answer their prayer, or whether the opening should be substantial, analogous to the Chinese model, in order to bring in sufficient amounts of technology, capital, essential imports of machinery and oil and other needed goods, and to generate the exports to pay for much of those imports. 15 These questions clearly ...
    Related: korea, north korea, north korean, south korea, economic performance
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