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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: balance sheet

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  • The Balance Sheet - 1,481 words
    The Balance Sheet Although the balance sheet was first implemented just a couple of centuries ago, it has quckly developed and sophisticated to become nowadays a widely used and powerful tool in the hands of professional users, well known and popular even among the mass public. In spite of its prominence, or may be because of it, the balance sheet can not be easily and fully described in a few words, but still, if we leave aside its various functions and forms and any other subjective factors, we can state that the balance sheet is a summary of an enterprises' assets, liabilities and equity at a specific moment of time. To simplify this description even further we could say that the balance ...
    Related: balance sheet, sheet, renaissance italy, the manager, simplify
  • The Balance Sheet - 1,519 words
    ... asures the financial positions at a point in time. I think the arguments of the author are clear: if we assume that the current financial position can be described with the figures of the firms' possessions and obligations, listed by types and amounts than we would have to agree that the balance sheet gives us this information. Obviously, being an indicator of the enterprises' financial position, the balance sheet is a useful and powerful tool in the hands of managers, financial analysts and external users. Combined with the data on other financial statements it forms different ratios (like short-term liquidity ratios, short- and long- term solvency ratios, asset utilisation ratios and m ...
    Related: balance sheet, sheet, financial statement, current value, investor
  • Accounting 2 - 949 words
    Accounting 2 PRINCIPLES of ACCOUNTING II (AC202) CHAPTER 12 CURRENT AND LONG-TERM LIABILITIES LIABILITIES DEFINED: A probable future payment of assets or services a company is presently obligated to make as a result of past transactions or events. Fundamentally liabilities are measured by the cost principle however: Liabilities are comprised of known obligations of a definite amount and known obligations of an estimated amount (i.e. warranties) CURRENT LIABILITIES: Obligations expected to be paid using current assets or by creating other current liabilities LONG-TERM LIABILITIES: Obligations not expected to be paid within one year. Includes long-term notes payable; mortgages payable; warra ...
    Related: accounting, working capital, time value, notes payable, principal
  • Accounting Differences - 1,256 words
    ... ce the company's inception in 1996. - Achieve earnings growth while maintaining balance sheet strength. - Reduction in exposure to areas with high catastrophic exposure. - Substantially resolve major portion of outstanding environmental Claims. (These claims are related to Asbestos and other environmental claims on policies written 20 + years ago. Policies written in last 20 years include and Environmental exclusion. At the time these policies were written, no person realized the long-term detrimental effects of what were, at the time, not known to be hazardous materials. Almost all old-line property and casualty companies have had to recognize their exposure to these types of claims.) - ...
    Related: accounting, annual report, chief operating officer, balance sheet, insurance
  • Analysis On Bulgaria - 4,272 words
    Analysis On Bulgaria External historical events often changed Bulgaria's national boundaries in its first century of existence, natural terrain features defined most boundaries after 1944, and no significant group of people suffered serious economic hardship because of border delineation. Postwar Bulgaria contained a large percentage of the ethnic Bulgarian people, although numerous migrations into and out of Bulgaria occurred at various times. None of the country's borders was officially disputed in 1991, although nationalist Bulgarians continued to claim that Bulgaria's share of Macedonia--which it shared with both Yugoslavia and Greece--was less than just because of the ethnic connection ...
    Related: bulgaria, district court, separation of church and state, public transportation, music
  • Are Science And Religion One - 2,121 words
    ... rature if there is only one thing that exists? By definition temperature is the speed and frequency of collisions between particles. Thus we find ourselves once more in a paradoxical situation. On the one hand the equations predict a specific temperature greater than zero but, on the other hand, the unified state must be at temperature zero because there are no particle interactions. This tendency to paradox displayed by the equations of cosmology and built into the foundations of mathematics, if looked at squarely and taken at face value, is telling us something profound about the structure of the world. Paradox is built into the fabric of the universe in a profound and interesting way. ...
    Related: religion, science, face value, moral implications, advent
  • Asian Crisis - 1,978 words
    Asian Crisis On the 2nd of July 1997, Asia was hit by one of the most devastating financial crises it has ever seen. Of all the financial crisis that have taken place, this was one of the most distressing in that it was totally unexpected. The purpose of this paper is to show that particular developmental strategies employed by these economies eventually led to their downfall. It will attempt to find out where the origins of the crisis lie, and what events started the cycle that eventuated with this disaster. In order to trace the events that led to the eventual collapse of the Asian economies, one must venture across the ocean to the United States. The issue of liberalisation first gained a ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian crisis, crisis, east asian, financial crisis, southeast asian
  • Asian Financial Crisis - 1,036 words
    Asian Financial Crisis Have you ever been in a situation where you were low cash and in debt? Well, I know I have. I remember one time when I had used up all of my money for the month, and owed, at the same time, my sister ten dollars. Boy, that was pure hell. You cant buy anything, and you feel like you have no control over anything. Well, imagine an entire continent in a financial rut. That is what is currently going on in Asia. This dilemma is known as the Asian Financial Crisis. Now, what exactly is the Asian Financial Crisis? Well, it is the current imbalance of Asias economy. While some areas are doing great, most areas are poor and economically unstable . Currency value has gone down ...
