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Free research papers and essays on topics related to: professions

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  • Truth And The Evolution Of The Professions: A Comparative Study Of Truth In Advertising And True And Fair Financial Statement - 5,001 words
    TRUTH AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE PROFESSIONS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF `TRUTH IN ADVERTISING' AND `TRUE AND FAIR' FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA DURING THE PROGRESSIVE ERA Both advertisers and auditors wrestled with the truth of their text during the Progressive Era (1880-1940). Although in North America, advertisers adopted truth in advertising as a theme, auditors rejected true and fair as a description of financial statements. Auditors instead adopted the weaker statement that financial statements were consistent with accepted accounting principles. It is paradoxical that auditors compared with advertisers made the greatest progress toward professionalization during this era. This arti ...
    Related: absolute truth, advertising, advertising industry, comparative, comparative study, evolution, false advertising
  • Truth And The Evolution Of The Professions: A Comparative Study Of Truth In Advertising And True And Fair Financial Statement - 4,990 words
    ... to six months imprisonment or to both fine and imprisonment. (Retailers Would Put Teeth 1921, 190) The Canadian government, in passing the Fraudulent Advertising Act, had followed some U.S. states in implementing a watered-down version of legislation requiring proof of intent to deceive. This, of course, made it very difficult to obtain convictions. Fifteen years later, the act had yet to be used and was soundly criticized by a Canadian lawyer writing in the retitled EA, now called Marketing. It [the Fraudulent Advertising Act] serves only to bring law into general contempt; for though it proscribes lying in advertising, lying continues to flourish with impudent impunity (Wilson 1929, 2 ...
    Related: advertising, advertising agency, advertising industry, comparative, comparative study, evolution, false advertising
  • 12 Angry Men - 670 words
    12 Angry Men Twelve Angry Men Sometimes in life your professions reflect on your personalities. Twelve Angry Men is an example of where this occurs. Twelve men are brought together in a room to decide whether a boy is guilty of killing his father. Whether they brought good or bad qualities from their profession, they all affected the outcome. The leadership skills of Courtney Vance, the compassion of Dorian Harwood, and the opinionated Tony Danza affected the actions and decisions in the jury room. Courtney Vance is a high school football coach; his position in the jury room is a foreman. On the football field, Vance acts as a mediator, a leader, and an organizer. As a foreman for this trial ...
    Related: angry, twelve angry, book reports, high school, rude
  • A Postmodern Age - 1,423 words
    A Post-Modern Age? A Post-Modern Age? Introduction: Post-Modernism can be described as a particular style of thought. It is a concept that correlates the emergence of new features and types of social life and economic order in a culture; often called modernization, post-industrial, consumer, media, or multinational capitalistic societies. In Modernity, we have the sense or idea that the present is discontinuous with the past, that through a process of social, technological, and cultural change (either through improvement, that is, progress, or through decline) life in the present is fundamentally different from life in the past. This sense or idea as a world view contrasts with what is commo ...
    Related: postmodern, american market, european history, post modern, depot
  • Affirmative Action - 1,098 words
    Affirmative Action Affirmative Action ? The Right Approach? In the beginning, it seemed simple enough. In 1961, John F. Kennedy, then president of the United States of America, established the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity by executive order. The goal was to curb discrimination by the government and its contractors, who were now required to ?not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin. The Contractor will take affirmative action, to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.? Title VI of the Civil Right ...
    Related: affirmative, affirmative action, equal employment, lyndon b johnson, adopt
  • Affirmative Action - 1,487 words
    ... f Prop. 209 permits gender discrimination that is "reasonably necessary" to the "normal operation" of public education, employment and contracting. In 1998, The ban on use of affirmative action in admissions at the University of California went into effect. UC Berkeley had a 61% drop in admissions, and UCLA had a 36% decline. This decline strengthens the position of the Pro side of affirmative action. However, a contingency plan has been established. According to a source (who asked to remain nameless), UC Berkeley has a program to actively recruit more minority students that falls out of the guidelines established by prop. 209. These types of "loop holes" can ultimately hurt the various ...