    Related: asian, asian countries, asian financial, asian financial crisis, crisis, financial crisis
  • Ben And Jerrys Marketing Stratgies - 1,265 words
    Ben and Jerrys marketing stratgies Ben & Jerrys was experiencing a steady growth within their sales figures from 1990 to 1993. However, In March 1994, Cost of Sales increased approximately $9.6 million or 9.5% over the same period in 1993, and the overall gross profit as a percentage of net sales decreased from 28.6% in 1993 to 26.2% in 1994. This loss might have been a result of several reasons, such as high administration and selling costs, a negative impact of inventory management, and start up costs associated with certain flavours of the new Smooth, No Chunks ice cream line. Ben & Jerrys selling, general and administrative expenses increased approximately 28% to $36.3 million in 1994 fr ...
    Related: marketing, balance sheet, mission statement, inventory management, transportation
  • Britain Return To Gold In 1925 - 1,429 words
    Britain Return to Gold in 1925 Economic History The Gold Standard, like the Exchange Rate Mechanism, ensures stable exchanges and economic discipline. Why, then, was there so many criticism of the return to gold in 1925? In March 1919, the large trade deficit and low level of gold reserves resulted in formal abandonment of the gold stand by the UK. On Apr. 28, 1925, Churchill announced in his Budget speech that there would be an immediate return to gold at pre-1913 parity. Reddaway (Lloyds Bank Review, 1970) expresses in his article that returning to gold at $4.76 was a failure of the committee that they had not done enough research and had not have enough consideration and look at other cou ...
    Related: britain, gold standard, balance sheet, monetary policy, consideration
  • Business Plan - 3,404 words
    Business Plan Primary and Secondary Mkt. WORKSHOP INTRODUCTION: THE BUSINESS PLAN 9/97 ROAD MAP TO SUCCESS WORKBOOK Training Module - 2 WORKSHOP OBJECTIVES By the end of this workshop, you should be able to: * Understand the role of the business plan. * List several reasons for developing a business plan. * Identify sources where you can get help in developing a business plan. * Identify the type of information to include in the business plan. * Prepare an outline for a business plan. THE BUSINESS PLAN - BUSINESS PLAN OUTLINE Below is an outline for a business plan. Use this model as a guide when developing the business plan for your business. Elements of a Business Plan 1. Cover sheet 2. St ...
    Related: business advertising, business owner, business plan, business type, business venture, independent business, management plan
  • Business Plan - 3,247 words
    ... Services 1. List the customer services we provide: a. b. c. 2. These are our sales/credit terms: a. b. c. 3. The competition offers the following services: a. b. c. E. Advertising/Promotion 1. These are the things we wish to say about the business: 2. We will use the following advertising/promotion sources: 1. Television 2. Radio 3. Direct mail 4. Personal contacts 5. Trade associations 6. Newspaper 7. Magazines 8. Yellow Pages 9. Billboard 10. Other 3. The following are the reasons why we consider the media we have chosen to be the most effective: MARKETING TIPS, TRICKS & TRAPS 1. Marketing Steps * Classifying Your Customers' Needs * ...
    Related: action plan, business & management, business administration, business development, business history, business information, business marketing
  • Case Study - 1,377 words
    ... l be eliminated, which results to more profit for the retailer and P&G. Secondly, if P&G operates as much as possible direct with the retailer, it will be me more up to date in the need of the buyers. That will automatically result in improvement of the marketing department. The channel choice will be then horizontal as stated following: Manufacturer, P&GAgent&# 61614;Retailerconsumer Promotion Saving actions, price questions, gift-articles, demonstrations and other forms of sales promotion influences positive the chance of purchasing. One knows that old people would like to be young and young people would like to be older. I ...
    Related: case study, marketing research, marketing plan, international marketing, assume
  • Cineplex: Case Study - 1,020 words
    Cineplex: Case Study Company Background In 1979 Garth Drabinsky and Nathan Taylor formed Cineplex. From early on Cineplex saw itself as a niche player. They used small screens to show specialty movies and they employed this strategy not to challenge major chains, but to compliment them. Cineplex did well primarily because of their concept for carefully planned use of shared facilities. With this success they began to expand across Canada with a very rapid rate of expansion. During this expansion however they amassed a 21 million-dollar debt. Also, distributors became reluctant to supply Cineplex for fear of alienating the two largest Canadian chains. In 1983 to avoid bankruptcy, Cineplex red ...
    Related: case study, motion picture, cost cutting, current ratio, taylor
  • Depreciation - 1,165 words
    Depreciation Information about cash flows can influence decision makers in many ways . For example , if a companys regular operations bring in more cash than it uses , investors will value the company higher than if property and equipment must be sold to finance operations . Information about cash flow can help creditors decide whether a company will have enough cash to pay its debts as they mature. Management and investors use cash flow information to evaluate a companys ability to meet unexpected obligations . Cash flow information is also used to evaluate companys ability to take advantage of new business opportunities that may arise. In November 1987, the FASB issued Statement of Financi ...
    Related: depreciation, short term, income statement, different ways, stock
  • Depreciation - 911 words
    ... loss. 4 The proceeds from issuing 3,000 shares of common stock was $15,000. 5- The $16,000 gain on retirement of bonds resulted from paying $18,000 to retire bonds with a book value of $34,000. 6- Cash dividends of $14,000 were declared and paid. GROVER COMPANY Balance sheet December 31, 1990 and 1989 1990 1989 Assets Current Assets: Cash $ 17,000 $ 12,000 Accounts Receivable 60,000 40,000 Merchandise Inventory 84,000 70,000 Prepaid Expenses 6,000 4,000 Total Current Assets $ 167,000 $ 126,000 Long Term Assets: Plant Assets $250,000 $210,000 Less: accumulated depreciation 60,000 190,000 48,000 162,000 Total Assets: $357,000 $288,000 Liabilities Current Liabilities: Accounts Payable $ 35 ...
    Related: depreciation, goods sold, income taxes, income tax, merchandise
  • Financial Regulation In The Uk And Ireland - 1,048 words
    ... s of confidence and large-scale withdrawals usually as a result of a mismatch between the date to maturity of assets and liabilities (Stewart, 1996). These bank runs can have a drastic effect on the public as banks are where the vast majority of people carry out their financial transactions such as savings and mortgages. The public tends to have an inherent trust in the banks and therefore depositors have a reduced capacity for evaluating and monitoring their banks. Banks will not impose strict self-regulations unnecessarily. The danger of this situation is that banks might not provide services efficiently and therefore drag down the quality level of services in the industry. The need fo ...
    Related: financial risk, financial times, ireland, regulation, total capital
  • Introduction : - 1,184 words
    INTRODUCTION : In this essay, I would like to start with a brief explanation about the accounting regulation and standards set for various treatments consists of gaps where the rules are vague or even incomplete. Then, I would like to give a brief introduction about the development of standards set for capital instrument, such as TR677 (ICAEW), FRED 3 and FRS 4. Next, I will go into details examining the problems found in these proposals and standard, especially FRS 4. Coming to this stage, I will divide the problems into two parts. Firstly, I will point out the inconsistency found in FRS 4 in relation to FRS 5. Secondly, I will try to deal with the practical point of view, pointing out that ...
    Related: brief introduction, point of view, basic principles, discount rate, consistent
  • It Outsourcing - 523 words
    It Outsourcing INTRODUCTION Companies are increasingly outsourcing the management of information technology (IT) for reasons that include concern for cost and quality, lagging IT performance, supplier pressure, access to special technical and application skills, and other financial factors. The outsourcing solution is acceptable to large and small firms alike because strategic alliances are now more common and the IT environment is changing rapidly. REASON TO OUTSOURCE Although the mix of factors raising the possibility of outsourcing varies widely from one company to another, there are a series of themes that explain most of the pressures to outsource. First of all, general managers concern ...
    Related: outsourcing, computer systems, problem solving, business processes, variable
  • Its The End Of The Worldand I Feel Fine - 1,589 words
    ... ve, Kahn concludes that a Doomsday device would not be a rational deterrent because it could not be controllable. Finally, like the infamous Werner Von Braun, Strangelove seems to have significant, high level connections with Nazi Germany (i.e. "mein Fhrer"), and similarly care little about what side of the battle he is on. Dr. Strangelove represents scientific obsession; Strangelove is brilliant and thrives of the application and success of his own genius. However, his role as the Director of Weapons Research is done not out of a feeling of duty to America or even out of a dislike of the USSR, rather he applies his brilliance out of narcissism, an erotic passion for nuclear power, and a ...
    Related: rational choice, deterrence theory, balance sheet, strategic, warfare
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