    Related: action program, affirmative, affirmative action, chicago tribune, public administration
  • Affirmative Action And Justice - 984 words
    Affirmative Action And Justice Affirmative Action is a hot issue in the United States, with wide differences of opinion over the correct way to expand opportunity for people who have historically been discriminated against. With the philosophical difference behind the legal and political tensions is deep. One side wants a total rollback of affirmative action programs, making individual merit the only criterion for hiring and promotional considerations. While the other extreme wants affirmative action to be pushed until the racial makeup of all professions mirrors the racial makeup of US society exactly. While both these sides are to the greatest ends of the argument there needs to be an appr ...
    Related: action plan, affirmative, affirmative action, department of justice, training program
  • Affirmative Action Works There Are Thousands Of Examples Of Situations Where People Of Color, White Women, And Working Class - 1,451 words
    Affirmative action works. There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action. When these policies received executive branch and judicial support, vast numbers of people of color, white women and men have gained access they would not otherwise have had. These gains have led to very real changes. Affirmative action programs have not eliminated racism, nor have they always been implemented without problems. However, there would be no struggle to roll back the gain ...
    Related: affirmative, affirmative action, white house, working class, justice earl warren
  • Affirmative Action Works There Are Thousands Of Examples Of Situations Where People Of Color, White Women, And Working Class - 1,422 words
    ... n Congress. Affirmative action was silently being killed by our federal administrators. But among this destruction there was one positive aspect, the passage of Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Finally to the Presidency of Bill Clinton. The Republicans are attempting to scare people into changing their party lines by misusing affirmative action. They are saying that affirmative action is nothing more than a quota or reverse discrimination. President Clinton supports affirmative action, but he clearly states: I'm against quotas. I'm against reverse discrimination. I'm against giving anybody unqualified anything they're not qualified for. But I am for making a conscious effort to b ...
    Related: affirmative, affirmative action, american people, specific people, white people, work force, working class
  • Alcoholism - 2,059 words
    Alcoholism alcoholism Definitions and causal factors of alcoholism Alcoholism consists of a repetitive intake of alcoholic beverages to an extent that the drinker is harmed. The harm may be physical or mental; it may also be social or economic. Implicit in the conception of alcoholism as a disease is the idea that the person experiencing repeated or long-lasting injury from his drinking would alter his behaviour if he could. His failure to do so shows that he cannot help himself, that he has lost control over drinking. This conception incorporates the idea of addiction or dependence. Formal definitions of alcoholism vary according to the point of view of the definer. A simplistic, old-fashio ...
    Related: alcoholism, affective disorder, social factors, world war ii, relation
  • Alternative Education - 612 words
    Alternative Education Alternative education caters to multifarious groups of students or unprofessional classified according to their needs and circumstances in life. Alternative education programs were designed because of pressures from concerned parents, teachers, students and government officials to ameliorate substandard education and dangerous environment in most public schools. Seeing its benefits, educators and educational institutions broaden the scope of this alternative to promote education and extend it to working adults to further their training and professionalism. Its main goal is to provide opportunities for millions of students, achievers or not, across the United States to m ...
    Related: alternative education, education programs, home schooling, safe schools, esteem
  • American Values Are A Tricky Thing It Seems That The Value Set Changes With Each Individual American Pragmatism Is Actually R - 1,378 words
    American values are a tricky thing. It seems that the value set changes with each individual. American pragmatism is actually rooted in deeply held anti-authoritarian, individualistic, egalitarian, activist ideals, which privilege personal choice, flexibility, and technical efficiency with the pursuit of success, however success is defined. (Hall, Lindholm, pg. 91) Basically, an individual's values are what that individual decides they are. The key to understanding this is realizing that above almost all else, Americans prize, value, and recognize the sacredness of being an individual. Certainly there are basic expectations of all people living in American society regardless of how the indiv ...
    Related: american, american society, american values, pragmatism, personal choice
  • Angus Mclaren - 763 words
    Angus Mclaren Angus McLaren, author of "Illegal Operations: Women, Doctors, and Abortion" demonstrates the life of an abortionist in the late 1800's to the mid 1900's. McLaren explains a series of affairs in detail with many different abortionists. Since abortion was illegal at the time, many women consulted midwives, or took the procedure of abortion among themselves, this at times resulted in their death. The articles purpose is to use legal sources to explore the decision to abort while the state, and the professions took a serious interest in the fertility control decisions of women. What is being argued is the fate of women burdened with unwanted pregnancies whose well-being was placed ...
    Related: detailed description, dying patient, went wrong, properly, performing
  • Anorexia Nervosa - 1,621 words
    Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia is an eating disorder that usually strikes women between the ages of fifteen and thirty-five. An estimated one thousand females will die each year from anorexia. About eighty percent of females suffer from a sub clinical eating disorder and twenty percent will turn into full-blown anorexics in their lifetime. These are statistics that we know of. Anorexia can be hidden very well by many that suffer from it; therefore there are many cases we do not know of. Anorexia is a disorder in which preoccupation with dieting and thinness leads to excessive weight loss. The individual may not realize that weight loss or restricted eating is a problem. (Internet Mental Health ww ...
    Related: anorexia, anorexia nervosa, nervosa, self image, mental health
  • As A Technology, It Is Called Multimedia - 1,640 words
    As A Technology, It Is Called Multimedia As a technology, it is called multimedia. As a revolution, it is the sum of many revolutions wrapped into one: A revolution in communication that combines the audio visual power of television, the publishing power of the printing press, and the interactive power of the computer. Multimedia is the convergence of these different professions, once thought independent of one another, coming together to form a new technological approach to the way information and ideas are shared. What will society look like under the evolving institutions of interactive multimedia technologies? Well, if the 1980's were a time for media tycoons, the 1990's will be for the ...
    Related: multimedia, multimedia technologies, video games, technological advances, professions
  • Attacks On The Insanity Defense The Insanity Defense Refers To That Branch Of The Concept Of Insanity Which Defines The Exten - 1,858 words
    ATTACKS ON THE INSANITY DEFENSE The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. The terms of such a defense are to be found in the instructions presented by the trial judge to the jury at the close of a case. These instructions can be drawn from any of several rules used in the determination of mental illness. The final determination of mental illness rests solely on the jury who uses information drawn from the testimony of "expert" witnesses, usually professionals in the field of psychology. The net result of such a determination places an ind ...
    Related: branch, insanity, insanity defense, major problem, legal definition
  • Attorney Profession - 1,017 words
    Attorney Profession A profession is an occupation requiring of the arts of sciences and advanced study in a specialized field, such as the law. It most cases it requires a specific standard of mandated field of study. In todays standard of a paralegal is defined as: A person sufficiently trained or experienced in the law and legal procedures to assist, under an attorneys supervision, in the performance of substantive legal work that would otherwise be performed by any attorney. This definition is however lacks a certain accuracy, because in addition to all those things a paralegal is also a professional. This status however controversial, has not been granted because of the lack of mandatory ...
    Related: attorney, legal profession, profession, health safety, real world
  • Auditor Liability - 1,034 words
    ... r the brunt of liability risk. Realistically speaking, however, a point is reached where the inflationary implications of insurance is greater than the market is willing to accept creating a situation where clients are no longer willing to accept the additional costs imposed by firms to compensate insurance expense leaving the firms as bearers of the cost of liability risk. Also, when taking into consideration the fact that a firm's cost of indemnity insurance is at least partially dependent on prior claims against the firm, a situation will arise when firms are unwilling to accept engagements which present risk, leaving the market with a certain number of businesses which firms are not ...
    Related: auditor, liability, north carolina, professional standards, honest
  • Booker T Washington - 1,460 words
    ... e in favor of cooperation. In Atlanta, Georgia in 1883 Washington said In all things that are purely social we can be separate as the fingers, yet as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress. This would become known as the Atlanta Compromise and denounced Washington's emphasis of vocational over intellectual development. In 1895 Washington was invited to speak at The Cotton States Convention in Atlanta to help represent the south a desirable location for future financial investment. They wanted him to create this picture with the image of racial harmony. Washington saw this as a chance comment on racial relations as well as to advance the status of his people. Washington says ...
    Related: booker, booker t washington, booker t. washington, theodore roosevelt, atlanta georgia
  • Career Of A Journalist - 1,248 words
    Career of A Journalist A Day in the Life of a Journalist There are many types of journalists, from the local beat newspaper reporter to the foreign correspondent, from the magazine feature writer to the freelance book reviewer, so it is difficult to pin down the daily routine of the average journalist. Journalists interview sources and review records to assemble, collect, and report information and explore the implications of the facts. Journalism informs, educates, chastises: Dont underestimate the power a journalist holds. Professionals must be able to report quickly and accurately. Over 80 percent of our respondents listed time pressure as one of the most distinguishing features of this j ...
    Related: journalist, maternity leave, point of view, word processing, wage
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